Newspaper Page Text
.BAXTER SPRINGS NEWS.
M. H. CARDNER, Publisher. ."BAXTER SmiNGS, KANSAS. THE GIRL WHO LOVED HIM SO. -'Ha. ha!" said Chappie Flsilewlg, and be laughed In ghouliHh glee. "I'm making love to a dozen girls, but none bull marry mr; J sign to them and I lie to them and I fall upon my knee. As I twist their trusting heurtn about proolsely an I pleaae." And the parlor clock licat on tick, tock. And the gaslight flickered low, As be waiting tat and held bU bat for tbe girl wno loved blm no. And when Hbe'd frizzled her old-gold hair and painted her faded face, : Sbc came a vision fresh and fair with comely, child like grace. "Poor, unsuspecting soul!" thought be: "ahe little dream tbat I Flit on from bud to bud as does the cureless butterfly." Aud the parlor clock Beat on tick. tock. And tbe B-asllnbt flickered low. As be somehow planned to bold the band of the girl who loved blm so. And when the proper time arrived be fell upon his knees. And words he wished to emphasize he'd give nor hand a squeeze; ' There was no one near his talo to bear so be told bcr of his love, As true and pure and constant as tbe stars that shine above. And the parlor clock Beat on tick, tock. And tbe Raslight flickered low, As with subtle art be won tbe heart of the girl who loved blm so. And the tender, trustful maiden, she she lunched a gentle laugh. For she knew each word was cleurly caught In her sofa phonograph, And when he kneeled before ber, she a button ccntly pressed Ana ber photographic camera in silence did the rest. And the parlor clock Beat on tick, tock. And the gaslight flickered low, And she sweetly smiled did the guileless child the girl who loved him so. ' The world went round and by and by he tired of her lovo. Twas then that she reminded him the stars still shone above. And Into the court the phonograph and tbe pho tographs were brought. And tbe gay young man threw up the sponge for he saw thut he was caught. And the parlor clock Beat on tick, tock. And tbe gaslight flickered low. And the guests all came and he gave bis name to tbe girl who laved him so. Chicago Post COWBOYS' HARD WORK "What They Do in a Bound-Up. IThy Cat tin Are Always riven North Seven Morse for Kch Blder What Night Storm Means to a Cow Outfit on the Range. The sun is beginning to lift its broad disk above tbo line which marks East ern sky and land. It is a big, redskin and will become smaller and hotter as It climbs the dome of day. It is sun rise in the Chcrokoo atrip and the first long slanting rays light up a rolling prairie, illimitable in expanse and stretching away until its irregular, wavy outline is marked against the sky. Now and then, and miles away, small clumps of stunted cedars and jack-oaks make a dark-green polka-dot in the lighter colors of tbe grass, while a streak of thickly growing trees which serpentines across tho scene marks the rocky channel of some water course. There will be a breeze to-day and the long grass, now cool with dew, is al ready seen to bend and move under its influence. Over to the north a mile glances the white canvas cover of a wagon. It is the "chuck wagon" of a round-up outfit, and tho thin blue Bmoko which rises near it shows that breakfast is going forward. To tbe loft a herd of some 2,000 cattle of all Borts and sizes, from the complaining calf to the adult, is .stretching slowly to the northwest, the members whereof are feeding aa they move. Three cowboys in big hats, booted, spurred, with cotton handker chiefs knotted loosely about their sun browned necks and waists adorned with a cartridge-laden belt and its dependent six-shooter, ride slowly about on the .6idcs and rear of the herd, never urging, but holding and pointing the animals in the proper direction. The present purpose of this outfit is to work to the nearest pen and brand the unmarked calves it has collected. Branding is the most important fea ture of ranch life. It is the purpose of a ranch owner to keep his cattle within certain limits, which Units, however, expand and grow with bis herds. These limits are called bis range, and, being free pasture, are occupied, not only by bis, but by tbe cattle of perhaps twenty other owners. Each owner to protect himself has his brands, such as 7 K, L X, L I T, eta Ex-Senator Dorscy's brand is a triangle of equal sides en closing a dot and. is known to tbe cattle world as the "triangle-dot" brand. These brands are oa the left r right aide of the animal and owner's rights find further exposition in certain ear marks. There .are divers methods of car-marking well known to cattlemen, And are variously called swallow-fork, under-crop, under or over-bit, under or over-hack, crop, half-crop, eta The pur pose of an ear mark.ii greater safety to owners, but, aside from that, it is a labor-saver to.the cowboys. Brands are difficult of discernment when cattle are crowded into herds, but both ears are ever pointed forward for inspection as soon as one attraots the animal's atten tion. This enablos a rider as be moves through a herd searching for the cattle of a certain brand, to find his animals with ease. Branding goes on all tbe yoar round and as often as an unbranded calf is found. Every rider carrios as part of his ouflt a curved iron, not over large or long, which be calls his "running-iron," and at any time if bo discovers an un marked calf be ties it down, builds a fire and brands it Tbe latter spring and earlier summer months is the epoch for the general round-up for the purpose of branding calves. This spring round-up is en gaged in by all ownets on a certain range in concort They form among themselves an association, the books of which point to the number of calves the owner brands each year, and in making up these round-up outfits and in furnish ing men, the proportion of each owner is determined by the number of calves be last brandod. Tbe number of men and ergo the outfits necessary to round up, handle and brand the cattle and calves on a certain range, is determined by the number of cattle and calves shown by the association books. Tbe number of men fixed on, they are broken up into outfits, each in charge of a range boss and accompanied by a cook and chuck-wagon, which serves the dual purpose of purveying the grub and packing tho blankets. Generally there are from eight to twelve men in each outfit, not all representing the same brand, but all taking their orders from the rarge boss of that outfit Each rider bas seven horses, and as these form quite a bunch, two of the men are de tailed as "hoss-hustlers,' and one of the two has charge of the bunch night and day, holding it near and carrying it along with the grub wagon as the cook moves camp. The number of men and outfits being determined and the quota to bo fur nished by each brand being fixed, on certain day they all start for the south side of the range. Each outfit takes an assigned post and all together making a line along the southern border of the range, reaching from its eastern to its western limits sometimes a distance of one hundred and fifty miles. Then tbe round-up begins, all moving to the north, covering the entire country, and bringing the cattle along much on tho same principle that a room is swept Every man save cook and boss-bustlers ride to the right and left of bis chuck wagon, ho far as to touch tho work of the outfits next in hand, and the cattle as fast as found are driven into a herd one herd with each outfit Two or Branding three men are then detailed to bold and bring on the cattle thus collected, while the rest of tbe men still scour the range for more, every hour in the day seeing fresh additions to the general herd. This is bard work on horses, and a cow boy generally saddles three of his seven ponies each day, reserving the best one for hard and unusual work during dark and stormy nights. The object of the round-up at this time is to brand, but as it first starts out it sweeps northward with all the cattle it can find; steers, bulls, cows and calves alike. When a bunch grows so large as to handle with difficulty. stop is made to cut out all except the cows and calves, the cattle thus elimi nated being turned loose on the range again. The work then proceeds as be fore, and this cutting out process is re sorted to as fast as the size of a herd makes it necessary. The purpose of bringing all the cat tle as far northward as possible is to keep them on the proper range. Cattle in any voluntary movement of their own never worn norm ana out sejaom and slightly to tho east or west Every storm, however, coming as storms do from tho north, Bends the cattle .to the south and unless turned back yearly to drift over tbe samo range again the cat tle of the entire Western country, from the Yellowstone south, would in time pack themselves into the southern ex tremitv of Texas between the Illo Grande and the Gulf. An outfit from the commencement points to some corral or branding pen. On its arrival there the marking of the calves begins. A branding pen pioper and constructed for the purpose is cir cular in form and made of twelve foot palisades stuck endwise in the ground and flaring outward towards the top like the sides of a funnel. The flare is to keep the cattle as they charge around in the pen from hurting them selves against the sides thereof. There is one opening through which the cattle are driven, and the center of the corral is marked by a large snub bing post two feet in diameter. A round-up outfit on coming to. tbe pen may meet some other outfit similarly bent in which event they join herds and forces. As many of the cows and calves as will fill the corral are forced through the entrance and locked in, and then the fires are lighted and the fun begins. Every calf is branded with the brand on its mother, the roper calling the brand to the men at the fires, as he rides up dragging the victim. As fast as a pen full is branded it is turned loose on the range and the pen refilled from the herd. The work is continued until completed when the outfit again moves north ward and resumes the fur ther collection and branding of the cattle until the range bas been com pletely and thoroughly combed and the work performed. Returning to overlook the outfit dis covered in the Cherokee Strin, the scene is found to have changed but little. Breakfast is over and the rolls of blankets which bad before been scattered about on the ground are now in the wagon. Tbe eook is bitching on bis four mules preparatory to a journey to a bunch of timber which conceals a spring, distant about seven miles and whore it is intended tbe next camp shall be. This cook, like all good round-up cooks, is a great man and bis favor is much sought after. Ills wages are about twice as large as a cowboy's, and in his way and business he is supreme. His duties are arduous, and besides cooking for the whole outfit, extend to bitching up and driving the four mules wblch impel the chuck wagon. This is done twice a day, to a noon and a night camp, the selection of which camps is performed by the range boss. All through the blistering, sun-burned day, the bunch of cattle, guarded by the men mentioned, crawl alowly to tbe north. Occasionally, at intervals, away over to the right or left a small herd of cattle is discerned, and presently comes panting up to join the main herd. The t owboy who brought them seizes on the bhance, and after a copious drink at the water barrel in tbe wagon, saddles fresh horse and rides away. So the work, hard and driving on horses and men alike, goes patiently on. At night a gently sloping hillside is picked to bed the cattle on. The range boss, assisted by tbe riders, who are all come in by now, rounds up and stops the herd, the horned members of which, first standing or slowly moving about, at last lie down to sleep. The nine riders are marked off into three guards of three men each tbe first to ride tbe herd until eleven o'clock, the second go ing on until three o'clock and the third holding the herd until morning. "It looks like it might be a bad night," says the range boss, "bo you alls better ketch up and saddle your night ponies and be ready to go on herd any minute." Supper of bacon, biscuit and canned sweet corn is over and every man's best horse, brought up and saddled, is left to wait any necessity which may arise. By eighty o'clock each tired rider not on herd is asleep in his blankets. Two hours go by and the fire has burned out and no longer shows red in the darkness. Suddenly a flash of lightning blazes in the northwest and soon a dull rumble of thunder follows. In an instant every horned idiot is on bis feet and moving uneasily about All bands are roused ant and, grum bling, cursing and blaspheming, ride to the herd. A stampede must be avoided for with so many young cattle in a herd it would be doubly disastrous. Tho riders some ten in all go circling about the herd at a trot or gallop, turn ing in any cattle which attempt to point out or get away and accompanying their efforts with whistle, song and shout Meanwhile the rain begins and is pres ently falling in torrents. The light ning grows brighter andits flashes more frequent and at last as the storm reaches its climax, it seems to quiver, leap and dance on the very boms of the cattlo sans intermission. The thunder itself has grown into a constant never ending roar, and the frightened herd with heads upraised and glaring eyes push about ready on the instant to stampede. This would mean serious business, this turning $100,000 worth of cattle loose in pitch darkness, to break their scamper ing legs and frightened necks over prec ipice and rock. So the boys crowd upon the herd, still circling it riding harder and singing louder than ever. At last the morning breaks and tbe storm, with tho coming of the sun, dies away. The herd again Is composed and the tired boys, leaving it to stretch out to feed, come riding up to breakfast Cor. Kansas City Star. THE KING-BIRO'S PREY. BUTTERWORTH RIDDLES IT. It Carries a Toft or Feather with Which It Charms Honey Bees. Benjamin Franklin Huntington, in old Franklin town, a few miles north of Norwich, keeps a great many bees, and he often wondered what it was that thinned out his swarm. Finally he shot a king-bird, one of a flock of the birds that continually hovered about bis gar den near the bee hives. He dissected it and found thirteen honey bees in its crop. The king-bird was killed early In the forenoon, so had barely com pleted bis breakfast at that time. It Is the opinion of Mr. Huntington that a flock of king-birds, if they are not in terrupted, will clean out a hive of toes in one season. Mrs. Huntington's little grandson, Huntington Phelps Meech, who is studying natural history, says the king-bird uses tbe little tuft of red feathers on its bead with which to charm the boney bees. The bird alights on the swaying top of a muUen stalk or in a bush or tree, he says, then turns its head on one side, so it will resemble a flower, then ruffles the rosy tuft of feathers for a charm. The bee comes humming along the flower-like tuft and lust as it is about to settle down into the turf the king-bird snaps up the bee and bolts it Then he sets the trap or charm again and in a moment gets an other honey bee. The king-bird, also, is tbe brsvest of feathered champions. He defends weaker birds and their nests against all marauders, doing it seeming ly for very love of fighting. Crows, which steal and suck song birds' eggs, are his game always. He will chase a crow a mile and in that time peck all the feath ers and skin from the black robber's head. To escape his little tormentor a crow often has to plunge into a thick tree or a thicket where the little fight er can't get at him. As a reward for such services be catches boney bees. Cor. K. Y. Tribune, lit Ohio Congreessnan " lks Again and gipw tho Absurdity -I the MeKlnley Bill-It Gives m Tla-U'hUtU Tariff to Farmers Necessity of a 11 road Market For Our Farm Frodoets-Volley After Volley of Hot Shot For High FroUctloa. Speaker Reed is a mighty man when it comes to making members of Congress vote as be wants them to vote, but be I has not yet acquired tbe power of put- tlnir a gasr into tbe mouths of a few members of Congress. Ontslde of Con gross Blaine continues to "breathe out threatening and' slaughter, " and, em' boldened by his example. Congressman Butterworth has indulged bis soul by giving vent to some more fine reciproc ity talk. Butterworth, as is well known, has long boen a strong advocate of reciproc ity with Canada. He is not one of those blind leaders of the blind protec tionists wbo think it a good thing to shut ourselves up with tariff bolts and bars and . "have nothing to do with abroad." In his celebrated attack on the Me Klnley bill it will be remembered that Butterworth complained of our policy toward Canada in these words: "Against our own countrymen here on the North, in whose veins courses the same blood that courses in our own united to us by a destiny which is above the control of Kings or Congresses we shut the door, we refuse even to accept their lumber, but send our children shelter loss to bed rather than have a fair ex change with them." In that strain Butterworth went on to show that under President Grant a treaty was negotiated "designed to open tho avenues of trade between tho north ern part of our continent and the south ern, not only providing for a free ex change of manufactured and natural products, but opening up the canals and railroads in order that the healthful tide of our commerce might sweep eorth and South, as it does East and est" But this treaty was not confirmed. "What prevented it?" asks Butterworth, and he answers his own question: The avarice In certain localities. Tbe opposition was dictated from the potato patch, from the cabbage patch, from the bop patch. Laughter and applause. And be fore the bill Is over you will see my .honored frlond In cbargs of the bop brigade, associ ated with tbe cabbage cavalry, endeavoring to persuade tbo farmer that his highest gnod is in confining ourselves to a market where we do not sell now more than three-fourths of what we produce. After Butterworth had made such a brave onslaught on McKinley's queer measure with its duty on eggs amount ing to "just one omelet a year to each of our people" somo persons were led to suppose that he would vote against it; but party pressure was too great, even for a man with "no star of am bition above him that would tempt blm to climb on false ladders." So Butterworth keeps up his spirits by talking against the bill he voted for. His latest talk was suggested by Harri son s little reciprocity message to Con gress transmitting Blaine's letter on the same subject He gives his fullest sympathy to the South American reciprocity scheme and says: "The patriot who fails to recog nize in the policy foreshadowed by those papers a great opportunity for renewed National prosperity don't read correctly the signs of the times. It is not diffi cult to discover in the restless discon tent which has grown up under the par tial operation of our tariff a sure har binger of the overthrow of those who de fend and uphold the extravagant rates of duty which are now imposed." Butterworth has a very positive opin ion that we have carried this protection business too far, and he rejoices that there are signs that a halt is to be called. Here is tbe way in which he expresses himself: "The country does not believe such bigh rates are essential to adequate protection. There is no nation in Europe where the Govern ment shows less inclination than our own to mind its own business and let the private concerns of the people alone. When conventions are, brought to approve a policy they do not under stand, and applaud particular acts of which they have no definite knowl edge, we have reached perfection in political machinery, it the presence of such trying conditio - mfresh- ing to read the message an- men tioned, pointing out the m-uw. ,y of multiplying tbe opportunities of our people by enlarging the area of our trade and commerce. The prospect of the party for 1392 does not by any means please the Ohio Congressman and be asks: "What is our situation as a party? The tariff un revised, and no consoling prospect that the Senate will do more than transpose the exorbitant rates than abound in the present schedule." Then be comes back to the subject of reciprocity as a means of widening the farmers market and complains bitterly of a "Congressional policy that would narrow the field of our commerce and snub the nations of this hemis phere, with whom alone we could hope to secure enlarged and favorable trade relations. We make proffer of a plan to give farmers sugar at a reduced rate, but we won t let him sell his corn or pork in order to pay for his sugar. We pacify blm by pointing to his home market, as if we bad to stand guard over it to keep blm from losing it Tea, the farmer has a borne market and be holds it by a title abova the power of Congress. He is shown a tariff schedule which runs tbe whole gamut from snap beans through peas, onions, peanuts, quashes, cabbages, eggs, oranges, hops, corn, rye, and wheat all of which is as useful to blm as a duty on tin whistles." McKinley's "farmer's tariff" U further derided by Butterworth: What use to blm (the fanner) It a tariff oa wheal? Wt doa't Import any. Of what avail la a doty on corn? We can't bring a peek from abroad. Bat we bava aaoesedoa la abutting ourselves ont of the Canadlaa mar ket, where we sold over t31.000.ou0 worth of farm prod nets eaeb year. "Bat," says the adversary, "we abut tbs Canadian ont of oar market" Tes, we burned tbe farmer's eaa die at both enda We euchered him by shot ting blm out of tho market where be sold a large part of his surplus and kept our peo ple from buying of tbe Canadian what we don't produoe in kind and quality at bom. And what are the protected manu facturers doing to deserve the bigh pro tection hat we are giving them at the expense of tbe farmers? Butterworth answers: Ja the meantime It Is claimed with a show of Justice that the favored ones are ebarglng your homo folks more for tbe output of their plants than they charge foreigners for many lines of goods. And there are those wbo deem Jt possible that the people will ap prove of tbat course of eonduot relying oa a Republican Senate to disregard tbo pro testa of those wbo suffer. And what a fine attack Is this on the present rage for bigh and higher duties:. I repeat again and the approving echoes are coming back from all points of tbo com pus tbat every Increase In tbe rate of pro tective duty beyond what Is essential to se cure to our manufacturers an enual oboor- tunlty with their foreign rivals la the com petitive field Is a gross wrong to tbe tax payers, tbe consumers, and la antt-Uepub-llean. It Is a blunder tbst la akin to a crime. And we are on fronted with the charge that we are still blundering and voting It la tbe Interest of a few thousands and at the expense of tbe mill lona Tbe Injury comes in various forma. Its most humiliating as pect Is In the faot that It makes our pros perity partial and makes tbe masa of tho people the servants of the few, and does It la tbe name and under the guise of protect ing labor and cherishing our Infant Indus tries. As the remedy, finally, to all this un reasonable high tariff policy of exclu sion Butterworth says we must "remove all the barriers that hamper our com merce and rule us out of the markets of the Western Hemisphere," We must not yield to "the clamor of a few along tha border wbo would ignorantly or selfish ly sacrifice the broad interests of a na tion of sixty-fire millions of people to the special, peculiar and wholly partial advantage (if it could, in fact, prove an advantage, which I utterly deny,) of a very few," for "this is a Nation, not a neighborhood, and our legislation must be fashioned to promote the good of alL" JSow let Butterworth vote as be thinks, and all friends of a low and reasonable tariff will believe in his sin, cerlty, and claim him as a co-worker for the best interests of the country. THE FARMER'S NEED. Mr. Blaine as Witness that the M cKlnle BUI la Hostile to tho Interest of tho Fanner. After Mr. Blaine's recent letter to Senator Frye, it does not seem neces sary to go into any very elaborate argu ment to show that the present tariff and the proposed MeKlnley tariff are hostile to the Interests of the Amerioan farmer. Mr. Blaine is a protectionist of unim peachable orthodoxy, and a Eepublicaa of the straightest sect He, more than any other one man, is responsible for the radical position which his party now occupies on the tariff question, for it was under his leadership in the campaign of 1884 that tbe party came to advocate protection for protection's sake. Yet he says in the Frye letter: "I do not doubt that in many respects the Tariff bill pending in the Senate la a just measure, and that most of its pro visions are in accordance with the wise policy of protection. But there is not a section or a line in the entire bill tbat will open the market for another bushel of wheat or another barrel of pork.' Tbat is a very serious charge, it means that Mr. Blaine's Republican friends have constructed a tariff bill which, however much it will help the various trusts, is sure to have disastrous results upon the largest and most important in dustry in the country the agricultural industry. If there is one thing that the farmer needs more than another it is a market He bas a large surplus each year which he can not dispose of at remunerative prices. The supply is largely in excess of the demand, and so prices fall to such an extent as to threaten the farmers with bankruptcy. That is the situation under the present tariff. The markets are too narrow as it la. One would think that those charged with the con struction of a new tariff would remedy this defect And yet after the McKln-ley-Recd crowd bas done its work, the great Republican chieftain de clares that their tariff "will not open the market for another bushel of wheat or another barrel of pork." The farm ers did not contribute to Dudley's "blocks of five" fund, therefore they are left out in the distribution of favors. "Our foreign market for bread stuffs grows narrower," says Mr. Blaine. What relief do the tariff builders offer? Absolutely none. The proposed pro tection is a sham, for the farmer is sub ject to no competition in the home mar ket The effect of tbe increased duties will be to still further narrow his mar ket, for they stand in the way of trade that is their avowed object and they are sure to provoke retaliation on the part of foreign nations. And when that war of retaliation begins nsy, it has already begun in France and Germany it is the farmers' products that will suffer. Mr. Blaine is right And it Is encour aging to know that many of tie farm ers, notably those la Mlaaascta, bare at last got their eyes open to the way la which they have been hambn-d. l is about time they were bc-iaiJrj ta look out tor their era Interest.