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Baxter Springs news. [volume] (Baxter Springs, Kan.) 1882-1919, August 30, 1890, Image 2

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SONS OF VETERANS. ,
Thirty Thnu4 Strangers U 8k Joseph
The Farad.
1 Sc. -Josira, Ma, Aug. ST. Never be
fore In the history .of the order of Sons,
of Veterans hare sudh peat efforts
"been put forth o' seoure. the attend
anoe of the rank' and a 'file at a Na
tional encampment of the order. .In
. addition to ptwvlous arrirals the follow
ing re here: Past Colonel M. P. O'Brien,
of Omaha; Camp 83 of Teoumseh, Neb., In
command of Captain C M. Shaw. With
them came. Past .Colonel Applegateof
the Nebraska division. At 8:25 the
headquarters train bearing Commander-in-Chief
Griffin and the Eastern mem
tors of the staff. Little 44 battery .and
Froraont damp No. 149 of Indianapolis,
rolled into the Union Depot on the Bur
lington. Later in the day an addition
al number of Illinois boys reached St
Joseph, and . the New Jersey dole
jratos came in on the train from head
quarters. Camp 103' of King City and
King City post 0. A. B,, arrived on the
Chicago, Burlington fc Qulncy. At the
same timo the Sabetha cornet band ar
rived over the Grand Island, and was at
once made headquarters band, with duty
at Camp Griffin. Nearly every oamp in
Northwest Missouri is represented, and
there will be large arrivals from every
other portion of the State.
The Ladies' Aid Society delegates are
in the city in force and will begin the
fourth annual meeting to-day. The
officers present are: Mrs. Ella L. Jones,
National president, Altoona, Fa.; Mrs.
Sophia McElvain, National treasurer,
St Louis; Mrs. Ada L. Shannon, chief
of staff, Philadelphia; Miss Ada Hayes,
member of the National council, and
Miss Fleming, National inspector, Chi
cago. Of the Missouri camps which came,
camps 50 and 47, of St Louis, reached the
city this morning. Camp 113, of Savan
nah, Ma, and the Grand Army men of
Andrew County, arrived on the "Maple
Leaf route" at eight o'clock. Camp 137,
of Maryville, and the Grand Army post
of that place arrived at seven o'clock
ana was led by the Maryvillo cornot
band.
The great parade took place at three
o'clock in the afternoon and it is esti
mated that 10, 000 men wore in line. The
parade was made up of Sons of Veterans,
G. A. R. members, and members of the
various secret organizations of the city.
M'VICKERS THEATER.
Destruction of TliU Well Known Resort
Supposed Incendiarism.
Chicago. Aug. 27. McVicker's Thea
ter is in ruins. Every thing in the audi
torium that last night presented a scene
of brightness and color is to-day noth
ing but a mass of black debris.
Flames burst from debris beneath the
theater shortly after three o'clock this
morning. They had evidently spread
throughout the entire basement for no
aoatner hod the firemen attempted to ex
tinguish the fire on the east side of the
building than flames were seen to issue
from, the roar and the interior simul
"taneously burst into a blaze.
When the fire burned through the
flooring the draperies on the lower
boxes ignited, and from the parquet to
the, roof the flames were rapidly car
Tied, The oil scenery and the decora
tions that were made of inflammable
material burned so fiercely that noth-
ing could qheck it Almost beforo the
firemen realized that the fire bad
reached the top of the structure a vol
"umo of flame issued from the roof with
a roar, and Immediately afterward the
.roof fell-with a crash. A number of
firemen whe were in the auditorium
ran for their lives. One of them was
caught and probably fatally hurt but
was rescued by his companions. Three
other men were less severely hurt
: The firo burned fiercely about three
hours. The walls remain standing, but
the Interior is gutted. The firemen
were successful in keeping the flames
irom the front of the building and the
onuses there were not hurt by the Are.
ine oamage to tne tbeater ana con
tents, which also consisted of the
cenery belonging to the Shenandoah
Company, is estimated at 200,000. The
loss is covered with an insurance of
only f 100,000.
How the fire started is shrouded in
.mystery. There are suspicions of in
cendiarism. The theater will be rebuilt
.at once and as quickly as possible.
ri IRRIGATION.
CAUSED BY DELAY.
Baggtag Maawfaetarers Estimating; Their
Losses Br UeUjr In the Tariff HIIL
Washington, Aug. 20. A loss of $300,
000 is what the bagging manufacturers
of the country say they have sustained
through the delay of the Tnrlir bill In
the Senate. , The McKlnloy bill makes
certain changes In the raw material.
As soon as it passed the House the bag
ging manufacturers began to arrange
their prices and plans upon the new
basis. Thevhave been waitlnjr impa
tiently for the bill to become a law.
Meantime tho material they use
accumulating In great quantities in the
bonded warehouses at New York. They
can not pay tho present duty, take out
the raw material, and goto manufactur
ing, If they do they will be caught by
the reduction in prioo, which will fol
low the reduction in duty, just as Boon
as the bill becomes a law. bo they
hold off, week after week, missing the
soason's market They estimate that
they are $300,000 worse off than they
would have beon bad the Senate acted
at onoo upon the McKinlav bllL Other
manufacturing lntorosts affected by the
proposed tariff changes make the same
complaint Millions of dollars worth
of imports, raw and manufactured, are
shut up in the bonded warehouses and
must remain there until the bill be
comes a law, and the new duties go into
effect
The pressure for speedy action is be
coming very great Democrats as well
as Republicans from manufacturing
States and districts are feoling it With
in a woek or two the manufacturers
have become vety importunate. In bet
midsummer they grumbled only In a
mild way, because it was the dull sea
son. But they are demanding that
Congress hurry, so that they may
enter upon tho busy fall season with
settled prices. This rapid development
of pressure from the outside has had a
great deal to do with the sudden fixing
of things in the Senate. It will hasten
the closing of tho debate. It will also
prompt a speedy compromise upon the
points of difference between the House
and Senate. The new Tariff bill will be
in operation by October L
TO AID FARMERS.
. Work of the Conferees A Compromise on
the Public Lands Fester.
' Washihgtov, Aug. 27. An agreement
lias finally been reached by the Sundry
-Civil bill conferees upon the paragraphs
relating to the irrigation and public
lands surveys, the sole subject of dis
pute between the two bouses for several
it m a.
. wcva A VI euv out VJ Vl MeU JUWI1W
lands the House appropriated $200,000;
the Senate increased the amount to
$800,000. The conferees . fixed it at
1425,000.
'The Senate amendment appropriating
"$20,000 for additional clerk hire in the
oSoe of Surveyor-General is stricken
out For the topographic survey, for
which the House appropriated $200,000
and the Senate $300,000, the conferees
agreed upon $225,000. One-half of this
sum is to be expended west of the 100th
meridian of longitude. The House Item
appropriating $720,000 for the Irrigation
survey is stricken out An appropria
tion of 43.000 for em-ravins- nans of
survey is increased to 70,000.
. The chief difference between the two
bouses was as to the repeal of the law
of 1SSS, providing for the withdrawal of
public lands from entry, which the
Senate insisted upon. The conferees
recommend a compromise.
Senator Vance Has a Proposition By Which
Import Duties May Be Lowered.
Washington, Aug. 20. Senator Vance
yesterday proposed the following amend
ment to the Tariff bill:
Whereas, From an early period In our his
tory, duties upon foreign Imports have been
levied with the avowed purpose of promot
log the Interests of domestic manufacturers
and d-nwbacks or rebates have beon Riven
on the duties on raw materials used in tho
manufactures of all articles exported for
tbe samo purpose; and
Whereas, For the encouragement of the
production of spirits and tobacco all Inter
nal revenue taxes are refunded upon those
artioles which are exportod abroad; and
Whereas, Bountios have long been granted
to our fishermen by a drawback of duties
upon tbe salt used In tbelr business, snd
subsidies are proposed to aid In tbe build.
Ins; and sale of ships: and
Whereas, Agriculture, tbe greatest In
Importance of all our Industries, has not
been and In tbe nature of things can not be
aided In the same manner, the duties here,
tofore for that purpose having forthemos
part proved wholly unavailing; and,
Whreas, It is desirable to do Impartial
ustice to all of our Industries and to give no
one an advantage over tbe other, and Inas
much as theie Is no otber way by which
agriculture can be compensated for Its con
tribution to the support of manufactures;
therefore
B It enacted, That In all rases where It
can be shown by proof satisfactory to the
Secretary of tbe Treasury that any goods,
wares or merchandise Imported Into this
country have been purchased abroad by
any citizen of tbe United . states by ex
change of farm products grown in tbe
United States for such goods or where
such goods have been purchased
with the proceeds or avails of such
products In foreign countries, such goods,
wares or merchandise sball be Imported at
the following rates of duty, to-wit: One.
half the present duty on all manufactures
of Iron and steel," 40 percent of the present
duty on all Woolen or cotton goods or arti
cles of which wool or ootton may be tbe
component material of chief value, one-half
the present duty on earthenware, china and
glassware, SO per cent of the present rate
of duty on all material used for fertilisers
or in the manufacture thereof and 26 per
cent of tbe present rate of duty on Jute
bagging and farmers' binding twine.
Fatal Collision.
MmXEX, Neb., Aug. 26. Owing to a
misplaced switch two freight trains on
the Burlington & Missouri River road
collided at this point yesterday morn
ing, killing three persons and seriously
injuring six others. The killed are:
Myrtle Willgus, daughter of a farmer
living three miles southeast of here;
John Wymore, section foreman at this
place, and an unknown tramp. The
west bound train was run In
on a side track to allow the east bound
train to pass. The switchman, however,
was unable to close the switch, and at
tempted to stay the other train, but
waited too long before doing so, and the
two trains came together with a terriflo
crash. A box car in one of the trains,
in which thirteen men were stealing a
ride, was crushed to small pioces, but
only one of the men were killed, the
others escaping unhurt Six of the
trainmen were hurt, but none of them
will die.
&mm a Statement.
Louisrnxx, Ky., Aug. 26. Alfred
Hatcher who was arrested her some
days ago charged with complicity in the
unexplained murder last December of
Henry A. Cabler, a Louisville & Nash
ville freight conductor, has made a
statement to the officers. He says Al
fred Brand, who is in jail charged with
tbe murder, is guilty. He claims to
have seen the shooting of Cabler by
Brand and to have been hindered from
reporting it by Brand's threats to kill
him.
NO GENERAL STRIKE.
The Supreme Coanoll of Keltroed Employee
Refuse to Aid the Knight of Labor By
Ordering a General Htrike,
Txitiuc Uautk. Ind.. Aug. 20 The
Knights of Labor asked for bread and
their brethren of the United Order of
Bailroad Employes, bettor known as
the Federation, has responded with a
stone. It is true that tbe morsel is con
cealed In a jar of honey, but It will be
nono tbe more digestible to the Knights
on that account It was a common re
mark here last nijrht that the final de
cision of the conference could not have
been more to Mr. Webb's taste bad the
third vice-president of the New York
Central and his associates manipulated
the wires that controlled the twelve
men who composed the supreme body.
The unfortunate Kniirhts are left to their
own resources. They ore not even offered
the balm of pecuniary support and their
genoral master workman is referred by
tbe chief of the Federation to tho press
dispatches for the official reply to his
appeal The outcome may prove a
death blow to the Knights. At the
same time it is a vindication of the con
servatism and pradence of the Federa
tion. It was formed to provont strikes
instead of to promote them and in the
very first case upon which its supreme
tribunal has been called to sit in judg
ment has demonstrated its intention of
living within its laws, and yet it was
only after a warm struggle that the con
servatives prevailed as against the sup
porters of war to the knife.
When tbe members of the council
came together yesterday morning overy
man was determined that the isssue
must be faced without further delay.
Tho report of the committee was taken
up and debated in detail Downey, of
Chicago, one of the representatives of
the Switchmen's Union distinguished
himself by a two hours' speech in which
he brought sledge hammer arguments
to bear against the proposition to em
broil the united orders in a strike, and
thoro was no lack of speakers on the
other side, and the debate, waxing at
times exceedingly warm, went on
for nearly five hours. Finally a vcte
was reached. Just how it resulted
numerically is known only to the dele
gates and will appear only in the secret
records of the order, while tho former
are as tight-mouthed as clams. It is be
lieved, however, that the three dele
gates from the Switchmen's Union, two
from the conductors, two from the
trainmen and one from the fire
men voted in the negative, which
would make tho vote eight to
four, and it requirod the vote of
two of the three members representing
each order to decide which way that or
ganization should vote, but it also re
quired a unanimous vote of all four or
ders beforo a strike could be ordered.
Hence, even bad two representatives of
three orders been in favor of backing
the Knights by a general tie-up, the
solid opposition of the three switchmen
would have defeated the purpose, as it
was the friends of peace had enough
votes and to spare.
1 be delegates breathed a sigh of re
lief after the crucial test bad been ap
plied and then proceeded with alacrity
to prepare a general statement for the
public regarding the strike and the po
sition of the Federation in the affair.
This consumed considerable time and
then another debate was precipitated
by the introduction of a resolution so
changing the constitution of the body
as to require a two-thirds vote of the
organizations embraced undor the
constitution to declare a strike
instead of a unanimous vote,- as
at present In support of the
proposition strong arguments were
made. It was declared that it was al
most an utter impossibility to order a
strike as the constitution now stood,
and it was urged that the amendment
proposed would not in any way change
tbe case, calculating the disposition of
the membership, or make strikes any
more frequent than they are under the
existing code. But the talk was of no
avail, for the proposition, on being put
to a vote was defeated, another victory
for the conservatives.
SDiOLE TAX DEPARTMENT.
A SCOTCHMAN'S VIEW.
INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT.
Literary Guns Petition Congress to Perform
an Act of Jastloe.
WASHncoTOJf, Aug. 26. A number of
well known residents of Washington
have united in a petition to the House
of Representatives urging the passage
of the International Copyright bill,
which it is said to be the Intention of
the Committee on Patents to call up
Tuesday. The enactment of such a law,
the petitioners assert, wonld give a
stimulus to American authors. In the
absence of such a law American authors
are declared to be subject to unfair com
petition with foreign literature. Among
the signers are Dr. Welling, of Colum
bian University; Librarian Spofford;
Bishop Keane, of the Catholic Univers
ity; Admiral Porter, George Kennan,
Profs. Newcomb, Tangley, Goode and
MendenhalL General Greely, Dr. Rich
ardson, of Georgetown University,
General Boynton, Simon Wolf, Prof.
Alex Melville Bell, Garrick Malley, Dr.
Swan Burnett and Dr. N. S. Lincoln.
The Pane's Tribute to Newman
Lojtdox, Aug. 26. The Pope has
written to Cardinal Manning expressing
sympathy over the loss of Cardinal New
man. In his letter the Pope says: "I
am deeply grieved at the departure of a
man, who, by his learning, his writings
and singu ar piety, gave great splendor
to the sacred college. I de not doubt
that be has already received the reward
of his virtues, nevertheless I will con
tinue to pray for the repose of his blessed
soul"
The Moral and Social Effects of the Sin
gle Tax.
In our articles on the single tax and
Its effects we have takon unseriatum
nearly all tho effocts that would resnlt
directly from the confiscation of rent to
the common exchequer. Theso effects
would have boon mostly economic, and
have been deduced from generally ad
mitted economic laws. But beyond
these economio effects there are moral
and social effects resulting from the
economio conditions to which the Im
position of the singlo tax would give
rise. For tho opening up of natural op
portunities to labor and capital, and the
taking from off the shoulders of industry
tho burden which at present weighs up
on it would make it possible for every
man to make an honest living by his
labor. This would do away with the
army of tramps and beggars and other
parasites of society which aro tho prod
uct of tho unequal distribution of
wealth. It would ellminato forever the
unemployed and tho criminal classes
who are recruited from tho unemployed.
Such things as prisons and reformator
ies would be unnecessary. The civil
law would bo greatly simplified for dis
putes would bo fewer, and would be-
more easily settled. In short. It would
do away altogether with government at
least as a repressive agoney, and this
simplification and curtailing of the func
tions of government would make it capa
ble of assuming cortaln other functions
which at present it can not successfully
undertake. Theso aro tho running of
railways, tho transmission of telozrapbs,
and the maintaining and controlling of
many other things which in their naturo
are monopolies. Tho groat increase of
material prosperity would tend to the
increase of rent which could be used for
the common benefit and which would
enablo us to establish baths, libraries,
museums, halls, thoaters, gardens, etc
Water, gas, electricity and other motive
powers might be conducted through our
stroets at the public expenso, and these
same streets might bo lined with trees,
as is the case with many cltios on the
continent notably Paris.
To put it shortly. Government would
not bo as at present an cxponsiro and
almost useless burden, but would simply
become the instrument whereby tho
public property would bo administered
for the bonefit of every individual.
Now, to the man who has been reared
amidst tho prcsont chaos and confusion,
all this foretasto of what might bo seems
only like tho vague and impracticable
vision of an imaginative dreamer, but
all the great things and all tho good
things that we have nehioved wcro at
one time but visions in the brains of
those who concoived them. And If we
but consider for a moment the change
that would bo wrought In a social life if
labor received its full reward, we shall
come, I think, to the conclusion that
perhaps after all such visions may be
possible of realization, and such dreams
may indeed come true. Want, and the
fear of want as a factor in human life,
would be eliminated. And this is tho
element that would work the change;
for poverty, as Carlyle says, is the hell
of which tbe modern Englishman is
most afraid. It is poverty and tho foar
of poverty, and tho struggle to keep.out
of it that makes civilization such
mass of evil It is but natural that men
should strive to keep therasolvos and
those dependent upon them from falling
into this terrible abyss. And it is this
strugglo to riso above tho fear of poverty
that makes men He and cheat and steal
and renders them indifferent as to
whether they trample their neighbors
underfoot
It is this continual struggle to raise
thomsolves above tho foar of want that
makes men admire the rich and the for
tunate, and that causes tho strugglo for
existenco to become even fiercer and
more fierce, and it is now bocoming evl
dent to tho mass of mankind that unloss
they go to the root of the evil and
destroy it the more fiercely tboy strive
the worse it will be for their children
who are to come after them. But give
labor a free field, choke off the dog in
the manger that stands between man
and the bounty of his Maker, and let la
bor have its full reward. Take and uso
for the benefit of the whole community
that value which the preference of the
community creates, and production be
ing sot free would enormously increase,
the margin of cultivation would rise to
its natural level, and men would not re
quire to worry about finding employ
ment, any more than they worry about
finding air to breathe; the worship of
wealth would become a thing of the
past and the man who strove to get
more than he required would be looked
upon with something like commissera
tion and pity. It is unnecessary to en
large. Any one with the requisite imag
ination can fill in the picture and con
ceive for himself the vice that would be
stayed, the sorrow that would be soothed,
the hearts that would be healed. - For
when labor freed from the restrictions
that now hamper it, can get across to
natural opportunities snd those necessi
ties of production can come freely to
gether, our civilization will have entered
upon a newer and brighter era, and in
time we shall attain to a realization of the
QUEENSLAND COMMENT
golden rule as enunciated by the great
Democrat of Nazareth, Tbou shalt love
thy neighbor as thyself." Brechin, Soot
land, Herald.
' The Idea Gaining Converts,
Henry George's single tax idea Is
gaining converts, especially among the
workln"n and small proiwrty holder
of the cities and lsw itu
burgh Dispatch
A Brisbane Paper's Estimate of BZSV
George'e Plaee . la History.
Henry George is one of 4he great per
sonalities of the age. The premior of
Now South Walos, himself porhaps the
most remarkable man on our "isle of
continent" said the other day that if bo
were to select a hundred of tbe most
eminent mon of the century, Honry
George would rank high among them.
Sir Henry Parkes might havo gone
f urthor and declared that George was of
those great souls, of those high in
tellects who are opoch making. A man
who has probed deep into tbe evils of
the time, whose whole being has been
fired by tbe wrongs of the down-trodden,
whom suffering has tried as by fire, and
in whose heart beats a chord sympa
thetic with the pulsating aspirations of
the brotherhood of man. Of the old
writers on political economy Adam
Smith was tho only one whoso stylo
made- tho study attractive, nonce it
came to bo designated the "dismal
science." It was loft to Henry George to
impart a quickening life to the dry
bones, lie is tho most original thinker
on economics since Rlrnrdo, and his two
great works, "Progress and Poverty"
and "Social Problems," have created a
greater stir among social scientists than
any two other books of our time.
George's philosophio method is as
logical as that of Cusin or Sir Win.
Hamilton, his stylo is as fascinating as
that of Sir Walter Scott his diction
as pure and eloquent as that
of Buskin, with whom in lofty
morality and spiritual Insight be may
bo compared. No one can deny, how
ever great may be the disagreement
with tho conclusions at which George
has arrived, that he has made a deep im
press upon the English speaking world
and on the domain of contemporary
thought From Prof. Huxley and tho
Duke of Argyll to the merest tyro in tho
study of ethics and economies, a host of
hostile critics have assailed bim, but ho
has met them all with high courage, a
keenness of retort a sledge-hammer
power of argument and illustrations
drawn from rending which seems to
ll a vo been all-devouring and all-embrac
ing. It may bo conceded without trench
ing on thoso principles which bavo
caused tho widest diversity of opinion.
that George has successfully assaulted
tho stronghold of Malthus and the Mai
thusian doctrine. Of all the teachers of
modorn times be it is who, by skill and
exhaustive analysis of facts and pene
trating glanco into the spiritualities of
the universe, has shown that to throw
on tho Creator responsibility for tho
evils arising to humanity from bad and
oppressive laws, and man's wicked dis
position, is rank blasphemy. His other
great achievements in economics is that
ho has demonstrated with clearness and
precision which defies refutation that
wages are paid not out of capital, but
from the current products of labor.
One of the most impassioned and las
pressivo orators of tho ago, tho citizens
of Brisbane have had an opportunity of
seeing and hearing Henry George in two
different aspects in tho character of an
expounder of his own peculiar economio
tenets and in the characterof a preacher,
who proclaims his gospel with the en
trancing power of a Savonarola and tho
fiery earnestness of a St Francis.
Somewhat short in stature, he is yet
well proportioned, and gives the idea of
strength and concentration of purpose.
His dome-shaped head and full expres
sive countenance are exceedingly im
pressive. When warmed up to his sub
ject there 1b a fine play of feature, and a
fire in the eye which kindles an electric
sympathy in his audience. His gestures
are graceful and unstudied as he moves
about the platform flinging forth his
polished sentences. Suffering from the
effects of a cold, bis voico falls short of
that bell-like resonance of some years
back. It lacks musical softness, nnd
thoro is no liquidity about the vowels.
But these are minor defects which are
soon forgotten when the man possessed
by bis subject rises to tho hoights of
burning eloquenco and pours out period
after period of impassioned and poetia
English. Brisbane, Queensland, Courier.
Would Take dugs Off of Industry Every
where.
The city of Newport Ky., jnst across
tho Ohio from Cincinnati, is about to try
the experiment of letting all money.
stocks, bonds, manufactured goods, raw
materials, tools, machinery, etc, go en
tirely free of municipal taxation. . Of
course tho hope of its citizens is that
the premium thus sot upon manufactor
ies will draw in enough to build up tho
city so much that the additional burden
thrown upon real estate will not bo felt
Tbe outcome of the experiment will bo
interesting, but if it succeeds the result
can scarcely be claimed by tbe uenry
George singlo tax party as evidence that
it would bo good policy to throw all tax
ation, everywhere, upon the soil New
port will offer inducements for the re
moval thitber of mills and factories
from other places, but if personal prop
erty wore exempt from taxation in alt
States and cltios, there would be no rea
son for a chancre of location on any such
ground. Cleveland Leader.
A Natural Order.
Land, labor, wealth. That is tho
natural order. Whoever controls land,
controls labor and wealth. If one man
owned all lands, every other man would
be simply a slave to this one. The far
ther we are removed from such a condi
tion the better, we all ssy. Well what
better way, we pray, to remove this na
tion from such conditions than for tho
whole people to own the land and
rniiehanfn in eTHri citizen tha ricrit to)
I tiau a part of lk Port Ultfva, Mio
I New E "

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