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SINGLE TAX DEPARTMENT.
""NONE OF OUR BUSINESS." A Uttte girl h beard to flnlah bur evening prayer with these words: "And I nw a poor little girl oa the street to-day, cold and bar looted: bat It's mm of our business, la it, odr ."INooe of our business!" wandering- and sinful. All through the street of tbe city they go, Hunryaiid homeless In the wild weather "None of our business !" Dare we say sot None of oar baslnoss Children's wan faces. Haggard and old with their suffering and sin; Sold fust your darlings on tender, warm bosoms, Sorrow without, but .the home light within. "What does it matter that some other woman Home common mother In bitter despair, Walla In a garret, or sits In a cellar. Too broken-hearted for weoplng or prayert None of our business!" Sinful and fallen. How tbey may jostle us clone on the street I .Hold back your garment 1 Scorn? they aro used to It: Toss on the other side, lost you should meet. ""None of our business!" On, then, the musle: On with the feasting, though hearts break forlorn; Somebody's hungry, somebody's freezing. Somebody's soul will be lost ere the morn. Sotnbofly's dying ton with the dancing!) One for earth's pottage Is telling his soul: One for a bauble has bartered his birthright. Selling his all for a pitiful dolo. Ah ! but One goeth abroad on the mountains, Over lone deserts with burning deep sands t ecklng the lost ones (It Is Ills business!) Bruised though His foet aro, and torn though His hands. Thorn-crowned His head and Ills soul sorrow stricken (Saving men's souls at such infinite cost), Omken His heart for the grief of the nations I It is His business saving the lost! London Christian Commonwealth. UNDER THE WHEEL. Hamlin Garland's New Play The Single Tax Idoa In the Drama. In tbe July number of tho Arena Mr. TJamlin Garland's new play, "Under tbo "Vboel," is printed in full. It is a play velth a purposo, and that purposo is tbo demonstration that undor existing economic conditions tboro is no escape for tbo bonost toiler from grinding pov erty. Tbe play opens with a sceno in a B03 ton tenement bouse, where Jason Ed wards, bis wife and two daughters bave their home. Edwards is a man who, having learned his trado and married, began life with the hope of securing a modest competence. Ills eldest daugh ter, Allie, evidently received a good ed ucation, and at tbe time tbe play opons is studying music with a view to becom ing a singer. A second daughter, Lin Hie, much younger than hor sister, ap pears from her talk not to have had Al lie's educational advantages, but she is n important figure in the drama. Allie is introduced to us as already engaged to a young newspaper man named Iteeves, and the first glimpse wo bave of tbe social problem is in a conversa tion between these two in scene L Mrs. Edwards invites the young man to stay to supper and tbe following colloquy takes place: ltceves No, thank you. I've got a little work at the office, and thon I've .fjot to go out and report an anti-poverty meoting at the. Temple. Spocial Job. Alice What kind of ameotlng is that, lor pity's sake? Reeves (preparing to go) Oh, a cranky kind. Henry George started it Some absurd Idea about abolishing pov erty. Alice (with a profound sigh) I wish It wasn't so absurd. I don't seo why poverty is so persistent in this ago of invention. Beeves (as if struck by her words) Come to think of it, it is more absurd to think the abolition of poverty absurd. Why shouldn't it be abolished? What's the good of progress if it don't? (He anuses with, bont bead.) I don't see -where the laugh comes in myself. Do you know, I'vo been thinking and writ ing on these things of lato? I don't -know why; it's in the air, J guoss. "Everybody's got some cure. (Leans his -elbow on a chair, speaks in slow, deep, musing voice.) I stood on the Brooklyn bridge the other day and looked down -on New York. Over me soared and -ung those stupendous cables, the marvel of man's skill, etched on the '-eky, delicate as a spider's web. I -tood there looking down at the sea of grimy roofs, a lava-like, hideous -food of brick and mortar, crackod and teamed, and monstrous for its lack of . lino or touch of beauty a modern city. t saw men running to and fro, like ants. 'lost in the tumult of life and death struggle. I saw pale girls sewing there In dens reeking with pestilence, I saw myriads of homes where the children -could play only in tbe street or on the sooty roof, colonies of hopeless settlers .cixty feet from their mother earth. And -over me soared the bridge to testify to the inventive genius of man. And I said then what I say now, that men bave in--vented a thousand way of producing -wealth, but not one for properly dlsbut 3ngdt I don't know where the trouble 3s. Tt we once knew the trouble, some "bofly'd find a cure. Abolition of proper rtT. (lie muses a moment, then starts.) "iVelL good-bye, I'll write this np in a leader. (With a return to bis cheerful manner, takes ber hand, makes an elab orate obeisance.) I await your pleas ure, tare well, my queen. (Goes out without looking back.) Alice--Looks after him smilingly. As she comes back tbe smilo fades from ter face.) Isn't it terrible to be poor, mother? lira. E.( itb quiet pathos) Yes, dear; Lut I've kird ' got used to it. I don't look f r any thing else now. I dont rare a much f r m'self, but I'd like t' see my Children safe from t Alice (soatod with bent head) Oh, how sweot it must be to be f roe from tbe fear of poverty! To fool that you don't neod to scrimp and pinch, and turn dresses and dye foathor. and wear old shoes; to feel that food will come when you need it; to have tho soul sot free for art (Leaping up, her face aglow.) But I'll win yet mothor; 1 feol in my soul that I have the gift I'll take you out of this Presently Edwards returns, who, aftor some chaff with Linnie, romarks to his wlfo that it seems very hot and that it is absolutely worse than the shop. The conversation botwoon them givos an idea of tbo financial oondition of tho family and tho rooms in which thoy are compelled to live, and incidentally intro- dueos somo other characters, ending with the resolution on the part of Ed wards and his family to go wost Edwards Why don't you open the door? Mrs. E. I can't stand the noiso and smell t'night my head aches. Some times it seems s if I couldn't boar it. but I think o' pooplo who don't have at much as we do, and so I koep a-goin'. Edwards (walking about) That's about tbe only way, t' bo patient It makes me wild sometimes. (Goes to lounge and drops heavily upon it Allco takes a fan from the wall and fans him, stoops and kisses him.) Alico Poor papa its dreadful to see you come home so tired. (Brushos tbo hair back from his forehead.) Edwards (bitterly) Its just one eternal grind, not a day off. I'm glad I don t believe in another world I would n't bo sure o' rest after I got there, Mrs. E. (shocked) Why, Jason, what are you say in'? You must'vehoda hard day in the shop. It's drctful hot fr the first week in Juno. Edwards (raising to his elbow) First week in June! Why, mothor, it's just thirty-two years next week since we was married. IV you remember how old Perry looked that day'.' Flowers and borrios, and daisies, an' birds (rising) why, mothor, that was Heaven an' we didn't know it! Down hero in this cussed alloy wo don't know any thing about Juno, only it makes our tenements hot ter and sicklier. I s'poso tho cows up there aro knee deep in tho grass, and tbo wind smellin' like the front door o' Iloaven. Wc didn't look fr this kind o' thing wlion wo left Derry, did we? We didn't look forward to a tenement? Mrs. E. No Jason but set up an' eat sumpthin'. Linnio Poppa, I wish wo could go up in the real country this summer you know you promised Alico Sh, Linnie; papa will do his best Edwards (going to tho tablo) I'll try, little one, but I'm afraid there ain't no vacation for us. Tho fight gots harder every yenr. Oh. I'm too tired to oat Jennie. Well, Allie, how'd y' come out with your recital t'day? Alice (putting her hand in his) Very well, father; only I wished you were there. Edwards I wisht I could, but I can't I got 'o keep goin'. Bent an' taxes go on when I picnic, but wages don't (Shovos back from the table and sits de joctedly.) Linnio (starting up) 0 poppa, a man put a bill under our door that said rent on it I'll got it (Brings it from the corner, reads it slowly.) Linnie (reading): Dear Sir: At tho expiration of your lease. July 1, your runt will be Increased live dollars per month. Please notify us if you Intend to remain. John Norchoss, Agent Edwards uooa uod: and my wages cut down last week. Ain't they got no mercy, these human wolvos? Ilain't I got all I can stand now? Look at it (Looking at tho walls.) Look at this tenement! Hotter, rottener, shabbier. but rent must go up, Jennlo! Children I don't know what I am going to do. don't soe any way out; I can see we're bein crushed Linnie (going to him) Don't cry, poppa, don't mind him. (As Edwards sits thus with bowed head, Julian Berg, a pale, student-like German, enters at the door. He is ac companied by a full-bearded, sinister- looking man, who stands in tho door way, stolidly smoking a long pipe. Borg holds a ront bill.) TO BB COJfTHTTJEn.J RECIPROCITY AMENDMENT. Bread on the Waters. We can not hope to "bring in our sheaves" every evening, but can occa sionally bave the quiet satisfaction of seeing nice slices of "the staff of life" homoyard bound on the wavelets of time. Just observe how reckless are bo coming tbo two very prudent only dailies of our "Texas Athens:" Within two years property owners will be paving street after street in Waco and paying all tho expense themselves. They will do this because it will pay to do it and becauso the city will not be able to meet all the requests for paving. Remember tho prediction. Waco Day. Yes, it will pay them to do it The valua of tbe land only is enhanced by such improvements, and so it seems but justice that the owner should foot the bills. As the farmer's field is made more productive by drainage, so is the town lot rendered mora valuable by im proved sidewalks and streets. Wacc Evening Nows. Cheer up comrades! J. L. Caldwell, Mart Tex., in Tbe Standard. A straw; Tbe common council of Augusta, Co., last week resolved to ex empt from taxation a largo private bridge that bad been constructed by a land company, on the ground that It was a public convenience. Or Retaliation Proposed to De Placed at the Preeldeut'a Discretion Affecting Cer tain I m porta. Washington, Aug. StThe follow ing is the text of the reciprocity amend ment to the Tariff bill in the form of new section proposed by Senator Al drich, from the Committee on Finance, Section 2. That the exemption from duty or auger, moiassts, ciffee, tea and hides, provided for In this act, are made with view to secure reciprocal trade with coun tries producing these articles, andforthla purpose, on and after July t 1891, whenever and so often aa tbe President shall be sal is fled that the Uoverament of any country produolng and exporting angers, molassis, coffee, tea and hides, raw and unoured.or any of suoh articles, Imposes duties or other exactions npon the agricultural or other products of the United Mates, wnlrh In view cf tbe free introduction of auob sugnr, mo lasses, coffee, tea and hides, into the United States, he niny deem reciprocally un equal and unjust, he shall bave the powor and It shall be hi duty to impend by proclamation to that effect, the provls Ions of this set delating to tbe free Intro ductlon of such sugar, molasses, coffee, tea and hides, the production of suoh country for such time as he shiil deem lust, and la aucb case and during such suspension du ties aiiau De levtud, collected and paid upon sugar, molasses, coffee, tea and bldos, the product of or exported from such desig nated countries as follows, namely: "All sugars not above No. J3, Dutch standard in color, shall pay duty on thuir polarlscopio test aa follows, namely; All sugar not above No. 13, Dutth standard in oolor, all tank bottom, sirup. Sot cane, Juice or of boet juice, niclada, concentrated molada. concencrete and concentrated molasses, testing by the polariscope not above 7) de greet, seven-tenths of a cent per pound, and for every additional degree or fraction of a degree shown by the polariscope test, two hundredths of one cent nor pound addi tional. All sugars above No. 13, U & In oolor, shall be classified by the Dutch standard of color and pay duty as follows: All sugar above Ma U and not a hove 18 D. & of color. li cents per pound; all sugar above No. 16 and not ubove No. 20 IX P. of color, m oents per pound ; all sugars above No, 20 IX 8. of color, 2 cents por pound; mo lasso touting about Ml degrees 4 cents a gal lon. Bugnr draining' and augur sweepings shall be subj et to duty either as molasses or sugar, as the caso may bo, according to polar scoplo test. On coffee X ccnta per pound. On toa 10 cents per pound. Hides, raw or unoirod. whether dry, aa ted or pickled, Angora goat It Ins. raw without the wo. 1, unmanufactured asses' skins, raw or unmanufactured, and skins, except sheen skins with tho wool on Un cents per pound." HORRIBLE DEATH. A Young Man's Terrible Fate at a County Fair. Woodfield, 0., Aug. 31. Yesterday was the last day of the fair hero and more than 10,000 people assembled to see the final races and a balloon ascen sion by Carter, the aeronaut The bal loon was a small hot air affair and was kept in its position over the fur- naco by ropes held by the by Btanders. When it had been in' flated and all was roady Cartor gave the word to let go. The balloon shot upward and tho thousands of spectators were horrified to see, dangling at the end of a small line, a young man named Milton Eedin, an officer of the fair asso ciation. Hundreds of persons shouted for him to drop, but Eedin was either entangled or bad lost his head and he clutched frantically at the rope, at tempting to climb up the slender line into the basket A number of women in the dense crowd fainted and all the spectators grew sick with horror as the balloon Bailed upward and began moving southward. Carter conld be seen making desperate efforts to draw Eedin up the rope on which he swung to and fro. For fully ten min utes their efforts continued and then, at a height of ovor one thousand feet the balloon took a sudden lurch, Eedin's hold was loosened and his body shot downward. It was found half a mile away. The clothing was torn off, all his bones broken and the body crushed out of all human semblance. Eedin's brothers and sisters were in the throng and saw his terrible fall. LABOR DAY. NAVAL DESERTIONS. Wholesale Desertlnu of Seamen and Ma vines Tyranny of the Ship's Offleera. . New York, Sept L Since the United States man-of-war Chicago came into this port in the latter part of June, there have been almost 100 desertions from her. Marines and seamen have deserted in batches of five and six More are expected to follow. The runaways, so the former compan ions of the deserters say, have left the navy in this manner simply because the officers in general, and Captain Robe son in particular, bave treated them like so many cattle. During the entire cruise of the White Squadron the men say tbey were not treat ed like human beings. They furnish many incidents to Illustrate these state ments. One was wind in the case of the firemen aboard the Chicago. During the torrid weather the temperature in the fire room varied from 130 degrees to 140 degrees Fahrenheit The firemen pleaded for cool water to drink and were unable to obtain it, for the reason that the officers of the ship captured all the ice to keep their wine and beercooL They have a machine aboard the Chicago which converts aalt ' water into fresh. As the water comes from this condenser it is very warm. Tbey also have a ma chine for making ice. On day when tome of the firemen were sinking un conscious beside their furnace doors. those who were able to boar up amid the awful heat begged for some with which to cool their drinking water. But the officers refused to let them bave it Tbey could drink the warm water or go without The worst of it all was tbey did not dare to make a complaint to Commander Bobeson. They were afraid he would order them below to be bound hand and foot in irons and to be fod on bread and water. Celebration of the Day Throughout tbe Coontry A Holiday and Street Tarade In Various Cities. Tope k A, Kan., Sept 9. Labor day was generally observed by the people of Topoka. At ten o'clock the processioa formed on Kansas avenue and Tenth. It was the finest parade ever seen in Kansas. The parade was one hour in passing and was over throe miles in length. It was headed by the Metro politan police, followed by the fire de partment trades' unions, societies. floats representing various branches of business, Farmers' Alliance and other organizations. A reviewing stand bad been erected on Kansas avenue, where Governor Humphrey and State officers, and Mayor Cafran and the City Council reviewed the parade. Kansas City, Ma, Sept 1. Several thousand members of trades unions of the two Kansas Cities paraded here. The weather was fine and the outpour ing was creditable. Mayor Holmes de clared the day a public holiday. Chicago, Sept 1. Labor day was generally observed in this city. The weather was bright and cool and could not be more auspicious for the parades and subsequent picnics and games in tbe various suburban parks. There were two parades, one undor the au spices of the Trades and Labor Assem bly with about 20,000 men in line and one of the Knights of Labor, who turned out with about 1,000 men. Boston', Sopt 1. Tbe laborers in and around Boston celebrated Labor day in the same general manner as in previous years. 1 he day was a legal holiday and all business, including the editions of the evonlng papers, was suspended. The parade was the lanrest that has ever been seen on this day, tho divided councils that prevailed in former years having united their forces in one grand procession, in which 10,000 participated. Pittsburgh, Pa., Sept 1. Labor day was generally observed here. All the banks, factories and mills and many business housos were closod. The day was bright and nearly 10,000 workmen, representing all the trades in the city, took part in tbo parade. Similar dem onstrations were held at Jcannette, Greonsburg and other surrounding towns. Omaha, Sept 1. The second observ ance of the State Labor day was held here with a general suspension of busi ness. There was a parade of 8,000 men and a speech by ex-Senator Van Wyck. A barbecue and daylight fireworks end ed the celebration. New York, Sept 2. Labor day was celebrated yesterday in a grander style than ever. All the Government and municipal offices, banks, etc., were closed. The city was gaily decorated with tbe flags of all nations, and hun dreds of thousands lined the sidewalks on the routes of the processions. There were two parades, that of the Central La bor Union, which took in the west side of the city, and that of the Central Labor Federation, which stirred up the denizens of tbe East side. At least 25, 000 men turned out in the latter, while the Central Labor Union marshaled about 20,000 men. Lincoljt, Neb., Sept 2. The first La bor day ever celebrated in this State, and which is recognized as such by tbe laws of the State, was generally ob served in this city yesterday. The weather was pleasant and the procession probably the largest ever witnessed in the capital city. Every trade and labor union in tbe city was represented with quite a number of farmers, mainly mem bers of the Alliance, The procession marched to the park, where short ad dresses, appropriate to the occasion, were delivered. All tho banks and many business houses were closed. Emporia, Kan., Sept 2. Labor day was well observed here, all the banks and most of the business houses closing. Fully 1,000 visitors were in town, and a parade participated in by thousands took place in the forenoon. In the afternoon there was a picnic, at which speeches were made by Hon. J. F. Wil lits, candidate for Governor, W. F. Blghtmire candidate for Chief Justice, a W . a A . mm jurs. ijease ana others. A balloon as cension and races were also auxiliaries of the picnic. Denver, CoL, Sept 2. Labor day was generally observed hero yesterday, all places of business being closed. Fully 10,000 workingmen were in the parade, nearly all being in uniform and bearing the insignia of some labor organization. After the parade the suburban trains carried thousands to Military park. St. Joseph, Ma, Sept 2. Labor day was celebrated here by a grand turnout of labor unions. The parade was the most Imposing ever seen in St Joseph, 3,000 men being in line. A picnic was held at Highland park. RIOTS IN CHILI. Boenee of Disorder In Valparaiso and San tiago Hon and Store SackedThe Trouble tbe Result of Late Strike. Panama, Aug. 26 The following ac count of the labor riots in Valparaiso. Chili, have been received here: It was early known the launchmea and stevedores had struck and they bad threatened to attack the custom house, the workmen in which were compelled to join the mob. Tbe strikers demanded payment in coin not in notes and this demand caused the doors of the custom house to closo a step which was prompt ly followed throughout tho city. Pick handles and handles of othor tools were obtained, and armed with these the mob proceeded to the iron works of Lever, Murphy & Co., where they did immense damage. On the wharf the fires in the stoam winches wore extinguished. At one p. m. a number of citizens re quested tbe authorities to act But meanwhile the mob had swept through the city, plundering stores, shops, drinking places and warehouses, and carrying off every thing portable. At some places rifle shots were fired, but as tbe cartridges were soon exhausted tho defenders had to leave the property at the mercy of the mob. Meanwhile the police were assembled in strong force at the very spot where no mob was to be seen. Two hours after these disorders had occurred, and after eighty had been wounded and some twelve killed, the authorities determined to send out ar tillery and infantry pickets and defend the intendente and other public officers. As the day closed the streets were filled with people, and every thing in dicated that rough scenes were about to occur. The Union printing office was soon attacked and the mob had to be driven off. At one p. m. the second day the mass moved to Victoria square, and here it divided into three separate bodies which took different directions. One body 000 strong marched through Victoria street throwing stones at the houses. Branches were torn from the trees and wherever it was believed work was in progress tbe mob halted and was joined by tbe work men. This step was first adopted at the maccaroni factory of Plumb & Co.; then at the German bakery, and then in some ten or twelve other establish ments until the Merceil Church was ' reached. Meanwhile similar and even worse scenes were being enacted in the Baron quarter. The railroad shops were com pletely destroyed and their contents thrown into the sea. The female car drivers' house was completely demol ished. Tbe agency of tho Baron was sacked and Ewing's biscuit factory was completely destroyed. Tbe sack of the National biscuit factory had not terminated when a picket arrived and, the mob not retir ing, opened fire, killing one of the riot ers and wounding four others. But this did not frighten tbe mob, which had rapidly increased in num bers. Cries, whistles, threats and yells in favor of the populace and of "Death to the rich and the pretenders!" proved that no thought of dispersing as yet had entered the minds of the rioters, while they were again joined by other mobs which came down from the hills. , By four o'clock tbe mob number e 1 at least 5,000 and although repeatedly charged by the police, who employed sabers in their efforts, proved ineffect ual, although they again left some twenty on the ground. By five p. m. the mob had almost dis appeared to the drinking shops and groggories. At seven p. m. cavalry pickets made several charges in the AmanadraL where stores were being sacked. At 0:30 p. m. a train arrived with a battalion commanded by General Val divleao, and subsequently a corps of 500 strong. General Valdlvieao, directly he arrived, rode through the city with his escort and a picket of cavalry. On the hills around Valparaiso many outrages and robberies were committed. At Santiago somewhat similar rioting occurred at the session of the deputies. CLAKKSON'S EXIT. The First Assistant Postmaster-General' Reaaona For Leaving; Office Purely Dual- SQUAW MAN'S APOSTLE. Paul Going to Washington to Consult the Powers. GAnfESTUXE, Tex., Sept 2. Ex-Sen ator Sam Paul, late Progressive candi date for Governor of the Chickasaws, states that he will leave for Washing ton in a few days to have the validity of the August election passed upon oy the Supreme Court of the United States. He claims that the electiou was carried by the boldest fraud and intimidation. Heretofore.be says, the Progressive party has been numerously represented in tbe Legislature, tbe lower house of the body which preceded tbe one recently elected having had nine members to eleven of the Anti-Progressive party, and the Senate bore the same proportion, while in the late election not a single candi date of the Progressive ticket was rran4! a certificate of election. Washington, Sopt 2. Mr. Clarkson, First Assistant Postmaster-General, practically concluded his service in the Post-office Department Saturday. The President much desired his further con tinuance in the place, but Mr. Clarkson was unable to remain longer. It is stated that Mr. Clarkson assumed the office in March, 1889, only at the strong persuasion of the President, the Repub lican National Committee and the lead ing men of the party, and that he has remained in it since against his own wishes. He said to a reporter of the Associated Press:. "I accepted this office unwillingly, and for a term of months, not years; and I lay it down gladly. My relations with the President and Postmaster General bave never been any thing else but pleasant But I bave no liking for office-holding, and while the postal ser vice is one that will absorb the Interest and command the pride of any one con nected with it I very much prefer pri vate life and its independence. The repoits that I bave given up Iowa and my borne are incorrect It is the best State in tho Union, and my lot is cast with It" Mr, Clarkson will very soon assume the presidency of the Judsos Pneumatic Rallwiy Company, which applies new principles to locomotion and to motive power in cities, and which is now build ing a railway in Washington City.