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SINGLE TAX DEPARTMENT.
THE DEVIL TO PAY. The King was puzzled, for hU treas ury was empty, and be know not Low to rfllllt While ho pondered this mighty tquostion of state, the devil eame to him, .not in a dream, but in sober earnest .And the devil, as is his habit, wont at once .to business. You are in trouble, sir," said be to the King; "shall I help you out of it?" 'No, thank you," replied the Klntr, 'you charge too much for your help. I i do not forget that my father is still working out a debt to you which was beyond all proportion to your service." Yes," said tho devil "I did charge 'the old roan about all the traffic would bear; but 1 have tried to be considerate, :nd although he is still working out the Aobt, let me assure you that bis position Js the most com tar table, in winter, in all my dominions, Hut that is beside the question. Your treasury is empty, and I can fill it, I will make no conditions. "You may command me freely. What ay you?" 'And has the devil turned saint?" the .Ivlnjr inquired. "Not by a long shot I shall get my Tiay; though not from you, from your ubjcets." 'My subjects be "StopP interrupted the devil, "that sentiment is not original with you. It is the motto of my kingdom, and I won't rpermit .it to be appropriated with im punity. Come, what do you say; shall I tell yea how to fill your treasury?" "Yes," the King whispered. "Then, listen. All your subjects have plenty, have they not?" "They have. Thore is not a poor man :Jn my kingdom, except myself." "How do they get it?" "Thoy work for it" "Why do you allow them to work?" "It is tho command of God " "Silence!" the devil screamed, his faoe -purple with rage and his tall lashing the floor of the palace till the air was laden with sparks. "Well, then," gasped the frightened king, "they would starve if I stopped them, and what good would that do jue?" it would do you no good if thoy starved," the devil answered, as he gath ered his tail under his left arm and opened the window tolct out tho stifling : funics. "But it would do you some good to cliargo them for working, wouldn't it? They would pay rather than starve, ..tli?" "Good idea!" exclaimed tho king. "I thought so," said tho devil. "Now, supposo you issue, a proclamation that no one may work without a royal char ter." "Yn," the king interrupted, impa tiently. "And then suppose you sellcharters to ro man to work in a certain territory i to another man to work in another jL . itory, and so on." -"Yes." "And suppose you allow the owners of these charters to farm out the privileges tinder them." "Yea." "And suppose you issue no charters sit all for some of the best territory; .don't you see that you will get a lot of ready money from the sale of charters :iind have a permanent income from the territory reserved, and bo favored with a wealthy leisure class in whose society jou may enjoy yourself? "Capital!" exclaimed the King, but before the word was out of his mouth the devil had vanished. The King lost no time. Having is sued his proclamation forbidding his be loved subjects to weary themselves with work, ho sent for his attorney-general nd ordered that functionary, on the ba bels of a contingent fee, to draft a form -of charter. It read in substance like this: lie it known that bis pious and gracious majesty, Impecunious X, hav ing from love of his faithful subjects forbidden them to work without his .command, does now, by these presents, confer upon his well-beloved Bylighote, lord of Towmaytokahn hill, his heirs and assigns forever, full power and au thority to permit the good people of all that territory .known as Quad, and Imunded, etc., etc, etc., to work or not to work, as to him may seem best and on such terms as to him may seem just Signed, sealed, etc., etc., etc The proclamation caused an uproar :among the people, for the seeding season was just opening: but when Lord Byli ghote appeared with his charter in Quad, quiet was restored and terms were made. I will give ao much a year to be allowed -to work," said one, and "1 will give so much," said another. And in this way -it went, until Lord Byllgbote had ar ranged with all the people in his terri tory. And while Lord Byllghote was .adjusting things in Quad. Lord This and Lord That and Lord Tother were doing the same in -Quam and Quim and QurL .And so it was that the King's treasury was fnll from the sale of charters, and the- Lords, instead ol working as they used to do, Hived on what the people paid them for "the privilege of boingal 3owcd to work, while the Attorney Gen eral's contingent fee was big enough to make a shyster respectable. And be tween them the King, the Lords and the Attorney General enjoyed their leisure amazingly. But as the King's subjects increased a great many could not buy the right to work and had" to hire themselves to those who could, and many of these could not find men to hire them, and many ore found it easier to follow the example I the Kings and lards and livs on plunder than either to buy the right to work or to hire themselves cjt And, it uitia about that there were Banners in the kingdom, which was something novel, since the King baa tneretoioro been the onlv nanner: and there were a , i t criminals there, which was also novel. for when nobody bad to pay to be allow ed to work, and everybody got rich by working, no one ever thought of being a criminal. In tho enursn of time tho klnir died and the lords died but tho charters lived and now kings and new lords profited by them. At last the nennlii trot so restless and - , 1 o - - made such grim threats that the lords were frightened, and when a rebellion was imminent the lords were on the point of burning up their charters. But this did not meet the views of the aovii, and he put it into the heads of tho peo ple who were paying for the right to work to buy tho right of their Soros lor a lnmn num. Of course tho lords were glad to compromise in this way, and it came about that each man wno vorKea in a certain place bought the right of hli lord to work there forever, him and his children after him, and to sell tho right to others. ,It took a good many years to complete this change but when It was done tbo devil rubbed his hands and switched his tail gently, now this vuy and now that naying: "Surely the devil will be to pay!" And it was so. Some of the purchasers from the lords found that where they had tho right to work they could make a good deal with only a littlo effort and others found that where they had tho right to work they could only make a little with great ef fort; and thus it happened that the first and those who bought of thorn grew rich and the others remained poor. And those that grew rich did just what tho lords had done boforo them; they sold permission to work to the poor who bad no charters, and this proved so profita ble that thoy were ablo tbemsolves to obey the old proclamation against work ing and yet to live in great comfort Like the lords from whom they had bought they wore lazy and happy. But the people wore constantly beg ging to be allowed to work, and the more they begged tho less attention was paid to thorn. And when they didgeta chanco to work they were not allowed to re ceive, no matter where they worked or how much thoy made, any more than the people who had charters to work in the very poorest places in the kingdom. And that was littlo enough, as every body knew. Withal the pooplo increased and mul tiplied, and to help them out of their trouble they inventod great machines, which did marvelous work; but neither the people nor tho machines could work without permission of a charter owner, and the moro the people worked and the more marvelous their machines tho moro the charter owners charged them for the right to work, until even tho machines fell into tho hands of a few, and tho people could not make new ones, bo cause charters to work hud become so valuablo that except in the very poor est places only tho few were able to buy the right to work, and the poor wcro trying to hiro themselves out And so it appeared that happen what might to make work easier and moro fruitful, the charter owners got all the benefit In these days a prophet arose who told the people that the charter owners had no right to forbid thorn to work nor any right to make them pay for working. But tho charter owners railed at tho prophet as a devil (the dovll having pud it into their hoads to do so), saying, "Have we not bought and -paid for these charters?" And then arose a priest who, seeing how the peoplo were oppressed and rob bed by the charters, denouncod the charters and demanded that thoy bo abolished; but the devil ordored tho priest to be put down, and be was put down. And yet every one marveled that thcro were so many poor and that the poor in creased. But the priestsiaught that it was not marvelous, for God willed it, whereat tho devil again rubbud his hands together and gently switched his tall, now this way, now that saying to hlmsolf, "It won't be long now until tho devil is to pay!" And he was right Pretty soon everything was in readi ness, and from advising King, and lord and charter owner tho devil turned to advising the poor. "See how the rich revel in tho wealth you have created!" he said to thcro. "Why do you not burn and murdor and pillage? Is there no manhood in you? Are you slaves?" But at first the people protested that they were opposed to murder and pil lage, and asked why they should not abolish the charters, as the prophet and priest advised, which would need neither murder nor plllago. "Away with your prophet and your priest!" shouted the devil. They are in league with the rich. Make no half way measures! Let there be no com promise! Lay waste! Lay waste! Soo, I will set you an example," and with that the dovil touched tho tip of bis tail to the palace of a charter owner and in stantly it was ablaze; and then the dev il's scheme, so patiently planned, cul minated. Like rats from their boles rushed a million debased and desperate men. Half famished and all in rags, aiming at nothing and caring for noth ing, spurred on by revenge, bitting right and left burning, killing, plun dering, tbey laid wast the land. The devil was indeed to pay! . Lewis Fcexxajts PANIC IN WALL STREET. Ths Stock Exchange Greatly Exelted Over Sadden Fall la Stock A Prominent Broker Drop Dead en the floor. New Yoiik, Nov. 11. A flood of alarming cables from London and Paris, predicting disaster in the markets there thia week, caused a panicky feel ing in the Stock Exchange. The declines since Saturday after noon were the largest ever seen over night and the losses of fractional amounts were exceptions, drops of from 1 to M per cent, tht latter in New En gland, covering nearly the whole active list The trading reached enormous figures, but as the bottom seemed to have dropped entirely out of the market there came a more quiet feeling toward the close of the hour, and some stocks actually recovered a portion of the early loss,' G C. C 4 8t L., which had dropped 4 percent to 55, rising to 58. The market however, remained in an extremely feverish and unsettled con dition, and at 11 o'clock, while it was less active, it was weak at or near the lowest prices for most of the stocks on the list At noon James Strutbera, a loading broker, was attacked by apoplexy and fell on the floor of the exchange. A stretcher was brought in but in a few minutes he was dead and business was suspended until 12:30 p. m. Tbo body lay on the floor surrounded by the brokers for some time. Not a word was spoken but the brokers with uncovered heads waited for the officials to act Tbey bad an unwelcome task to per form. On the last and only other occa sion when death entered the exchange business was at once suspended the rest of tbe day, but on account of the situation yesterday the officials could not close the exchange. At 12:30 busi ness was resumed. Then the decline was renewed with increasing rapidity, and the lowest prices of the day fol lowed. Money was in urgent demand in the loan crowd and )i per cent pre mium in addition to legal interest was bid. FOR IRELAND. Entbnainatie Reception of Mesai-a. Dillon and O'ltrlen at New York-A Large runol 8ubcrlbd. New York, Nov. 11. Rarely has the Metropolitan Opera House held such an audience as it did last night when the Irish societies of the city of New York gave a publlo reception to Messrs. O'Connor, O'Brien, Dillon, Sullivan, Harrington and Gill There were about 4,000 people in tbe bouse, 3.200 seated and the remainder on the plat form and standing. An Irish flag was bung on either side of the first balcony and the background of the stage was formed by two American flags with a golden harp pointed on a square of green in the center. The Sixth regi ment band was early in attendance and played Irish airs during the evening. Governor Hill presided, and many prominent men were on the stage Gov ernor Ilill introduced Mr. Dillon who was received with great applauso and addressod tbe audience, in which he slated that the object of the visit to this country was to appeal to the people of America to assist the Irish people to at tain the right to make their own laws and administer tbe same. Governor Hill next introduced Mr. O'Brien, who met with a reception aa cordial as any that had been accorded during the evening. He Bald that he was gratlBod and astonished at the wel come that had been given blm and his compatriots. "We come here," he con tinued, "not lor a begging fund, but for a fighting fund. Cheera We want to fight this system that has made the famine and we want to crush it" The secretary of the Parliamentary fund then announced that the total amount subscribed was: Receipts from the door, 14.000; subscriptions in the ball, ?33,00a Mr. Eugene Kelly was appointed treasurer of the fund. Governor Hill said he would like to contribute when the delegates visited Albany, but he, however, would sub scribe $100 on the spot fie then intro duced Mr. Thomas Power O'Connor, M. P., who spoke briefly. This ended the proceedings. THE NEBRASKA ELECTION. The Alliance Man Claim That Their Candi date Ma Been 1 acted Governor. Likcolk, Neb., Nov. 1L The Repub lican State Central Committee has about concluded that the face of tbe returns will show that Richards, the Republican candidate for Governor, is defeated by a small plurality, and that Boyd, tho Democratic candidate, is elected by less than one-third the votes polled at the last election. The committee claim, however, the election of tbe entire Re publican ticket beside. Tbe Independ ent State Central Committee does not concede any thing. Tbey bad tbe most complete organisation in the late campaign, and claim that they were able to Calculate within a few thousands the vote they should have recslved. They claim that the faoe of tbe returns will show tbe elec tion of Powers as Governor, or that there has been frand at the polls, and are already taking steps to contest the lection, if Boyd, the Democratic can didate, should appear to be ahead. The contest will be tried by tbe Legislature in joint session, with the 6peaker pre siding, and as the Legislature is over whelmingly independent it is safe to ay that Powers will have the benefit of tbe doubt If doubt exists. It is al most certain, therefore, no inauguration of Governor will take place until after tbe Legislature has canvassed the re turns and ascertained who has bees duly elected , MKEEVER'S REPORT. M Hilary Catleges anil Desertions the tab .facta Treated. WAMirNOTOM, Nov. 1'i Acting Ad-jstaal-Ueneral MjKeover In his annual report to the Secretary of War devotes much space to tbe subject of military oollegea He says that tLe reports of officers performing tbo duties of profes sors of military science and tactics at the universities and colleges, give grat ifying evidence of the increasing inter est manifested by tbe college authori ties in smcIi a course of studies and ex ercises. The average number of stu dents over It years of age attending those institutions during the past schol astic year was 11.049, of whom 811 at tended artillery drills and 5,040 Infantry drills. He declares, however, that the ka. rnuiilta wilt not Ita obtained until each university or college favored with an army detail makes military drills and instruction compulsory upon all male students of proper age physio ally able, and in addition provides ade quate facilities for Indoor drills during the winter months Comment is made upon the fact that European officer quarters are heated at Government expense, and it is recom mended that a reasonable allowance for fuel be allowed oar own offioers. General McKeever savs be is con vinced that tho real primary cause of desertion is the almost certain immuni ty of the offender from arrest The present reward of FJ0 for tho arrest ol a deserter has Droved totally inade quate, as is abundantly proved by the very small percentage oi arrests, com pared to the number of desertions. lie therefore recommends that the present reward be increased to $100, which he says is a sum that in many cases, alter the reduction of the expenses incident to arrest holding, and delivery will only fairly compensate the civil offioer or citizen making tbe arrest It Is also urged that Congress make provision for increasing tho pay oi non-commissionea officers. He says tbe pay now attached to the several grades of this class of of ficers is not only without incentive to the men best fitted for tbo pqsltion, but the verv accentance of that position works pecuniary loss, as compared with tho pay received by tbe men in tne ranks who are employed on such pay. THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT. What Ha Heen Hone lo Relieve Distressed Hankers-rurtlier Measures Voder Con sideration. Wasiiixotox, Nov. 12. Secretary Windom said yesterday that his latest Information from Wall street was that tbe situation was improving, with indi cations that tbe worst was over. He declined to say whether the Treasury Department would or would not do any thing for tbe relief of the money mar ket, but admitted that be was giving tbe mattor serious consideration. The department be added, stood ready to redeem 4j per cent bonds to the ex tent of its resources, but was not ready to make any overtures to tbe holders of 4 per cent bonda The Secretary said further that tbe recent heavy disbursements had reduced the available surplus to $9,000,000, and it was a question in his mind whether this small working balance could be still further reduced with safety to the business of the department It was true that tbo National banks held $33, 000,000 of public funds, but he did .not caro to disturb these deposits at pres ent In explanation of tbe small surplus the Secretary said during tbe period from July 9 last (the date of the circu lar inviting tbe sale of bonds) to Octo 31, there were disbursed from the Treasury SI 00, 000, 000 through the pur chase of bonds and interest payments and 950,000,000 on account of pension payments, which, together with the Issue of nearly $13,000,000 in new notes for tho purchase of silver, made the total amount of money put into circulation $163,000,000. "These dlspursementa," said he, "were $70,000,000 in oxcess of the total re ceipts during the same time and I ven ture tbe assertion that there never were before in times of peace such heavy payments in the same space of time." . SENSATIONAL SUICIDE. On Heine AccuwkI mt Embeisleiaont a Prominent Kansas CKy Business Una Kills Himself. Kansas Citt, Mo, Nov. 12. Driven to desperation by an accusation of crime, and overwhelmed by business perplexities. Shelby Jones, the well known merchant- and member of the Hall & Willis Hardware Co.. took his own lire last night at 10:30 o'clock at his residence, 410 Aldine place. It was only half an hour before that be was charged by Mr. Hobbs, a stock bolder in the firm of Hall & Willis, with a shortage of almost $75,000 In the management of his firm's affairs. Selby Jones ended bis life with a re volver. He sent the fat al bullet crash ing through his right temple. Mr. T. F. Willis, president of the company, was seen at an early hour this morning Mr. Willis was loth to talk. Ho was afraid of making some statement that would cast a sospiclon of criminality upon the dead and a slur of Infamy upon his family. He ad mitted having opinions on the matter, but refused to state what such opinions were and upon what facts they were based . Tbe refusal was a virtual ad mission that Jones, in Mr. Wllleu' be Her, was a defaulter. "We have reason to believe," Mb Willis said, "that Mr. Jones was short in bis accounts to the' company $100,000. I do not know to a moral certainty of any shortage. AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT MBBBSn Report or Sewrtovr Kek-lncr-oa- t? port Trade I tattle SaigoelloM so firing Atncalture I the Front. Wasiiikotox, Nor. Ifc Tbe Secretary of Agriculture bss presented his annual report to the President, He expresses a distinctly bopof ul view of agricultural affairs, indicating the obvious benefits to farmers of certain legislation wbicb bo specifies By comparing prices at Chicago for October 10, 1890. and of 1339, be shows a marked increase in the va.ue of agricultural products, especially of cereals. He asserts that without ignor- ! ing the effects of natural causes in en I banclng values, it is evident that tbo I economic legislation of tbo last session '. of Congress has directly benefited tbo ; farmer, tbe Improved value of cereala as be believes, being largely due to tho ; silver legislation, which, moreover, has ! lessened the influence of RusBia ana India, America's wheat competitors is British markets. Tbe Increased export trade in cattlo and animal products, another cause of congratulation, Mr. Rusk traces to tho energetic and effective measures adopt ed for tbe eradication of pleuro-pneo-monia, and to tbe growing appreciation at borne and abroad, of tbe depart ments aDIlliy to suppress r wuou- ually control contagious animal . dis eases. In the line of further pro caution, the department is now pre pared to carry out inspection of export cattle before shipment, provided for by the act of August 3a Slm'lar energy has been directed to the pork interests, tbo department having already under taken the inspection callod for by tho same act Tbe Secretary strongly rec ommends an inspection still more com prehensive of all anlmalsslaugbterearor Inter-State or foreign trade. Tho pres ent immunity of Northern cattlo from Texas rover be believes to be duo to a general compliance wttb the regulation of tbo department issued last spring. The outlook for a borne sugar indus try is considered favorabla Tbo Secre tary prediots that in tbe near future half of tbe sugar will bo thus supplied from tho sugar beet In the provisions of the tariff b ll be finds what bo re gards as' some rlarlnir inconsistencies in that it gives entire control of sugat manufacturing ana bounty payments to a subordinate officer of tbe Treasury Department in spite of the fact that heretofore the Department of Agricult ure bas been cbargod with the general supervision or the sugar industry, both in its culture and manufacturing phases. Tbe production of raw silk aa an in digenous industry is referred to in not very encouraging terms, though its im portance is emphasised by reference to the imports or raw silk, which havo largely increased during the year and are valued for the year at upward of $24,090,000, but the necessity lor favor able legislation, as well as for improve ments in machinery. 1 tilBtttod UpoaH He also believes that the recent changes in tbe tariff on linens will servo to en courage manufacturers to provide a market for borne grown nax. The nosslbllltr of aorving tbe com growers throughout tbe country by ex tending tbe market for Indian corn in foreign countries, bas engaged the Sec retary's attention with the result tnai hn baa annolnted a soeclal atrent abroad, h&vinir BDCcinl Qualifications for th'a duty, to investigate and report upon tho possibilities of promoting tne con sumption of Indian corn in European countries. Tbo frequent occurrence of important international agricultural gatherings is mnntioned and tho fact is pointed out that at these tho United States, the greatest agricultural country in tn world, is most irequenuy oonspicuuu by its absence THANKSGIVING DAY. Call or the President For P rarer, Praise and Charity. Washixgtox. Not. ia The Presi dent bas issued a proclamation desig nating Thursday, November 87, as a day of thanksgiving. It Is as follows: A rBOCLAsUTIOX. Tt the vnaea and fT..r of AlmlffhtT God. iia n.nTiia nf this Nation have been led i tne cliMlnx days of tbe p using year, which has been lull oi tne messing oi peace the eqmfort of plentv. Bountiful compen sation has come tons forth work of our minds and of our bands in every aepsn- ment of human inanstry. Now, therefore, I. Benjamin Harrison, rresldentot tbe United State of Amerlov do hereby appoint Tbur day, tbe 17th day ot the present month of November, to be ob- served as a nay oi pr tyer aaa unm ', f 1 4n inrita the noonle anon that dur to oease I rum their labors, to meet In their as- custom d houses of worship, asa co join beneficent Creator for the rich blslngs Uo has granted us as a Nation, and Invoking the eoatlauanee of HN protection and graoo for the future. I command to my fellow f.m.iii th nrlTllereof remembering tho poor, the homeless and the sorrowful, lot us endeavor to merit toe promises recom-pen-e of charity and tbe gracious aocept ance ot enr praise. In testimony whereof 1 have hereunto s my band and caused the 8al of tbo ratted States to he affixed. Dobs la the City of Washington this eighth day of November, In the ye.ir ot oar Lord one Uoo-aad eignl hundred and ninety and ot tbe Indepeod no of the United States the one hundred and fiftieth. By the PreMdenr. BHUAXIS Haaatsoa Jattss O. Butnrn, Krcretary ot Mate. At the Mnssle of a Gen. New BnuTfSwicx, N. J., Nov. . Stan laloft Virchofsky, a young Pole, stabbed bis father, Josef Vircboraky. In tbo ' -domendurnga quarrel Monday n':a at Terth Am boy. inflicting a wow.1 from the effects of which the wounii I man die! Ths murderer Cod, but arretted later near V.'ooibrl resisted, but was finally ttkoa into tody at ths mutxl of a guaaoilc-'j I In Jail here. Us stys Lis falbcr n;v. derei bu mother la rCwl..