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Baxter Springs News
CHAS. L. SMITH, Editor, ft Owner. BAXTER SP01ING3 KANSAS That kidnaped girl who returned of her own accord should claim the 95,000 reward. When will autoniobilists learn that reckless Joy ride generally means death so some one? Maybe up on Mars they regard the earth as such small potatoes that they MA...- 1 1. 1L I- ucver iuuk mis way. News that the fur crop has been a failure In the far west Is not worrying the women of the east The way of the smuggler, when he !s found out, Is fully as hard as that of the ordinary transgressor. Unfortunately the crop of peach basket hats has not been In the least spoiled by the frosts of criticism. Oh, well, dandelions are such pretty things that It's a shame to get a backache digging 'em out of the lawn. Often a man will think very little of the hereafter until his time comes to die, and then he can think of noth ing else. Existence of one "popular" song can be forgiven for preventing a "big time" for the physician and the un dertaker. Turkey knew she could not pos sibly get a worse sultan than Abdul Ilamld, and the masses, therefore, wel comed a change. A New York Jury valued a broker's teeth at $1,000 each. With false ones costing only $20 a set some one can knock out all of ours. ' ! ; Now they say the meat packers are going Into the business of manufactur ing shoes. It would be Just like them to hog the whole thing. , Astronomers are now basing their hopes on the assumption that Mars Is as well advanced in telescopes as It appears to be la canals. Great Britain has established a food inspection bureau after the American plan. It has still to learn the value of strict pure-food laws, however. A Norwegian Inventor sends type writing by wireless. In the part only the thrilling glances of the blonde typist could be sent In this manner. On difference between high and low society is that the domestio dis cords of the former end In the divorce court and of the latter In the po lice court Anything that will tend to make Ice eream healthy and harmless should be welcomed. It may also be time to take recognition of the fact that yon can't gauge the purity of soda water by the fining noise It makes. There seems to be an Increasing tendency to restrict athletics at col leges and universities In favor ol scholastic work. As If any interest would be taken In the higher educa tion with record-breaking teams and championship trophies cut out of the curriculum. It was announced In the Belgaln parliament that the government bai no power to stop .King Leopold from selling works of art, treasures, etc. The prospect however, of getting rid of the old monarch by voluntary re tirement ought to strike the people as a good return on the Investment It has been discovered that '"smug gling trunks" with false bottoms are manufactured In Paris expressly for the American trade. One of these, belonging to a wealthy Boston - wom an, was seized by the customs officers in v New York and found to conceal $3,000 worth of handsome gowns. This shows that the quickening of the na tional conscience, of which so much Is being made. Isn't quite swift enough as yet- -' - ? . ' ' None but the brave deserve the fair, and Cupid has always taken peculiar delight In mating tsuAryo naval and military heroes with fair brides. Hence, the recent order that midship men must not marry during the sii rears of their course Is a solar plexus lor the little blind boy. while as for the president, who signed the bill, - parting so many fondly beating hearts, he wW be denounced hJ", score ol pouting rosy lips as "a mean old thing." . - ' ' " ' Mr. Wo, who Is the Chinese minis ter at Washington. Is also the ac credited representative of his govern ment to Peru. He Is going' to that country to present his credentials, and Incidentally will open . negotiations looking to the establishment of diplo matic relations between China and other South American countries. This Is Indicative of China's new and pro gress! ve policy. And Mr. Wu may be counted on as a potent factor la ex 'tending Cnmese relations with con temporary nations. . . . Romances By Albert Payson Terhune GUTENBERG Father of Newspaper and Book. John Gutenberg, son of an exiled nobleman of Mains, had an Idea. The good people of Btrasburg, where the young man lived, early in the fifteenth century, gave little credence to any of his theories. Tor Gutenberg was what would nowadays be known as a "got-rich-qulck" crank. He had floated several schemes, borrowed money to perfect them,' and had in every case failed to accomplish more than the Impoverishing of himself and his backers. Gutenberg's newest Idea had come to him on seeing a full set of playing cards which had been constructed by means of stamps, or dies, Instead of by hand. To the world at large this labor-saving process seemed wonder ful. But' it meant nothing more than that to any one except Gutenberg. It set him, however, to thinking. If a collection of blocks with vari ous designs carved on them could be used to mark 52 cards, why could not a similar set of blocks be made, each bearing one of the letters of the al phabet, and used for printing words, sentences, even whole pages? For centuries a process had been In use whereby such words, phrases and pictures were carved upon large blocks of wood, smeared with ink, covered with paper and subjected to a squeeze from a sort of cider-press. The result was a A Discovery and more or ,eB8 8muJ. How It was reproductlon of . , the carved letter or figures. . Kings had been wont to use monograms carved on wood or metal to stamp signatures to state documents. In China, as early as 175 A. D. a far more advanced form, of printing flourished than Europe was destined to know for more than 1,000 years thereafter. But Gutenberg's Idea far outstripped anything thus far dreamed of. For he planned (by -means of many dupli cates of each letter of the alphabet) the first form of "movable type." By placing, or "setting," these block let ters In correct position he could make quickly In his "form." The press he devised was of two upright timbers, with cross-pieces con necting them at bottom and top with two other cross-timbers, of which the SHAKESPEARE Revolutionized Literature A routh of 20 the official "bad boy" of the sedate town of Stratford- on-Avon was again in trouble. This time on a more Berious charge than the heating of nleht watchmen or pil fering of fruit or other time-honored customs of the place. He was ac cused of no less an offense than . the stealing of deer from the park of Sir Thomas Lucy, chief 'magistrate of the community. The youth thus accused was Will Shakespeare, son of a formerly well- to-do merchant who had fallen on uch financial Ill-luck that this eldest son of Us had been obliged to leave school at 13 and go to work. Younz Shakespeare was accused not only of stealing St Thomas' deer, but of writing a scurrilous poem con cerning the august magistrato him self. Altogether, Stratford became too hot to hold him. He ran away to London. But for that deer-stealing eniaode the world might never nave heard -of Shakespeare. And the march of progress in literature and ..lan mare as well would have lacked its greatest impetus. Though so young, Shakespeare- had been married lor about two years. His wife, Anne Hath away, was eight year his senior. Per haps for this reason, perhaps from poverty, he left her and his children behind when he went to London. Practically - penniless, the fugitive reached the metropolis and cast about him -for some means of livelihood. But he had no love for routine drudg ery nor experience in higher occupa ... Hons. So he quick The Flflht with drlfted t0 tne Poverty. - theaters and" re newed acquaintance with some of the actors with. whom he had caroused at Stratford. He picked np a few pence by holding the horses of men . who came to see the plays. Later he leased out'thk hosier J& to a number of street urchins," who became known as "ShakeBpeare Boys". From holding horses to picking up bits of work In side the theater was but a step. And In time he was playing small parta. in various plays of the day. ". And to, for five-years, went on his. hand-to-hand battle against poverty. Play writing at that time was the crudest sort of art . Indecency, Illiteracy, wretched , English, poor plots and dreary stupidity were the drama's chief characterlala. England, in fact, was far behind many other civilized na tions In culture, and literature. '. Among, the tasks allotted to Shake of Progress lower supported the "form" of type. A large wooden screw ran from the upper timber down to the center of a wooden block or platen. When ths "form" was put In place and inked a sheet of paper was damped and laid over it -and the screw turned until the pressure stamped the inked printing letters on the paper. It was a simple, primitive -affair, but it revolutionized printing and made possible all later books and newspapers. And, like most steps in progress, it was achieved through suffering. Gutenberg , induced a goldsmith, John Faust by name, to advance him 1,600 guilders to perfect the labor of making press and type. Then, in 1450. he Bet to work printing a Bible , . ,L Thts-was a labor Robbed of Fruits of flye yearB It of His Invention. wa8 the flrBt book ever printed, and came out in 1455 The experiment was proved a success. Printing was at last a known art But no one was especially enthusiastic. The public did not realize that the discovery amounted to much. Faust demanded the return of the money he had lent Gutenberg could not pay Faust seized all the Inventor's prop erty, including type, presses and oth er machinery, and set up a printing establishment on his own account Thus, at 60, Gutenberg was "broke," robbed of his invention and obliged to start life all over again. He began afresh, with more bor rowed money, on a new set of ma chinery, and was finally able to re sume printing books. But now a new difficulty arose. Heretofore a guild of copyists had made a living by writ ing out copies of books for public sale. Monks also bad gained large sums by illuminating such books. The Inven tion of printing, of course, robbed both these classes of employment Hence artisans and churchmen at tacked Gutenberg viciously. Worn out, childless, alone, Impov erished, friendless, other men enjoy ing the fruits of his lifetime of labor, poor old Gutenberg, in 1468, died, hav ing won the usual earthly martyrdom and Immortal fame that seems the dual reward of nearly all great Progress-Makers. (Copyrighted.) The Man Who speare In the theaters where he acted was the rewriting of old plays for use on the stage and the adapting and "building up" of parts to suit certain famous actors. At this he achieved an instant and marvelous success a success . that none but the greatest genius of his country could .ever have achieved, for he not only revised the plays in question, but transformed them into vital, brilliant productions classics for all time couched in sublime verse and diction ' and - so wholly changed from their original form as to be practically new. Many of the best plays attributed to Shake speare were thus rewritten by him from others' manuscripts. Nearly all the rest were taken almost bodily from old books, stories, poems or legends.' This is not regarded as pla giarism, since to each "borrowed" plot Shakespeare gave a new Betting and treatment and new diction and clothed It in hia own beauty of style. In fact, of all his plays, "Love's Labor Lost" (perhaps the poorest of the lot) 1b said to be the only one that was whol ly original with him. How . the half-educated, harum scarum country boy ever amassed the education to write such classics has always been and always must remain . a mystery. But the Honored and Per- wr,tIng of secuted. revolutionized not only the drama but all literature as welL England took and 'held a posi tion in culture equal to that of any nation.' Queen Elizabeth delighted to do the new genius honor. Great men vied for the chance of becoming his patrons! Ills fellow actors and play wrights in turn envied and hated him, In 1599 he left London and returned to Stratford, where he wiped off old scores and earlier disgrace by buy ing' the finest estate in the town. There, until the his death in 1616, he lived in luxury, courted by the chil dren of the men who had once perse cuted him. Even in death his genius showed itself, for he. hit on a olever plan to save his remains from the dis interment so common at that time. This four-line verse, said to have been tla litest poem, was cut on his tomb stone, and its wording has ever since guarded hla'grave from molestation: "Good friend, for Jmui eaae forbear To dig the dust lncloe-d here. Blest be the mil who epsres these tones, But curat be he who mores my bo Dee! (Coprrtshtefi-) NEW KINDS OF VEGETABLES. Delicious Radishes of Unusual Size the Result of Long an1 Care-, ful Experiments. (Copyright. 1909.) About three years ago.: the united States department of agriculture In troduced a new radish from Japan, which Immediately made its way as something both striking and valuable. It is an enormous white-skinned rad ish with leaves two and three feet long. The seed looks like that of the common radish, only considerably larger. This radish is known by sev eral names, the most common of which Is SakuraJIma. It Is claimed to reach the weight of 80 pounds in Japan. The heaviest one. they were able t? grow at the Rhode Island station weighed 18 pounds, and In various tests with seed secured from various places It averaged 15 pounds, which made a pretty good sized radish. It grows about a foot and a half long, and about eighteen inches through. Its leathery skin is easily removed, revealing beneath a crystal whiteness, very solid, and in texture like an extremely fine apple. It tastes like our earliest radishes of the high est quality. It has the rare merit of being freo from rankness or biting character even in the heat of summer or fall. It never grows corky or pithy and grows equally well in every kind of soil. The SakuraJIma may be eaten in many ways. It is sliced and eaten raw, or may be boiled and served very much as we cook turnips; in China and Japan It is sliced and sprinkled with salt and allowed to stand for about twenty-four hours, then washed and served. The leaves also are edible. They may be cooked as greens, are far more delicate than kale, and are finer for this purpose than any of the well-known greens used in different portions of the country. Unlike the smaller members of the great radish family, SakuraJIma Is at Its best In the summer time, when all other early radishes have become un datable. Pulled the last of Novem ber, after several hard freezes, it proved sweet and palatable. Sea kale Is not what can be termed a new gnrden vegetable, but It is ilassod among the "fancy" vegetables. It is net common, because an Idea has prevailed that It cannot produce results worth "while in less than four years. This has recently been proved an erroneous idea. It is a most de licious vegetable, combining as It does the flavors of asparagus, cauliflower and celery. The edible portions are the naked leaf stalks, which are forced and bleached. They look at first sight like celery 3talks, but htrte a distinctive taste of their own unlike any other vegetable. It may also be cooked and served with drawn butter, in which form it resembles stewed celery, tastes some thing like blanched asparagus, but has withal a special and delicious flavor all Its own. Good Hay for Horse. Many farmers still have the notion that clovar hay Is not fit to feed work horses. It Is one of the best of hays for horses. It contains good muscle ind energy-producing materials. It is ilmost twice as rich as timothy, hence less amount Is needed. A good way to use clover with horses is to feedlt aalf and half with timothy. Clover hay is a good bowel ' regulator, and is generally beneficial if fed with cau tion. Money in Farm Animals. Live stock of all kinds is now on a high' basis and no doubt will continue io for some time to come. There Is money in growing farm animals, both for the animals themselves and for the good they do in producing fer tilizer at home. Keep all young stock growing on pasture, and do not be afraid to feed a little grain to supple ment the grass ration. Take Care of the Colts. . Don't let the colts go out into pas ture skin poor. Keep them in good flesh with hay and grain foods. Corn tnd clover hay are about the best teeds for these young animals, and they will etff them all the year round. Dry clover hay is relished by all cat tle and horses even when on good summer pasture, and It is a good thing to give them a dally feed of it A Good Rotation. -A good rotation for mixed farming is wheat, clover, meadow one year, cow pasture for one year, corn and oats one year. This makes a six-year ro tation. Where there . are permanent pastures on the farm one year can be eut out by pot pasturing the clover the second year. Asparagus Seed. Asparagus seed is slow to germinate but it will nearly all grow, neverthe less. It wlU start quicker if It is first soaked in warm water. Radish seed mixed with it will mark the rows so cultivator can be' used. iiit HOME-MADE STUMP PULLER. Contrivance for the Extermination of "Grubs" of all Kinds, from Big Pine Dowp. This part of Michigan Is ynew, so we have a great many stumps to deal with, of all kinds and sizes, from the monstrous pine down to ' the small hardwood, or "grubs," as the latter are called here.- The illustration shows the general construction of a kind of machine which is in general use here for pulling stumps, says a writer in the Rural New Yorker. I cannot give sizes, because they are made In all sorts to suit the work they have to do. The timbers for legs, etc., - A Stump Puller. do not need to be sawed or hewed, a round pole will do as well, if it is only stout enough. A blacksmith can make the irons, and any farmer who is handy with tools can put one up, the one thing Important to know being that every part must be very strong and rigid, as the strain is something Immense. The tackle block at the bot tom (on the "shoe") Is single; the others may be double, triple or even quadruple, according to the power needed-Ho do the work. The large clevis, hanging from the lever, can be changed to different holes, as shown, to give more or less power, as needed. The tackle blocks should be iron or steel, and a half-inch wire cable is much better than a hemp rope. The way to use the apparatus will readily uggcst itself from the picture. DESTROYING THE BUGS' NESTS Contrivance for the Destruction of Plant-Deatroylpg Insects and Their Nests. Take a piece of tin or sheet Iron a sire it into a sort of funnel; the wider the opening at the top the bet ter it will be." Fasten this funnel to any pole of suf ficient length to reach the caterpil lar webs, and rive a wire nail up through the pole ..t A so that the sharp end projects an :nch or two into 'the funnel.. This is o hold the oil-saturated corn cob .vhich is used to burn the nests. Now, when your machine is com plete, light the fire, hold the fire and unnel directly beneath the nest to be )urned, and the rest 1b evident. The reat advantage of this device Is thai '.he funnel catches all . caterplllara which fall. Max M. Lutton. 8carcity of Farm Help. The great problem of farming com munities today is the scarcity ol farm help, which makes It increasing ly difficult for the farmer to l?ave home. It hardly seems possible thai within a few hours' ride of our greaf cities, help cannot be secured, but out farmer friends assure us that it la easier to pick bank notes off black berry bushes than to find a man to milk cows and take care of stock on the farm and yet there are thousands lit the cities who are serving long hours at unwholesome work for the merest pittance, who might acgaln health and manhood by taking up country work. National Magazine. PROPER CARE OF HORSES. Many horses are ruined by being brought Into the barn too hot and left to stand in a cold draught or hitched to a post to stand. A good currying occasionally does not make a sleek horse. It takes every-day grooming to open tho pores, soften the skin and produce a good,, healthy, Bleck coat The colt's training must begin shortr ly after birth. A halter should be put on so he can.be caught and bandied every day. Never tease him. Regularity of work counts in every thing, and especially in the handling of animals.,. The horse that is worked regularly acquires strong muscles and tough shoulders, -- Many farmers allow telr work horses to remain idle for several days or weeks at a time, and then Imme diately put them into hard service. It is a better plan to arrange some work for the "horses dally. In this way their bodies never become soft and weak, hence they seldom become ill or injured and are always in train ing for efflclent service.