rt ttt?A till
Milch cows need plenty of fresh wa
Cut the black knots out of the plum
trees. Don't forget
The gasoline engine Is helping to
keep the boy on the farm.
When scouring give the pigs a good
dose of common baking soda.
A poorly nourished, stunted two-
year old filly should not be bred.
An excellent feed for yearling sheep
Is equal parts corn, rye and buck
The first step In keeping disease
away from hogs Is to keep filth away
A horse-that Is perpetually stepping
around while being harnessed Is only
Get the Incubator at work on the
broiler crop as early as possible, delay
A bark disease, Imported from Ja
pan, has killed thousands of New
York chestnut trees.
Provide a clean, dry bed and never
allow a horse to lie on bare boards or
stand on wet manure.
Young animals require a certain
amount of warmth, but this must not
be at the expense of fresh air.
Never give musty feed to fowls or
chicks, especially the latter. Put It
In the oven and parch It before feed
ing. The pullets which are poor layers
the first winter never amount to very
much, and are not worth keeping
The popularity of the show ring Is
educating the masses to quality, and
nothing but the best will Justify the
There Is no more pitiable sight than
a mare .and foal standing In the open
with their coats turned the wrong way
and shivering with cold.
Are there any water sprouts on
those old trees? If so. get after them.
You Just can't afford to have water
sprouts living off of bearing trees.
If the apples In the cellar are not
keeping well the trouble may be too
warm a temperature. The cellar
should be kept just above freezing for
A place should be petitioned off
fron the main part of the barn, where
ewes that are expected to drop their
lambs may be separated from thereat
of the flock.
Kindness Is a good thing to mix
with the ration, it may not possess
much food value, but It pays every
' time. Don's ask the stock to live on
kindness alono, though:
The old trees bearing valuable va
rieties of fruits are very hard to re
place and It takes many years to pro
duce a young, bearing orchard that
will properly take its place.
The ordinary farm bull does not re
ceive the care that he deserves. Re
member that he Js half the herd and
often more, and that good care will
pay, and pay well. In dollars and cents.
. Do not neglect work that may be
done now with sleighs, such as har
vesting the Ice crop, getting up the
summer's wood, etc. It is much easier
and cheaper to do such work on run
ners than on wheels.
In order to secure uniformity lo the
fat contents of the cream aim at run
ning the separator smoothly and at a
speed as set out by the makers, the
milk being separated at a temperature
of DO to 100 degrees. .
Try and be one that has fed a com
bined ration of roughage, grain and
roots with plenty of water and you
will beve no worry about the ewes.
The summer's work and the feed Is
largely wasted If the ewes lamb poorly.
The well fed hog ii usually eon-
Out-of-season flowers can be forced
by treatment with either.
In setting out trees remember It Is
useless to plant dead roots.
Don't leave a horse beated by driv
ing to stand exposed In a cold wind.
Never sell the best stock. You al
ways need that kind In your business,
When the calf Is taken from the
cow he must, of course, be taught te
Keep the poultry yards clean. Don't
have anything about that can breed
Read the nursery and seed cata
logues and get In your order for trees
and plants now.
The breeder of to-day who succeeds
must be a breeder, a feeder and an
all-around stock man.
Feed the brood sow protein feeds as
much as possible, and avoid feeds rich
In fat-forming elements.
One cock to ten hens is sufficient
and these should be separated until the
breeding season begins.
Never allow two or more cocks to
remain In the same Inclosure with the
hens during the winter.
Provide a plank or cement feeding
floor for the hogs. Keep It clean; It's
the hogs' table, you know."
itj snavingome young sweet corn,
or even field corn, for the young chicks
Anil boa hnw tho will rn for U
Keep ground charcoal before the
poultry at all times. It is good for
Indigestion and corrects sour crop.
Don't feed rood food to Door lay
ers and then grumble because there
Is no profit in the poultry business.
If It Is possible to make a good cow
from a poor calf the extra cost will be
more than the calf was worth at the
The loss of condition at weaning
time may be greatly reduced If the
pigs have been accustomed to supple
Most of the milk used In Slam Is
Imported In condensed form, few of
the natives keeping cows or goats or
using their milk.
Look the spray pump over. Get all
the parts In working order during the
winter so as to be ready for active
work early in the spring.
If you want lambs for fattening
early a thoroughbred sire of one ol
the coarse wool breeds used on Merino
ewes will produce excellent ones.
Pumpkins will keep fine In a corner
of the cellar near the furnace. If there
Is no furnace In the cellar a better
place for them Is a warm closet near
Plant fruit trees on the uncultivated
spots along the fence lines and In the
fields. The Investment Is good adds
both to beauty of farm and to the
value of It
It Is the poorest sort of economy to
milk a cow up to within a short time
that she is due to calve. Give her
60 days' rest and she will more than
make up for lost time.
The fight against mites and Insect
pests must be kept up till the last one
has been driven out Your birds can
not do well so long as they are afflict
ed with these enemies.
If you keen guineas, turkeys and
chickens, build separate houses and
yards for them. If you confine all
three varieties In one yard during the
winter It will prove disastrous.
Bees wont thrive in a cellar wheie
there are mice or any disturbing In
fluence. It Is well to partition bees
off to themselves where It Is quiet
plenty of ventilation and little light
The common method of cleansing
wool produces great quantities of foul
liquors, containing rait able sub
stances that can be recovered profit
ably. Among these are wool grease
and crude petroleum.
Silos should be relatively deep.
This not only means that the ensi
lage settles and thereby excludes air,
but It is also favorable to the plan
of pooling off a coating of at least
two Inches dally. If this much en
silage Is not removed, especially In
the warmer weather. It Is very apt
to sppjl, and where the silo is very
large compared with , the siie of the
herd. It may be that as much ensi
lage as this will not be required and,
therefore, some spoiling la apt to re
sult on the surface.
GREAT LOVE STORIES
3 OF HISTORY
By ALBERT PAYSON TERHUNE
A little one-armed man and a worn
an as wicked as she was beautiful
the naval hero of England and an ex-
chambermaid are the hero and hero
ine of this story.
The man was Horatio Nelson; the
woman, Lady Hamilton. Nelson was
the younger son of an English clergy
man. He had, as a boy, a craving for
the sea; received an appointment as
midshipman, and by sheer genius rose
to the ranks of admiral. He was
also created a viscount In the British
peerage, and . was the nation's Idol.
Lady Hamilton began life as a domes
tic servant Her name was Emma
Harte. Tiring of the duties of cham
bermaid, she became waitress In a
tavern. Later, after a rather doubtful
career, she attracted the notice of
old Sir William Hamilton. British am
bassador at the court of Naples, and
Nelson could not withstand a pretty
face. He had a long line of inno
cent but ardent love affairs. As a
mere youth he fell in love with a
Quebec girl and was with difficulty
persuaded not to marry her. Next he
. .- proposed to a Miss
Early Love in,rpw, ,n tha
west Indies The
match was broken off. and he became
enamored of Mrs. Montray, a dashing
"If it were not for her," he wrote
to a friend, "I believe I should hang
But Mrs. Montray left the West In
dies, and Nelson transferred his af
fections to another widow, Mrs. Nis
bet To win the favor of this second
widow this national hero used to play
sea fights" under the dining room
table with her children. In March,
1787, he and Mrs. Nlsbet were mar
ried. Nelson was at that time 29.
Until be was 40 their wedded life was
happy. Then trouble set In.
While Nelson was in command of
the Mediterranean,, after he thrashed
Napoleon's fleet at the battle of the
Nile, he met Lady Hamilton. Her
husband begged leave to Introduce to
her "a little man who cannot boast
of being handsome, but such a man
as will one day astonish the world."
Nelson had never seen so beautiful or
clever a woman. He looked upon her
with a sort of reverent admiration.
When she used her influence at the
Naples court In behalf of the British
fleet he felt bound to her by unbreak
able ties of gratitude. Her influence
over the simple, impulsive admiral
grew to be boundless.
There was a revolt that ousted the
Neapolitan king and queen from their
court Nelson took them under his
protection and they wer restored to
the throne. Admiral Caraccloli of the
revolutionist fleet was Nelson's friend.
Caraccloli chanced to to be Lady Ham
ilton's enemy. She Is credited with
persuading Nelson to forget that Car
accloli had been promised a free par
don for his share Jn the revolt and
to consent to the unfortunate man's
execution. This Is the blackest stain
on all Nelson's record. A woman's
wiles had for once made him forget
honor, friendship and fairness
As time went on Nelson's infatua
tion for Lady Hamilton grew to be the
scandal of Europe. The Admiral's
faithful wife endured It for years, then
told Nelson he must once and forever
choose between Lady Hamilton and
herself. He did so. As a result Lady
NelBon left their house, and only
once again did he set eyes on her
husband. She was not clever. She
had no weapons with which to cope
with the charms of her more beautiful
Wise Provision of Nsture That Is One
of the Curios'Oes of the
nut at the curiosities In natural his
tory in the colony of Queensland Is
the provision by nature of a supply of
water In the roots of certain trees.
On these roots the aborigines former-
denended for their water for sev
eral months of the year.
There are several kinds of trees in
Queensland from which water can
be obtained. Including three species
of eucalyptus, and the kurrajong. The
eucalypti consists of a gum, which is
the largest of the back country trees.
box and mallee. The flnt nsmed Is
the most preferred, as yielding the
greatest quantity. This tree re ena
bles the red gum In appearance, tne
leaves being a little narrower and of
tllvery color. It trows chleCy on
sandy or light loamy soil and throws
out numerous lateral roots at a depth
of about nine Inches from the sur
face of the ground. The position of
rival. So Lady Hamilton won the
strange duel of wits, and Nelson was
henceforth her devoted slave. The
deserted wife (according to a story
told by her grandchild) used secretly
to kiss Nelson's miniature portrait
ana spend hours gazing on It even
wnen sne was a very old woman.
Nelson was ever goaded on to fresh
and warlike enterprises by Lady Ham
ilton. She urged him to offer th' gov
ernment his services on Important
tl. b.mi. campaigns, Instead
J of wasting time
" ashore with her,
Whether she really was ambitious to
increase his fame or merely wanted
him out of the way for a time cannot
be known, i In any case, Welaon re
garded her seal as proof of her love
for him and warmly praised her for It
On October 22, 180S, Nelson met and
overcame the largest French fleet in
an Immortal sea fight off the Cape of
Trafalgar. But In the battle he re
ceived a death wound. His last
thoughts and message are said to have
been for the woman he adored.
Lady Hamilton, after Nelson's death,
quickly squandered her small fortune.
She was cast Into prison for debt On
her release she went to France to
drag out a hand-to-mouth existence,
dying at Calais In 1815. The greatest
painters in Europe had for many years
vied with one another for the privilege
of painting her portrait Many of
those portraits are still in existence,
keeping fresh the memory of a beauty
that stained the life of an otherwise
honorable, heroic man.
How Nations Feed Their Soldiers.
That an army travels on Its stom
ach hfts come to be accepted as the
last word In practical military prep
aration. Accordingly, where hitherto
the stocking of the commissariat was
a question more of quantity than
quality, such views no longer obtain.
The dietary scales are now subjected
to the most rigid experimental scru
tiny. The following statement shows
that the soldier on the march is fed
neither too much" nor too little the
fare meets his needs, no more:
The Japanese dietary scale is the
most frugal. It consists of meat 7.05
ounces; vegetables, 5.29 ounces; rice,
6.64 ounces; biscuit 20 ounces; tea,
0.71 ounce. Great Britain's soldier
gets in one day: Meat 114 pounds;
bread, 1V4 pounds; tea, five-eighths
ounce; ham, one-fourth pound; sugar,
two ounces; salt and pepper, 1.38
ounces; vegetables, one-half pound;
rum, one-fourth gllL The French sol
dier on march gets per lay: Meat
8.40 ounces; bread, 35.30 ounces; veg
etables, 2.12 ounces; sugar, 0.70 ounce;
coffee, 0.60 ounce; salt 0.50 ounce
"Have you ever noticed," asked the
teacher in English, "that a great many
well-educated people persistently pro
nounce at least one word Incorrectly?
I know a College man who for some
mysterious reason always says "Urn
odlty" for timidity, and he drags this
oddity Into almost every sentence he
speaks. Mrs. Smith's pet word Is
"predujice," while Mrs. Jones can't
help saying "guljantic." Just listen
to them, and you'll bear the same peo
ple repeating over and over such mis
takes as "predelictlon," "clrcutuous,"
"cupolo," etc. Some one must have
called their attention to it, 1 suppose,
but they hwre grown attached to their
way of pronouncing, and don't like to
these roots was ascertained ty the
blacks by repeatedly Jabbing the
points of a spear or sharpened stick
In the soft earth at a distance of about
six or eight feet from the trunk of
the tree. The soil was then removed
with a wooden shovel for some 20
feet or more and the root cut off at
either end. This was then cut up
into lengths of about 18 inches, the
bark knocked off and the lengths stood
on end in some receptacle to contain
water. In many cases the blacks used
a bag made of the entire skin of the
male wallaby. As soon as all these
pieces were placed on end the opera
tor, beginning with the first placed,
put the end in his mouth, and by a
vigorous puff expelled the remaining
water. The size of the roots chosen
was, wlpi the bark on, about the thick
ness of a man's wrist The larger
ones being more woody and less por
ous, contain little or no water. The
water Is beautifully clear, cooL and
tree from any unpleasant tact o
"Here's de funniest Joke I ever seen
In a paper!"
"De weather man predicts warm
and clear fer to-day."
"That child gets everything It
"And still it never gets what It
"You surprise me!"
"It needs a spanking."
For Quatrymen, Miners, Farmer and AS
This means you. Made of steel. Lighter
than leather. Outwear the shoes. They
save you money. Easily attached. Any
cobbler con put them on or your shoe
dealer has shoes already fitted with them.
Send for booklet that Uyls all about them.
UNITED SHOE MACHINERY CO.
Prompt Relief Permanent Cora
LIVER PILLS new.
foil. Pmeljr vegeU-
but gently ea
foboft improt tlie completion briglilta
iLeeyw. SauU till, Saall Dm SaaB fries
GENUINE mint bear Rgnature
Cured by Ekctropodca
run. Oalrli cop. GraraiUM U 1
IikmI. n ot M yva Draft Mad m I"-
W iO M tint yea M WCplitd.
WESTiam ELECTROFODE CO.
K7 1. i Ua-uwCU.
CANCEB MM-dr aiarnraracl tb obtm ortarcml
cmrK'rm. Mo eullln- No par nnima eurMl.
iM W. A. ert, im !., Cklrrngts tlL
r A I LA I wntitb. m-ii Book riM. km. Ih
nucemlA Go. r?AUBuz K. WuUncbkiUa
When He Takes
tit, tin fL-satni.-'
So pW-mt tml m H al it mi tmtcSm M aci
m. 11m h ot'-xx tl fcer ,
Av'm md A InwbMi at iba tnmi aact kaftfjk
J a r : --m 'lixi -
t . -r"" Hltli
r r -x.
f 1 Ft Mrm4
f i eu ru
4 S VV -LWJ I
xml | txt