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-n 7-rrT A ILll
Prof. W. N. Munson recommends for treatment of old orchards to plow k early as possible m the spring, bar row at onco and apply about 600 pounds of fertilizer to the acre, then litffrow about once In two weeks un til the middle of August, when a cov er crop of rye or spring vetch should be sown. In working among the trees bo finds the traceless harness of great lvalue. The exact time and method of jtlllage Is not so Important as to be jsure that a fair amount of tillage is (given. In the production of milk and cream n the farm the farmer seldom stops consider that there should be Placed a value on the forage which 3e cows consume when on pasture tr that the labor necessary to feed, pilk and properly care for the cows and the milk should be considered as km expense. On this account, too (often, the farmer fails to fully under- Ctand the actual cost of bis butter rhen ready for market '; The number of sheep In the world fcj estimated at 580,000,000, a number much greater than any other meat producing animal. Of this number there are in Australia 88,000,000; Ar- Jentlna, 67,000,000; Turkey, 45,000,000; lussla, 45,000,000; Great Britain, 27, 1000,000. There are an even 100,000, 4)00 goats, with not enough of them In Che United States for enumeration. Weeding out the poorest cows Is the (best way to improve the record of any dairy in the amount of milk and but ter produced, in proportion to the lumber of cows kept This process of Iweedlng out will also aid materially jto Increase the profits. Large bands of sheep do not thrive aso well under farming conditions as smaller ones, and are moreover espe cially apt to Injure the land, for they not only crop the growing plants too closely, but by buncoing, tend to pud dle the ground. ' While bran can be used with a de cided advantage in making up the rations of the dairy cows it should be used to excess as it will make cream bard to churn while the butter will be pale rather than a golden yellow. When the time for culling the young stock comes, the experienced "breeder has a decided advantage over the beginner. The former can tell at a much earlier date those birds that it will be profitable to keep. The time to place on surplus boxes 1s when the hive or lower story is full or nearly so. As long as bees have abundant room in the brood chamber to work they will not go into any sur plus boxes. If there were fewer dogs there would be more sheep; and as soon as farmers make up their minds to have snore sheep and fewer dogs, they will bring that healthy condition to pass. 1 Perhaps the reason more root crops are not raised la that they require more work both la their cultivation and harvesting and in their storing and feeding. TJte up all the old straw stack for teddmg the animals before wann weather comes. Manure is a by-product that figures part of the profits in live stock growing. Make the best cf it It always seemed to us a great mis take to fatten sows and sell them After, they have raised a Utter. A sow that develops good breeding qualities should be kept as long as possible. ' The cows of Holland live in their owner's house. But don't imagine the stalls are filthy like ours. They are - as neat as your sitting room. Good blood is essential to the pro ducing of good horses, but not any more so than the material that farms the food for producing the animal when once started in life. ..in.Mii tmth tilrtit anil !T. la YVUUMIUU iw D ' essential to the health of poultry. Many diseases among fowls are trace able to tie want or pure air. Try some seedsmen sweet clover is Vatilogued as Bokhara or bee clover. "t i a fine thing for bees, as the flow ers secrete a fine quality of nectar and iarse amounts of it ' Remember to supply plenty of grit - - the voung poultry. They need It i each as mature birds. Grit forms .rt cf their digestive system. o i-crps?8 in a Cock cf sheep rep- r? t entire prcSt to the Ban . . . i ' The incubating season Is practically over with poultry, so far as profit to the owner is concerned, and the Min nesota experiment station advises that all old nesting material be taken out and burned, and that all nesting boxes be disinfected and given a coat of liquid Uce-klller; after which fresh. straw may be placed in them for late layers. The creosote preparations sold at lumber yards for wood pre serving have been used with good ef fect as lice killers. The movement of so many thou sands of young people from the farm to the city is largely caused by bad roads which isolate their homes and render the world about them inac cessible. The addition to the urban population lessens the producing force of the farm and at the same time cre ates a greater demand for form prod ucts. This means a higher tost of liv ing and an undesirable situation re sults. The minus quality of our soils lies not so much on the chemical side of the soil as upon the wretchedly poor physical condition Induced through the lack of any attempt to return to the soil that vital attribute which makes for productiveness humus; which together with rational tillage and use of manures, constitutes the best key for unlocking the storage of latent plant food contained in the soil. The cow is instinctively the most courteous animal in the world. She al ways responds to better treatment What shall we say for some of the men who own her and use her with a nig-. gardliness that shows how little they know of a cow and how little they ap preciate her. If the dairy cow Is in a good healthy condition and her milk supply profits counteract her actual expense of keep ing, she is worth the time and trouble of keeping her but on the other hand, should she consume more feed than her profit warrants, get rid of her as soon as possible. When dolnz the tree planting, do not forget to put a few trees In a cor ner of the pasture fields, If there is such a things as fenced pasture on the farm. Protect these for a few years. and they will protect the stock tor many more. Animals are like human beings sometimes they will eat more than at others, and if a feeder acts in accord ance with the demands of the animals under his control, it means safe and sure economy to the man who pays ttie bllL The best time to thin peaches is Just when the pit la hardening. In the country between 85 and 40 degrees latitude: this Is done June 10 to 15. Further south, of course, the work should begin earlier. From a business point of view, the hog is described as "a great national resource, a farm mortgage lifter and debt-payer, and the most generally profitable domesticated animal in American agriculture." Don't hesitate about paying a good price for a pure bred sire, provided he Is well bred and goofl individually. The money will come back to yon fourfold in the first crop of young sters. Cnlarr makes most of its growth rtnrlnr Sentember and October, and if you can get plants of these varieties out In July and August ana a root system started, the chances are good for a crop. in f.ttpninr both fowls and chickens It must be remembered that the less exercise they get the quicker they will fatten. It is difficult to fatten weu fowls that have a free range. Foods vary in quality owing to dif ferent conditions under which they r erown. This is one reason why a prescribed ration will not always pro- duee tie same results. For comb honey, a hive a little more hiinw in the bfeod nest than the regular body is preferable, as it forces the honey up into sections Just wnere it is wanted. Farmers and feeders would do well to pay more attention to the root mM in their attemnt at getting the ideal feeding ration, both for beef and dairy cattle. One great advantage sweet clover has over a great many crops is that it will keep In check almost all of the noxious weeds with which we are troubled. ' Tuberculosis In chickens has been found in five cases this year by the state hygienic laboratory et the Uni versity of Wisconsin. It is highly desirable that pigeons of all kinds should assume their new garb before the cold, damp dark days of winter set In. To make the greatest profit out of swine it is necessary to produoe gains cheaply. This can best be accom plished by furnishing plenty of for age. Ta ret the best financial results from a flock of mutton sheep it is e- sentlal that they combine a god fieeoe with a good "leg of mutton." Tts sow chosen for breeding ibould be sorted from tie test aclmsls ta . ; eTElliV.s I'Tl ia C : rs TKT tfflT h :J TECS: Greater New York's Increased Needs MT TOWN HAt" 4Pj CROWN SOUfc (Jl ALL RICnT KV YORK. That the New York citv eovernmeut has. in some ways .it least, kept pace with the city's growth as shown in the census re turns is manifest from a budget study oompiled by the city statisticians. The census returns show an increase in the population of 88.7 per cent. In the saiao ton-year period the city budget hue grown lrom J00.77S.972 to $163, n.10,270 an increase of over 74 per eeut. The figures estimated for the expenditure of the actual city, as i'.'wrt from the county, were for 1900 79,201.763, and for J910 $158,775,145, ur !M per cent Increase. The increased cost in the city gov crnr.ent is partly accounted for, ac cording to the budget officials, by the widened scope of municipal enterprise, for example, ten years ago the domes tic relations courts in Manhattan and I".-ook!yn, the special schools for de iect;'ve children or tuberculosis pa s'.etita and the establishment of play sjromuls were entirely outside the gen eral conception of what the city gov ernment should do. The exnense of maintaining the city's police force has Increased more than n third in the decade. The board cf education now requires twice as tmifh as in' 1900 $28,500,000. instead Souvenir Postal Saves Heir $20,000 CHICAGO. An unusual story of a lost heir to a $3,000,000 estate, whose chance mailing of a souvenir post card will bring him $20,000, was revealed in the probate court the other day. The man Is Corne lius Carney, now a resident of Okla homa City, who was thought to have perished In the San Francisco earth quake and fire in April, 1908. The story he told In court ran like this: He was born 30 years ago in Troy. N. Y., a member of a large family whose bead, John Carney, was for more noted for his convivial hab its than for his thrift and industry. Consequently the llttlrj Carneys found life In Williams street alley a strug gle In which dirt and want were dally factors. After being very bad for a long time the condition of the Carney family became worse, and Cornelius was sent to a children s asylum. There wasn't much in life In Wil liams street alley but liberty there was plenty of that and the compara tive comfort of the asylum couldn't Ants Are Driving Kansans From Home WICHITA, Kan. Grasshoppers, chinch bugs and Hessian files, and a few other such pests, have visit ed Kansas in bygone days, eaten the crops, trimmed the leaves off the trees and driven more or less hardy pio neers back to their wives' folks in the East but never until this year have ants in sufficient numbers been no ticed to cause people to desire to leave their once happy homes in the Sun flower State. From several towns come reports of ants in such numbers as to cause ac tual worry by the Inhabitants. The people are not unaccustomed to the little black ant and the red ant which visit tho sugar bowl occasionally, but they cant account for the swarms of all sorts and breeds of ants which are Hog Raising a Social Eccentricity LONDON. Women of title. Jaded by the fatigues of the season, are be ing offered unique opportunities for calming their overwrought nerves. Lady Wolaeley,-head of the Ladles' Park club, has conceived the happy Idea of enabling the blue-blooded mem bers to live as farm-hands. The re treat that has been provided for them is tar from the madding crowd, in an antique country bouse in Middlesex county. Duchesses tired of the sodal whirl go there to commune with nature and to enjoy lbs delightful luxury cf rlain fare. Ll.'e on tie farm will be tlrsost sever, fr.r Its rc"' 3 cf c". -r, 7 ' r t -a : : i.: : 1 3 ; 7 of $14,600,000. The street-cleaning de partment spends 60 per cent more $7,500,000, instead of $5,000,000. The health department's appropriation has grown 125 per cent from $1,050,000 to $2,750,000. The fire department costs 80 per cent more $8,150,000, In place of $4,850,000. Figures for church membership in Greater New York compiled by local organizations show that the number of church members for the five bor the new population figures. In 1900 oughs is 1,810,421, or 37.2 per cent of there were 1,233,077 members of Christian churches. This was 35.9 per rent of tho population. The figures seem to show that the growth la church membership Is 1.3 per cent ahead of the population growth. This growth, it Is estimat ed, Ib divided about evenly between Protestants and Roman Catholics. At present it is calculated that there are 440,783 Protestants to 869,648 Roman Catholics. A remarkable fact In the religious work of the city has been the" growth of the Lutheran church, its additional churches since 1S55 having been 22 per cent of those built In Greater New York. Next to it comes the Protes tant Episcopal church, which has built ninety-three churches to the Luther ans' 113. There are at least 66 separate Chris tian bodies at work in New York, of which the four which obtain the larg est tax exemptions on account of prop erty are the Roman Catholic, the Protestant Episcopal, the Presbyterian and the Jewish. compensate Cornelius for the loss of hi freedom, so when he was old enough to care for himself 13 years old, to be exact Cornelius ran away and started out to see the world. After several years of wandering, Charley en listed in the United States marina corps, he served for six years, and in that time visited every port you ever heard of and more besides. Early in 1906 Carney was in China and wrote borne that he was sailing soon for San Francisco. That was the last his relatives heard of him in years. In 1908 Mrs. Anna F. Baker, who was Mrs. Carney's sister, died in Chi cago, leaving an estate of $3,000,000, of which a considerable part went to the Carney children, who had grown up and prospered in Troy. To set tle up the estate it was necessary to find Cornelius alive or prove him dead, and one was about as hard a task as the other. Finally the court decided Cornelius was dead although he was married and living in Okla homa. Within a short time Cornelius' share in bis aunt's estate would have gone to Cook county, but Just in the nick of time Cornelius sent a souvenir post card to his sister, Mrs. Lizzie Pratt of Troy, who at once wrote him that he was an heir to his aunt's estate. In court Carney proved his heirship and will get the $20,000 before long. now In evidence, towns In Harper Kiowa and other county tell of the visits of the ants. Almost the entire residence portion of Kiowa, a town of more than one thousand Inhabitants, is in the grasp of untold millions of ants. At first the earth seemed literally to be alive with them. There were big ants, lit tle ants, red ants, blond ants and brunette ants. They all seemed to be hungry and they got into the houses. Not content with the food in the pan tries, they infested carpets, beds, chewed clothing to pieces and caused a great deal of havoc. Openwork stockings and porous un derwear had to be abandoned for close-knit clothing by the residents, be cause the ants didn't remain on the floor or in the beds, but swarmed over human beings. In certain sections of the town fam ilies actually moved out to get away from the ants, thinking it was cheaper to move than to lose their household goods. Others are devoting their time to fighting the pests by fumigating the houses and inundating the floors. bridge or to smoke cigarettes within the charmed walls of the farmhouse. But there is nothing to prevent a countess from sneaking away to en joy a whiff in the cow shed. Titled farm hands may also dis port themselves among the poultry, and carry feed to hungry hogs. Ex perts are on the premises to teach bee keeping, bread making, how to run a poultry farm and how to spin. It isn't compulsory for countesses to kill fowls tor the market though way ward fancy may lead them to en liven their week-ends by waiting on the pigs. Spinning is included la the cat gory of interests, because spinning ii held to be such a restful and poetlt occupation. Spinning wheels havs been imported from Scotland and let tons -are given at $1.50 by a profi cient Instructress. The role of shep herdess at the farm is popular, but Ce iuost amused pecr.le ca the trera , 3 pre t-9 tv-" a who 6 tig rc:! IN THE SAME BOAT. Jones After preparing a long speech for the dinner tho other night I couldn't remember a word of it Jaggsby I couldnt remember any of mine the morning atar. 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Ton will always find those who think they know what is your duty better than you know It It Is easy in the world to live after the world's opinion; it is easy in solitude to live after our own; but the great man Is he who, in the midst of. the crowd, keeps, with perfect sweetness, the In dependence of solitude. Emerson. DOJTT SPOIL TOTTH CLOTHES, Use Bed Cross Ball Blue and keep them white as snow. All grocers, fie a package. And we once heard of a man who wrote a book on "How to Oet Rich" who had actually done It himself. By making use of the knowledge you have you will gain more. uu e If you had positive proof that a certain remedy for female ills had made many remarkable cures, would you not feel like trying it? If during the last thirty years we have not succeeded in. . convincing every fair-minded 'wonun that Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound has cured thousands and thou sands of women of the ills peculiar to their sex, then we Ion? for an opportunity to do so by direct correspondence. Meanwhile read the following letters which we guarantee to be genuine and truthful. nndsoB. Ohio" I suffered for a lonjr time) fsora a weakness. laflMaunaUon. dretvdftd pains each month avnd agression. X hSlbeCTdocltOTtex and. rocelTlnjronly temporary Ulwfcn Mimd. isAevndwrototoyouforftdTlea. Xfc"1" foUowv4 Vw directions and now, after takte Tflvebotaes ofeYe!tble Compound, I have every reasMA twbelisve I am a we5 iSSr I txoil Permission to rrmoniL m- To. n&ranonina. IlndaOA. Ohio. H,i?D.nOm I ISt TfrZl3 1'fcUS, K. IrIWO yrars stj x wm so bad tlial Lad to take to my tedeTery inept, and tt wonU last from two to t5ae weeks. I ham's Vegetable i narpy vo nay vusv, a sun wuw " medietas and good adrice. Xoa xr-yuseinT im.m n fhe mml nf rrt hTS. LlTSm eJe lie Brejere St. Eegis Falls, H. Y. mm femaV. diseases. We DossGSS enough to convince tne most sicepneau For CO yean lyda TL Pmthams Vesretatla Compound. lu been the standard remedy for female Ills. Ho tick woman- does Jzsf.ee to bersslf who wEl net try VAa famous medicine. Hade exclusively from roots an 4 hcrca, and hs thousands of cores ta Its credit. to write ber for advice. 1 " hu ,i t insane v vo r&ii.a irw t. -o. direzj lira. 1'la.khc.ry Lrnn, l,.vv r - J , When Rubbers Become Necessary And your shoea pinch, shake Into your ehoea Allen's Foot-Eeee, the antleepUe powder for the feet. Cures tired, aohlna feet and taJtee the etlnf out of Come and Bunlone. Always uee It for Breaking la New shoes end for danclnr parties. Bold everywhere Sc. Sample mailed FREH AAlreas, Allen a Olmated. Le Roy. N. t. A heart unspotted is not easily daunted. Shakespeare. Cent1pattra eanme many enlm dtieeeM. II It Ibofoujfhly eomi bf JJoetur I'laree'i PUeauS reUMa. One a lajtaUfe, tfcae toe cathartU We are builders of our own charac ters. J. F. W. Ware. ASSIST YOUR WEAK STOMACH Oftentimes the stom ach needs some assist ance in its great work of digestion and assimila tion and an1 occasional dose of Hostetter's Stom ach Bitters will give that assistance better than anything else you might take. Its merit has been proven thousands of times in cases of Poor Appetite, Headache, In digestion, Dyspepsia, Costiveness and Malarial Disorders. Be persuaded to try a bottle today. Refuse substitutes. Don't Persecute your Boweb CARTE5TS UVtR FILLS Bewail FBI, SsasirW, Snail Price) GcSSiSO saasW GigQ&tOIO ALIEQIOAn D0YAL Worldto Qiaalaet Eve Beet lire I Ksnass Cnj ftaetTsnts, Oetofter 10-16 Weefe reaeaat Ugfel haraiee here end pony eiow, erith nmnr myerliA testnrea, four nbrhte end DM metofe. PBUe aaloa of Breeding CaIei QeOleweira, Oct. tit ABgua, Oct. U Bboctborna, Oct. U; Bactea, Oet. H. VeeaV era In afcow wlU'ee aula at enoUoa. W. N. U, Kansas City, No. S9-1910. Compound tn ry forra. lam Triune iq ahsolutdw no doubt about U18 ability of this grand old remedy, made from . the roots, and herbs of our fields, to cure volumes of proct Ci this tact. A. TT-ITOB le mnnnl'" or Tr mmMi fTMnlwl irr t u ndM. . l a .'-on. r- - t - t .5 xo jay aca ir. - --rtl.ic.J. Jr.