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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, November 28, 1913, Image 1

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VOL. XIII. NO. 84
Pennsylvania's new labor reform
laws. passed to go into effect Nov. 1,
will not become a dead letter if or
ganized labor can prevent. D. I. P.
Jackson, commissioner of labor and in
dustry, with a staff of only fifty in
spectors In the entire state, conceived
the idea of obtaining the co-operation
of organized labor in aiding him to see
that the labor laws are strictly en
forced in every shop, store and factory.
He therefore appeared before the Cen
tral Labor union and outlined his plan.
This organization appointed a central
committee, and every establishment
where organized labor was employed
appointed shop committees. All com
plaints will be made to the shop com
mittees. the chairman of which will
report them to the central committee.
This committee will make an investi
gation as far as it lies in its power
to do so, and if the complaint is found
to be on good foundation the complaint
will be sent to the commissioner.
This privilege of hating -shop com
mittees to co-operate with, the depart
ment of labor is not limited only to
organized labor. In fact, the employees
of any establishment can form one.
Of the recently passed bills relating
to labor the women's act is probably
the most important. In general, it pro
hibits the employment of females for
more than six days or fifty-four hours
a week. No girl under twenty-one
years is to do work before 0 o'clock
in the morning or after 9 at night.
Those over this age are permitted to
work until 10. Telephone operators
over the age of eighteen are exempted
from the provision.
Overtime is to be not more than two
hours dally and the total number not
to exceed the maximum of fifty-four
hours. Midday meal periods for those
employed eight or more hours is fixed
at forty-five minutes, while those who
work less are to have thirty minutes.
No female is permitted to work for
more than six hours continuously with
out the foregoing rest periods. Seats,
one for every three employees, are to
be furnished and the reasonable use of
same allowed by the employer.
A sufficient number of washrooms
are to be supplied for female employ
ees. Where poisonous substances, such
as white lead and arsenic, are manu
factured, separate rooms for the eating
of lunches are to be provided. Pure
water Is also to be supplied free of
charge for their use. The punishment
for violations of this act ranges from
fines of $10 to $r»0 for first offenses
and from $2.~ to $'2i0 for second of
fenses, with an alternative punishment
of sixty days In prison.
An amendment to the child labor act
of April 29, 1909, also went into effect
on Nov. 1. It provides punishment for
persons who, for the purpose of ob
taining an employment certificate for a
minor, make a false statement, present
a forged birth or baptismal certificate
or passport or other religious or official
record or in any other way obtain the
certificate by fraud. Such offenses will
be deemed a misdemeanor, and for the
first offense a fine of from $10 to $25
will be imposed. For the second and
any subsequent offense a fine of not
more than $50 shall be imposed or not
more than ninety days in the county
prison. Not only will the chief fac
tory Inspector be responsible for the
enforcement of this law, but the truant
officers of various school districts also.
Two other laws became operative on
the same date. One requires a report
of all accidents to employees to the
department of,labor and industry, and
the other provides that all exits to ex
terior fire escapes be made fireproof.
For violation of this latter act a fine of
$800 or an imprisonment of two
mouths is to be imposed upon any per
son or organization having charge of a
«lace where such a violation is made.
Painters'Tragedies.
The painter Boecklin's wife would
never allow her husband to bring a
model to his studio. "That is the
tragedy of my life," said Boecklin.
"To create without a model is almost
impossible, while to employ one would
at once mean to break with my wife."
The episode is recalled by Dr. Angelo
S. Rappoport In "Famous Artists and
Their Models."
Another story is of Lucretla del
Fede, the cold, unsympathetic, exacting
woman who was adored, married and
immortalized by Andrea del Sarto.
She outlived her husband by many
years, dying at the age of eighty-seven
In 1570. Long after Del Sarto's death
Jacopo di Empoli was one day engag
ed in copying "The Birth of the Vir
gin" in the Church of the Annunciation,
Florence, when an old woman on ber
way to church stopped to watch his
work and, pointing to the central fig
ure in the painting, said, "That is my
portrait." At eighty-six she was
proud to proclaim herself the widow
of the immortal artist to whom she
had given so little peace when he was
ftUT*
UNION MfcN TO AID
li
A CHECK ON VIOLATIONS.
Workers Will Act as Unofficial In
spectors—Organized Labor to Co
operate With State Department)
8horter Hours For Women.
PENNSYLVANIA'S NEW LABOR LAWS TO BB ENFORCED
FOR THE LABEL.
Too many persons are engaged
in unionism for selfish reasons
alone. All they want is more
wages, which organized labor
can procure. When it comes to
spending their money they fall
to remember union labeled goods
and what their ptircha.se of them
would mean to the union hands
that made them. Because wom
en spend about SO per cent of
the wages earned by men they
should spend it to benefit labor
as well as themselves. My hob
by is the eight hour law. the
minimum wage scale and the
young girl. Statistics will prove
that better wages will stop much
I of this "white slave" talk we
hear.—Mrs. Anna B. Fields. In
ternational Secretary of Worn
en's Label Leagup.
Blacksmiths Re-elect Officers.
The
recent convention
of
the
Inter­
national Brotherhood of Blacksmiths
and Helpers at Sedalia. Mo., re-elected
its officers for the ensuing term. It is
stated that the convention was har
monious and that the provision was
made for another year of active organ
isation and agitation.
Auto-Hallucination.
Answering the question "Will yoa
please explain how a person is lifted
by four persons placing their index
fingers under his shoulders and legs
by means of slight lifting force at
time of Inhaling a long breath by each
person and by the person about to be
lifted?" Edgar Lucien Lnrkln In the
New York American says:
"I have been asked this question
many times. If a person actually has
been lifted and those doing the lifting
think that the 'law of gravity Ls par
tially suspended" then the lifters are
uuler self hallucination or auto sug
gestion in so far as their impression of
lifting is concerned. They actually
•|ft far more than they think, but they
will not admit this, as they are par
tially self hallucinated In the belief
that the body of the person will rise.
And If they really succeed in lifting
the man two Inches they think it a
foot. Auto hallucination Is a remarka
ble mentological phenomenon and is
uow being studied by mentalists here
and in Europe with minute care and
.esearch."
Foolishness of Betting.
Being firmly convinced that a cer
tain contest would terminate in con
formity with his opinions, a farmer in
New York state wagered his new auto
mobile against a wheelbarrow ou the
result of the contest in question—and
lost. Giving up the property, he grim
ly trudged seven miles to his home.
Probably his family noticed that he
had a grouch too. Considered in the
calm, clear, cold light of pure reason,
the gentleman succeeded in proving
himself a near relative to a California
canary—otherwise known as a donkey.
Had he won the bet the result would
have been pretty much the same, for
betting ls not argument, evidence or
proof of anything. It adds no force,
power or dignity to any opinion or set
of opinions. It is merely the outpour
ing of the gambling spirit, and tljat is
a spirit that has led many a man to
utter beggary who might have adorned
a home and ornamented a community.
—•Detroit Free Press.
A Tall Story.
The long leggedest man we know ls
our friend H. Bingham Palmer. He
can take steps above five feet long, In
spite of which he is devoted to horse
back riding.
Recently he came Into the office to
chat awhile, and we noticed that he
limped.
"Corn?" was asked sympathetically.
"Nope—accident" he answered, as
answers one who doesn't care to talk
about something. That aroused our
curosity, and we couldn't help showing
it, probably, for he sighed and con
fessed:
"I was rldin' through the park Mon
day. and I was just ridin' along and
ridin' along and not thinkin' of any
thing in particular, and my foot slip
ped out of the stirrup."
"Well?"
"Well, the darn horse stepped on it!"
—^Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Dirigible Balloons.
The dirigible balloon is by no means
n modern invention, as many people
seem to think. As a matter of fact, as
long ago as 1784 General Meusnier pro
posed the construction of an elongated
balloon which might be propelled
through the air. Experiments were
made with it by two brothers named
Robert, who made several ascents and
attained a speed of three miles an hour,
though the method of propulsion was.
only aerial oars worked by hand.
Nothing further was attempted until
1852, when Henri Giffard built dirigi
bles which, by means of a light steam
engine, be propelled at nearly seven
miles an hour, and since then various
experiment* Lave been made which ul
timately e:idud in the wonderful tri
umph of Zeppeila.-'New York Freaa.
THE BUTLER OUNT\
FOREIGN LABOR NOT CHEAP.
It Costs the Nation What ths Individ
ual Employers Save.
A new aspect of the immigration
problem ls opened by some remarkable
facts that recent industrial investiga
tions have brought to light. These in
vestigations, says Arno Dosch, in the
World's Work, seem to prove two prop
ositions:
First.—Immigrants who now come to
this country in the largest numbers
are not being assimilated, but are be
ing "dumped"' in undigested foreign
quarters at the great centers of indus
try.
Second.—"Cheap foreign labor" is
cheap, even to the mnntifaettirers
who have eagerly encouraged the im
portation of unskilled foreigners to do
the "muckers'" work. This class of
eastern European peasant lacks the in
telligence and initiative either to avoid
the ordinary dangers of rough labor or
to keep in efficient health, and their
employers have to pay the bills for
teaching them.
Of forty cases of lead poisoning
found In the lead mills of New York
city last year by the partial survey of
the factory investigating commission
the disease had In thirty-eight cases at
tacked men of foreign birth. Of these
twenty-nine were immigrants from
eastern Europe. Considering the large
recent Slavish Immigration, this may
not at first glance seem remarkable,
but it
takes
on its real significance
when it is understood that half the
employees of the mills are of American
birth and have worked in the lead in
dustries for years. Among them oc
curred only oue-twentieth of the cases
of lead poisoning.
The explanation for this disparity is
significant. The Americans know how
to take care of themselves Most im
portant of all, they wash their hands
and fH"os when they stop work. The
immigrants from eastern Europe do
not unless some one stands over them
and makes them do it
As the dangerous trades In this coun
try are rapidly failing into the hands
of immigrants of this type, it is easy to
see why industrial, poisoning and In
dustrial disease in general presents a
pressing national problem. The vic
tims are chiefly among the most Igno
rant and helpless people. The dunget
is there for the others, but they usu
ally have sufficient initiative to es
cape It.
Painters Prosperous.
President George Hendrlck of the
Brotherhood of Painters. Decorators
and Paperhangers. in referring to the
growth of the membership during the
last year, said: "At our last convention
we had a membership of 65,208. while
at the close of July this year we had 81,
032,an increase of 15.829. Of the 1,005
local unions affiliated with the brother
hood 044, with a membership of 58,717,
have reported their wages in 1909 and
at present. The average wage In 1909
was $2.97. The average wage today is
$3.45. The average gain for each of
the 45,853 members of the 520 locals
that report advances made during the
period was (50 cents per day, or $150
each year of 250 working days, a total
dally gain in all members affected of
$27,511.80 a total gain for a year of
250 working days of $0,877,950. Of the
locals reporting, 520 enjoy the eight
hour day. 10(5 work nine hours a day
and In fourteen instances the ten hour
day still prevails."
Ironworkers Make Gains.
Frank M. Ryan. International presi
dent of the International Association
of Bridge and Structural Iron Work
ers, reports a gain in membership of
33 per cent, in addition to overcoming
the loss caused by death and the con
stant loss of members incapacitated
through accident During the past
year, with little or no loss of time
through strikes or stoppage of work,
27 per cent of the membership has
secured an average wage increase of
521'!' cents per day, with very many
additional betterments In working con
ditions. This increase, based on a
yearly average of 250 working days,
means a yearly aggregate increase In
earnings for the 27 per cent of our
membership of $41,000. In the past
year the association has paid out $12,
000 In funeral benefits.
To Welcome Workers.
The Building Trades Council of San
Francisco has adopted a resolution
calling upon the organized workers of
San Francisco and of California to
unite in extending every courtesy to
the men and women of all nations and
races who will visit the Panama-Pa
cific International exposition in 1915,
and promote a closer union and frater
nal relation of the workers of the
world.
TRADE UNION GOSSIP.
The union hod carriers of Pittsburgh
receive 40 cents per hour.
Wage scales will expire in the bitu
minous fields on April 1, 1914.
New Zealand has fifty-seven trade
Unionists per 1,000 inhabitants.
The label of the Clgarmakers' Inter
national union has been legalized is
thirty-one states.
Forty-six states have enacted me
chanics' ll?n laws to protect the wages
of all the workers.
Laundry workers at Tacoma, Wash.,
are endeavoring to establish a union
laundry to compete with the nonunion
laundries.
New England district council of Elec
trical Worker*' union are making plans
for organizing the telephone operators
in every section of the district
HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1918.
OFIT SHARING,
Outline of a Tentative Plan For
Department Stores.
BASED ON ENGLISH IDEA.
8oheme Contemplates
a
Commission
on Sales Sufficient to Provide Fair
Wages For Employees—Part of Bo
nuses to Be Retained.
A tentative profit sharing plan for
use in department stores has been for
mulated by F. Colburn Pinkham, sec
retary of the National Retail Dry
Goods association, says the New York
Times. This plan has been submitted
for suggestions and criticisms, to sev
eral persons prominent In the commer
cial world, including Secretary of Com
merce Redfleld and George W. Perkins.'
Mr. Perkins has expressed his approval
of the main features of the plan, and
Secretary Redfleld, while too busy to
five it thorough consideration, has ex
pressed himself as being in sympathy
*vith the idea of it
Mr. Pinkham also submitted the plan
to the management, of Selfridge's, the
American department store in London,
and recently received from there a let
ter regarding It. Part 1 of the plan^as
outlined below, ls, strangely enough,
somewhat similar to the plan now in
use in the Selfridge store. Over there
a commission of 1V4 per cent is paid
weekly on sales, in addition to the reg
ular wage. In this way a saleswoman
who might regularly earn $0 a week
there ls enabled frequently to make as
high as $12 or $15. Naturally the Self
ridge executives expressed themselves
in favor of the commission idea of Mr.
Plnkham's plan, but they objected to
the idea of withholding bonuses from
employees under the conditions out
lined below In part 2.
Part 1 of the Pinkham plan deals
with the weekly wages oi salesper
sons and says:
First.—Ascertain the wage which the av
erage employee is getting at the time it Is
pioposed to Install this profit charing sys
tem and then figure out what percentage
this wage is of the amount of goods sold
by the average salesperson in a depart
ment.
Second.— AEsume that the average wage
of employees ls $8 a week based upon sales
of $200 a week. This equals 4 per cent.
Third.—Reduce the fixed wages of $8 to
17.
Now, on the basis of
4
per cent H75
worth of goods should be sold to earn this
17. On all sales In excess of $175 allow a
percentage of from 1 ir» 3 per cent for
commission. The exact percentage of the
bonus should be In inverse ratio to the
sales price of the merchandise and the
readiness with which it may be sold.
Fourth.—In following out the wage and
percentage system care should be taken
that the commission percentage is suffi
cient to guarantee that the salesperson
shall earn at least as much as before the
system was installed.
Fifth.—When this system is properly In
stalled an Increase in wage is produced
mechanically as a result of the additional
effort put forth by the salesperson under
the stimulation of this profit sharing sys
tem.
Part 2, which deals with retaining
part of an employee's commission, fol
lows:
First.—It should be determined what per
centage should be withheld from the em
ployee's weekly or monthly commissions.
This percentage should not be so large as
to decrease her weekly salary to a point
where it ls not in reasonable excess of the
flat wage previously given.
Second.—The percentage withheld from
the commissions or bonuses paid the em
ployees shall be turned over to them at a
fixed rate of Interest upon the completion
of five years' continuous service In good
standing except in the case of women em
ployees who marry before the five year
period of service is completed. They shall
receive full commissions to the date of
their resignation from the company's serv
ice.
Third.—Where the employee leaves the
service of the concern before the five
years expire, except In the case of women
employees who marry as above noted, the
percentage of the employee's earnings so
withheld shall be turned over to a fund to
be divided equally among those employees
who have remained in the service of the
organization fur five years continuously.
Part 3 deals with plans for em
ployees sharing in ownership of the
working capital of the business. It
says:
First—Where the concern ls a corpora
tion It shall be arranged that the reserve
fund bonus shall be invested as a working
capital in the business and that this shall
earn In precisely the same manner as ev
ery other dollar of the capital of the busi
ness.
8econd.—This makes employees, In point
of fact, sharers In the actual earnings of
the business to this extent.
The plan concludes with an outline
for the organization of a benevolent
association, which provides:
First.—That the owners of ths concern
shall alBo agree to contribute to a benev
olent association a certain stipulated
amount, provided 75 per cent of th© em
ployees Join the association.
Second.—The Idea of this mutual benefit
scheme, which provides for revenue In
cases of sickness, accident and death ls
knit the employees more closely to the
concert and to establish an organization
in the concern which shall be governed
the employees and which shall promote
the esprit de corps of the entire organiza
tion.
The plan was outlined by Mr. Pink
ham to get suggestions and criticisms
from various merchants, and as aoon
as enough have been received to make
It possible a permanent plan will be
formulated. Already several interest
ing points in connection with the plan
lave been brought up and discussed.
tY'hen submitted at a recent meeting
of the board of directors of the asso
ciation the plan attracted considerable
attention.
Wages Slow to Climb.
The cost of living in the region of
Kansas City has increased 59 per cent
in ten years, while the wages of skill
ed workers have been augmented a
fraction more than 26 per cent accord
ing to conclusions reached by George
A. Trayer, an agent of the department
of labor.
v-^*^ -'j^y- -v^ *"v~«• rrqw^w
FOR TRADE UNIONISM.
Seoretary of Labor Declares For Col*
lective Bargaining.
In an address before the convention
of the American Federation of Labor,
in recent session at Seattle. Secretary
of Labor Wilson said in part:
"There can be no mediation, there
tan be no conciliation between employ
ers and employees that does not pre
suppose collective bargaining, and
there cannot be collective bargaining
that does not presuppose trade union
ism.
"The department of labor Rs now or
ganized and directed will be utilized
to co-operate with the great trade un
ion movement in Its effort to elevate
the standard of human society.
"One of the general duties Imposed
on the department is that of promot
ing the welfare of wageworkers. The
one great specific duty imposed on the
department is to act as a mediator and
to appoint commissioners of concilia
tion in trades disputes."
Of the situation at Calumet, Mich.,
the secretary said that It had hereto
fore been the custom to Investigate
wages, hours and conditions of labor
and report. This time, he said, it had
been determined to go a step further
and investigate the earnings of the
corporations involved.
"And the little bit of confidence that
I am going to give you," he added, "is
an advance statement of one of the
items in that situation—that the lar
gest corporation engaged in the produc
tion of copper In the Michigan distr'
was organized in 1870 under the lu
of the state of Michigan, that the fi
value of Its capital stock ls $2,500,0
The shares are $25 each. They w r.
purchased at $12 each, so that the ac
tual Investment is $1,250,000.
"From that time until one year af.
the last fiscal report that we had,
period of forty two years, that cor
poration declared in dividends $11::.
000,000 and made reinvestments out
its earnings of $25,000,000. Nea
$200,000,000 of actual net profits iii n
period of forty-two years ou an lnve
ment of $1,250,000, and then they not
only protest against meeting commit
tees of their workmen, but refuse to
accept the good offices of the depart
ment of labor in negotiating the diffi
culty.
"They say their property ls their
own that they have the right to do
with it as they please. Maybe they
have, but those who take that position
have a false conception of the titles to
property."
The secretary said every title was
law created and law protected, and
that deprived of those laws the proper
ty involved would be at the mercy of
the first strong and cunning man who
desired it
"Law created those titles," he con
tinued, "not primarily for the welfare
of the man to whom It conveys it,
but for the welfare of the community.
If any corporation or Individual takes
the ground that the property is his
own, that he has the right to do with
it as he pleases and fails to take into
consideration the fact that the title has
only been conveyed to him as a trus
tee for the welfare of society then he
ls creating a condition that will cause
society to modify or change these tl
ties to property, as it has a perfect
right to do whenever in its judgment
it deems it for the welfare of society
to do it."
Mr. Wilson condemned the sending
of strike breakers by private employ
ment agencies and said:
"I wish to see created within the de
partment of labor a bureau of informa
tion that will be handled much on the
same lines as our weather bureau of
Information."
Compensation In West Virginia.
Governor Hatfield and other officials
are pleased with the showing of the
workmen's compensation act, the fig
ures for the first month of which were
recently made public.
As the result of fatalities In West
Virginia in October twenty-five wld
ows and mothers are to be provided
for. Temporary disabilities during the
month cost the state $13,797. The re
port says the total indemnity for the
first quarter, based on the first month,
will reach $45,000. This will insure
$20 a month to each widow or mother
and $5 a month to each child.
Compensation Act Works Weil.
In the two years during which the
Wisconsin workmen's compensation
act has been in operation 5,074 cases
have been finally disposed of, and the
employers have paid $2SS,137 as in
demnity to injured workmen or their
dependents. Medical and surgical
treatment is thought to have amounted
to 50 per cent additional.
•t i -I.-I, i, H„I -m-H. H-l-H-M-K
INTERNATIONAL UNIONS.
T"M,iI"1"M"1"Ii
1
1-I-M- :4
I"M»I I M"M"M-
Strikes cost the United Mine Wo ii
ere $1,200,790 the past year.
Death benefits the past year cost he
Flint Glass Workers $57,390.
Boot and shoe workers paid out for
sick benefits $74,790 during the p*st
year.
During the past year the Ladles' Gar
ment Workers paid Out $300,000 in
strike benefits.
The Barbers' union paid out in den lb
benefits the past year $28,625 and for
tick benefits- $4(5,186.
Asbestos workers made an average
gain in wages of 20 cents per member
per day In the past year.
Bakery and confectionery workers
report a gain in membership of 8,855,
and as a result of organization wage#
hare been Increased from $8 to $20
per week.
-r i
Switchmen's Union Grows.
The switchmen's union in the last
two years between the St Paul and
Houston conventions has paid out in
death and total disability claims $407,
018. In addition to this, there was do
nated in benevolent claims $28,000,
covering injuries that did not come un
der the legal provision of the constitu
tion. These amounts do not include
the large sums paid out by the local
unions in weekly benefits on account
of sickness and injury. The gain in
membership in the last year has been
13 per cent, the greatest increase being
in the large switching centers.
Use of the Word Strike.
The earliest use of the word "strike'*
In the sense of stopping work occurs
in the London Chronicle for Septem
ber, 17G5, In connection with a coal
strike. The publication reports a great
suspension of labor in the Northum
berland coal fields, and the colliers are
stated to have "struck out" for a high
er bounty before entering into their
usual yearly "bond."
TRADE UNION NOTES.
Painters at Toronto. Canada, will de
mand 40 cents an hour next May.
San Francisco union waitresses have
received an increase of $1 a week.
TT«»
to hist Mnv the International
The
"all
Reliable Dealers in
Dry Goods, Carpets, Cloaks, Queenswar#
Millinery. H«use Furnishings
:}Toss-Holbrock Stamps with
Casb Purchases.
Meet him at
&
I i n
Cor. Front and High Sts.
Merchants' Dinner Lonch
Served every Day
Lunch Counter Connected
-J
v V V V V V V V V W V W W y v v v V V V
TRY
Tiie H.H. Junes Service OisinfectorsI
Used by all the leading Cafes
and Business Houses in the city
N© Bad Odors and Perfect San
itation at All Times
331 East 5th St. CINCINNATI, 0HI8
Just ear
The Ohio Union Bottled Beei
When you want a good Beer, all who have drank
it are delighted. Nothing but Hop* and Malt of
Quality are used in making eur
Zunt-Heit, Special Brew and Tannhauser
^So!d by all Leading Cafes in Hamilton
Ohio Union Brewing Co.
Cincinnati, Ohio
"\-^r: i
$.1.00 PER TEAR
Typographical union had spent $1,150,
001 on the home it maintains at Colo
rado Springs.
Twelve hundred telegraphers on the
Southern Pacific have secured a 10 per
cent increase in pay and a reduction
of one hour a day.
Plans are under consideration by the
members of the Northwestern Cooks'
association for the establishment of a
model kitchen In which the culinary
arts will be taught
The Federation of Pullman Conduc
tors and Porters of America plans to
bring into the new labor organization
the 20,000 sleeping car conductors and
porters in the United States.
Pen Picture of John Paul Jones.
John Paul Jones was something more
than a sea fighter. After his great
battle he knew brilliant days in Paris
where Queen Marie Antoinette paid
him attention and invited him to sit
beside her at the opera. All the great
ladies ran after him, and quite a few
seriously lost their hearts to him. An
American Ionian who met him in Par
is wrote this account of him: "He is
small of stature, well proportioned
soft in his speech, easy in his address
polite in his manners, vastly civil, un
derstands all the etiquette of a lady's
toilet as perfectly as he does the mast
sails and rigging of his ship. Under
all the np pea ranee of this softness he
is bold, enterprising, ambitious and ac
tive."
res.

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SB
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