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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, October 02, 1914, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1914-10-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Atonement of Blood—How It
Wat Consummated and How the
Vengeance of the Victors Was Sat
isfied—Coolness of the Unfortunat*
Mo more tragic Incident la recorded
|D history than the execution of Maxi
milian Half a century ago a younger
fjirother of the Emperor Francis Joseph
Iras sent to rule Mexico. Together with
Ills wife, he sat upon the frail throne,
«vt*n then tottering. How be failed Is
another story, but when he was taken
prisoner he prepared himself for death
the red death of war.
In a volume written some years ago
Ifajor John N. Edwards pictures graph
ically the closing hours of the tall.
Handsome prince who would be king
as follows:
The morning broke fair and white In
the sky, and at 6:30 o'clock three cer
clages drew up in front of the main
«ate of the convent of Capuchins.
The bells rang In all the steeples, there
Were soldiers everywhere, and long
lines of glittering steel that rose and
fell In yet the soft, sweet hush of the
In the first carriage got Maximilian
and Father Soria, a priest In the sec
ond carriage there came Miramon and
|kls priest, In the third Mejia and his.
Then the solemn cortege started.
AH the people were In the street On
the faces of the multitude there were
•vldences of genuine and unaffected
sorrow. Some among the crowd lifted
their hats as the victims passed along,
tome turned away their heads and
Wept, and some, even among the sol
diers and amid the hostile ranks of the
Liberals, fell upon their knees and
The place of surrender was to be
the place of execution. Northwest of
the city a mile or more the Hill of the
Bells EI Cerro de las Campanas) up
reared Itself. It was inclosed on three
•Ides by 0,000 Boldiers of all arms, leav
ing the rear or uncovered side resting
upon a wall.
It was 7:80 o'clock when the car
riages baited at the place of execution.
Haximilian was the first to alight. Ho
•tepped proudly down, took a handker
chief from his pocket and his hat from
bis head and beckoned for one of his
Mexican servants to approach. The
man cume.
"Take these," the emperor said
••They are all I have to give."
The faithful Indian took them, kissed
them, cried over them, fell upon his
knees a few moments In prayer to the
food God for the good master and
arose a hero.
In front of the dead wall three cross
es bad been firmly embedded In the
ground. On each side was a placard
bearing the name of the victim to be
Immolated there. That upon the right
was where the emperor was to be shot,
that In the center was Miramon, that
upon the left for the grim old stoic and
lighter Mejia.
Maximilian walked firmly to his
place. The three men embraced each
other three times. To Mejia he said:
"We will meet in heaven.'"
Mejia bowed, smiled and laid his
band upon his heart
To Miramon he said:
"Brave men are respected by sorer
•lgus. Permit me to give you the
place of honor."
As he said this be took Miramon gen
tly by the arm and led him to the cen
ter cross, embracing him for the last
Escobedo was not on the ground. An
ald-de-camp, however, brought permis
sion for each of the victims to deliver
a farewell address. The emperor spoke
briefly. Miramon drew from his pocket
a small piece of paper and read.
When Miramon had ceased reading
Maximilian placed his hand on his
breast, threw up his head and cried in
a slnguarly calm and penetrating
Toice, "Fire!"
Eighteen muskets were discharged as
©ne musket Mejia and Miramon died
Instantly. Four bullets struck the em
peror, three in the left and one in the
right breast Three of these bullets
passed entirely through his body, com
ing out high up on the left shoulder
the other remained embedded in the
right lung. The emperor fell a little
Sideways and upon his right side, ex
Claiming almost gently and sadly:
"Oh, hombre, hombrel Oh. man! Oh,
He was not yet dead. A soldier went
tip close to him and fired into bis
Stomach. The emperor moved slightly
as if still sensible to pain. Another
came out of the firing party and, put
ting the muzzle of his musket up close
to bis breast, shot him fairly through
the heart
The tragedy was ended. Mexican
vengeance was satisfied: the souJ of
the unfortunate prince was with its
God, and until the Judgment day the
blood of one who was too young and
too gentle to die will cry out from Uu*
ground even as the blood of Abel.
Sugar a* Food.
W1tb the temperature 62 below sero
phackleton and his men. In their ant
arctic exploration, iu marching took
two or three lumps of sugar encb every
two hours. Within ten minutes of eat
'fog thaw they could feel the heat
ltm uirutitfii Ttieir Unities.
Life Hi not Jest and Mfnnsement: ilfe
ts not even enjoyment Life Is hard
Roquefort Sheep.
The milk of a staple Hoquefort sheep
will in a year provide from thirty to
forty pounds of cheese. In that dls
trict of France there are about 8.00M
sheep devoted to the cheese Industry
A Born Orator.
"8enator Wombat is considerable of
an orator. 1 take it?"
"Oh, yes. He waxes eloquent In bor
rowing matcn IMft^lnirirh Pout
Reunion and a Compact Between the
Blue and the Gray.
My father was a private In the
Twenty-sixth Miehlgau and often told
the following story, although 1 was
never wise enough to make a note of
the date or the name of the engage
ment. There can be no doubt, how
ever, of the substantial accuracy of
the tale.
There had been fighting, but a flag
of truce had passed from the Con
federate to the Union lines, and tiring
was suspended. The lines were close
together and both behind cover. As
the white flag passed out of sight to
ward headquarters the lines simply
flowed together, meeting in the vacant
space between. Officers on both sides
tried to prevent it. but their efforts
were fruitless. Little groups formed
here and here and began to barter.
The grays bad tobacco, and the bines
had coffee and a little sugar, and
trade was lively for a time Then
they fell to discussing other things,
and to understand their conversation
it ought to be explained that the prac
tice of firing on a picket line was re
garded by these soldiers, hardened
though they were by the awful sights
of a dozen bloody fields, as little bet
ter than murder. Said a gray:
"Why do you fellows fire on picket?"
Blue—Why do you fire on picket?
Gray Well, we don't, only when
that old Colonel B. from North Caro
lina is officer of the day: then we
have to. He makes us do It But I
tell you. Yank, we'll shoot high! Yes.
Yank, we'll shoot high!
The flag of truce came back the
negotiations had failed. The lines re
formed, and firing began again. Once
more poor humanity referred to the
rifle and bayonet the questions it could
settle In no other way. But who can
doubt that in the hearts of all who
witnessed the dramatic scene there
waB less bitterness than before the
truce? Theirs was no vulgar, sordid
quarrel no bitter, personal vendetta.
Each side was pledged to the support
of antagonistic principles, to maintain
which they had staked their lives, but
they had no quarrel with their op
ponents as men.—Youth's Companion.
Stage Bells.
"Parsifal" is interesting, quite apart
from its artistic merit, as having had
a musical instrument invented for it
and named after it The reproduction
of the sound of church bells In opera
was long a difficulty. Real bells sim
ply drowned the orchestra, and all
substitutes were tried in vain until
Dr. Motl designed the Parsifal bell
instrument somewhat on the principle
of the grand piano. Each of its five
notes has six strings, which are struck
by large hammers covered with cot
ton wool. And the result is as near to
the solemn sound of church bells as
the theater has been able to get.—Bos
ton Herald.
Pis Season#.
Really there are two pie seasons—one
when the blackberries, raspberries and
blueberries are ripe and when appies
are green and the other when the frost
is on the pumpkin. The pies of the In
between times are as lead to gold to
the pies of other times. No pie except
the pumpkin pie is a pie at all unless
the Juice runs from between the cov
ers, the Juice of ripened fruit charged
with sun and dew. Custom makes us
eat pie last It Is a hard rule, deemed
only by the anticipation which helps
us to go through the preliminary sta
ples, glad in the thought of the delect
able to come.—Chicago Post
First to "Put His Foot In It."
It-Was a bishop of olden times who
first "put his foot in It," and ever
since then the most ordinary layman
who makes a blunder is said to "put
liis foot in It"
It wasn't the bishop's fault after all,
but the housewives who ran to doors
and windows every time the good
bishop passed and asked for his bless
ing and while getting It they let the
porridge burn. Then they blamed the
bishop for the trouble and said "the
bishop put his foot in it"—Milwaukee
Easily 8ettt«(l.
"Pa. the doctor at the hospital said
that he would have to have a lot of
cuticle to cure Mamie's burns."
"Well, tell him to telephone to the
nearest druggist for all he wants and
charge It la the MIL"—Baltimore Amer
Colonial Emblems That Led Up
to the Stars and Stripes.
Design Been Changed
8ince the Official Adoption of Our
Firat Flag In 1777—The Stars the
Distinotive Feature of Our Banner.
The American flag is a growth
rather than a creation. Its history can
be traced back to the twelfth century,
or nearly 600 years prior to the first
"flag day," June 14, 1777.
During the first crusade in 1195
Pope Urban II. assigned to all of the
Christian nations as standards crosses
varying in color and design, emblem
atic of the warfare in which they were
engaged. To the Scotch troops was
assigned the white saltire, known as
the white cross of St Andrew, on a
blue field. The British used a yellow
cross, but a century and a quarter
later they adopted a red cross on a
white field, known as the red cross of
St Georga
When James VI. of Scotland ascend
ed the throne of England as James I.
he combined the two flags and issued
a proclamation requiring all ships to
carry the new flag at their mainmasts.
At the same time the vessels of south
Britain were to carry at their fore
masts the red cross of St. George and
the ships of north Britain to carry
the white cross of St Andrew.
The new flag was known as "king
colors," the "union colors," of the
"great union" and later as the "union
Jack" and was the one under which
the British made ail their permanent
settlements In America.
The people in the New England colo
nies were bitterly opposed to the cross
in the flag. In 1635 some of the troops
in Massachusetts declined to march
under this flag, and the military com
missioners were forced to design other
flags for their troops with the cross
left out The design they adopted has
not been preserved. In 1052 a mint
was established in Boston. Money
coined in this mint had the pine tree
stamped on one side of it. The pine
tree design was also used on New
England flags, certainly by 1704 and
possibly as early as 1635.
At the outbreak of the Revolution
the American colonies had no flag com
mon to all of them. In many cases the
merchant marine flag of England was
used with the pine tree substituted for
the union jack. Massachusetts adopt
ed the green pine tree on a white
field with the motto. "An Appeal to
Heaven." Some of the southern states
had the rattlesnake flag with the mot
to "Don't Tread on Me" on a white or
yellow field. This flag had been used
by South Carolina as early as 1764.
In September, 1775, there was dis
played in the south what is by many
believed to be the first distinctively
American flag. It was blue with a
white crescent and matched the dress
of the troops, who wore caps inscrib
ed "Liberty or Death."
The colonists desired to adopt a com
mon flag, but they had not yet declared
independence and were not at first
seeking independence. They took the
British flag as they knew it and made
a new colonial flag by dividing the red
field with white stripes into thirteen al
ternate red and white stripes. This is
known as the Cambridge flag, because
it was first unfurled over Washington's
headquarters at Cambridge, Mass., on
Jan. 1,1776. It complied with the law
of 1707 by having the union jack on
it it also represented the thirteen col
onies by the thirteen stripes.
As the colonists gradually became
converted to the idea that independ
ence from the mother country was nec
essary they began to modify the flag,
first by leaving off the union jack and
using only the thirteen horizontal
stripes. The modified flags were not al
ways red and white, but regularly con
sisted of combinations of two colors
selected from red, white, blue and yel
low. The final modification was the re
placement of the union Jack by the
white stars on a blue field.
The stars are the only distinctive fea
ture of the American flag. The charm
ing story which credits Betsy Ross
with making the first flag of stars and
stripes is still accepted by historians.
When Washington suggested the six
pointed star she demonstrated the ease
with which a five pointed star could be
made by folding a piece of paper and
producing one with a single clip of the
The official adoption of our first
flag was in 1777. On June 14 of that
year the Continental congress passed
an act providing that "the flag of the
thirteen United States be thirteen
stripes, alternute red and white that
the Union be thirteen stars, white
on a blue field, representing a new
constellation." The thirteen stars were
arranged in ..a circle to symbolize the
perpetuity of the union of the states
Vermont was admitted to the Union
In 1791, and Kentucky in 1792. It
was felt that these two new states
ought to be recognized on the flag, so
In 1794 congress passed an act making
the flag fifteen stars and fifteen stripes.
This remained the flag of the United
States throughout the war of 1812, un
til there were twenty states in the
Union. In 1816 an effort was again
made to modify the flag so that all the
new states would be represented on It
To be continually adding stripes would
make the flag very awkward in shape
and appearance, so after arguing the
matter for two years congress decideV
to return to the original thirteen strlpeij
and one star l'or each state*
"If 8 an insane idea not to rec
ognize labor unions," said John
'I Wanamaker befon# the United *t*
V States commission on industrial *.*
relations at Philadelphia. "John I',
D. Rockefeller, Jr., made a great
mistake when be forced Presi
dent Wilson to send troops into
.. Colorado. 1 may be mistaken In
this, but that is the way 1 feel
ah*ut it. I*
"1 believe that labor and capl- *jj
tal have the right to organize. «li»
On the one side, capital, there is
responsibility, and on the other,
labor, there is none. There you
stop. The missing links 1 be- v
,'y lieve to be prejudice and misun- V,
derstanding. which must be v
.. overcome. One of the ways to
wipe out this prejudice and mis
understanding is to unhitch la
bor unions from political par- 'J
ties." «l»
4» 4
Eternal Vigilance Needed to Make It
Completely Successful.
There are a number of things that
constitute the price of success in the
labor movement, all of which are sug
gested by common sense and which
may be easily done. Among these is
the purchase of union made goods.
This may not in many cases directly
benefit you or your craft, and for that
reason many union people are not care
ful about it. but it never fails to help
the cause as a whole and thus help all
indirectly Another thing of impor
tance is the prompt and punctual at
tendance at union meetings, especially
meetings for the discussion of ques
tions affecting the Interests of union
labor. Men in other callings never fail
to attach great importance to such
conferences, and as a result they reap
the rich reward. The men who suc
ceed In climbiug up over our heads
never fail to keep in close touch with
politics, and they watch and endeavor
to influence all legislation bearing
upon their interests.
All union institutions, especially the
labor press, ought to be liberally and
constantly sustained. Look at the
numbers, wealth and wide circulation
of the publications that are not friend
ly to the cause of labor. We spend
thousands, yes millions, to make them
rich and powerful, while we often fall
to pay the price to our own publica
tions. What ca» we expect of the
Photo-Engravers Settle Dispute of Six
teen Years' Standing.
President Woll of the International
Photo-engravers' union has announced
that all differences between the Gill
Engraving company of New York city
and his organization are at an end. as
the company has signed an agreement
with the union that will run for three
years. Union conditions are to prevail
in the Gill plant, and the company has
been granted the use of the photo-en
gravers' label.
It is further agreed that all litiga
tion between the parties will be drop
This marks the end of a sixteen
years' industrial conflict which has
been given prominence the past few
months because of attempts to prose
cute the pboto-engravers and the New
York Allied Printing Trades council
nnder the Shermau anti-trust law.
The photo-engravers have forward
ed a letter to President Gompers
thanking him and his associate otiicers
of the American Federation of Labor
for the assistance given them in their
recent difficulties.
New York's First Pensioner.
Mrs. Sadie L. Alt hen of 63 West
Nlnet.v-first street. New York city, has
the distinction of being the first bene
ficiary in New York state of the provi
sions of the workmen's compensation
law. Mrs. Althen was awarded $30 a
month for her own maintenance and
$10 a month for the support of her
four-year-old daughter, Ruth.
Mrs. Althen's husband, Curtis W.
Althen, a carpenter, was killed by fall
ing from a building on July 1. Mrs.
Althen is twenty four years old. She
will continue to enjoy her compensa
tion as the law provides until she re
marries or dies.
New Union Formed.
The electrical workers of Boston
have formed their eighth union in
that city bv organizing workers em
ployed in the contract commercial,
complaints, adjustment and other de
partments of the New England Tele
phone and Telegraph company. The
local started with a membership of
nearly 200 and is the third composed
wholly of telephone employees.
Law Compensation Premiums.
The New York compensation commis
sion. which will have in charge the new
workmen's compensation act. has made
a rate of $5 for six months' Insurance
for the thousands ot small employers
who have heretofore carried no in
surance. The minimum rate formerly
fhurged by private insurance com
panies was $25 for the same length of
it's great to'say "Oood morning."
lt'e fine to say "Hello,"
But better stili to grasp the hand
Of a loyal friend you Know.
A look may be forgotten.
A word misunderstood,
But the touch of ttie human hand
la the pledge of Brotherhood.
—lautfua iXwaii^Book
"Efficiency" Plan of Driving Toilers to
Greater Effort.
The following is a paragraph taken
from the handbook of Frederick Tay
lor, the original efficiency man, which
he issues to manufacturers, as part of
the formula in carrying out bis effi
ciency ideas:
'For the success of tills system the
Bumber of men employed on practical
ly the same class of work should be
large enough for the workmen quite
often to have the object lesson of see
ing men laid off and others substituted
in their places."
In other words, this great efficiency
expert makes it plain that one of the
main essentials of his philosophy de
pends upon the necessity for the fre
quent discharge of employees as "ob
ject lessons" to the other employees.
There is no difference, except in form,
between that requirement and the one
which calls for the overseer of slave
days to beat up a slave every now and
then as object lessons to the other
slaves. The mainspring of Taylor's
system demands the frequent sacrifice
of workers in every shop, whether de
served or not, and in order to increase
the output of others, and the dividends
of the employer, and if any one thinks
that Taylor is thinking of any one ex
cept the employer when he is thinking
efficiency the following caution to em
ployees from the same book should
dispel such a notion. It says. "All em
ployees should bear in mind that each
shop exists first, last and all the time
for the purpose of paying dividends to
its owner." In other words, accord
ing to these perverted ideas, human
beings are only on earth to pile up div
Carpenters Want Reimbursement
Loss by Injunction.
suit by the Carpenters' unioi'
against a group of companies describee
as a "lumber trust" has been tiled in
Chicago. The suit was the result ot
the action of Circuit Judge Heard i)
dissolving an injunction which for tw
years restrained the United Brother
hood of Carpenters and Joiners from
picketing and other action in its strike
against the Anderson & Lind Manufac
turing company.
The damages were asked to cover at
torney's fees, court expenses, salaries
of officers, loss of time for union mem
bers and reimbursement for the alleged
loss of contracts during the term of
the injunction.
The list of defendants included the
Anderson & Lind Manufacturing com
pany, Chicago Payne Lumber cornpa
ny, Oshkosh, Wis. the McMillen Lum
ber company. Racine, Wis., and other
"firms and corporations to be named
•t'» »'I' -I' 1 'I-
In organization on trade union
lines there are strength and a
common endeavor to improve in
,1 dustrial conditions, to make life
worth while living and to make
V, the home more comfortable and 4.
happier. Jn organization the
V* desire for more education is de- 3.
veloped and fostered by debate
.» in an open forum. Legislative en
actments in the interest of labor
are scrutinized, followed by ap
proval or disapproval. Cigar
makers' Journal.
»fr »I« 't» 'I' »fr 'I' '1'
Oppose Mine "Patrol System.
The general grievance committee of
Lackawanna company miners affiliated
with the United Mine Workers of
America at a meeting in West Scranton
voted unanimously In favor of a strike
of all Lackawanna employees unless
the company officials recede from their
position in Insisting on the establish
ing of a patrol system in the mines.
The patrol consists of several men rep
resenting the company, whose business
Is to direct employees how to safe
guard themselves while at work. The
miners object to taking orders from
the patrolmen, whom they call spies
The system was suggested by Chiet
Roderick, of the state bureau of mines.
A Record Street Car Strike.
The six months' street car strike at
Hazleton, Pa., is worrying bondholders
because the Lehigh Traction company
has suspended payment on bonds be
cause of the strike. A committee has
been appointed to investigate the prop
erty, and it is said that action will be
taken to bring the matter before the
state public service commission or the
courts. The street car men struck be
cause their officers were discharged
for union affiliation, and up to the pres
ent time the company has rejected aM
peace overtures.
Maine unionists are urging a wort
men's compensation law.
Policemen in San Francisco nov
have one day off a week.
Great Britain's Miners' federation
represents 800.000 organized workers
In St Louis, Mo., among 7.000 gar
ment workers 24 to 30 per cent sufft
from neurasthenia.
Steamfltters of New York city ba^»
finally decided to amalgamate with ttc
United Association of Plumbers an
Steam fitters.
Machinist" employed by the Chicago
and Eastern Illinois railroad have
formed a new district. This action was
necessary owing to the separation of
the C. and E 1 from the Frisco sys
Many Ships Sight and Pass
ii The
mous Headland Daily.
If the Lizard (Lizard point, Corn
wall, England) could see as one-half
believes It cau from that one piercing
eye, Cyclops-iike, in its forehead, what
sights it could report—Phoenician and
Roman galleys the ships of Hawkins.
Drake, Frobisher and Raleigh the
Mayflower alter its final release from
detention at Southampton, Dartmouth
and Plymouth the broken winged ar
mada and the Titanic on that first
voyage, so confidently and cheerfully
begun, which, ending in the unfore
seen Ice, was also its last
All the ships of the famous lines be
tween American and English and Eu
ropean ports come within a mile or
two of it, eastbound and westbouud.
those of the North German Lloyd, the
Atlantic Transport, the White Star and
the Red Star, the Canadian branch of
the Cunard, the Holland-America, the
Hamburg-American and the American,
most of them making their passage so
punctually that you know to an hour
when to look for them.
Just beyond the light is Lloyd's sig
nal station, and ciose to that a Mar
coni station, subsidiary to the most
powerful of all. that at Puklhu. to the
west, where the swish, sparkle- and
crackle of the four high latticed tow
ers can
U* heard
at a
but a
distance of
Man's ingenuity and benevolence
have turned the dreaded headland
from a menace into a disnensarv of
10 rr r'
ilil EijI u
Cor. Front and Hieti Sts.
Merchants' Dinner Lunch
3 Served every Day
4 I
Lunch Counter Connected I
saieguar«i». 1 hiring fogs two horfts.
each with a mouth six feet in diameter,
blare across the cloaked channel, und
a submarine bell at the foot of tbe
cliffs tolls its number within a range
of sixteen miles to every listening ves*
sel provided with a receiver. Both
light and sound have vagaries in fogs,
however. If we can believe the maa^
ters of ships which have come to grief
on and near the Lizard there are times
when the ir.000.000 candlepower of
the lighthouse is invisible, and the bel
lowing of these euormous trumpets In
audible.—William H. Rideing In Scrlb
Favor Minimum Wage.
The Detroit Federation of Labor will
circulate petitions asking that the peo
ple be given a chance to vote on the
question of a minimum wage for mu
nicipal workers when the charter
amendments are submitted. The pro
posed bill provides that contractors vio
lating the law may be punished by a
fine of $50 to $300 for each offense, or
'•ja to thirty days in Jail.
What a System I
Holbrock Bros.
Reliable Dealers in
Dry Goods, Carpets, Cloaks, Queenswar*
Millinery. BL©us# Furnishings
Toss-Holbreck Stamps with
al: -dzh Purchases
Meet him at
What a system anyway!
Some must work for little pay
Others have no work to do
And are in a pretty st^w
Some don't have to work at all.
And on servants they fan call
Some have everything to eat
And a house on Easy street
Others live in shabby shacks
And ha»-e mgrs upon their hacks
Some must worry, fret and strive
Just to keep themselves alive.
To exist from day to day
What a system anvwrv1
H. Jones Service Cisinfeelers
Used by all the leading Cafes
and Business Houses in the city
No Bad Odors and Perfect San
itation at All Times
i 338 East 5th St. CINCINNATI, BHIB
Just Bear In Mind
The Ohio Union Bottled Beer
When you want a good Beer, all who have drank
it are delighted. Nothing but hops and Mall ot
Quality are used in making our
Zunt=Heit, Special Brew and Tannhauser
£SoId by all Leading Cafes In Hamilton
Ohio Union Brewing Co.
Cincinnati, Ohio

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