VOL. XIV. NO. 27.
EQUITABLE FOR BOTH SIDES.
Insurance Cheaper For Employer, and
Injured Workman's Case Receives
In the Matter of Risks.
In a recent interview in the New
World Juhn Mitchell, former
JUSTICE FOR ALL
NBW YORK'S COMPENSATION LAW A MODEL OF FAIRNESS j*
the United Mine Workers
and now one of the live commissioners
of New York's workmen's compensa
tion law, spoke of the working of the
"On the whole," suid Mr. Mitchell in
reply to a question, "1 think that the
provisions of the la^r are equitable
alike to the employer and the em
ployee, though It is possible that ex
perience may indicate some minor
points in regard to which amendment
Blight» »e advisable.
"We are receiving reports of acci
dents at the riite of about a thousand a
day, but of these cases not more than
about -oO a day will develop into claims
for compensation. The vast majority
of these claims are free from contro
versial elements. I might say that
ninety out of a hundred are disposed of
without argument or opposition and
that two minutes is about the average
time taken up by each claim.
"This means that we can deal with
the claims at the rate of more than 200
a day. and you will realize the enor
mous advantage of the commission's
methods of work when you compare
this rate of progress with that achiev
ed by the law courts in handling slml
lar cases, when three or four judg
ments a day would tie regarded as a
"Do you lind." was asked, "that
mpny claims of a fraudulent nature are
brought before you 7"
"Hardly any." replied Mr. Mitchell,
•without a moment's hesitation. "There
are a few instances in which at first
sight it looks as though the claimant
was appearing in bad faith, but Inves
tigation almost always discloses the
fact that a misunderstanding of the
law and not a deliberate attempt at
fraud Is the true explanation.
"It Is very gratifying to be able to
say that although at the outset there
•was a good deal of anxiety among em
ployers as to the extent of the finan
clal burden to be imposed upon them
by the compensation law, there is now
a very general realization that the bur
den is not in itself excessive and that
.the law has, from the employer's
standpoint, some very solid advantages
"In the first place, an employer now
knows Just what it costs him each year
to protect himself against damage suits
brought by his employees in respect of
accidents, and, in the second place,
Is relieved of the danger of having ex
trtmely heavy awards made against
him from time to time.
y' "There has been "a good deal said
about the right of the employer to pro
tect himself in this matter of work
men's compensation by exercising
great care in selecting his workmen—
by choosing single men rather than
married and by refusing to employ men
not in sound health, and so on.
however, that where
these arguments are put forward with
Sincerity they are based upon ignorance
of the provisions of the law
deal with its financial operation. It is
true that In the comparatively small
number of cases—certainly not one in
fifty—in which an employer Insures his
own workmen a single man is a better
risk than a married one and a stroug
man than an unhealthy one, but in the
vast majority of instances where the
employer pays a premium to the state
insurance fund or to an insurance com
pany these considerations have no
"The premium is not paid at varying
rates for different workmen, but at a
fixed rate covering all classes of risks
ftfbject only to a merit rating based
Upon the conditions prevailing in an in
dustry or r-yon better or worse condi
tions as between one employer and an
other in any given Industry.
"We have recently received a report
on our investigation into alleged dis
crimination on the part of some em
ployers against married men and work
pen suffering from physical defects
This report finally disposes of the point
I have been discussing by saying that
-•neither the insurance department in
^fixing the rates nor the inspection
rating board in determining merit rat
t#g takes into consideration any condi
tious arising out of the fact of mar
riage, physical inspection or the phys
ical condition of the employees.
"It is perfectly clear, therefore, that
the employer gains nothing by refusing
to employ married men or men phys
ically defective and loses nothing by
•tnpioying them. What he can do to
improve his position under the law is
to take such steps to guard his work
men against accidents as will result
to his making a good record in this
4lrectlon and thus enable him to secure
lowvr premium nates under the merit
An Old Mark.
It Is said that the dollar mark can
be traced back to the fifteenth cen
iary But at that-lt isn't near as old
at the easy mark. -Birmingham New*
MINIMUM WAGE A BENEFIT.
Oregon's New Law Improves Condi
tion of Women Workers.
That the passage of the minimum
wage law in Oregon through the efforts
of the Industrial welfare
lias made changes for the better in the
condition of working women and girls
was brought out in striking fashion at
a recent session of the pubiic hearing
ondueted by the United States coin
mission on industrial relations.
Tather Kdwin V. O'llara, chairman
of the industrial welfare commission,
told of rhe preliminary work of that
organization looking to such a taw and
its final accomplishment. He told of
ondltions that prevailed among wom
en workers prior to its passage and
how there has been a decided improve
ment in conditions since.
In our work we found girls were
living in surroundings in which none
should be asked to live," said Father
O'Hara. "Some were able to buy but
two meals a day and were living
rowded together In small, dark rooms.
Because the minimum wage law re
sulted in more favorable conditions it
has become popular, and the principle
that women workers are entitled to a
decent livin: wage always will be pop
ular. No woman in America should
be compelled to work for less."
Father O'llara said it had been ar
gued that as a result of the minimum
wage law many women would lose
their positions, but the commission, he
said, had yet to hear of half a dozen
such, lie said that not only were
there no fewer girls and women em
ployed now as a result of the law. but
that In some lines, particularly in mer
cantile and office work, there has been
a notable increase in the wages of wo
men and girls.
THE LIVING WAGE.
Labor Vigorously Defended on the
Floor of the Senate.
It is idle merely to say labor lias the
right to a living and decent wage un
less we supplement that assertion by
granting labor the power to enforce its
demand for n living wage. When I
tjse the term "living wage" 1 do not
mean a wage which will afford "bread
alone." but 1 mean a wage which will
afford proper food, clothing, shelter,
some leisure time to devote to the fam
ily, to books, music, philosophy and, in
to have suffi
cient respite from exacting toil to enjoy
some of the idealistic, aesthetic and
spiritual sides of life, which add zest,
grace and beauty to human existence.
It has been asserted that it is dan
gerous for laborers possess the pow
er to compel a compliance with their
demands for a living wage. I reply
that such power is indeed dangerous—
to monopoly, oppression, tyranny, av
arice and greed—but is wholesome to
the general welfare and to public tran
quillity. Internal dangers to a state
need never be apprehended from a gen
eral desire and effort on the part of the
creators of wealth to promote their own
efficiency, improve and exalt their own
statiou, for if laborers were to refuse
to try to improve their own condition it
would be tantamount to their seeking
wantonly their own self destruction.
Senator Ashurst of Arizona.
Of all the villages of Kgvpt, Karnafe
Is most noted for its architectural an
tiques. It is situated on the bank of
the Nile and built over the site of
Thebes. The buildings date from 1500
B. C. and some contain mural decora
tions that give Interesting views of
those ancient times. Many interest
ing colored marbles were also used in
the decoration of these huge temples
and much sculpture is still to be seen
Don't Oil Razor Strops.
"Never put oil on a razor strop,
said one of the largest dealers in bar
bers' supplies in New York. "It spoils
it for sharpening steel. A new strop
should need no attention for a year at
least. If it begins to get dry just take
a little ordinary lather on your finger
and rub it well in. This will soften it
again and nothing more is necessary."
—New York World
The Colorado River.
The Colorado river was named by
the Spaniards from a word in their
language, meaning ruddy or red. an
allusion to the tint of the water La
Salle first named the river Mallgne
which means "misfortune," one of two
of his party having been drowned in
A Sure Guide.
"Waiter, give the menu."
"We have none, but I can tell yon
what we have"
"Yon must have a remarkably good
"Not at all
simply look at the
tablecloth "-Pele Mele.
She Was Wise.
The young man carefully removed
the cigars from his vest pocket and
placed them on the piano. Then he
opened his arms. But the young girl
did not flutter to them. "You." she
said coldly, "have loved befor*."—Argo
Dumboy, Their National
0 CHEW IT MEANS LOCKJAW.
The Sticky, Cement-like Mess Has to
Be Bolted In Lumps, Washed Down
With Soup—When Allowed to Stand
and Harden It Is Used For Bullets.
Dumboy, the national dish of IJ
beria, is one of the world's gastro
nomic wonders. If allowed to stand
long after being prepared for the table
it becomes very hard, broken pieces of
it being a favorite kind of shot for use
in the long muzzle loading guns of the
natives. A casing of dumboy is also
used to stiffen the leather sheaths of
the native swords and knives, accord
ing to G. N. Collins in a communica
tion to the National Geographic society
To attempt the description of some
novel food is like attempting to de
scribe a landscape," writes Mr. Col
The constituent parts may be de
scribed and the manner 1n which they
are combined, but it requires some
thing more than accurate description
to reproduce the sensation of the origi
nal. The principal ingredient of dum
boy is cassava, or 'cassada,' as it is
called In Liberia. The edible roots of
this plant are the source of tapioca
and some forms of sago.
"To prepare the roots for dumboy
they are peeled, boiled and all fibers
from the center removed. The cooked
roots are then placed in a large wood
en mortar and beaten with a heavy
pestle. This beating requires consid
erable skill and experience. In the
hands of a novice the result is lumpy
"The beating requires about three
quarters of an hour and is hard work.
As the beaten mass becomes homo
geneous the pestle produces a loin?
crack each time it is drawn from the
mortar. These sharp reports can be
heard long distances through the for
est and are very welcome sounds at
the end of a day's journey.
"When the dumboy reaches this
stage the operator may rest without
injury to the product, but once the
beating is carried .past this point it
must be rapidly completed and the
dumboy eaten at once. The natives'say
it is actually dangerous to eat. dum
boy that has stood for more than a
few minutes after it is beaten.
'As soon as the beating is finished
the dumboy is taken from the mortar
and placed in the shallow wooden
bowls. Tin? native method is to place
the entire quantity in one large bowl,
from which all the partakers eat. If
divided the customary portion for each
person is a piece about the size of an
ordinary loaf of bread.
"A soup which has been prepared
while the dumboy was being beaten is
now poured into each bowl. There is
great variety in the soup, which im
parts most of the taste to the dish.
There is always a stock of some form
of meat. This may be either chicken,
deer, fish, monkey or even canned
beef. To this are added as many vege
tables as can be obtained.
"As soon as the soup is added the
dumboy is ready to be eaten, and
while the ingredients are somewhat
bizarre, the method of eating strikes
the traveler as even more startling
The mass of dumboy, which can best
be described as a sticky dough, will
adhere instantly to anything dry, but
is readily cut with a wooden spoon if
the spoon Is kept moist with soup.
"An incredibly large piece is cut off
with the moistened spoon, taken up
with a quantity of soup and swallowed
"whole. No one thinks of chewing it,
and it is customary to caution the nov
ice by tales of the frightful operation
necessary to separate the Jaws once
the teeth are burled in the sticky mass
"As might be expected, few Euro
peans like dumboy on first acquain
tance, and with some the initial dis
taste preveuts further experiments. If
a second or third attempt is made,
however, aud the dish has been prop
erly prepared, the habit is usually
formed, and before long every night
spent in the bush without a meal of
dumboy Is counted a privation. Among
the white residents of Liberia fond
ness for the dish amounts almost to a
cult. It is regarded as a sort of guar
anty that one's tenderfoot days are
Curvature of the Earth.
The earth's curvature is very nearly
eight inches for the first mile, thirty
two for the second, seventy-two for
the third, 128 for the fourth, and so
on. Law: Curvature of the earth's
surface on a true plane at sea level
is close to the product of eight inches
multiplied by the square of the uum
ber representing miles. Thus 128
equals eight multiplied by four squar
eight multiplied by sixteen,
—New York .Journal.
"Boston people are mighty nice to
"Good customers, eh?"
"Not so much that. They've read all
the books in the world. But they're al
ways willing to discuss 'em with you.''
Thou must mount up or sink down,
must rale and win or serve and lose,
suffer or triumph, be aavtl or bam
HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1914.
THE UNION SHOP.
Those who Know the forces of
greed and exploitation that domi
nate the industrial world know
that the organized labor move
meut is tin1 only protection that
stands between the workers and
industrial slavery. They know
that In order to secure the wel
fare of the toilers union condi
tions must be maintained. Or
ganization is the only way by
which workers secure a voice in
the conditions and terms under
which they work, It secures
them choice, without which
liberty does not exist. No union
is closed. AH are open to those
eligible who wish to join and
who are willing to conform to
the regulations of the organiza
tion. Union shops are as wide
open as the unions. The union
shop, which our opponents mis
represent by the term "closed
shop," stands for better wages,
safe and sanitary conditions and
reasonable working hours. Op
posed to union standards are the
competitive conditions prevailing
in sweatshops aud nonunion
shops, where workers must ac
cept whatever mains- i s of pred
atory wealth chouse to offer
them. -American Federatlonist.
A SHAMEFUL OUTCOME.
Colorado Militia Pronounces Itself In
nocent of Wrong.
Colorado's militia has
by court martial of the
private interests which openly
o w w i e
This a• i•' was
arrival of .fhn t
dent of the r- \i...
ica. The lad'aia.
taken over full el
and the local uni
lieved of respond''
cupy the tent co i
The strike has
for over three
it, Is not conclusive of anything.
The so called Colorado militia which
was sent against the disorderly em
ployees of the Fuel and Iron company
largely i:.• k- -1'
I e a o i
peace. It took sides, it killed w
and children. It was the nmrd
agent of an absentee capitalism.
There has been pe. u dorado
since the arrival of I'ederai troops
charged by the president with the im
partial enforcement of law and order
What the national forces have done
state forces might ts. done. at »!..
were no state for. e The %!r u -i
tween the hirelings of a iitn-kei
corporation and the desperate l
sentatives of a mil
themselves in intern
and then i i
-an la.-n t'ra
New York. It operated under the au
thority of the state, but in fact it was
a private and mercenary force. It did
not act in a miiiv.-y
Wei hoUrs i
ers union, and
iti the 14'
have proiioili: I
i-- a shai.].•!,
u i e -N o e
Tactics of IV
of Atlanta Follow
lives of the a
mills' of At:
-s on a hill nea
•is the first tiu.
u»r strife thai ux
oilowed the tactics
one Into "tent war
ton bag aud ei
have erected 25"
the mills. This n
in the history oi i.
tile workers have
of the miners and
e id ed «ai i i, i 'a.
Workers of Au,.-i
i iv- I the strike
ns Me thereby re
ot\. T-.vo hundi
een going on now
ntlis at a cost of
si U,800. The tent
to greatly de
crease this i ie
made up for Ua
Funds are beiiij
tlauta strikers ,t
lie east and
The idea ia.it
ent states without
is a call for
io convicts cat:
•••ids in the differ
•tiling into inju i
i It free labor
every state th
iod roads beyo
the amount people are willing to
that whatever amount
road the convicts might build won
not materially affect the amount
road building now done from the
levy, but will be. on the other hai
just so much addition to good roac
In many of the states this work won
continue nearly all the year roui
while in others the season duri
which such operations would be im
practical would be not more than two
to three months. ?hoe Workers' .Tour
Look For the Labei.
While the Europeans are at wa
with a common end o£ destruction
themselves included, let us not forgt
that we have a little war of otw own
on the products of ill paid labor, chili
labor and labor that does not get its
due reward. See to it that you spend
your union earned money for union
"Look for the union label."—Tobacco
Women's Night Work Law Valid.
That provision of the labor law pass
ed by the New York legislature last
year, prohibiting the employment of
women and girls in factories in the
state between the hours of ten in the
evening and six in the morning, was
held to be constitutional by the appel
late divl Ion of the supreme court.
To Make the World Better For
hose Who Toii.
FROM BONDAGE TO FREEDOM.
Organization Is Slowly but Surely
Striking the Shackles From the
Limbs of Workers—Unions the Bea
con Light—A Labor Day Reverie.
One day of the-
yea: is et
the day of the
That day was made possible and given
signiflcHiice by. the labor movement.
ill all the world has
ring hope and
No other force
ment to i
led W iils I
cur if i
mitted in Ludlow last
\i ril. A --late
court martial, espeelai\ the u
where the militia is 1
arm not of the
state, n *.f
_• i -. Where
burdi a- .••!
!,e\ ina ,-eh.
o I r,
s. Let us
pie are bo
which we Is'
worthy of tlie
we inherit iron
of the ideals
work of hum a
years to come.
of justice. Org
better paid w
to order their
the lives a
time ana .eakes brighter and bette
days for tha countless millions yet un
born.—Samvel fiompers in America!
in our 1
to our safe
in the great
|t during th
y of fornfing more ant
for they are the agents
i'/.:ltion results in free
kers, able and capabh
wn lives. Tt protect!
1 "Insures the welfare o
len and children of ou
Painters Go Out.
Five h" als of the International Paint
ers and Paperhangers' union, with a
membership of 12.000 and backed bj
the United Hebrew Trades, went ot
strike iti Now York city when a de
mand for inerea«ed wages and bette
working conditions was refused. Th
strikers demand $20 a week instead of
$18.70. The-international is distlnc
from the Brotherhood of Painters am
Decorators, and under an agreement,
each organization steers clear of th
other's field. The International men do
only repair work.
& ifTnin rin
I V It*
Minimum Wage In Washington.
The Washington state minimum
wage commission has adopted a rate of
$5) a week as the minimum for tele
phone girls throughout the state, ex
cept in small exchanges. This is the
fourth minimum wage adopted by the
ommission. the others being $10 a
week for mercantile workers, $8.90 for
factory workers and $9 for laundry and
LABOR UNION NOTES.
toilers in this country
work from (jfty-fouv to «}xty hours a
Thi! tper edit of the worker.- in the
othhlg i 'i i o V w Y o k a v e the
t|ight hour da
Unions on th-'
ocating a uni
r- ,-!-jht hour
or that section.
Th-- i'a si:it.-v no-.v i-, more
hat,- n,e i"o f:i• en-.pko ,.«is and
.IJOll.lKMI I .. a
gita ••!, -ri
.e'e mail uh
'tiei i, i
uJn:"o.ioi 'o I,
i as it
ii it has
Mead 11 y
of 'lie ..: |'e-- of (he
A'! r-i!ta V. h-U ILU
i i e a
e- :U, aetua. uiaxi-
330 East 5th St.
t. A A. J. •». JL A A .1. A,#.
i i e w o k
i"u-. a-e -. aienace
Reliable Dealers in
Dry Goods, Carpets, Cloaks, Q,ueenswar»
Millinery. House Furnishings
Dss-Holbr©ck Stamps with
all Cash Purchases.
eet him at
a a* it i§!
Cor. Front and Kiel) Sis.
Merchants' Dinner Lunch
Served every Dav
Lunch Counter Connected
Jlt8 H.H. Jones Service Disitsfeclors
Used by all the leading Cafes
and Business Houses in the city
No Bad Odors and Perfect San
itation at All Times
J. •. J.
1' •f* 'I*
Just Bear In Mind
The Ohio Union Bottled Beer
When you want a good Beer, all who have drank
it are delighted. Nothing but Hops and Malt of
Quality are used in making our
Zunt=Heit, Special Brew and Tannhauser
^5old by all Leading Cafes in Hamilton
Ohio Union Brewing Co.
READ THE PRESS
Make Your Wages Count.
I emand the union label on the things
you buy. Io not forget that your pur
chasing power is a great factor, and if
properly used will accomplish much
in the way of organizing the unorgan
ized and making stronger those al
ready organized. And it is an inexpen
sive method. You spend your money
for various nrtielns anyway, and why
not make \oi aetiou count for tho
good of In hoi•?
$1.00 PER TBAR
Strikers In Jail.
The jail at Trinidad, Colo., has been
filled with strike leaders, strikers,
union officials and others arrested on
indictments charging them with mur
der on many counts, arson, pillage aud
other crimes alleged to have been com
mitted during the several battles that
marked the strike in the southern coal
fields. Twenty-two men have been ar
rested out of 700 named by the Las An
imas county grand jury.
A recent icpo:t
u e a u o e
tween 1900 an i
the i I: iT v of
occupations b.» the
a s s o w s a e
if there was a de
ii th.- number of
a and tiff een years
io t»'a. cultural pur
nur iber 77 were boys
e a i- e n a i o n a
i -a e j-- ortcat.
ad e .aMdvor
la 1 a
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