OCR Interpretation

The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, October 23, 1914, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1914-10-23/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

^'''1 *'*7
»,/ j. -. '.r*--' r'-- .r'Tv
Victory of tho Philadelphia Garment
Workera Showa Value of the Protocol
Idea—The Trade Union Makea For
Induatrial Peace.
The agreement recently made be
tween tbe Garment Manufacturers' as
sociation and tbe Garment Workers'
union of Philadelphia provides for an
amicable solution of present difficulties
and permanent agencies for adjusting
grievances and for conserving the
peace by securing higher wages, a
shorter workday and better and safer
conditions of life and work.
This Philadelphia agreement marks
the extension of the protocol idea which
has done so much toward bringing a
greater degree of order and Justice
Into the turbulent sweated needle in
dustries of New York city. The pro
tocol, like all trade union methods and
agreements, makes for peace and the
welfare of employees and safeguards
fair minded employers from cutthroat
competition. It makes for stability and
industrial progress. It insures better
protected, hence more efficient workers.
Many times we have repeated the
declaration that no strike is lost. This
Philadelphia victory is a particularly
nice illustration of that statement. Last
year the garment workers of Philadel
phia presented demands which the
manufacturers denied. The workers
went out on a strike which lasted for
twenty-six weeks. Because they were
taangry, because their wives and chil
dren were hungry, they returned to
work without having won their de
mands. But they were not defeated.
They remained organized and prepar
ed for a more insistent presentation
of their demands. They were organiz
ing more thoroughly and marshaling
their forces because they knew the
cost of the struggle. They knew the
feeling of growing hunger long unsat
isfied. The manufacturers, too, had
learned the cost of such a struggle
they bad learned how it disorganized
business and reduced profits.
In September the demands of the
workers were again renewed. When
they were not granted at first the
workers manifested their determina
tion to insist upon justice. An im
mense mass meeting was held to con
sider the situation. It was the privi
lege of the president of the American
Federation of Labor to participate In
the counsel and the meetings. A gen
eral strike was urged. Others felt that
they should resort to a strike only
when all the resources of peaceful ne
gotiation had been exhausted. That
counsel prevailed.
The representatives of the union
met with the representatives of the
manufacturers and finally formulated
an agreement most gratifying to both
employees aixj employers. The agree
ment will establish better and closer
relations betweeu workers and manu
facturers because It Is based upon
common interests.
The agreement provides for a fifty-two
hour week with Saturday half holiday.
Overtime Is not to exceed six hours a
week nor two a day and is to be paid
for at the rate of time and a half. A
time wage scale is agreed upon with
provisions for adjustments. AH prices
for piece work shall be made in ad
vance. Wages must be paid In cash on
a fixed day of each week.
The association agreed to co-operate
with the union to establish proper
standards and safety and sanitary
conditions in all factories and shops in
the cloak and suit industry. Home
work is prohibited. No deposit ex
cept $1 for return of machine parts be
longing to the employer shall be made.
Employers shall not charge for oil,
power or belts. Work shall be dis
tributed as evenly as possible during
dull Beasons. No discrimination shall
be made against employees because of
membership or activities in the union.
The provisions which establish the
peace agencies are as follows: Indi
vidual grievances of employees shall
he presented to employers by employ
ees or by a chosen representative. If
these grievances cannot be adjusted in
this way they shall be submitted to
the chief clerks of both organizations
or deputies they may appoint. As a
last tribunal is provided a "board of
grievances" to be composed of three
representatives of the unions and
three of the manufacturers' associa
tion. The chairman of tbe board is
George D. Porter, director of the pub
lie safety of tbe city of Philadelphia
or a person designated by him. In
case of a tie the chairman has the de
ciding vote.
This agreement is indeed a great vic
tory for the garment workers of Phila
delphia. It means for them the be
ginning of a period of progress. It
means better homes and better living,
It means greater opportunity for the
orderly and constructive work of trade
union organization in behalf of the
working people. The trade union does
more tban hold out hopes of better
things. It secures results for the im
mediate present. It helps to put in
dustry upon a safe and dependable
basin It makes fot ptyu*e and prog
ress In all their relations.
,- ..- .^.* -. v -'V .* -n .'. ,_ .• A ,. ', V-,.-. i
x1' -"v-
-•(.: •'.
Now for Cleveland. Chlrngo, St. Louis
and other ids for peaceful conquests
in the lntc -st not only of garment
workers, hi of all workers—of all hu
Does the two dollar a day man when
lifted to a five dollar wage become a
better worker, or does the lift go to his
bead and spoil him?
You remember how when Henry
Ford announced bis big division of
profits hundreds said it would simply
make his men reckless and extrava
Those who said that were mostly
employers, fearful that their own
workers would become discontented.
Yet some may have said It In good
faith, not knowing much about psychol
Well, here's the answer:
John R. Lee, production manager of
the Ford plant, says that already the
efficiency of tbe Ford working force
has increased 44 per cent since the
new deal went into effect
Samuel Gompers In American
Government's Plan to Qet Worker and
Job Together.
One of the steps urged by students
of labor conditions iu this country has
now been taken by tbe department of
labor in the establishment of "dis
tributing zones." with headquarters in
eighteen cities ranging from Boston.
Norfolk and Galveston to Chicago.
Denver and Seattle.
This action extends the scope of the
government's clearing house for la
borers and homcscekers by making it
nation wide Each of the cities con
cerned will supply information of needs
of employers, supply of workers and
opportunities for settlers, and this in
formation will be exchanged among
the cities so as to be within the reach
of every applicant. The end aimed at
is better distribution of labor and also
of settlers.
This second part of the plan has not
had the publicity of the part relating
to laborers pure and simple, but its
value Is evident. That these arrange
ments, huge as they are, will result iu
complete relief of tbe conditions they
are designed lo help is not to be ex
pected. Man is not a merely economic
animal, and we shall continue to wit
ness reluctance to leave the cities for
the country, even when that attitude
means hardships. But the plan Is
worth whatever it may cost, in that it
substitutes certainty of conditions in
any place for uncertainty and provides
opportunities for the man who does
not know where to turn for employ
Highly Paid Labor le Cheapest Be
oause It Does Better Work.
Getting more, the men try to do
more their hearts as well as as their
brains are iu their work.
This may not come true in every in
stance, for human nature can fall
pretty low. But the Ford experiment
has gone on long enough to draw an
average. Lee's testimony would seem
to be conclusive.
Highly paid labor, when well direct
ed. is the cheapest labor because it
does the best and most work.
How can a man do good work when
worried lest the wolf should burst
through the door?—Leather Workers'
Employer to Be Judge.
While the federal industrial relations
commission, in session at San Francis
co, was inquiring into causes of the
present Stockton lockout, Chris Tot
ten, chairman of the employers' exec
utive committee, was asked If It was
all right for a private corporation to
maintain armed forces. The witness
answered in tbe affirmative, "If it was
necessary for safety."
"WJio would decide as to the safe
ty?" was asked.
"I would," replied Totten.
The witness admitted that the first
violence in the Stockton trouble oc
curred when a storekeeper assaulted
a union picket and blackened his eye.
A lukewarm union member is a con
tradiction. Unionism is organized ag
gressiveness Where the aggressive
spirit is lacking the spirit of unionism
is not present
Before water generates steam it must
register 212 degrees of heat.
Two hundred degrees will not do it
Two hundred and ten will not do it.
The water must boil before it will
generate enough steam to move an
engine to run a train. Lukewarm wa
ter will not run anything.
So the lukewarm union member is
only nominally a member.
Enthusiasm is indispensable in the
real union member.—Los Angeles Citi
Contract Convict Labor.
Convicted prisoners in a number of
states In the Union are still farmed out
to contractors, who pay a stnad dally
wage to the state and In return are
furnished labor, factory and armed
guards to keep their employees at
work .' ..
--*, ,-
.VafeiS,-. 3
Fate .of One of the Founders of tho
Bank of England.
William Patterson, a Scottish farm
er, was the founder of London's great
Institution in Tbreadneedle street, the
Bank of England. His plan for a na
tional bank was submitted to tbe gov
ernment in 1(501, but it was not till
tbree years later that the chancellor of
the exchequer, Mr. Montague, and Mr
Michael Godfrey, one of tbe richest
merchants in London, put tbe scheme
Into operation. At this time England
was at war with France, and Godfrey,
who was the bank's first deputy gov
ernor, left his peaceful occupation to
visit N'amur, then being vigorously be
Bieged by the English forces under
William flI. Godfrey had undertaken
this perilous journey in order to con
sult the king respecting tbe supply of
money to tbe army necessary to carry
on the war Thinking that the safest
place would naturally be somewhere
near his majesty. Michael ventured
Into the trenches and soon caught the
eye of tbe king.
"Mr. Godfrey," said William grave
ly, "I think you ought not to run this
risk. You are a civilian and can be of
no use here."
"True." courteously replied Mr. God
frey, "but 1 am no more exposed than
your majesty."
"Yet." returned tbe king. "I am in
my duty, and therefore have a more
reasonable claim to preservation."
At this moment a cannon ball, fired
from the ramparts, struck Michael
Godfrey and killed him instantly.
This sad event greatly affected Wll
liam, and be commanded the body to
be taken to England, where it was laid
to rest in St Swlthin's church, near the
Bank of England. In the church rec
ords Godfrey's memory is honored
"He died a bachelor, much lamented
by all bis friends, relations and ae
quaintances for his Integrity, his
knowledge ahd the sweetness of his
manners."—Pearson's Weekly.
Ludwig Barnay, the Actor, Put a Crimp
In His Royal Critic.
The Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. who
died in bis eighty-eighth year, will be
remembered as an enthusiastic sup
porter of tbe drama. In this connec
tion an amusing story was told by
Ludwig Barnay. the actor. In his
memoirs. Barnav was playing at
Meiningen In the role of Hamlet. The
performance bad beguu and trumpets
were ushering in the king and prince
for the second scene. The advance of
the procession was checked by a loud
"Halt!" from the stalls. It was the
duke, who bad entered unnoticed and
proceeded to amend the performance.
"That's not the way to do it' In
stead of a salvo of trumpets you must
play the Danish national anthem. And
the king ami prince shouldn't come on
together they haven't met yet!"
"Nonsense"' murmured Barnay.
Unfortunately he was overheard.
"And. pray, why is It nonsense, M,
Tbe actor explained that, according
to the text. Hamlet and the king had
already met outside.
"M Grabowsky." called the duke to
the producer, "continue as M. Barnay
wishes. He Is quite right. I never
mind acknowledging a mistake!"
Tbe piece proceeded When the play
ers' scene was reached and Barnay
was reciting the actor's part with
"Aeneas' Tale to Dido," be spoke the
lines hesitatingly.
"M. Barnay." interposed the duke,
"why did you deliver those lines so
"Because Hamlet Is not an actor,
sire, but only an amateur!"
"But Polonius praises his acting!"
"Ah, your highness," answered Bar
nay, "but then Polonious was a cour
tier, and courtiers find everything that
princes do marvelous!"
The duke laughed heartily and inter
rupted no more that day.
Wonders of Nature.
"Charley, dear," said young Mrs. Tor
kins, "you have no idea how Instruc
tive and interesting it is to go to mar
"What's Interesting you now?"
"The provisions that nature makes
for our comfort It occurred to me
this morning that we should be so
thankful that removing tbe shell from
an egg Is so much easier than remov
ing the shell from an oyster."—^Wash
ington Star.
Why She Prized It.
At a whist party an unmarried lady
won a consolation prize which proved
to be a small dressed doll in male at
tire. Unwrapping the toy, the donor
discovered that the head had been
broken off
"Never mind!" exclaimed the reclpl
ent, good naturedly. "I will prize it
all the more on that account It's the
first man that ever lost his head over
me In all my life."
An Invitation,
"What would you do if the boat were
to sink. Alary?"
"I can't swim, so I'd Just have to
throw my arms around your neck and
hang on for dear life.."
"Mary. I do lielieve the boat Ui sink
Made Very Clear.
Tommy—Pop, which Is correct—"]
shall" or "I will?" Tommy's Pop—It
depends on the •sex. my son. A man
suys "I shall and a woman says "1
will."-Philadelphia Record.
Into ifp rain must fall
tun d»»i! iiihUMUt every shower tnto
.- .-'- ''. i'-- .-=/•- •. ,':-r. -r -V -,J
THF ummm SUM
I 5 11b S W I
Really Seen but Once a Year In
the Polar Regions.
For One Whole Day, About June 21 at
the North Pole and About Dec. 22 at
the South Pole, Old Sol Keeps His
Blazing Face In Full View.
"The midnight sun" is one of those
seemingly mysterious natural phenom
ena which exercise a perpetual charm
over the popular Imagination. The
northern part of Scandinavia has ac
quired for itself the distinctive name
of tbe "Land of tbe Midnight Sun,"
but tbe title should be extended to in
clude a complete circuit of the earth
along tbe arctic circle. Then, too, the
southern hemisphere has a precisely
similar phenomenon, which occurs
along the antarctic circle, including a
portion of Wilkes Land.
Properly speaking, a midnight sun
Is seen hut once a year in either hemi
Coufiuing our attention to the north
ern hemisphere, the midnight sun is
visible near the arctic circle on the
date of the summer solstice, which oc
curs about June 21 at the time when
tbe sun in its apparent annual circuit
of the sky reaches Its greatest north
ern declination, which means Its great
est distance north of tho equator. This
distance in angular measure is about
231/ degrees, which is precisely equal
to the Inclination of the earth's axis
of rotation from a perpendicular to the
plane of its orbit around the sun.
The arctic circle is situated this same
angular listance (23Va degrees) from
the north pole. When the sun Is di
rectly over the equator, about March
21, its light reaches simultaneously
both poles of the earth. As the sun
begins to move northward the light
quits the south pole, which then en
ters Its period of six months' night
But at the same time the sun rises
blgher at tbe north pole, which In its
turn enters upon its period of six
months' day.
In tbe meantime, along the arctic
circle, the days grow longer and the
nights shorter, as the sun comes con
tinually northward, until, at tbe sol
stice, when the sun is 23Vi degrees
north of the equator, there will be one
period of twenty-four hours during
which the sun does not set at all in
the arctic circle.
At the hour of midnight on that day
the sun, describing a circle through
the sky, just touches the edge of the
horizon In the north, like tbe bob of a
gigantic pendulum, and then, without
disappearing, immediately beglus to
rise again to describe the other half
of its sweep In the sky
This Is the phenomenon called tbe
"midnight sun."
Conversely at the time of the winter
solstice, which occurs about Dec. 22,
when the sun is at its greatest south
ern declination, there is one absolutely
sunless day on tbe arctic circle, when
the sun skims just under tbe southern
horizon at noon.
As a matter of fact, owing to the
effects of the refraction of the atmos
phere, which means the power of the
air to bend the rays of light so that
the sun appears to be above the horl
zon by about its own diameter, when
it is really its own diameter below It,
the phenomena just described are vis
ible half a degree (about thirty-five
miles) south of the arctic circle.
After the day of the solstice the sun
begins to dip below tbe horizon again,
because It is then going south once
more, and the nights?, beginning with
a length of only a few minutes, grad
ually increa.se until they, too, for one
single occasion, attain the length of
twenty-four hours.
Within the arctic circle the days and
nights, alternately, greatly exceed
twenty-four hours In length. At the
very pole, as we have seen, they each
last six months. In Lapland they may
be a month long and at the North
cape three months.—Garrett P. Servlss
to Spokane Spokesman-Review.
Shoes For Soldiers.
study of the orders given by Na
poleou Indicates the care he exercised
to have a sufficient supply of shoes
provided. Ou one occasion he wrote,
"You know that shoes are always
ueeded in war, and at another time he
said to Barou Lejeune, "Shoes help
on marches, and marches win battles.
To Sir John Burgoyne's question ad
dressed to Wellington, "What was the
first requirement of a soldier?" "A
good pair of shoes." be replied. "And
the second requirement?"
!..««- •---... ....... .!•-••• .- "T ...-- .-. ',\ s
-.* .- *V- ,«•%
pair of shoes for a change." "And the
third?" "A pair of soles for repairs."
—Scientific American.
Ways of Iceland.
There are no trades or guilds in Ice
land, every man being compelled to de
pend upon his own skill for his sup
plies. Tbe natives make their own
shoes, shoe their own horses, aud man
nfacture their saddles. A few artisans
are found In the capital—for example,
a bookbinder, a jeweler and others.
Helping Him Along.
"1 want to Improve my language,1
said the conscientious man, "so I
bought a book entitled 'One Thousand
Wort's Often Mispronounced.'"
"You didu't need the book. You
know more than a thousand now."—
Washington Star.
Nature an endless combination
and repetition of very feu tawi
Upon the union label might ap
propriately be inscribed. "In Hoc
Siguo Vinces."
The label is all eloquent.
It speaks for a living wage.
It speaks for a shorter work
It speaks for the child at school
and not In the workshop.
It speaks for the union factory
as against the sweatshop.
It speak? for woman that
when forced by injustice to earn
her bread she shall be on an
economic equality with her male
co-employee—equal pay for equal
It speaks for the protection of
life and limb by forcing employ
ers to provide sate and adequate
tools, machinery and appliances.
Not Always Good, but Better Than
A large number of experienced, fair
minded and very able men and women
have lived and are living among the
laboring folk.
They watch their struggles and op
pose what they believe are their mis
takes. They criticise evil measures and
evil men, whether among labor leaders
or the employers of labor.
Few such, I am confident, will be
found to admit that labor unionism as
a whole has had a bad effect on the
character of tbe labor union man or
on his happiness.
President Eliot refers to co-operation
as a way out. To some it has seemed
evident for very many years past that
some application of it would in the end
come to be accepted by employers and
But every one in this country was so
busy making money in the eighties and
nineties that we could not get any one
in those days to listen to us. Now co
operation is surely if slowly coming to
its own.
Meanwhile, awaiting the day when
common sense, common sympathy,
common justice, shall prevail in all the
fields of labor, many who know where
of they speak are thankful for labor
I admit it stands for class conscious
ness. not always a good thing, but still
a step forward, surely.
There is no need go over again
the old reasons in support of labor
unionism. Circumstances have forced
it on the poor—circumstances over
which they had no control whatever.
The rich, and the strong stand to
gether. They have the right to do i
This class consciousness in their case
sometimes works very great ill, as
lately our courts have been declaiming,
If a bank is insolvent, if insurance
companies or trusts need regulating, it
is evident to all men th:ii the big in
terests stand together In common
fairness the poor and tbe weak must
be permitted—nay. encouraged—to do
the same.
But surely class consciousness is not
the final stage we are to arrive at.
It is only a halting place, a brief
camping ground on man s onward
Surely It is better that a man should
struggle for his class than that he
should only struggle for himself.
It is better than either, better far
that he should struggle for his brother
—W. S. Italnsford.
Fallacious Theory.
The theory that large armies and
navies and thorough military and
naval preparation for
are strong
insurances of peace has received a
mighty hard Jolt. In the present strug
gle In Europe those nations that were
best prepared appear to be the ones
that first began hostilities. It would
be unreasonable to expect a man to
raise a racing horse and never let him
race. It is just as unreasonable to
expect a nation to keep a huge army
and navy and never let them tight. As
long as the nations are saddled with
fighting men and fighting ships main
tained by the natious separately, just
so long will war charges continue. To
insure peace international agreement
to the abolition of armies and navies
is necessary.
Industrial Slavery.
The United States commission on in
dustrial relations at its recent session
in Lead, S. D., discovered that 3,000
employees of the Homestead Mining
company are practically slaves. The
testimony showed that no employee is
permitted to enjoy the right of mem
bership In a labor organization. Appli
cants for employment must submit to
a physical examination and must state
their political a filiations.—^Typograph
ical Journal.
Italy reports a total of 12.31G print
ers in the ranks of orgaulzed labor.
Chicago has 31)8,000 wage earners
who are paid an average daily wage of
More than 7." per cent of all miners
in the United States are working under
union conditions.
The label of the Cigarmakers' Inter
national union has been legalized in
thirty-one states.
The American Federation of Labor Is
waging a campaign to organize the ele
vator operatives and starters in New
York city.
The lodge of the Brotherhood of
Locotnotbe Flrr-m*n wa,« organized by
eleven Erie railroad firemen at Port
Jervls. N.
T'ft8iiinV 'rflf?
Voss-Holbreck Stamps with
all Cash Purchases.
meet him at
Cor. Fronl and Hi li Sis.
Merchants' Dinner Lunch
Served every Day
Lunch Counter Connected
!i The H.H.Jones Service Disinfeclors
Used by all the leading Cafes
and Business Houses in the city
No Bad Odors and Perfect San
itation at All Times
ii 330 East 5th St. CINCINNATI, IHI8 i
Just Bear In Mind
The Ohio Union Bottled Beer
When you want a good Beer, all who have drank
it are delighted. Nothing but hops and Malt of
Quality are used in making our
ZunMleit, Special Brew and Tannhauser
by all Leading Cafes in Hamilton
Ohio Union Brewing Co.
Cincinnati, Ohio
We make Loans on Live Stock, Imple
ments or other chattle property.
Long time. Low rates. Call, phome
or write.
The Hamilton Collateral loan Co,
208 S. Third St. Both Phones 28
-. f*'
". n»**,*"«•-«," "*«E*£* S 'T ^r •-'.H
y **h
... V ••.. -**, .. «.. 7{
iiolbrock Bros.
Reliable Dealers in
Dry Goods, Carpets, Cieaks, Gtueenswar#
Millinery. H.#us# Furnishings
Gained shoes are frequently made
in Non-Union factories
Do Not Buv Any Shoe
No matter what its name, unless
bears a plain aud readable
impression of
XL* I11U W AM -A All Shoes without the UNION STAMP
I MIS UimlV/iil 3*\ 1»I I
any excuse for Absence of the I'N'ION STAMP
346 Slimmer Street, Boston, Maaa.
JOHN F. TOBIN, Pres. CHAS. I,. BAINE, Sec.-Trea«.
„. "*j' S*
$ -r
& y
•M .'
Non-Uolou. Do not eacept
Sloe Workers' Union

xml | txt