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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, June 11, 1915, Image 1

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HE following extracts are from
Walter LippmaiiK's "Drift and
Mastery—An Attempt to Diag
nose the Current Unrest:"
The fact is that nothing is so stub
bornly resisted as the attempt to or
ganize labor into effective unions. Yet
it is labor organized that alone can
stai^ between America and the crea
tion of a permanent servile class. Un
less labor is powerful enough to be re
spected it is doomed to a degrading
servitude. Without unions no such
ftower is possible. Without unions in
lustrial democracy is unthinkable.
Without democracy in industry-that
Is, where it counts most—there is no
such thing as democracy in America,
for only through the union can the
wage earner participate in the control
of industiy, and only through the
union can be obtain the discipline
needed for self government. Those
who fight unions may think they are
fighting its obvious errors, but what
they are really against is just this en
croachments of democracy upon busi
The unions are the first feeble ef
fort to conquer the industrial jungle
for democratic life. They may not
succeed, but If they don't their failure
will be a tragedy lor civilization, a
loss of co-operative effort, a balking
of energy and the fixing in American
life of class structure.
No wonder they despise a scab. He
is justly despised. Far from being the
independent, liberty loving soul he is
sometimes painted the scab is a trai
tor to the economic foundations of
The picket line is to these little eco
nomic democracies the guardian of
their integrity, their chief protection
from foreign invasion.
As long as the unions have to fight
for mere existi-nce their immense con
structive possibilities will be obscured
in the desperation of the struggle. The
strike breaker, then, is not only a peril
to the union he is a ieril to the larger
interests of the nation. He keeps
workingmen from their natural organ
ization, deprives tliem of the strength
that union brings, and thwarts all at
tempts to train men for industrial de
mocracy. Instead of discipline and
preparation for the task of the future,
ft*vtend of deep grounded experience in
effort, we shall get. if
strike breakers and bliud legislators
and brutal policemen and prejudiced
judges and visionless employers pre
vail. despair and hate and servile re
bell ions.
There are certain preliminaries of
civilization which the great mass of
workingmen have not yet won. They
not yet won a living wage, they
have not yet won anything like secu
rity of employment, they have not yet
won respect from the government, they
have not yet won the right to be con
sulted as to the conditions under which
they work. Until they do it is idle to
talk about industrial peace, and folly
to look for "reasonable" adjustments
of difficulties. -Reason begins when
men have enough power to command
respect a co-operative solution of in
dustrial problems is iossible only when
all the partners to the co-operation
must listen to each other. Until labor
is powerful enough to compel that it
cannot trust to the benevolence of its
masters. It has to be suspicious, it
has to cling to the few weapons left
It, for labor is right in supposing that
no national conscience and no employ
ers' conscience yet exhibited are ade
The unions are struggling to give the
wage earners representation, and that
li" why the hojMis of democracy are
bound up with the labor movement.
Bound up, not with words and dogmas,
but with the pur[Kse which animates
it Labor needs criticism, needs in
ventive thought, needs advice and help.
But no one can give any of these tilings
who has not grasped with full sympa
thy that impulse for industrial democ
racy which is the key to thf movement.
Union Rules Binding.
A. jury in the supreme court of Brit
lab Columbia decided in favor of a lo
cal typographical union, sued for $10,
000 by Robert Todd, a suspended mem
ber. Todd charged a "conspiracy,"
and the case has attracted atteution
throughout the northwest and has
been considered by the International
Typographical union. The question at
Issue was: Can a trade union enforce
laws a member agrees to when he
joins? In his charge to the Jury Jus
tice Morrison said Todd did not resort
to the numerous remedies provided in
the laws of the union and that "it Is a
•ery simple sort of a case that person
ally I do not think should ever have
got into court"
Strike Breaker# Sent to Prison.
Pour alleged strike breakers involved
)n the copper mine strike in the upper
peninsula of Michigan two years ago
must serve sentences in Marquette
prison for manslaughter, according to
a ruling by the Michigan supreme
court. The men are James Cooper,
Arthur Davis. William Groff and Ed
ward Polklnghorne. They are to serve
from seven to fifteen years.
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Fisherman Lied, Stuck
The fisherman, amazed and anxious,
hastened to the town to learn what
could possibly have happened, for he
knew well that in the quarter that
had been shelled there were only a
few worthless sheds and storehouses.
That was why, at the risk of his
neck,-he had pointed it out Never
for a moment had he thought of aid
ing the enemy to destroy his native
place, and he had fully expected to
pay the penalty. What could the
smoke be?
It proved that the inhabitants had
practiced a clever ruse. Seeing that
the shells were falling exactly where
they did the least harm, they had
built huge bonfires to convey the im
pression of a conflagration. The trick
had probably saved the town. It had
certainly saved a brave fisherman
from being hanged.—Youth's Compan
a Risky Task For Which Great
Preparations Are Made.
To slide a steel structure as big as
a thirty story office building down hill
into the water and have it arrive right
side up without damage is a big job.
even in these days of big achievements.
The builders of the latest Dread
nought risked nearly $7,000,000 worth
of material and labor when the launch
ing triggers were released. The out
come depended on the correctness of
calculations made before the big fight
ing sliip's keel was laid on the blocks,
for before the first construction work
on a ship is begun the preparations for
its launching must be started.
It is comparatively easy to build a
ship on land, but to get it into the wa
ter is another matter, as Robinson
Crusoe discovered after working seven
years to construct a boat which, when
finished, proved so big that he could
not launch it. After the Great East
ern, for forty-three years the largest
ship in the world, was built in 1858 it
took three months to get it afloat
The larger the vessel the more tick
lish is the job of sliding it safely into
the water. Although years of experi
ence and careful study have reduced
the methods used to a standard prac
tice, yet there is always a degree of un
certainty about the operation. In spite
of the navy's record of an unbroken
series of successful launchlngs, those
responsible for each succeeding one ex
perience considerable anxiety until the
crisis is Bafely past. Even though every
known precaution has been taken there
is always the chance that some un
known factor may ruin the plan and
wreck the ship.—Crosby McCarthy in
Popular Mechanics Magazine.
Australia's Stony Desert.
The great stony desert of north Aus
tralia was discovered by Captain Sturt,
an Australian explorer, in 1845-6. It
is north of the river Darling and is
about 300 miles long and 100 broad,
consisting of sandy dunes or ridges.
Its want of trees, except along the
creeks, gives the country a sterile ap
pearance. Those ridges were probably
formed by the joint effect of winds and
a gradually retiring sea.
Then Silence
.Uk 'iV-i-W
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"Did you ever see a company of
A'omen perfectly silent?"
"Yes. once. Some one had asked
•hich of those present was the eld
est "—Boston Transcript.
70L. XV. NO. 0. HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 1916.
to His
Story and Got atf6urpri«e.
More than two centuries ago, when
an allied English and Dutch fleet,
under Admiral Russell, approached
Les Sables d'Olonne, on the bay of
Biscay, ,to bombard It, a difficulty
arose. The conformation of the shore
partly concealed the settlement be
hind a ridge, and they did not know
bow to train their guns. But they
had captured a fishing smack in the
bay, and Admiral Russell summoned
the fisherman, Daniel Fricaud, and or
dered him to tell exactly how the
town lay and where to aim in order to
destroy its principal buildings. Fri
caud, who appeared to be a poor, ig
norant fellow, very much frightened,
pointed to a pier with a group of old,
rickety buildings. The admiral was
doubtful, but the trembling fisherman
assured him that just beyond and al
most exactly in range was the market
square, the very heart of the town.
"Do you understand," asked the ad
miral sternly, "that if you are telling
me a lie I shall soon find it out and
have you hanged from the yardarm
of my ship?"
"I know," answered the fisherman,
"and if I have lied you must hang me.
I can only tell you—it is there that you
should aim your guns."
Convinced that the man would not
venture a deception, Admiral Russell
ordered the bombardment to begin. A
little while after shells had begun to
fall behind the screening ridge and
shabby wharf, and great columns of
smoke arose, which rapidly increased
in volume. It seemed that half the
place must be on lire. Only when he
thought its destruction nearly enough
accomplished did the fleet withdraw
first releasing Fricaud and his fishing
It Often Causes Ills Greater by
Far Than Itself.
In Many Cases It Is an Important
Agent In the Production of Diabetes,
Gout, Goiter, Chronic Heart
and Other Physical Troubles.
With the possible exception of those
in the period of happy childhood, every
one is at times a victim of worry. In
fact the average individual thinks of
and accepts worry much as he thinks
of and accepts disagreeable weather
conditions—as one of the bitter things
of life which must be taken with the
sweet In other words, he regards it
as a fact, but does not attempt to
analyze it
The wisest thinkers of all times have
recognized the condition, and many
well known writers have expressed
their views of its psychology. What
has not been sufficiently recognized,
however, until very recently, Is the
importance of worry, not merely in
itself, as implying the absence of hap
piness. but as the cause of ills far
greater than itself, the cause predis
posing to secondary manifestations
which would otherwise have been es
caped altogether.
Having fully comprehended this fact,
the next logical step in scientific pro
gression is to determine the exact mech
anism by which these disturbances
are brought about. Through the con
joined efforts of psychologists and
physiologists we are just beginning to
reach the true physical basis of this
Important subject.
The keynote of worry is beyond doubt
a disturbance of the mind, says Dr.
Erie D. Forrest in the Medical Record.
It may be defined as the restless con
sciousness of all incumbrances which
we accept under protest.
To elaborate this definition, it is the
mind's unrest about anything which
concerns us. whether it relates to our
future, our dear ones, a cause we have
espoused, our happiness, our salvation,
our means of support, our position In
life, our health, our fate or our success
in general. It does not consist solely
in our interest in all these things it is
rather a disquietude arising from a
feeling of helplessness before the vari
ous chances and claims of life.
The popular opinion seems to be that
the mental condition is one of depres
sion, possibly because the physical
manifestations are chiefly depressive
in nature. The fact cannot be too
strongly emphasized, however, that the
primary mental condition is one of
overactivity and, moreover, overactiv
ity along iines of fixed ideas.
Without taking up individually the
phases of worry brought about by the
various specific causes the physical
manifestations of worry in general
may be said to be depression of respi
ration, sighing, disturbances in rate
and force of heart beat, vasomotor
changes, disturbances in secretion, pal
lor, cold extremities, relaxation and
decreased motility of the alimentary
tract, dilatation of the pupil, loss of
weight. Insomnia and general physical
These disturbances may vary in their
prominence and may appear as groups
of symptoms characterizing well known
diseases. Thus worry is sometimes an
important agent in the production of
diabetes, gout, exophthalmic goiter and
chronic heart disease.
Inasmuch as worry is primarily a
disease of the mind, and since every
portion of the body is intimately con
nected with every other part by a net
work of nervous tissue of great com
plexity, we naturally seek for the
causes of these manifestations, first of
all, in the nervous system.
In every individual at a given time
there is a limited amount of potential
energy stored up in the cells of the
brain. This function seems to rest in
the chromatin granules of the nerve
cells, and it has been shown repeat
edly that a liberation of nervous en
ergy, whether in response to a psychic
or sensory stimulus, results in a physi
ological degeneration of the chromatin
granules, and consequently of the cells
themselves. Obviously a prolonged dis
charge of nervous energy diminishes
by so much the amount left hi the
brain cells. Furthermore, stimuli of
sufficient number, Intensity or dura
tion may cause exhaustion and death.
Origin of the Sun Flag.
The origin of the emblem of the
sun as the Japanese national symbol
dates back to time Immemorial. The
first record of its use on land is that
of a famous war lord of the eleventh
century again in the fifteenth century
the emblem was adopted by the feudal
lords and warriors. The connection of
the emblem with the navy is also deep
rooted, having had local usage as early
as 71 A. D., and a more extended field
in 110 A. D. The official adoption of
the sun flag to represent the nation took
place in 1810.—Bulletin of the Japan
Downward Revision.
Two Minutes After the Exam.—Aw,
that was a cinch. I crashed that easyl
Right between the eyes!
One Day After the Exam.—Of course
there were a couple of little things 1
didn't get quite right.
Two Days After the Exam.—Say,
think I got two questions all wrong.
Three Days After the Exam.—Pass
it? Well, I should say not I flunked
it cold.—Yale Record.
Conscience is the highest 4f all
court*"--Vi#i#r Hugo,
Curous Phenomenon That Occurs
In the River Trent.
Like a Monster Tidal Wave the Water
From the Sea Sweeps Up the Stream
With an Angry Roar, Flinging lt«
Foam High Into the Air.
"Ware aegir! Ware aegir!"
The river Trent has been flowing out
to the sea for hours, leaving long
stretches of brown mud glittering in
the light of the setting sun. It is a
calm summer evening, and we sit wait
ing and listening on one of the old
wharves of Gainsborough, Lincoln
shire. The cry is taken up by every
boatman, who shouts it again upstream
—a strange, eerie warning.
Several small boats are now pushing
off into midstream to avoid the mass
of churning water which breaks on the
foreshore. A group of children add to
the tumult with a shrill cry of "Wild
aegir! Wild aegir!" which they con
sider a much better rendering than
"Ware aegir!"
By craning forward we can see it
now, rounding a bend of the river by
the shipyard. The first wave is big
and smooth, stretching rigfrt across
the river, with a swirl of angry water
at each side next follow five or six big
rollers, which roar and foam along,
leaving masses of broken water in their
wake. These are called the "whelps."
Presently we shall see the force of
these "whelps" when they reach those
big, unwieldy, square nosed barges—
which, by the way. are called "keels."
There Is one such swinging at anchor
in midstream just opposite to us. For
the last half hour the old keel man has
been lolling about the deck smoking his
clay and looking idly at the water.
Now he is alert all at once, and,
knocking the ashes out of his pipe, he
gives a turn at the windlass to tighten
the anchor chain. After a glance along
the deck to see that all is secure, he
looks back up the river. He is cal
culating where the aegir will carry
him to.
There is another barge higher up the
river, and as yet nobody has stirred
on board. The old man has noticed
it, for he shouts, "Ware aegir. Stoney,
my lad!" and a young fellow jumps
up the hatch and runs to the tiller.
The distant swish has increased to a
roar now, and a feeling of intense ex
citement grips us as we see a small
boat rise up on the first wave and dis
appear for a moment in the hollow.
Up again she rises, right into the froth
of the "whelps." Another moment and
she is through into calmer water.
See! The billow dashes like a monster
tidal wave against a wharf and splash
es high up into the air with a roar
and smother of wiiite foam. Now it
has reached the "keel." With a groan
and rattle of chain she rises to the
wave and is carried along with it, but
not very far, for the anchor holds fast
and she swings slowly round.
The keel Is broadside on now, and
the creamy "whelps" dash right over
her deck as she rolls in the trough of
waves, but as quickly as it takes to tell
she swings stein on to the current,
which is now rushing upstream with
tremendous force, and will continue to
do so for two hours or more until high
water, when the water lazily returns
toward the sea.
The aegirs are not all as big as this
one some are a mere swell about a
foot high. The best time to see them
is in the spring and autumn, when the
equinoctial tides are big on the coast
Just below Gainsborough the aegir is
seen at its best, as it rushes along
some of the longest reaches of the
This curious tidal phenomenon only
occurs on one or two other rivers in
Great Britain, the Severn being one of
them, where it is known as the "bore."
Those who have seen it. however, say
that it does not equal the aegir in any
way.—Wide World Magazine.
How Railroads Create Wealth.
Our marvelous crops would count for
nothing if forced to lie in the fields
where they grow, or driven to seek
such markets only as the farmer's
team could reach. The cotton crop,
which brings to our shores annually
nearly half a billion dollars of foreign
gold, would be but a fruitless burden
on southern winds if there were no
railways to carry it to the seaboard.
We take from our mines and forests
and factories twenty billions of dol
lars each year, but without means of
transportation these costly products
would be worthless junk.—Robert Ma
ther in Leslie's.
The French Horn.
The French horn, or cor de chasse, is
regarded by some musicians as the
sweetest and mellowest of all the wind
instruments. In Beethoven's time it
was little else than the old hunting
horn, which for the convenience of the
mounted hunter was arranged in spiral
convolutions to be slipped over the
head and carried resting on one shoul
der and under the opposite arm. The
Germans still call it the waldhorn—
that is, "forest horn."
Glad to Play a Losing Game.
"I shrink from the ordeal," she said,
but there was a note of triumph in her
The lady was dieting and exercising
to reduce her flesh, and the scales had
just shown that she had sloughed off
thirty pounds.—Judge
Rerolve to wait in weakness and to
tfaUt in power.—Charlotte Stetson!
O o
o O
There continues an insidious o
o attempt on the part of the ene- o
mies of organized labor to mill- o
o imlze the value of the labor sec- o
Mons of the Clayton anti trust
act and to create among the o
workers themselves the impres
o sion that the legislation is not o
effective. For this purpose facts
o have been perverted and mis- o
stated. One method that has
O been used is to confuse injunc- o
tious issued by state courts with
o injunctions issued by federal o
courts. Under our form of gov
o ment the national government o
o has jurisdiction over interstate
o commerce and state governments o
O over intrastate commerce. Issu
ance of injunctions in cases that o
come under state jurisdiction Is
o controlled by the state judiciary, o
o The Clayton act does not apply o
o to intrastate matters and does o
o not affect injunctions issued by o
O courts within the state. In or
o der to complete the protection of o
the lights of the working people
o secured through the Clayton act o
it is necessary to enact in every
O state legislation defining the
rights of the workers and regu
O lating the issuance of injunctions o
in industrial disputes.—Samuel
o Gompers. o
O o
Protects Porters From Demoralization
of Higher Wages.
Harsh things have been said by an
unreflecting element of the public
about the Pullman tipping system and
the niggardly policy of the company In
tolerating it. How undeserved and un
just these criticisms now appear in the
light of Robert T. Lincoln's tribute to
the company's benevolence in the treat
ment of its colored employees! Testi
fying before the Industrial relations
commission, Mr. Lincoln, who Is vice
president and chairman of the Pullman
hoard of directors, said
I believe that outside of the learned pro
fessions, whore they have made some prog
ress, the one large element that has done
more to uplift colored men has Keen af
forded through employment by the Pull
man company.
The Pullman company, it thus ap
pears, is a chartered steward of the
public welfare. It Is a '"good" corpora
tion engaged in social service. With
every car it operates it aids in the up
lift of some one of its 0,500 porters.
Passengers who object to tipping and
declare that the imposition could le
abolished by raising the porters' wages
from the inadequate sum of $27.50 a
month now paid them should bear In
mind that tips enable the company to
carry on its beneficent mission. To iu
crease the wages of porters would ex
pose them to the dangers of swollen
prosperity- As Mr. Lincoln further
said: "If you Increase their wages and
they continue to get tips as at present
they would get much more money.
And you can understand how that
might^not be desirable."
It is in thus protecting the porter
from the demoralization of just wages
and in preventing him from earning
too much of its ow7n funds that the
Pullman company shows its ideals of
uplift. It is observable, however, that
it does not subject his income from
tips to any such limitation -New York
Plan Organization to Secure Better
Treatment From Managers.
Tiie formation of a union of Ameri
can actors and actresses, similar to the
American Federation of Labor, is be
ing considered by the Actors' Equity
association. The purpose of the organ
ization, if the plans go through, will
be to force managing producers to
treat members of the profession more
favorably in the matter of contracts.
The sponsors of the idea say that the
action of New York managers in per
emptorily throwing actresses and ac
tors out of work after rehearsing them
for several weeks and promising them
a contract has necessitated the consid
eration of such a project. The forma
tion of a sort of protective union will
be launched, howevet, only as a last
Howard Kyle, secretary of the Ac
tors' Equity association, said:
'it may become necessary to take a
definite and united stand. This can
most satisfactorily be done by forming
such a union as outlined. It will give
the actors a chance to dictate some of
the terms relative to their contracts
without interfering with the proper
and acknowledged lights and duties of
the managers. Nothing definite has
yet been done, although it has been
favorably considered by several of us."
To Discuss Labor Problems.
William B. Wilson, secretary of la
bor, has issued a call for a national
conference at San Francisco on Aug.
2 to be composed of delegates from
federal, state and municipal depart
ments dealing with labor distribution
and labor exchanges. The most im
portant work will be to effect a sys
tem of co-operation between the de
partment and state and municipal au
thorities so as to prevent duplication
of work, to consider the question of
employment and unemployment and
federal control over private employ
ment offices doing business across state
Big Death Benefits,
Tbe Amalgamated Association of
Street Railway Employees paid in 1914
In death benefit claims due to heirs of
4H0 members the amount of $lSt),7y&
The payments averaged $441.37 as
compared with $151 in 1913 and $442
lii 2
Square is Ifie name, Square is our aim
All Suits and Pants made to your
individual order in
Union Shop
The SquareTailors
Holbrock Bros.
Reliable Dealers in
Dry Goods, Carpets, Cloaks, Queensware
Millinery. House Furnishings
Voss-Holbrock Stamps with
all Cash Purchases.
Meet him at
Cor. Front and Hieh Sts.
Merchants' Dinner Lunch
Served every Day
Lunch Counter Connected
L, -I
•r &•'->
The Great Ship "SEEANDBEE"
ml moot costly steamer on any inland water of the world- Sleeps acevmnwda
t'.-i pfirfsentfera.
"CITY OF ERIE" 3 Magnificent Steamer*
$1.00 PEE YEA*
CLEVELAND—Daily,May lst to Dec. l«t—BUFFALO
Leave Cleveland e:OOP. M. Leave Buffalo 8:00 P.M.
Arrive Buffalo 6:30 A.M. Arrive Cleveland 6:30 A.M.
(Central Standard Time)
Connections at Bnffalo for Niagara Falls an i all Eastern am! Canadian points. Railroad tick
ets reading lx tweon C!rv'M.ir11 and Buffalo are good fur transportation on our steamer*. Am
your ticket agent for tickets via C. & B. Line.
Beautifully colored sectional pu^.?le chart, showing both exterior and interior of The Oeat I
Ship "SFEANDBEE" sent on receipt of five cents to cover {x)3tage and mailing. Au**aaC I
E K Y A N i U A O A N S I O e i n n a a
Just Bear In Mind
The Ohio Union Bottled Beer
When you want a good Beer, all who have drank
it are delighted. Nothing but Hop« and Mall of
Quality are used in making eur
Zunt Heit, Special Brew and Tannhanser
Sold by all Leading Cafes in Hamilton
Ohio Union Brewing Co.
Cincinnati. Ohio
We make Loans on Live Stock, Imple
ments or other chattle property.
Long time. Lew rates. Call, phome
or write.
The Hamilton Collateral Loan Go.
208 S. Third St. Both Phones 28
-W.'1'!? V'^'V*#' T?'.1: "itfi
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i J. .'Jk
*s§?"'* *V


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