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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, March 02, 1917, Image 1

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Fatigue Long Continued Leads to Dis
ease and Thus Becomes a Problem of
Serious Magnitude—Physical Exhaus
tion Is Directly Responsible For Low
er Efficiency of Half the Population.
The loug day is one of the most hide
ous survivals of a past age. In some
Industries, such as steel making and
railroad work, long hours are main
tained continuously throughout the
year. On the other hand, many indus
tries have rush seasons, during which
the factories work for abnormally long
hours and then do little or
in the slack season. The hours in the
steel industry are habitually long.
Whether the long hours be continuous
or intermittent, their result is the
same. Both involve overwork.
The strain of industrial effort upon
the worker depends, first, upon the
length of the day's work and, second,
upon its intensity. Not only are hours
in American industry long, but they
continue long in the face of a rapid
increase in the industrial strain. A
score of devices are used to speed men
to their uttermost.
Within the last decade hours have
slightly decreased in the industrial
world, but with this decrease in hours
has gone an increase in speed. The
girls in the recent shirt waist makers'
strike in New York complained that
instead of watching one needle run
ning as needles did ten years ago, at
the rate of 2,200 strokes a minute, they
were now compelled to watch from
two to twenty needles on the same ma
chine, some running as high as 4,400
strokes a minute. The needles break,
the thread catches, the material draws
—a dozen things happen, and. as the
work is piecework, every minute
counts. While the total number of
hours may be less, the total vitality
expended on the work is necessarily
much greater because of the increased
concentration and speed required.
Fatigue is the product of the number
of hours of work multiplied by the in
tensity of the work during each hour
In the steel mills of Pittsburgh "super
intemlent is pitted against superin
tendent, foreman against foreman,
mill against mill. When a record is
broken it means simply that the goal
to be struggled for has been set
Similar conditions exist in the textile
mills of New England. Years ago a
woman tended two slowly ruuning
looms. Later, as the hours of work
grew iess, the number of looms was
increased to four and six. and now.
with some houses, an operative is ex
pected to look after from twelve to
sixteen looms.
Overwork is a menace to in&Jstrial.
social and personal welfare, because
it results in one of the most serious
and farreaehing human maladies—fa
tigue. Fatigue, long continued, leads
inevitably to exhaustion: exhaustion
leads to disease, and then ultimately
to a death which Is due on'inual.
wearing, intense work. overwork
with its attendant evils, thus becomes
a problem of serious magnitude.
The waste of fatigue i" far in excess
of the waste from illness, since fatigue
is directly responsible for the lower
efficiency of at least one-half of the
Gripped by the stern necessity which
compels him to earn his bread, the
worker enters American industry ami,
caught in its levers and cogs, labors on,
producing what he must, to earn what
he may. Society does not need the
extra goods which his weary lingers
shape. There is one primary factor
Upon which society must depend for its
maintenance —that is, upon joyous, en
thusiastic men and women. There is
neither joy nor enthusiasm in the vic
tim of the long day.
If the average worker in modern in
dustry was engaged in an occupation
of tense interest and broad value, eight
hours might be too few, but the aver
age job is a dead job—monotonous,
same to the point of madness. Could
you make the same motion 4,000 times
a day and keep it up day after day,
year after year, without growing
Was industry made for man or man
for industry? There is one possible an
twer to that question. "Every social
institution was made for man hence
when an institution ceases to serve
man and instead demands service of
him that institution must either be re
formed or abolish ed." Men and women
need not work twelve hours a day in
order to secure a livelihood for them
selves and for their families. Since
this fact has been established beyond
question, the loug day has been weigh
ed in the balance, found wanting and
condemued to abolition. Yours, good
Samaritans, is the task of enforcing
this just sentence.—Professor Scott
Worker* Get Raise.
An increase iu wages and a forty
eight hour week Siave been conceded
6.000 Chicago members of the United
Garment Worker* *»ulon by nineteen
firms in the order clothing
trade. They re»« v- he highest wages]
paid in that Un« the United States.
Too Many People Die From Cause*
That Are Preventable.
Probably 3r»0,000 people die yearly in
the United States from preventable
causes also something like 2 per cent
of the population is disabled from sick
ness at any given time, and a large
part of this is preventable.
The standing problem before public
health boards is: Mow. with the means
at their disposal, to make the greatest
possible reduction in this social waste?
Per imps there has been more co-op
eration in this governmental field than
any other—a freer circulation of
Ideas and experience, so that one com
munity has profited by the discoveries
of another. Yet the work is far from
tY pamphlet by the Russell Sago
foundation suggests that, with ade
quate reports
may be
mortality and sick­
ness. communities which have the
same general health conditions may
by careful study and comparison work
out a formula for applying their health
appropriations with reasonable certain
ty of getting Hie best possible results
for the money.
The first factor in the formula would
be the amount of damage produced by
any given cause of sickness and death
The second factor would be the readi
ness with which this cause yielded to
preventive measures. For example,
cancer causes much damage, but in the
present stage of nodical science is not
classed as a pre-eutable disease.
The Cambray League and the
the Venetian Republic.
The Learue of 'ambiay was tiie po
litieal combination of continental Eu
rope in l."»0S against the Veneiian re
public, which fi
the Adriatic" her
and forced to her !ip
est humiliation.
Back of the lea
formation w e
the desire o i
pie. whose history
envy of he world,
overthrown by a..
was r.'!•
crushed I.
out anion
where, i
ill tin 11 of
of ti«
iml causing
enbition and
ill' proud peo
iiie wonder and
powerful to be
Ugle power, it
should I
I.-it Yet
I forces
th* e'Tii ile
il l-- of Aitila
of the Adrian
lfety would
found from the ravages of the linn
The history of the thousand years from
the foundation of the city to the year
150S reads like mir.•. Uising from the
waves, Venice be .wne the wonder of
the world. Iler navy cut the waters
of every known sea. Tier merchants
were the greatest on earth. Her bank
was the financial center of the world.
And for more than ten centuries did
Venice remain the glory of the world
the center of wealth, opulence and
power, the home of culture and Intel
ligence. the hearthstone about which
sat the finest of the intellectual graces
and hospitalities, and such she might
have remained but for the League o
Cambray. which, with its overwhelm
ing forces, gave her the blow tat A
nadello in 1500) from which it was im
possible for her to recover.—ExHuinpr
Train Names.
The old picturesque English habit of
naming trains of special importance
seems to be dying out fast in these ma
terialistic days. While America keeps
up the custom, we never speak now of
a "Zulu," a "Flying Scotchman" or a
"Wild Irishman." We do not call
Cunard specials "Herring Pond I.im
lteds," and even the train long and af
fectionately known, from its wonder
ful engine, as the "Charles Dickens'
has now merely a number and a time
-Westminster Gazette.
Maine's Knights.
Maine is the only state in the Union
which can boast of having three nativ
W*rn sons knighted by English kings
They are Sir William Phipps of Wool
with, once royal governor of Massa
chusetts, who was knighted in 1'5«J4
Sir William Pepperell of Kittery. who
captured Louisburg for the BriUsh«
and Sir Hiram Maxim.—Exchange.
No Longer Skinny.
The word "skinny" has gone out of
fashion. In the old days when a girl
was so thin and hungry looking she
shamed her mother's pantry that was
what they called her, but a more mod
ern description is that she has a sensi
tive, spirituelle fare.—New York Sun.
Word to the Tin Who Yearns
For a Job In New York.
Be Sure the Change to the Hustling
Metropolis Will Be to Your Advan
tage Before You Make It—Do Your
Best Where You Are and—Wait.
In the American Magazine a writer,
giving some words of advice to the
many aspiring young men throughout
the country who feel the lure of the
great cities ml who are consumed
with a dtvre to try their fortunes
therein, say.,.
"An old friend called to ask my ad
vice the other day. He came to New
York from a little Indiana town. He
has a wife and four children—and a
poor job.
"As I talked with him I kept pictur
ing him where he belongs—back in the
old home town. If he had stayed there
he might have worke-l i'j a $1.00 or
$1,200 job. which woulu ve been suf
ficient to satisfy all his needs and
most of his wants. lie could have had
a garden, a yard, a savings bank ac
count anil a membership in the local
lodge. Evenings he could have sat on
his porch and held converse with his
"On the Fourth of July he could have
been 'some punkius' at the neighbor
hood picnic, lie might have become a
village councilman, and when the fall
campaign arrived he could have been
the other hand, smallpox causes little
damage, but its potentialities of dam
age are high, and it readily yields to
the simple prevent• 1 vaccination
By a sufficiently caivi'.U s.cdy of ade
quate data a health beard can reduct
this to mathematical terms and say,
with assurance, "Twenty-four per cent
of our appropriation sh i ,i pre
venting infants' disease i'J per -ent
to tuberculoid
ures varying,
ent condition-1
the like
And !su on—the fi
course, under differ
''limate. housing, and
i •Mid! I'
i urday
n what
!'. :tion
iii i'ost.
ill o
the committee to welcome the con
gressman when that ureat. personage
came to tV n in search of votes. In
other wor1
place in th
"Now, w
for the $1
in New Yo
a measly li
:.e might have had a real
at does he get in exchange
Jin) or $1.1200 that he earns
Wel I suppose lie gets
1!.-11 wiili dark bedrooms,
a fine assortment of cheap lunches, two
chant es daily hang by his eyelid
in the subway, a great fund of lonell
ness ®nd a woebegone feeliny of use
"That, is
Ing big eii
eago. Tin
tion vli i
found i
"Thi i
sea rin
young fi•:
try 11 i
There i
trains mi-o
printing pre
lie trouble with these what
es like New York and Clii
v are all right for men of
f. and ambi
n to direct
hard on tin
i :id for the purpose et
omc and unattached
\s vi aMlity who want to
m:seic "n iPi- big town.
dati.-.T of ring tlvm
1 scared. The morning
ing them in by the
ilii 'Ty day—and all the
in 11 ,«• world could not
drive them
"But it is said for the purpose of can
ing every small town man with respon
sibilities to ("iisider carefully before
coming whether he has a definite aim
in coming and whether he has faith
and conviction that he really has some
thing to give to the big town.
"Don't come ju^t for the ride. Don't
come except from positive choice.
Don't come just uuse others are
coming. The best rule of ail is this
If you have no definite, compelling rea
son within yourself to come, don't
come until you are invited. Do your
job well at home. If the big town
wants you she will call you.
"A hundred telegrams went out from
New York today to various and remote
parts of the United States carrying of
fers of good jobs to smart chaps who
have done so well that New York has
heard of them
"Only last week I met a young man
from Massachusetts who had just been
offered an a year place in New
York. lie said he hadn't the least idea
jiw the thing started—except that hi
had done work that had been brought
to the attention of several New York
bankers, one of whom had looked him
up and then Hashed him the offer of a
"So leave your name and address
with the lo nl operator and go back to
our knitting New York is not tongue
tied. If she nee you she'll wire.
"Of course, if you think you are a
howling genius you will probably take
the first train for Broadway—and may
be it will be just as well for you to do
so. A genius is just as unhappy one
place as another. But, genius or
genius, there won't be any brass band
to meet you at Grand Central station."
Very Polite.
As Robert Pa ton Oibhs, the actor
was strolling down Broadway in New
York he met an acquaintance who
seemed to be somewhat the worse for
an encounter with the cup that cheers
"Lend me a dollar, will you?" he in
quired. "I need it."
"For a drink, I suppose?" Mr. Gibbs
"I might as well tell the truth. That
is what it is for."
"But thought you were on the wa
ter wagon."
"I was, but I gave ni.v seat to a
A Hint to Automobile Riders.
Every automobile rider lias experi
tnced the discomfort of dust In the
eyes and also from the effects of cold
winds. A suggestion lias been made
that these discomforts may be greatly
alleviated by applying castor oil along
the eyelashes. This, it is claimed, will
catch most of the dust before it can en
ter the eye, and also it protects the eyes
from the chilling eff» cts of the wind.
You complain of ingratitude. Were
you not repaid by jour pleasure in
foing good?—Levis*
There are three words, the a wee
In all of human speech,
More sweet than are all eons* of
Or pages
poets preach.
This fife may be a vale of tears,
A sad and dreary thing
Three words and trouble disappears
And birds begin to sing-
Three words and all the roses
The sun begins to shine
Three words will dissipate the gloom
And water turn to wine.
Three words will cheer the saddest
"I love you?" Wrong, by heck!
It is another sweeter phrase,
"Inclosed find check!"
How "Short Sellers" May Win by Buy
ing on a Falling Market.
There are two kinds of stock specula
tors. One buys in the hope that he
may later sell at a prolit. If a man
buys a share of Steel at UK) and later
sells it at 115 be has made .$15, less the
broker's small commission. It is clear
how money is made in a rising market.
IIow money is made in a falling mar
ket requires explanation. The process
of capitalizing disaster is Known as
selling short."
A speculator who is sure, either be
cause of some inside knowledge or be
cause of his own reasoning, that stocks
will tumble, gives an order to his
broker to sell a block of stock for him.
Let us use Central Leather as an ex
ample. He has none of the stock. The
broker sends word to his representa
tive ou the tloor of the liange, and
the sale is made. CeiI Leather is
sold at tiie market price, »ay. 93. In
the course of a few hours the stock
which the seller did not have is deliv
ered to the purch iM 1 broker ha
borrowed it from i.i tier of the
stock. A small fee is paid u the owner
the loaned shares. The man who
has sold short then watches for the in
fluences which he ex]- i- will drive
the stock down. Une o. days later
he reads that some gre.u international
tigure has made a move for peace
The stock drops on the news. No one
is willing to pay $!)«i a share for it. A.
few are willing to pay $00. Our hero
who has sold short directs his broker
to buy enough shares to pay him in
kind for the shares borrowed. The
broker buys at $00. After the broker's
fee is paid and the charge for the bor
rowed stock is settled the speculator
receives a little less than $3 a share as
a result of his short selling. He mere
ly sold at 03 what he later bought for
90. He has no stock. He never had
any stock. He so'd it before he
bought it.
The "short" seller 1- never an in
vestor. He never buys to keep. He
never buys except to enable him to re
turn what he has borrowed.—Uncle
Dudley. In the 1'ostou Globe
Sunday Spurned the Offer.
tlcorge Sunday, eldest son of Billy
York a short time
Sunday. ^:nd in N'
"My fath-r's 1
talked abor.: w
I handle l.i
what is offeri
the last da
isn't as biv
goes to charity a
of his organizati
"This very daj
more. I11
Will Cody
..in me always
i ncs to a city.
lie gets only
1 i his services on
:i inpaign, and this
for much of it
ill.- maintenance
i dec iiued on my
fa titer's behalf an offer of $1,000,000
from a moving picture concern he re
fused $3u0.
the movies: ii li
offers from tirn
ecords. My fa:
sincerely refuse
One Occasion When Buffalo Bill
Was Shy on Courage.
Aa a New Justice of the Peace He Had
to Perform the Ceremony, but He
Didn't Like the Job—One of His Close
Calls as a Pony Express Rider.
It is difficult for this generation of
boys, even though they be born on the
'Great American desert," to believe
that Buffalo Bill was ever anything
except the star of a tent show, but old
timers know of his perilous life of ear
lier days as au Indian fighter, scout,
overland freight guard and pony ex
press rider.
When the Kansas Pacific railroad
was building to the coast it employed
Will Cody to supply its construction
gangs with meat. One of the greatest
shots of the plains, he won his name
and his spurs killing buffalo for the
builders of the iron trail.
During ludian campaigns Cody rose
to be chief scout for the army and In
dian adventures became a part of his
daily routine. The fame of Buffalo Bill
spread through the army. None doubt
ed the courage and resource of the
great scout and Indian hunter.
Yet one day this courage was sorely
tried. There was one time when Buf
falo Bill admitted he was scared.
General Emory, in command at Fort
McPberson, induced the county author
ities to make Biu'ialo Bill a justice of
the peace.
"W"hy, general, protested the scout.
"I don't know any more about law
than a mule knows of singing."
But the appointment was duly and
iegally made, and the new Justice had
to serve.
His first task was to perform a wed
ding ceremony.
The young
e days' work in
:ofused countless
lio make talking
lias always and
o commercialize
Why Stones Cannot 3uro Like Cosl.
Stones cannot burn for the simple
reason that they are dead matter which
has burned out. When anything burns
it takes into its system all the oxygen
of the air that it can combine with.
When it has done this it cannot be
urned any
burning any
substance changes its character.
The original element, of most of the
rocks and stones we see was silicon,
and when that combines with oxygen
the result is a form of rock, a concrete
substance, but unburnable.
London's "Seven Dials."
The Seven 1 Mais in London is a place
where seven streets branch off—viz
1, Great Earl street Little Karl
street 3, Great St. Andrew's street
4, Little St. Andrew's street Great
White Lion street 5, Little White Lion
street 7, Queen street. The long cross
stone wliieh stood in the middle cen
ter was seven square at tiie top, with
a dial ou each square.
it Does Happen.
"I don't think the truth of that Cin
derella story ever came out."
"I think she took off her slipper be
cause it hurt her. I've seen ladies do
that In restaurants many a time."—
Kansas City Journal.
Sometimes They Are.
"Are women funny?" aska an ex
change. Well, we know one about fifty
years of age who tries to look as
though she were about eighteen.—Ma
con Telegraph.
Motorcar Tire Casings.
Before putting on a tire casing wipe
it out carefully with a moist rag, to
'nsure that the inner tube will not be
iamaged by dirt or sand lodged in the
Hope against hope and ask till ye
wedding was a
great event at McPhersou, and the
whole fort resolved to attend.
In vain his wife and sisters tried to
coach Buffalo Bill. Nobody could find
a copy of the marriage service.
The great day came. The guests as
sembled. Cold sweat stood in beads
on the brow of the Indian flirhter FTi"
hands trembled.
Yet at first the eerennuo tnoved
without reproach. The bride and
groom were counseled in the conven
tional manner until the close of the
ceremony, when Buffalo Bill startled
the congregation by announcing.
"Whom God and Buffalo Bill bath
Joined together let no man put asun
As a mar: in- t„. v\as v„t.-d
a great su e
Before the days o
news traveled by tl
nine days from St. .It
the railroad, to Sa
distance over the
e telegraph
ny express,
the end of
1. Cal. The
e was 1.9GG
of the pony
riders in -m ,.
was durii
that he saved ins life by
the employ
of the relay
•lerness. It
his knack of
shooting straight and thinking quickly.
Will wab ridins from Red Butte, 011
the North Piatt Three Crossings,
on the Sweetwji'e
distance of sev­
enty-six miles, when a station boss one
day informed him:
"There's signs of Injins about, Billy.
Better keep you: e peeled
n.Hlded on,prehen­
sion as he swung into tiie sadule on a
fresh pony and dashed out of the sta
tion with his mail sacks.
Plainsmen learned early to keep theli
eyes open. As Will Cody rode he scan
ned the country ahead of him with tire
less gaze. Every rock and hummock
had his attention.
It was a grim, wild country he rode
through. Great cliffs overhung his nar
row path and darkened the way. For
ests of black pine stood thick on the
precipitous slopes of the Rockies.
His keen eye caught sight of a sligh
movement behind a large bowlder tha
lay ahead of him. It needed no mor
than that to tell the pony express ridei
of danger. Riding at top speed towarr
the danger zone, he made his plan.
Cody was almost upon the rock be
fore he swerved his horse sharply and
dashed off to one side. Two rifle re
ports came simultaneously, and from
behind the rock sprang two unmount
ed Indiaus.
At the same time a score of Indian
on ponies burst from the timber 011
the opposite side of the valley and
rode toward him.
Ahead lay a narrow pass leading to
safety. The race began.
Only one rider threatened the express
messenger. He wore the headdress of
a chief, and his pony was fleetest.
Close together the horses sped to
ward the pass, and the Indian was
gaining steadily.
Cody turned In his addle.
The Indian chief had lifted £tto arrow
to bis bow and even then was sighting
his target.
Like a flash Cody drew his revolver
Seemingly he fired without aim, so
quick was the action. The Indian
dropped from his saddle, and the pony
express sped on safe. -Kansas City
"Pa, what is meant by a reminiscent
"When your mother is reminding mt
of the things I promised her before w*
Were married she may be said to be
a reminiscent mood, my boy."—Detroit
Free Presu.
Dare to be true. Nothing can need
a lie. A fault which needs it tno^t
{rows two thereby.-Herbert.
Dangers of Poisoning to Which th»
Workers Are Exposed.
The making of modern munitions of
war has brought into prominence sev
eral types of Industrial diseases hith
erto almost unknown.
One of the most troublesome of these
is that commonly known as "T. N. T.
poisoning," due to exposure to the
fumes of tri-nitro-toluol or to the in
halation of dust generated in mixing
certain high explosives of which it
forms a constituent.
Unusual drowsiness, frontal head
ache and eczema are the first symp
toms of T. N. T. poisoning, and work
ers so affected are promptly given
some other occupation, when the symp
toms quickly disappear.
Less dangerous, but very trouble
some, is tetryl poisoning. Manipula
tion of this explosive produces a light
dust, which gets into the mouth, nose
and eyes and sets up a painful sore
ness, accompanied by headache, nau
sea and an almost intolerable itching.
Curiously enough, individuals vary
very considerably in their susceptibil
ity to tetryl poisoning. Some workers
are not all affected by it or only In a
very slight degree, while others can
hardly enter a room in which it is be
ing handled without suffering severely.
Luckily tetryl poisoning does not en
danger life, nor are the symptoms in
any case so severe as those due to T.
N. T. poisoning. Tetryl possesses the
annoying property, however, of stain
ing the skin and hair yellow, bur
means have been found of largely
counteracting this If th"» workers care
to avail themselves of them.
Other industrial diseases of a similar
nature more or less prevalent in muni
tion works are due to handling fulmi
nate of mercury, to exposure to the
fumes of a substance known as tetra
chlorethane, to
other noxious
rated In the w
ent processes
from lead pois
work-: t
of various
i dust gene
(he differ
ic re and also
Ue munition
cute polson
i' ape of
i. pla-'es
apt termi-
How On© Wise Man Utilizes His Open
Air Sporting Outfit.
I didn't dness allow
ed you mu i ts," said the
visitor as he gian e,i around at the
athletic paraphernalia display- -n
the walls of his friend's den.
it doesn't—much,' ied the mid
lie aged business in 'When I get
v chance 1 sneak off so
i I I I
Xo ^ue country ciuu, oac most or
my exercising I do right here in this
"Surely you don't use the basket ball
or the ice skates or that rifle here,''
said his friend, with a smile.
"You're wrong I do," said the busy
man briskly. "See that hook in the
ceiling? I string the basket ball up,
put on that pair of old kid gloves and
bang it around for ten minutes every
other morning or
Square is tiie name. Squareis our aim
All Suits and Pants made to your
individual order in
Union Shop
nolbroclf Bros.
Reliable Dealers in
Dry Goods, Carpets, Cloaks, Qu eerie ware
Millinery. House Furnishings
all Cash Purchases.
Meet him at
Cor. Front and Hieh Sis.
Merchants' Dinner Lunch
Served every Day
Lunch Counter Connected
Best punching
bag I ever tried.
"Those ice skates are Just the right
weight to use as dumbbells in some
very quick exercise. Any one of those
golf sticks makes a wand such as they
use in gymnasiums to take the quirks
out of the muscles of the arms, chest
and back.
"Those tennis balls are invaluable
for strengthening the grip of the hands
and the cords of the forearm. Take
one In each hand ami squeeze it about
fifty times as hard as you can every
"With that hunting rifle 1 haven't
used in four years I go through the
same stunts, including the manual of
arms that I'ncle Sam has worked out
to keep his soldiers in good trim. I
must admit that that tennis racket has
puzzled me. I can't think of a thing
to do with it except practice strokes
with one of the balls against that clear
part of the wall."—New York Sun.
The Word "Rubaiyat."
The word "Rubai.vat" is the plural of
"ruba'i," meaning quatrain, and the
plural is used to denote a collection of
quatrains. The form has a verse
scheme of its own and is the distinc
tive and most ancient Persian meter.
It is said to have been invented by
Rudagi, the earliest of the great Per
sian poets. Nearly all the Persian
poets include Rubaiyat among their
works. Edward FltzGerald made it an
English form.
Money Panic.
"What was the worst money panic
you ever saw?" asked one financier of
"The wost money panic 1 ever saw,"
was the reply, "was when a fifty cent
piece rolled under the seat of a street
car and seven different women claim
ed it."- Exchange.
Shrewd Woman.
"I am encouraging my husband to
buy an automobile."
"They cost an awfui lot."
"That's just it. If he pays $2,500
tor the kind he wants he won't be able
to preach economy to me for quite
awhile."—Boston Transport.
Snubbing Science.
"I hear old Smudge's doctors hare
given him up."
"Yes he is getting well in the nat
Iral way." Baltimore American.

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