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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, March 09, 1917, Image 1

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Trade Unions, Before Giving Approval
to Any Plan For Their Alleged Bet
terment by Law, Must Be Assured
That Their Economie Freedom le Not
It is not my purpose to deal with the
vast array of details which enter into
even a cursory discussion of social in
surance, but rather to give expression
to the basic principles of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor, with partic
ular reference to the subject under con
sideration. The development of the
A. F. of L. has proceeded along neces
sary and practical lines, but with un
ceasing vigilance that the organizations
of labor should be maintained unim
paired and the individual workers
should retain undisputed possession of
the rights and liberties guaranteed by
the organic law of our country and the
spirit of our people.
The history of the movements of
wage earners in all ages reveals the
machinations of their opponents todis
integrate and destroy their associa
tions. It has not infrequently been ac
complished by employing the lawmak
ing power, and even in our own time
the legislative, judicial and executive
branches of our federal government,
as well as that of the states, have been
made the instruments of oppression
under the guise of benefiting the work
With these facts before us we organ
ized wage earners cautiously scrutinize
every movement launched by outside
agencies whose claimants profess de
votion to the common weal. Before
the A. F. of L. gives its approval to
any plan contemplating the establish
ment by law of any form of social in
svurance it must first. be assured that
the economic freedom of the workers
is guaranteed and that the partlcipa
tion in benefits to be derived from any
system of this character is not based
upon continuous employment in a cer
tain industry or predicated upon time
of service or other devices intended to
tie the workers to their jobs.
The primary step necessary to real,
permaneut betterment of the workers
is to free them from thraldom which
has been fastened upon them by those
who took advantage of the ne^.ssity
of the poor. The great majority of
wage earners each day earn dally
bread—the opportunity to work stands
between them and want on tomorrow
Employers have held men in subjec
tion through the threat of loss of tin
job. Only through organization has
any degree of freedom or stability of
employment come to wage earners.
Our first concern, therefore, in consid
ering any proposition is, WU1 it inter
fere with organization for freedom?
In the light of experience it cannot
be asseited that our movement lags or
is unmindful of the interests of every
wage earner, organized or unorganized
The organized labor movement is th
only institution that has the umjues
tioned right to sjieak and act for tin
workers. Its efforts have been and
are ever extended unorganized, ami
the history of the past is replete with
instances of sacrifices made by the
organized for the unorganized. It is
equally true that we, too, are impa
tient at our progress, but a struetur.
strong enough to withstand industrial
inclemency must be erected with din
regard to the elements which com
pose it.
Organization, then, must be the bea
^Oii shedding its light upon all our ef
forts. It must be our first cousidera
Any further systems evolved having
for their purpose intended benefits to
the great mass must contain adequate
safeguards to protect the wage earn
era from industrial, law or welfare ex
ploitation. The American Federation
of Labor stands committed to the wel
fare of the wage earning population
of our country, but It will refuse now
as it has done in the past, to indorse
or lend its assistance to any scheme,
no matter by whom proposed, unless it
is first convinced that the same meas
ure of freedom of action as now en
joyed in the trade unions are secured
to the workers under any insurance
scheme proposed.
Organized labor in New York is op
posed to the state constabulary bill.
A "mutual agreement" has been
reached by the Chicago switchmen
and the railroad managers.
The Industrial differences that have
been agitatiug workers at the New
York navy yard have been adjusted.
Boys at the Lehigh Coal and Navl
gation company's No. 10 and No. 8 col
lleries, in the Panther creek valley
struck work, throwing both plants
"God grant that we may be kept out
of war, but if it comes we'll stand
firm for the republic of the United
States, not for the name, but for what
tt stands and typifies."—Samuel (Som
Charles M. Schwab's Adv ice to Young
Men Starting to Work.
In his book "Succeeding With What
You Have" Charles M. Schwab says:
"When I took charge of the Carne
gie works at Homestead there was a
young chap employed there as water
boy. A little later he became a clerk.
I had a habit of going over the works
at unusual hours, to see how every
thing was moving. I noticed that no
matter what time I came around I
would find the former water boy hard
at work. I never learned when he
"Now, there seemed to be nothing
remarkable about this fellow except
his industry. The only way in which
he attracted attention was by working
longer hours and getting better results
than any one else. It was not long
before we needed an assistant super
intendent. The ex-water boy got tho
job. When we established our great
armor plate department there was not
the slightest difference of opinion
among the partners as to who should
be manager. It was the youth with
tho penchant for overtime service.
"Today that ex-water boy. Alva C.
Dinkey. Is head of a great steel com
pany aud very wealthy. His rise was
predicated on his willingness to work
as long as there was any work to be
"If a young man entering industry
were to ask me for advice I would
say: Don't be afraid of imperiling your
health by giving a few extra hours
to the company that pays you your
salary. Don't be reluctant about put
ting on overalls. Bare hands grip
success better than kid gloves. Be
thorough in all things, no matter how
small or distasteful. The man who
counts his hours and kicks about his
salary is a self elected failure.
"It may be in seemingly unimpor
tant things that a man expresses hi*
passion for perfection, yet they will
count heavily in the long run. When
you go into your customary barlwr
shop you will wait for the man who
gives you a little better shave, a little
trimmer hair cut. Business leaders
are looking for the same things in
their offices that \on hk
in the
barber shop.
"The real test of business greatness
is In giving opportunity to others
Many business men fail in this be
cause they are thinking only of per
sonal glory."
Our Land Extension.
Great Britain Is no longer the only
nation that can say the sun never sets
on Its territory. Since the United
States acquired the Danish West In
dies it can make the same boast.
Hitherto the little island of Culebra,
which Is virtually n i it of Porto Rico,
has been our nioj-i i-.terly point of
land and the island tf I'.alabae. In tho
Philippines, our most westerly point.
The distant*' between them is just a
little less than ISO degrees, or half the
circumference of the earth. St. Croix,
In the Danish West Indies, is thirty
eight miles farther east than Culebra.
enough to bridge the gap. Just as the
sun Is rising ou St. Croix it is setting
on Balabac. —Youth's Companion.
The Opposing Room.
If you had spent fifteen of the best
years of yo:ir life listening to the com
posing room tell "why they can't set
it," had grown hollow In the cheeks
listening to llnotypers tell you you
didn't know what you were talking
about and had grown the stringhalt
from standing first on one foot and
then on the other while you listened to
the foreman make objections, you
wouldn't have blamed us for hugging
a dlrtv faced kid. with freckles bigger
than a nickel, who looked up Into the
editor's whiskers and said, "Mister,
where is the opposing room?"—Buffalo
Take This Any Way.
You would not allow another man to
snub you, to be discourteous to you,
without resenting it. Neither will the
other fellow permit you to treat him
shabbily without letting you know
what he thinks of it. Some days you
feel cross, cranky and irritable. And
did It ever occur to you that on these
very days you seem to see others as
others seem to see you? Did it ever
occur to you that others are bound to
treat you as you treat them? Take
this any way you want to, but take it.
—Silent Partner.
His Needs.
"If you please, ma anna," asked Clar
ence, aged ten. "will you kindly lend
me a pencil?"
"But," said mamma, "I left a pen
and Ink for you to do your lessons with
on the nursery table. Why don't you
use those instead of a pencil?"
"Well, you see," Clarence explained,
"I want a pencil to write and ask the.
editor how to remove Ink stains from
a carpet."—Pearson's Weekly.
Domestic Caret.
"A man should take an Interest in
his home."
"Yes," replied Mr. Meekton, "but he
shouldn't devote too much of his life
to being keeper of the canary bird and
custodian of the rubber Waah-
It 8aves Labor and Waste and Gain*
In Nutritive Value.
One reason advanced for the high
cost of food abroad is the shortage in
manual labor, a result of the war. An
ingenious method of dispensing with
a large part of this, hitherto consider
ed necessary before the grain in the
field can appear in the form of bread
upon the table, has been invented in
According to Agrlcoltura Toscana
an excellent bread, not only highly
nutritious, but delicious in flavor and
appetizing of taste, is made from
wheat which has never been milled.
It is Important that the grain should
be of good
and free from for­
eign material. It is first carefully
washed and sifted and then placed in
tepid water to soak for a period of
from forty-eight to sixty hours, ac
cording to the degree of hardness. At
tho end of this time It has become
"vitalized"—i. e., it has begun to
germinate, and has therefore become
quite soft and tender and has under
gone profound chemical modifications.
When the proper degree of vltaiiza
tion has been attained the grain Is
fed directly Into a kneading machine,
where It is triturated and kneaded
till it is ready to be molded into loaves.
It Is then allowed to ferment, or "rise,"
for the proper length of time, where
upon It is placed In the baker'B oven.
The bread Is gray In color and, being
made of the whole grain. Is much rich
er in food value than bread from flour,
containing a higher percentage of min
eral salts, lecithin and vegetable pep
sin. There Is a saving not. only in
manual labor, but in wastage, so that
a given weight of grain yields a con
siderably larger number of loaves
when unground than when converted
Into flour. Another advantage is that
there Is less risk of adulteration than
when flour Is used.
So Natives In Japan Are Resorting to
the Surgeon's Knife,
You- think that It is impossible to
mistake a Japanese on account of his
almond eyes, peculiar to the yellow
race. Do not be so sure, for it Is quite
likely von arc wrong.
Of recent years n curious fad has
taken root In Japan. This Is nothing
more or less than the alteration, by
the surgeon's knife, of the shape of tho
eye, so that In future the Japanese
will not be distinguished as one of the
"almond eyed" races. The operatioti
Is said to le simple and quite pain
The surgeon takes a scalpel in his
right hand and, stretching the skin
with the forefinger of his left hand,
makes an lnlslon on the outer polut
of the eyelids in a straight line for the
barest part of an inch. Tho lashes are
then drawn Into shape and held firmly
by a piece of chemically prepared
The wound needs no further dress
ing, and the subject of the emperor of
the I'lowery Kingdom goes on about
his business as if nothing had happen
ed. In a few days it is entirely heal
ed, when the surgeon is visited and re
quested to remove tho plaster, and
with the plaster conies the fee.
The Japanese say that their eastern,
not to say Mongolian, appearance is a
disadvantage to them In their commer
cial and other relations with western
races. Whether this is so or not, it is
a positive fact that some of the high
est officials in chrysanthemum land
have fallen in with the popular fancy,
and European medical men out there
are making lots of money by the use
of their scalpels. One authority states
that the mikado himself has had his
eyes "westernized."
Mouth Wash.
Dr. A. B. Wadsworth, director of the
division, of laboratories and research
of the New York state department of
health, recommends a mouth wash
made as follows:
Sodium chloride, half a dram sodium
bicarbonate, ten grains distilled water,
two ounces glycerin, one ounce alco
hol, five ounces thymol and menthol,
one gram of each oil of wintergreeu,
three drops oil of cinnamon, two drops:
oil of eucalyptus, five drops tincture of
cudbear, one and a half drams tine
ture of rhatany, half a dram.
Dissolve the salts in water before
adding the alcohol. For use add an
equal part of water.
Oldest Infantry Regiment.
Which is the oldest existing infantry
line regiment in the world? The dis
tlnction is held by tho Itoyal Scots,
who have been nicknamed "Pontius
Pilate's bodyguard." They were rais
ed in 1025 for the sen-Ice of Sweden
in the thirty years' war, passed into
the service of France after the death of
Gustavus Adolplms and
ed by Louis XIV. to Charles II. on the
restoration.—Londtai Answers.
One Kind of Thrift.
"Why do you give your little son only
a penny at a time?"
"I'm trying to encourage thrift and
economy. He knows that he'll have to
save five before he'll have enough
money to buy a movie ticket."—Bir
mingham Age-Herald.
Not Identified.
Teacher—When did TToratius hold
the bridge? Pupil—Nobody of that
name has given any bridge parties hi
our neighborhood for several years.—
Author —Some of my brightest
houghts come when 1 am asleep. Bdl
or—Your great trouble is insomnia.—
York Times.
Compulsory Arbitration Is De
nounced by Samuel Gompers.
Legislative Acts of All History, In 8o
Far as They Affected the Working
People, Have Always Had the Object
of Circumscribing Their Rights and
Hindering Their Advancement.
Samuel Gompers recently gave to the
New York public service commission
his views ou its proposed plan of legis
lation for reasonable wages and fair
working conditions of employees of
public utility corporations and agree
ments with the workers for the estab
lishnient of a wage board with the ob
ject of preventing strikes.
He spoke at the second of a series
of hearings arranged by the commis
sion for the purpose of affording rep
resentatives of railroad employees and
labor organizations an opportunity to
express their opinions on the bill in
corporating the above
pending at Albany.
Chairman Oscar S. Straus of the
commission opened Ilie meeting with a
statement outlining its object and the
salient points of the proposed legisla
tion. He said:
"The employee under our plan makes
his arrangements with the company
just the same as lie does now. and the
company can avail itself of mediation,
conciliation or arbitral ion just as it
does now.
"In case all of those methods fail we
have provided in the first instance for
adjustment of these difficulties, that
have not
settled in the manner
described, by a tribunal, a wage board,
to be composed, one-half by the repre
sentative of the employees, both organ
ized and unorganized, and the other
half by the employees.
as to whether this board is to be for
the state or is to be a wage board for
each system we have left open. We
want light ou the entire subject The
idea is to put ail matters of controver
sy between employees and employers
into a Judicial attitude. We believe
that the function of the wage board
itself will do a great deal in preventing
the Irritation and spirit of enmity that
spring up at the crucial stage of such
Mr. Gompers immediately registered
his unalterable
to the bill.
He said:
"I am convinced that the commission
is prompted by an honest desire to
solve this problem with justice to all
concerned. But there are some things
in this world that are uusolvable, and
one of them Is the strength and weak
ness of human nature. Human nature
cannot be changed by legislation.
"The fact is that the legislative acts
of all history in so far as they affected
the working people have always had
the object of circumscribing their
rights and hinder
Laws of
were never more
brutally or ruth!' y employed than
when working-men met k devise
means of improving their condition.
"Only in the last fifty years has some
thing been done to take the grip of the
employers from the throat of their em
Speaking of the legislation under dis
cussion, Mr. Goiniers said
"If you gentlemen of the Public Serv
ice Commission are alive twenty years
from now and still hold the influential
position you occupy at the present time
you will be sorry if this bill becomes a
law. To my mind it is an entering
wedge toward robbing workingmen of
their freedom of action.
"Workingmen," he continued, "must
at all hazards preserve their right to
fold their arms aud do nothing for any
good reason or for no reason at all.
"So long as employers have the right
to dismiss their men on any pretext
how, in justice, can the right to quit
work at any time or in any circum
stances be denied to the workingmen?
And that is just what this bill means.
It provides for compulsory arbitration.
"Workers individually are nothing,
but acting collectively they have great
power. I am opposed to the destruc
tion of life and property. Strikers havt
no license to commit crime, but they do
have the inalienable right to refuse to
work If they desire it. otherwise they
would be no better than slaves.
"The slave must work at his mas
ter's will, the freeman has the right to
withhold his labor. You cannot take
that labor away from the man without
taking his body too.
"The bill you have drawn up pro
vides for a broadening and strengthen
ing of the laws affecting workingmen.
The strengthening of the law—put that
in quotation marks-is a step toward
still more unfreedom for the working
Get Jobs For Many Workers.
In January, not including the num
ber of persons recruited for the gov
eminent, the public employment bu
reau of New York registered 1,837 men
and 953 women for work. Three thou
sand and twenty-five employers called
upon the bureau to select suitable per
sons for 3,320 positions. The bureau
has received notice that 1,078 men and
1.448 women, or a total of 2,526. have
been found acceptable and placed at
work as a result of its activities dur
ing the first month of the year. This
is just twice the number of places
filled in JaDuar.v. 1916.
"There need be no apprehension
entertained by any one," says
Samuel Gompers, "that the
working people of the United
States will fail in the perform
ance of duty and to give service
for the safety, the integrity and
the ideals of our country. Should
emergency befall the country the
destiny of our nation is depend
ent upon the creative labor pow
er of men and women.
"I think I am in position to
know as well as any other man
in America the feeling and the 4»
spirit of America's workers. 4»
While I am sure they earnestly
hope that war may be averted,
yet when the emergency arises
they will give a good accounting
of themselves." 4*
Courts of California and New York
Reach Opposite Conclusions.
The supreme court of California has
decided that an employer in that state
is not liable under the workmen's com
pensation law for injuries to an em
ployee which he received as the result
of being tickled by a fellow workman.
Judge Melvin, writing the opinion,
pointed out that au accident for which
the employer may be held responsible
"must be one resulting from a risk
reasonably incident to the employ
ment." The court -aid in part:
"That the act of his fellow servant
was but momentary and without mal
ice and not in excess of the usual in
tercourse between servants makes no
difference. Suppose the fellow employ
ee had tripped him up intentionally,
but playfully. Would any one contend
that the employer was liable because
his servants (perhaps entirely with
out his knowledge) had established a
custom of tripping one another? We
cannot see how this assault differed
from any other. Flint was hyper
aesthetic in that he was peculiarly
sensitive to tickling. This was known
to his associates. His fellow servant
who tickled him as he was going down
a stairway carrying a bucket in his
hand may have been an amiable per
son who merely intended a bit of
rough play, but unless he was an idiot
he must have seen that such a prank
was attended with some danger.
We cannot see that it is our duty to
measure the dynamics of assaults and
to hold that the master must be charg
ed with foreseeing and insuring against
time which are playfully intended and
which may be sanctioned by a custom
existing among his servants."
The New York court of appeals
reached an opposite onclusion in the
practically use of In re Heitz.
New York Consumers' League An
nounce Comprehensive Program.
The long hours and hard working
conditions of women employed in res
taurants were dwelt upon at the twen
ty-sixth annual meeting of the Con
surners' league of New York city.
In her annual report Mrs. Maud Na
than, president, said that 58 per cent
of the women employed in restaurants
worked more than the fifty-four hours
a week set by law for store and fac
tory workers, while one-fifth of them
worked for twelve hours seven days a
Mrs. Nathan thus summed up the fu
ture program of the league:
Extension of the mercantile law to in
clude restraurants.
Repeal of the Christmas exemption in
the present mercantile law, which permits
overtime work and exhaustingly long
he urs seven days preceding Christmas.
Afitadon for the eight hour day In New
York s^ate. thus raising It to the standard
of Arizona, Colorado. Washington and the
District of Columbia.
Education of public opinion and agita
tion for a minimum wage commission to
determine what shall be the minimum
wage in the various industries.
Agitation to get a woman's division in
the labor department established in Wash
bill loo-n^ '\arii the eventual
4* 4* 4* 4» 4» .f f. 4* 4* 4* 4. 4,+
4* 4*
4* The allegation has frequently 4*
4* been made that trade unionists
4* are selfish that they are seeking 4*
4* to promote their own welfare, to 4*
4* advance their own interests to 4*
4* the exclusion of those who are 4*
•J* unorganized, yet every one who 4*
4* has observed and studied the 4*
•i- trade union movement of our
•J* own times and of the times gone 4*
by knows that the most altruistic 4*
4* movement the world has ever 4*
4* produced is the trade union 4*
4* movement.—W. B. Wilson. 4*
4* 4*
8ure to Stand by Government In tfie
Event of War.
If there shall be war with Germany
the government may feel the most im
plicit confidence in the loyalty of the
members of the four railroad
brotherhoods, says G. H. Sines, vice
president of the Brotherhood of Rail
way Trainmen.
The present and coming periods of
national crisis will not be used as a
whip to e*tort favors or to kill any
of the objectionable features of the
president's railroad legislation. The
best proof of this is in the fact that
more than 1.G00 members of the broth
erhoods employed on Canadian rail
roads are now fighting on Europeau
battlefields, and the organizations have
insured their lives to an amount iu
excess of $3.M H.,000. We already have
paid out $220,000 in war death benefits.
As an illustration of the patriotism
of our Canadian members they imme
diately dropped a
The tniroose
all S ome work In New
York state.
Defines Right to Strike.
The right of a man to work is as in
alienable as the right of a man to
strike and the right of free speech is
upheld to that point which allows a
man to do his own thinking, is the
substance of an opinion handed down
in the United States district court at
Toledo, O., by Judge John M. Ivilllts.
The court was defining peaceful pick
eting In connection with disturbances
growing out of the strike of Ohio State
Telephone company operators and line
men. Judge Kililts ruled that the Clay
ton act is being misinterpreted in
strikes, contending that the act does
not sanction lawlessness.
111 1
The bricklayers of Little Rock, Ark.,
want an increase from 70 cents to 87%
cents an hour.
The Amalgamated Association of
Iron, Steel and Tin Workers *vill meet
in viranite City, 111., May 1.
The International Union of Laundry
Workers has a combined membership
of 4,300 in seventy-nine locals.
The Woodeaivers' International un
ion comprises twenty-one local unions,
with a combined membership of 1,169.
International Stereotypers and Elec
trotypers' Union of America will meet
in convention at Cleveland on June 11.
Four hundred and five local unions
are affiliated with the International
Molders' union, and the total member
ship is 50,000.
wage dis­
pute with the Came! :. Pacific rail
road at the outbreak e war. Ac
tion on this mat! v !... deferred un
til the war is T.i,- same pro
cedure will be
i y the nil I
men in this eon
During th«* American war
m,i iie president
to a man Mi emphasis
that the i i'i~ which con
fronted tl'
o i
••niiuelit at the
i "t bp dupli-
American Federation Has Granted
Charter to Philadelphians.
The city
firemen of
waiting in
n :.,i-
.1 i,.n
part of conn ii hue tin- condi
tions under
which they
to work, have organized a labor union
and received their charter from the
American Federal
i n of
..r-aiiizati,n i
Square is the name. Spare is our aim
All Suits and Pants made to your
individual order in a
to oetter tas ^.Ving conditions ot Itte
firemen and to obtain a higher wage
for the city's fire fighters. Their de
mands are embodied in a bill intro
duced in the legislature in 191
ri, known
as bill No. 17. It provides for a two
platoon system, ten hours for the day
shift and fourteen hours for the night
shift. This bill, however, only applies
to cities of the second -lass, and an ef
fort will be made, with the support of
the labor unions, to make this bill ap
ply to Philadelphia.
The organization, which is opeu to
firemen, drivers, hosemen, captains
and lieutenants, will be known as City
Firemen's union, local 15,410. Accord
ing to Organizer Richie, tills union is
formed upon the same basis as the
postal employees. They are not per
mitted to strike. Like organizations
exist in Pittsburgh, Chicago, New York.
Washington and Cleveland.
The organizer and the firemen who
are enrolled believe that the organiza
tion soon will contain every fireman
in the city bureau.
8tage Set to Lift Prohibition on Long
Hours For Women.
At Albany the stage is set for the as
sassination of the labor law. The can
ners, who do not think fifty-four hours
a week are enough for a woman to
work, propose to force legislation to
lift the prohibition. They tried it last
year, but failed. Now. however, it is
said the necessary votes are lined up.
The measure the canners are most
anxious to have passed is the Bewley
bill, which permits the working of em
ployees overtime to make up for
breakdowns in machinery. It turns
over to the state industrial commission
the power to regulate such overtime.
The fact that at least one member of
the commission is a manufacturer and
active In the affairs of an association
that is behind the Bewiey bill does not
necessarily mean anything. It is in
teresting. thoi-ii
It must 1 -ei.t to the dullest
how the canners can make a joke of
the labor law if such a hole is torn in
it. The Ben ley bill puts a premium
on inefficiency
Union Shop
The SquareTailors
Holbrock Bros.
Hetiabie Dealers in
Dry Goods, Carpets, Cloaks, Queensware
Millinery. House Furnishings
Voss-Holbrock Stamps with
aii Cash Purchases.
Meet him
machinery main
tenance. It s^uid be beaten.—New
More Pay For Dressmakers.
Increases in pay ranging from 5 to 1.0
per cent, as against 20 per cent asked
for, were granted the waist and dress
makers of New York city by the board
of arbitration. The demand for a for
ty-eight hour we,-1, v. .1- refused. By
the decision al ir workers are
awarded approximately £1.000,000 an
nually, or about one-fourth of what
their union, the International Ladles'
Garment Workers, nsked for.
Cor. Front and Hiali Sts.
Merchants' Dinner Lunch
Served every Day
1 Lunch Counter Connected

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