Newspaper Page Text
?0L. XVII. NO. 89.
SHULER & TEAMSTE,RS It has not been so many years since when tbe life of a tee raster was the very antithesis of pleasure, or hades, as you choose. His was a life which brought little ""age, little consideration and truch less comfort to the little wife and babies at home. He was just an ordinary brute, treated as such even worse than the animals over which he moiled and toiled. Whether the sur arose at four-thirty or whether it arose at seven thirty, he was forced to spend the maj n rtion of the twenty-four hours looking after the horses and bringing in the gjlden stream of dollars to hi* employer. A horse was a valuable animal in sickness it was cared for and only the most penurious em ployer would refuse to see that its shoes were in good or ier. Times have changed. Times have brought a more consideratt linage of that faithful beist—man's most intelligent friend—the horse. And who encompassed this transi tion? Paradoxical as it may appear, it was the very men who followed in the footsteps of then predecess ors. Abused, as they were, by em ployer, by unscrupulous and heart less drivers, many faithful add willing beasts of burden fell by the wayside and short shrift wa? given to then remains. The drivers re i/ed less consideration than did the horses. Inhuman was the treat ment of the men and bo*s who eked out a precarious existence, driving in rain, sunshine or zero weather. Times change and so do condi tio is. A few years ago some there were who, believing in justice, came together in earnest consulta tion, and fiom then a new ere dawned for the men who would have been more humare to the dumb beasts of burden than their employers had been to them. Wiib the coming of the Yule tide and a THEN AND NOW WHAT SAMMIES EAT Meat Twice Daily, White Bread, Vegetables, Chief Foods. Coffee 8erved at Breakfast and But termilk, Tea, Cocoa or Water at Other Meals. The old idea" that army diet should consist largely of beans, hardtack and coffee, i^ no longer approved, writes Belle Case Harrington in Leslie's. In the present training camps meat, pre ferably beef, is served twice a day, with white bread baked in the general camp bakery and kept 24 hours be fore serving. Where green vegetables can be obtained they are used, other wise canned goods are substituted. Coffee is served at breakfast, and but termilk, lemonade, tea, cocoa or wa ter at other meals. Meals, which in the vernacular are "mess" or "chow," are served cafeteria style. Every soldier is furnished with an outfit which consists of a meat-pan, knife, fork and spoon, and a long handled cup. The cover of the meat pan serves as a plate, and the outfit is so arranged that each man may do his own cooking in case of an emergency. Each man takes his meat-pan and passes before a table where he is served with the various dishes pre pared. He then goes to a table, or if there is none, drops down on the ground, and eats in absolute content ment. Don't feel too sorry for the boys, even if they do write longingly home wishing for mother's cookies or Jane's fried chicken. Men in outdoor training have good appetites, and they are far better off. physically than if fed on the salads and ices and sodas they probably would have at home. What they miss most is sweets. If you are sending things from home put in cookies, candles and jams or jellies. Milk chocolate is one of the things a soldier seems to crave, and a jar of malted milk will come handy if he Is not feeling well. Be sure not to send food that is too rich as the boys are on plain diet. One of the comforting thoughts to tbe friends at home is the fact that Uncle Sate Is bound to maintain jzood m.n» i» fc api i new year, the organized teamsters of the city will have gone forward so far over old conditions that a re trospective view causes one to shudder with horror. All of this is bu,t a liberal ex emplification of what may be done when men hav? a just cause to wage war. War was waged against conditions that can be likened to the awful conditions which the Uaited States is now fighting to re 'iave the whoie world from. mention individuals would'he but to restate what is well known. More opportunity has com" to those men to enjoy the rights, privileges and home comforts In sttad of seeing the little ones at home once a we k, as formerly, those men can dandle and fondle the little ones now almos* any evening. Tbe good little woman finds that she can new afford two calico dresses a year, where for merly one bad to answer. And all this has come in spite of the fieice antagonism waged by so called cap tains of industry. They themselves have seen that a ccntented man, like a contented horse, will and can pull a heavier load. And in return for humane treatment a much longed for result has come time for educat on, recreation, and time to spend in those pursuits which make this a wor1#^Wtrth while living in. Yes, the boys who haul the com mefe en our city sftreets are head ed aright they are numbered among those who have a voice in their working co ditions, and the ''boss has had occasion to cut a great deal of cursing and arrogance away from his personality. To the union teams'ers, mankind as a whole, even the brute kingdom can say: You have made the road easier for me on which I pull the load4 —Cincinnati Chronicle. ncaitn among soiuicis. i^%eu 11 there were no humane considerations, this would lie necessary from a pure-, ly economic standpoint. Sick soldiers are a menace, and a regiment not up to par in the matter of health is an awful handicap. All iaen are vaccinat ed for smallpox, and inoculated against typhoid as soon as they enter service. Minor disorders, such as blisters, how el trouble, or sore throat are carefully watched by the officers in charge, and there is a hospital with trained nurses in every camp. No faking can pass. The officers have sharp eyes to dis criminate between real and simulated illness. As the hoys say, "There are' only two times a day when a fellow can get sick"—at sick call, which oc curs at 7 a. m., and again at 5:30 p. m. Between times "he just has to stand It." Regular habits, outdoor life, plain food, and strenuous military drill, are in themselves strong factors toward good health, and many a man who en ters the service a comparative weak ling will come out flue of physique and strong of limb. As for drinking, it "isn't done!" Saloons and even soft drink establish ments are not allowed to sell any thing to a soldier In uniform, and many young men who have heretofore been occasional drinkers now proudly proclaim themselves teetotalers. Accidents In Coal Mines. A report by the federal bureau of mines reveals that large strides have been made in establishing safety meas ures and reducing fatalities in Ameri can coal mines. Accidents have killed 54,453 men while mining coal since 1870, when the first inspection law was enacted. This toll was paid to pro duce 9,838,300,000 tons of coaj. The number of men killed per 1,000 employed during the 46-year period was 3.30. For every 10,000,000 tons of coal produced 55 lives were lost, which means a production of 180,676 tens for each fatality. The accident rate is being reduced. The fatality rate In 1915 per 1,000 men employed was 2.95, which was the low est recorded since 1898. The produo* tlon of coal per fatality in 1915 was 228,000 tons, the largest production per fatality daring the history of cool inUfc* iug in the United State* JK? \sM The strike of the Textile Work ers which has been on since Jure 27, 1917 is said to be Hearing a satisfactory ending. In the past two months several committees have visited the Shuler & nning hoftn Woolen Mills and there met the proprietors of the firm. Practically nothing was gained at these meetings until Miss Mar ?aret Maxine representing the Woman's War Council and chair man of the committee cf W mer in Industry of that association and Mrs. Sarah Con boy, International Secretary-Treasurer of the Textile Workers' Union met with Wm. Shuler at his home last Saturday afternoon. After this conference with Mr Shuler they visited Trades Council hall where the members of the Tex tile Workers' Union were in ses sion. Mrs. Conboy rted to the textile workers' committee what the conference with Mr. Shuler hud brought about and what Mr Shuler agreed to do. She later ad dressed the Textile Workers and told them of the benefits of belong ing to the organization and to re main loyal as they have done. Shr also sad that the International was still back of them and was sure that .when she went back and reported, that the International wi uld ex tend more financial aid to the local here. At a meeting held Monday the strike commitiee of the Textile Wor ers' Union announced that a special meetijg of all members would be held in Trades Council hall on Tuesday night at 7 o'clock tfORKHEN SEEK mar ff Right to Haintain Organization Not Questioned By The Firm. No Discrimination Promised. I vbL Charge That Unions Are Engaged in Profiteering Is Manifestly Unfair. FIGURES REVEAL IKE fACTS Increases in Wage Scales Have No More Than Kept Pace With Ad vanced Cost of Living—Statis tics From Bureau of Labor. By WILLIAM L. CHENERY. An impression that the unions are not unwilling to profiteer Is current. It is charged that organized workers are trying to get more th:in they are justly due. They also, It is sometimes alleged, are taking advantage of the nation's emergency. A fairly definite answer to this sus picion has been made by the bureau of labor statistics. The facts are brought up to May 15, 1916, and while they are not precisely contemporane ous, they are fresh as figures go. For if statistics were peddled as eggs they would ever bear the cold-storage label. P.ut the facts, garnered by the govern ment do not seem to dispel any illu sion concerning profiteering among workmen. Their wages have not,kept up with the cost of living. Wages and Prices. Organized labor received higher wages In 1916 than in any year pre ceding. "In all trades taken collect ively the increase in weekly wage rates in 1916 over 1015 was 4 per cent, over 1914 4 per cent, over 1910 11 per cent, arid over li)07 16 per cent. While wage rates have been increas ing there has been a slight decrease in working time." The gain was considerable but not so marked as the advance In the cost of living. In May, 1916, 94 cents bought only-as much food as 70 cents purchased In 1907. Food, fuel and the oth^r of life showed Twelve Qo Back to Work Wednes= nesda Horning And More to Follow In The Near Future. Nearly every member of the or eanization that was in the city and who could attend this meeting did so. The strike committee then re Dorted to the members that tbe proposition made by Wm. Shuler to Mrs. Conboy arid Miss Mixine would come through another party and that Mr. Shuler sug^estel that Albert Ivy who is a member of the local Tailors' Union and a del egate to the central body act as the go-between for the firm and the textile workers. The proposition presented y Mr. Schnler as near as we can learn was for the textile workers to pre sent a list of names to the firm of all those who are still out. The firm ^frould then go over tbe-e nam^s and select about twenty five of this list that Jhey could take back at once. The balance tore main on the waiting list and as they were needed rnd the business increased more wou'd be given po sitions. Mrs. Qp^bpy anci Miss Maxine .also informed the commit tee that the firm had no obj-cticns to them belonging to the Textile Workers' Union so long as it did not interfere with their work. This was thought to be only fair to the firm and it is practically what Mr. Shuler and Mr. Benning hofen had said to a former commit tee that met with them at the plant. At the meeting Tuesday night Albert Levy presented the names of twelve of the members selected by Shuler & nninghofen, after the union had accepted the fim's proposition, with the understand- i n iiiovomcnt. I n 'jenemi fn- itoven.itiMMH authorities found measuring by wholesale prices, 70 cents in 1907 would buy as much as 96 cents in May, 1910. Since then of course the rise has been enormous. By March of this year $1.30 was needed to buy what 76 cents would have paid for ten years previous. And .December is vastly higher than March. Industrial Unrest. Emphatically wages have not .kept up With tbe prices. The same thing is true in Great Britain. So strik ingly obvious is it there that the first of Lloyd-George's recent commissions on industrial unrest mentioned food prices as the primary cause of un easiness in Great Britain. Labor to Show War Stand. British labor's attitude toward war and peace will be the chief subjects of discussion at the seventeenth annu al conference of the British labor party, beginning January 23. Among the resolutions to be submit ted is one by the British socialist party, which says in effect that labor's participation in the government has not resulted in any tangible benefits to the mass of the people. Other resolutions to be- submitted criticize the government's handling of food supplies and urge as a remedy that distribution be made on a family basis "of share and share alike." Perhaps the most revolutionary of the resolutions is one which calls upon the government "to impose at once a levy of 25 per cent on the whole capital wealth of tfco country, to be levied on all persons'in posses sion of more than £1.000 ($5,000) to be followed by further levies for the purpose of extinguishing the national debt and compelling the rich classes to repay to the nation the wealth which they have acquired, not in return for service rendered, but as the result of au unjust and vicious economic sys tem." His Case. "I know a man who knows perfect ly how to manage a wife in every par ticular." "He may know how, but does hi? do it?" "No, because they won't let him out oi the, &8ftjae asylum Long enough to try." HAMILTON, OHIO. FRIDAY. JANUARY 18, 1918. 76 cents PER YEAR E ins? and the word from Mr. Levy tha» none of them were to be dis ci iminated against. He also stated that Mr. Schuler said that the twelve was all that he could place now and for them to report to the mill Wednesday morning. Nine of the twelve reported for wo*k. Two of them were out of the city and another could rot report for work on accovnt cf the illne?£ of her mother. More of them would have been taken back immediately but the firm says it If the proposition that Mr. Shu ler makes through Mr. Levy is carried out which we hope am: trust it will be, the strike of the textile workers .viU be history in a short time. It is hoped by.the tex tile workers that the firm will keep their word and in return the tex tile workers that are members of the union will give the best ..hat is in them. This is the sentiment o the textile workers and the PRESS hopes it will prevail. Communication by Flags. Those who have read Cooper's novel, "The Pilot," will remember how the American officer instructed his lady love to communicate with him by little flags of varied colors. Cooper, with a novelist's freedom, made his charac ter apply a system which had already been extensively experimented with in the British and French navies. For after much experimenting combina tions of flags of various shapes and colors were gradually developed into what we call a "code" today. Prob ably the most famous flag signal ever flown was Nelson's at Trafalgar, but it required a great number of combina tions of flags (hoists, they are tech nlcally called) to spell out: "England expects that every man will do his duty." opeeding up increases Accidents. Speeding up in industry and inex perienced workers are responsible for a 25 per cent increase in Industrial ac cidents in Wisconsin for the year end ed June 30, according to representa tives of the state industrial commis sion. The number of accidents was 20,500, against 16,051 for the previous year. An Old Habit The recruit at bayonet practice had just given the dummy a vicious jab, when the drill sergeant noticed that he was grimacing in a rather unusual manner. "Number Four!" cried the sergeant "what's the idea of all that mugging?**. "Why," said the recruit, a former movie actor, "you want me to register hate or fury or something don't you?** Back-Handed Comfort. "They say men of brains live longer than others." "Don't worry about that, dear boy you may be one of the exceptions to the rule." .. Army to Recruit Mechanics. Several thousand men with experi ence as mechanics, machinists, black smiths and storage battery experts are needed for the motor section of the ordnance department of the army. Ap plicants will be graded as first-class sergeants after a special course in the handling of motor-driven vehicles, tanks and field artillery at one of tbe ordnance training camps. w is impossible to take •tbem all back at once, on account of loosing many of their Mr. Levy also reports M.1* & orders since the strike. If the tuill re ceives more orders they intend it is said to replace the night force and this will be the means of empl i more of the strikers. i Mr. Shuler that no new girls will be employed uu .il !he girls who have been out are placed in their former positions. The girls are going to rely on what Mr, I.: has report ed to them. They viU meet a usual every day in Trades Council hall, and wait on furthei calls from the mill. Areprt will o Miss Maxtneand Mrs Co .boy vvi were instrumental in reaching partial set tlement of the texti'e strike. V* V* fcgg 4 The grand jury in its retort 1-^st week to Judge Clarence Murphy, returned indictments against Chas. Ruddy and Taylor Dowling. th are charged with carrying con cealed weapons. Ruddy is a strike breaker and at tbe time of his ar rest he had pinned to his belt a tag with the inscription. The Nil s Tool Works Company, I, 108 on it. Ruddy said that he was em ployed by the Niles company and that the tag was his identification tag. The dav he was arrested he was s aggeriug around the vicinity of Maple A\e, Court and Third streets, brushing up against people, demanding money and when re fused became insulting. He asked a merchant on Maple Avenue tbe way to the Atlas tel and when asked what he wanted to do there said, "I'm one of those d—d scabs, I'm unfair and I'm going to help Industrial Commission Makes Same General Older Status of other Codes Which Will Prove an Aid to Safety. On 1) -r.s't- 14 the Industrial Commission oi O ua adopted th following resolution and notifica tion was sent all foundry twtki in the S*ate. "BE IT RESOLVED that the recommendations of the Advisory Committee upon S fety and San itation Regulation of Foundries and Employment of Women i Core Rooms, shall be accepte by tre Industri.il Commission of Ohio tha# the same be issued as a general order of th- Industrial Commission of Ohio, effective thirty days from December 1. 1917 and thit publication of such general order be made in accord ance with section 871 34 of the General Code This is the first of the Cod^s agreed upon by the different Ad visory -mmittee (composed of representatives of ejjpioy.rs and emj loyees) to be made a genera! Order by the Commission. STRIKE-BREAKER Chas. Rudy, and Imported Guard Taylor Bowling, Are Indicted And Will have to Face Trial. O'.ber Coaes agreed upon by these Committees, but which bsve not yet been made General Orders by the Industrial Commission, per tain to Metal, Woodworking, Pot teries, Passenger and eight Ele vators. The following Codes have been impleted hut not yet tepjrted to the Industrial Commission: Smi cation, Ventilation, Industrial Lighting, Regulation for Railroad Yards of Industrial Plants, Gen eral Standards. Work is still he'- done upon 'he Codes having to do with, Glass, Fire Prevention, Ladders and Grinding Wheels. All of this woik has been con ducte through the titans of Safety Director Noouan, of the Indr.strial Commission, atid in 'he interest the Safety F.rst Cimpaign. Woman's Union Label League Insta I Officers The Woman's Union Label League met on last Thtir?3&y at tbe home of Mrs Swain Corson on Forest Ave. Lindenwald. Much routine business was transacted aft^r which the ffic?rs were installed tor the current year •S: V-v^ take the bread and butter away from a lot of these people around here." At the time of his arrest the pa ce thought that they had run oil to a branch of the steel plant. He carried a pair of knuckles that con tained as much iron as 'he ordinary man can carry. Bowling is the fellow who did the Commache Indian act on the t'ght of December 14th at the Far rneis' Hotel. He had on a big juicy load of booze and threatened to shoot up the place. When ar rested the police found a gun on him that looked very much like a small sized cannon. th men are at liberty, their Kinds having been s'gtied oy Agus us Wood, of the Niles Tool Works Company. Thtse men do much to make HAMILTON SAFE FOR DE MOCRACY." fh se installed were as follows: President, Mrs, William George 1st Vice President, Mrs. Frank Kuchenbrodt 2nd Vice President, Mrs. W. W. Finfrock Recording and Corresponding Sectetary, Mrs. George Stroud Financial Secretary Mr?. Swain Corson Treasurer, Mrs, Karl Miller Sargent at Arms, Mrs. ..has. Vaughn Door Keeper, Mrs. Wtl. Jones Trustees, Mrs. William Geotge Mrs. John Wiltfee, Mrs. W. W Finfrock Drill Mast er, Mrs. Chas, Vaug r». Immediafely alter the installa i o n e i i n e s i e n s Vaughn was presented with a beau tiful bouquet of cut flowers by the members of the Isagu^ as a token of appteciaiiou of scrvice rendered during th past year. After all business bad been tran acted, a social hour was indulged during which time £he hostess, Mrs. Corson, served a delightful lurch which was much enjoyed by all those present. The next meeting will be held on next Thursday at the home of Mrs. George on North Second St. RETAIL The Retail Clerks' Union met on otiday evening. Owing to tbe inclement weather the attendance was small. The regular routine business was transacted. The in stallation of the new rfficers was scheduled for this meeting but ow ing to the small attendance present it was decided to defer this matter until the next regular meeting which will be held on Monday evening January 28th, At the next meeting there will be three delegates elect* to represent the local in Trades Council and several candidates will be initiated. Railroad Men Seek Advance. The HI social committee representing till members of the Brotherhood of Lo comotive Firemen and Englnemen in the United States has agreed on a schedule of increased wages approxi mating 10 pr cent. This schedule will he voted on by all members before being presented to the railroads. W. S. Carter of Cleveland, chairman of the brotherhood, in making the an nouncement, emphatically declared that the referendum on the .schedule "Is in no sense u strike vote." Carter snid the committee which 18, composed of six men each from the Eastern, Southeastern and Western divisions, will meet agnln In February. At this meeting if the schedule is rat ified it will he presented to the rail roads. In addition to providing au increase of 10 per cent, the schedule estab lishes a minimum wage of SS.oO a day tor firemen, hostlers and helpers.