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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, January 25, 1918, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1918-01-25/ed-1/seq-3/

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Incompliance to the orders is
sued by the National Fuel Comrnia
sion*r A. Gufield for "heatlesa
Mondays from January 21 to March
25th inclusive the trustees of the
Co operative Trades a nd Labor
Council has mad1 for organization?
which meet on Mondays the follow
tag schedule drring this period.
tail Clerks, 2ud and 4th Tues
-days Hall No. 4.
Horsesboers, 1st and 3.d Fridays
Hall No. 3.
Cigarmakent, 2nd Friday, Hall
No. 3.
Steam BnRineers, 1st and 3rd
Fridays, Hall No. 4.
Barbers, 1st end 3rd Wednesdays
Hall No. 4.
Machinists' Union Local Nd. 241
will meet hereafter at 7:30 p. m.
Wednesdays instead of &
as formerly. ,,
number of the memhers
of the local lodge will go to Day
ton, Ohio, Sunday to attend the
254b Anniversary Celebration of
the Dayton Machinists' Union. In
ternational Vice-President Ander
son will be present..
New Billiard Parlors Cpen
The Regent Billiard Parlors will
open Saturday morning at 146
High S reet in what was formerly
fbe dining room of the Hotel
When the parlors are opened
Hamilton will have one of the finest
pool and billiard halls in the state.
The room has been beautifully
renovated, painted and papered and
i»ew fixtures have been installed.
There will be fourteen pocket
tables and two billiard tables. The
lovers of pool and billiards have
been anxiously waiting for this an
nouncement and will be given a
treat when they attend the open
Tfte project represents an expen
diture of #12 000 and will be cptr
ated by Louis Georgopoolis and
A strike of all the meat cutters
'and butcher workmen in Pittsburg
and Allegheny County, Penn., was
called last Thursday. This was
done after every means made to
parley with the employers faiied.
The strike was voted unanimously
There is much in feeling perfectly satisfied that the groceries you buy are
i I I
The strong current of continuous business keeps the stocks always fresh and new in (he Kroger
Stores. The high standard of quality that is always maintained, and at prices that speak
for themselves, is bound to win and is convincingly proved in the unprecedented growth of
-the Kroger Co.
•-.v.' More than
gt $20,000.00
is saved each week by Kroger
customers on one item alone—
Being the difference between the
general bread price of 10c on a,
pound loaf and Kroger's price of
13 Groceries, 6 Meat Markets in Hamilton
at a meeting at which 650 members
attended. The demands of the
men are fair. They ask for a min
imum wage of $22 00 a week for
10 hour day for five days and 15
hours on Saturday, that is from 6
a. m. to 9 p. m.
It seems that the R.tail Shop
owners are willing to recognize the
Butchers' Union, but that the
Meat Packets have intimidated the
retailers to such extent that they
are afraid to sign an agreement
with the union. Vice Prestdend
Fred Schmidt states that he has
enough proof and evidence on hand
to make it irteresting for the
Packers Trust, which may lead
some of them to the gates of Leav
Breaks Mis Wrist
-It was with much regret that the
many friends in this city of Frank
L. Rist of the Chronicle of Cincin
aati, learned of the painful accident
with which he met on last Satur
day a week ago It seems that be
slipped and fell on the ice and
broke his wrist in three places
Brother Rist, we are told is taking
things philosophically and says he
is a oetter man than a lot of fellows
who have two whole arms. Since
it had to happen we are glad tc
know that it is the left wrist that
is disabled and that his lifting pro
peller is as good as ever.
Says Jury of Louis Zimmerman
Louis Zimmerman was placed on
trial Tuesday in Judge Harlan's
^ourt. Zimmerman was indicted
by the grand jfry for an alleged
assult or Getrge Kessler in connec
tion with the strike at the Woolen
Mills. The jury after deliberating
a little more than an hour returned
a verdict of not guilty.
Robert Shank was the attorney
for Z mmerman and M. O. Burns
assisted Ben A, Bickley, preseent
ing attorney,*
Women Replace Men
In Pittsburg Post*
v Office*.
Because of the scarcity of men,
40 young women will be employed
in the distribution of city mail in
the Pittsburgh postoffice. This is
the first t'me that women have ever
been used in the direct distribution
of mail in this city, They will
stftt on Friday morning and will
handle city mail occluslvely. They
will not be used on foreign or oot
of town mail for the present.
The serious man problem which
is increasing each day may make it
necessary to employ women as let
ter carriers in the near future.
This step will be taken j'tst as soon
as competent men are unavailable,
according to a Pittsburgh official.
Effect of Child Labor Legistation Will
Be Felt In Every Community in
the Country.
The new federal child labor law will
cost money.
It should mean, saving on the part of
all people.
It should niean more taxes for more
schools and better schools.
It should mean extended efforts in
communities where schools are not
operated on full time, where teachers
are not well paid nor schools well
equipped, and where poverty necessi
tates scholarships and other extrane
ous aid to the child. But this is ex
actly the efl'ect that was hoped for
when the law was advocated and
passed—to take the children out of the
factories and shops In ttyt1 years when
they should be getting a training
which will fit them to be real pro
ducers, and to put theiu into the
schools. If the schools are not ade
quate, then they must be made better.
The very fact that they are not ade
quate shows that the law- was needed
in that community.
Our whole American standard of liv
ing is based upon universal education
and universal opportunities. This law
should grade up to a national stand
ard those comparatively few sections
of the country where Americans have
apparently forgotten American ideals.
It sends the children back into the
schools, and it will surely create bet
ter schools where they are needed. For
there has seldom been a time or a place
in this country whre the need for ade
quate educational facilities, clearly
pointed out, did not meet with an im
mediate response.
(From tlie CommUttee on Public Informa
tion, Washington: George Creel, Chair
man the Secretary of State the Secre
tary of War, the Secretary of the Navy.)
The British workmen asked
their prime minister to tell the
nation precisely for what object*
its manhood is suffering week in
and week out a daily toll of cas
ualties exceeding more than a
thousand men killed or wounded.
Premier Lloyd George replied
with a statement which fulfilled
all thoir expectations in point of
clearness and detail. President
Wilson seconded the British pre
mier with an exposition of Amer
ican war aims which, it is assert
ed, leaves only a few loopholes
for i iticism of vagueness, and
coupled with it a challenge to
the central powers to make an
equally plain reply.
His Waterloo.
"There is a fellow they call the ('Mir
acle Man.'"
"Because they say he can do any
"I'll bet there's one thing he can't
"What's that?"
"I'll bet he an't convince a woman
that she snore in 1 i sleep.**'
Not Satisfactory.
"What did she say when you kissed
"Told me to cotnfc around Fridays
hereafter, as that was amateurs'
American Price Rigidly Regulated
United States Food
Sugar Cost 35 Ctenta a Pound During
Civil War—Refiners' Profits
Now Curtailed.
Sugar is1 selling today throughout
America at from to 9 ceuts a
pound to the consumer, even though
there is a world shortage which has
reduced this nation's sugar allotment
to 70 per cent, of normal.
Through the efforts of the United
States food administration the sugar
market has beet) regulated as far as
i he producer, refiner, and wholesaler
is concerned. The food administration
has no power to regulate retail prices
except by public opinion. Even though
more than 85,000 tons of sugar have
been shipped to France in the last
four months the retail grocer's sugar
price is around 8 to 8% cents. He
should sell this sugar at 8% to 9
'•ents, the food administration believes,
ind asks the American housewife to
pay no more than this amount.
Last August when the food admin
istration was omnniWBd the price of
Migar rose suddenly to 11 cents a
"pound. During the Civil War sugar
cost the consumer 35 cents a pound.
By regulation of the-sugar market and
reducing the price to 8% and 9 cents
and keeping it from advancing to 20
cents the food administration* has sav
ed the American public at least $180,
000,000 in f»ur months, according to
a statement made by Herbert Hoover
he other day.
"It is our stern duty to feed the al
lies, to maintain their health and
strength at any cost to ourselves,"
Mr. Hoover declared. "There has not
been, nor wiU be as W!e see it, enough
sugar for even their present meagre
and depressing ration unless they send
ships to remote markets for it. If we
in our greed and gluttony force tlienv
either to further reduce their ration
or to send these ships we will have
done damage to our abilities to win
:hls war.
"if we send the ships to Java
for 250,000 tons of sugar next year
we will have necessitated the em
ployment of eleven extra ships for
one year. These ships—if used In
transporting troops—would take
150,000 to 200,000 men to France."
Reason for World Shortage.
As Mr. Hoover pointed out, the
United States, Canada and England
were sugar importing countries before
the war, while France and Italy were
very nearly self supporting. The main
sources of the world's sugar supply
was Germany and neighboring powers,
the West Indies and the East Indies.
German sugar is no longer available,
as it is used entirely in Germany,
which also absorbs sugar of surround
ing countries.
England can no longer buy 1,400,000
long tons of sugar each year from
Germany. The French sugar produc
tion has dropped from 750,000 to 210,
000 tons. The Italian production has
fallen from 210,000 tons to 75,000 tons.
Thus three countries were thrown
upon East and West Indian sources
for 1,925,000 tons annually to maintain
their normal consumption.
Because of the world's shipping
shortage the allied nations started
drawing on the West Indies for sugar
East Indian sugar took three times
the number of ships, since the dis
tance was three times as great. Sud
denly the west was called on to fur
nish and did furnish 1,420,000 tons of
sugar to Europe when 300,000 tons a
year was the pre-war demand. The
allies had drawn from Java 400,000
tons before the shipping situation be
came acute.
"Tn spite of these shipments," Mr.
Hoover stated the other day, "the
English government lit August reduced
the household sugar ration to a basis
of 24 pounds- per annum per capita.
.Vnd In September the French govern
ment reduced thtrtr household ration
to 13 2-10 pounds a year, or a bit over
1 pound of sugar a month. Even this
meagre ration could not be filled by
the French government it was found
.'arly in the fall. America was then
:isked for 100,000 tot s of sugar and
succeeded In sending 85,000 tons by
December 1. The French request was
granted because the American house
hold consumption was then at least 55
pounds per person, and it was consid
ered the* duty of maintaining the
French morale made our course clear."
Today the sugar situation may
be summarized by stating that if
America will reduce its sugar con
sumption 10 to 15 per cent, this
nation will be able to send 200,000
more soldiers to France.
Sugar today sells at seaboard re
Ineries at $7.25 a hundred pounds.
Vhe wholesale grocer has agreed to
limit his profit to 25 cents a hundred
plus freight, and the retail grocer Is
supposed to take no more than 50 cents
i hundred pounds profit This regu
lation was made by the food adminis
tration, which now asks the housewife
:.o reduce sugar consumption as much
possible, using other sweeteners,
and also reminds her that she should
pay no more than 9 cents a pound for
Control of Cane Refiners' Profits.
"Immediately upon the establish
ment of the food administration," Mr.
Hoover said, "an examination was
made of the costs and profits of refin
ing and it was finally determined that
the spread between the cost of raw
and the sale of refined cane sugar
should be limited to $1.30 per hundred
pounds. The pre-war differential had
averaged about 85 cents and Increased
costs were found to have been impos
ed by the war in increased cost of re
fining, losses, cost of bags, labor, insur
ance, interest and other things, rather
more than cover the difference. After
prolonged negotiations the refiners
were placed under agreement estab
lishes &«se limit* an October X-.
HttytnOig over mis amount to bev"ngreetf
extortionate t*ider the law.
"In the course of these investiga
tions it was found by canvass of the
Cuban producers that their sugar had,
during the first nine months of the
past year, sold for an average of about
S4.2-1 per hundred f. o. b. Cuba, to
which duty and freight added to the
refiners' cost amount to about $5.68
per hundred. The average sale price
of granulated by various refineries, ac
cording to our investigation, was about
$7.50 perl bund red, or a differential of
"In reducing the differential to $1.30
there was a saving ro the public of
cents per hundred. Had such a dif
ferential been in use from the 1st of
January. 1917. fbe public would have
saved in the first nine months of the
year about S24.SOO.OOO."
Next Year.
Wl^h a view to more efficient organ
ization of the trade in imported sugars
next year two committees have been
foi'ined by the food administration:
1. A committee comprising repre
sentatives of all of the elements of
American cane refining groups. The
principal duty of this committee is to
divide the sugar imports pro rata to
their various capacities and see that
absolute justice is done to every re
2. A committee comprising three rep
resentatives of the English, French
and Italian governments two repre
sentatives of the American refiners,
with a member of the food administra
tion. Only two of the "committee have
arrived from Europe, but they repre
sent the allied governments. The du
ties of this committee are to determine
ihe riiost economical sources from a
transport point of view of all the al
lies to arrange transport at uniform
rates, to distribute the foreign sugar
between, the United States and allies,
subject to the approval of the Ameri
can. English. French and
Krupps Enlarge
This committee, while holding strong
views as to the price to be pah! for
Cuban sugar, has not had the final
voice. This voice has rested in the
governments concerned, together with
the Cuban government, ami I wish to
state emphatically that all of the gen
tlemen concerned as good commercial
men !\c mleavored witli the"*utmost
patience :iiKI skill to secure a lower
price, and their persistence has re
duced Cuban demands by 15 cents per
hundred. The price agreed upon is
about $4.00 per hundred pounds, v. !».
t'uba, or equal to about $6 duty paid
New York.
"This price should eventuate,"
Mr. Hoover said, "to about $7.30
per hundred for refined sugar from
the refiners at seaboard points or
should place sugar in the hands of
the consumer at from 8|/2 to 9
cents per pound, depending upon
locality and conditions of trade, or
at from 1 to 2 cents below the
-prices of August last and from one
half t© a cent per pound cheaper
than today.
"There is now an elimination of
speculation, extortionate profits, and
in the refining alone the American
people will save over $25,000,000 of
the'refining charges last
A part
of tiiese savings goes to J:he Cuban,
Hawaiian, Porto Rican and Lousianian
producer and part to the consumer.
"Appeals to prejudice against the
food administration have been made
because the Cuban price is 34 cents
above that of 1917. It is said In effect
that the Cubans are at our mercy
that we could get sugar a cent lower.
We made exhaustive study of the cost
of producing sugar in Cuba last year
through our own agents in Cuba, and
we find it averages $3.39, while many
producers are at a higher level. We
found that an average profit of at
least a cent per pound vfks necessary
in order to maintain and stimulate
production or that a minimum price of
$4.37 was necessary, and even this
would stifle some producers.
"The price ultimately agreed was 23
cents above these figures, or about one
fifth of a ceni per pound to the Ameri
can consumer, and more than this
amount has been saved by our reduc
tion in refiners' profits. If we wish to
stifle production in Cuba we could
take that course just at the time of all
times in our history when we want
production for ourselves and the al
lies. Further than that, the state de
partment will'assure you that such a
course would produce disturbances in
Cuba and destroy even our present
supplies, but beyond all these material
reasons is one of human justice. This
great country has no right by the
might of its position to strangle Cuba.
"Therefore there is no imposition
upon the American public. Charges
have been made before this commit
tee that Mr. Rolph endeavored to ben
efit the California refinery of which hi
was manager by this 34 cent Increase
In Cuban price. Mr. Rolph did not
the price. It does raise the price
the Hawaiian farmer about that
amount. It does not raise the profit ot
the California refinery, because their
charge for refining is. like all other rf
flners, limited to $1.30 per hundred
pounds, plus the freight differential or*
the established custom of the trade.
"Mr. Rolph has not one penny of in
terest in that refinery."
The Krupps have recently quadru
pled their naval plant near Kiel, ac
cording to a dispatch frovi Berlin by
way of Berne to La Suisse. This was
done at the request of the German
government for the purpose of mak
ing up losses in submarines, which,
the dispatch asserts, have been heav
ier than the German admiralty ad
British Shipbuilders Worried.
The North of England Steamship as
sociation is anxious about the present
and future shipbuilding position of
Great Britain, and has adopted a reso
lution expressing deep concern over
the fact that large orders have' been
placed with British shipbuilders by
neutral owners at £25 per ton for de
livery after the war. This was regard
ed as a serious menace to the mari
time supremacy of the country. The
amounts recovered for vessels lost
could not possibly be ^sufficient to re
place tonnage at anything like such a
figure and the association called on
the government to take such steps as
would enable BriUsh owners to rehabil
itate the British mercantile mai-ine.
js fS
Square, ia ltte name. Square is our aim
All Suits and Pants made to your
individual order in a
Union Shop
The SquareTaifors
g, 4
Are YOU going to lay the car up for the winter?
If so, -be SURE to place your STORAGE BAT
TERY in our care if you want a dependable battery
next Spring.
Your battery is wearing" all the time whether
you use the car or not—and if it is allowed to stand
for months witho..t use it will be ioa sad condition
this Spring.
Our Dry Storage
saves your battery—it is the ONLY SAFE METH
OD. Moderate storage charges.
Dominion Auto Simply Co.
11-13-16-19 High St. Pones 429
TLhc lucacnt
riiviii» i
Will Open Saturday
14 Pocket Billiard tables and 2 straight billiard tables.
The public is cordially invited to attend the opening.
-146 High Street-
Next Door to Howald's Hotel.
Cigars, Tobacco&r-Gigarettes, Pipes and Soft Drinks
The Cfi.
Reliable Dealers in
Dry Goods, Carpets, Cloaks, dueensware
Millinery. House Furnishings
Voss-Holbroek Stamps with
all Cash PureTi&ses.
Patronize Home Industry
The Co
Ciidiiiiaii Eruwl
Pure Gold
r^i i i
a case today
n- 4'

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