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Nicholas Van Der Pyl To Ad dress Manufacturers' As sociation Of This City January 22nd. Wffl Explain Work On U. S. Employment Service. This war was won by the working men at home as well as by the boys at the front. Every man and woman en gaged in a useful occupation, and all sticking to their jobs day after day until the war was won was the object for which the United States Employ ment Service was organized. The day of private labor recruiting is over. The private employment agency with its fees and its encouragement of labor turnover is at the end of its Career. The United States Employ ment Service, under the direction of Hon. John B. Densmore, is revolution izing the employment situation of this country, "Win the War" was the slogan of this Service. No man idle, no man idling, and regulation is what the De partment of Labor's system is work ing to bring about. Production, not profit, is every man's duty today. Mr. Nicholas Van Der Pyl, who will tell about the great work of the U. S. Employment Service, will speak here in this city—before the Manufacturers A&soiation on January 22 at 8 o'clock. H© has for many years been prominent as a lecturer and writer on industrial problems, and is one of several indus trial research experts who have been selected by the Information and Ed ucation Service of the Department of Labor to visit cities where Govern ment contracts are being filled. Since the first of July, Mr. Van Der Pyl has been in the field, explaining the Employment Service. Letters of appreciation from Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Iowa and Virginia received by the Department of Labor show how valuable this work is, Mr. Van Der Pyl was born in Boston and started in as .a boy in the printing business. From that point he broke into the newspaper work, put himself through college, and has been connect ed ever since with newspaper work, serving as editorial writer for the Boston "Herald" for a number of years. He has made a thorough study of social and industrial movements, writing and lecturing on these sub jects, In this connection, he has (jome into personal contact with leadr ers in industrial affairs. He is an eloquent speaker and has a lively sense o£ humor. CARL "llliMKLHl Retiring President of Eagles' Presented With Diamond New Officers Installled. Mem bership Campaign Launched, Butler Aerie No. 40'/, P. O. E. on Monday night installed the officers for this year. James Brannon acted us installing officer. Owing to pres ident-elect Chas. Fath being absent, vice president, Lou J, Witman filled the president's chair, The officers installed were: Worthy Vice President, Lou J. Wittman wor thy chaplain, Charles Berk recording Secretary Harry W. Hetterich fin ancial secretary, William Wilmer treasurer, Henry E. Yordy inside guard, Harley Sanks outside guard Brown Hughes trustee, Frank Weg man Aerie Physicians, Dr. Henry Krone and Dr. C. F. Hull, Immediately after the installation of officers, Ben Hilbert, in a neat Speech presented retiring ^president @arl Lehmkuhl, with a handsome diamond studded EagJe ring. Mr k-ehmkuh! thanked the members of the Aerie for the gift after which he pre sented to Mr. Hilbert a beautiful pair pf Eagle emblemed cuff buttons in re cognition of service rendered during Jlfr. Lehmkuhl's administration. Fred Qradolph presented the cuff buttons. Butler Aerie also decided at this teSMMfcSl meeting to inaugurate a membership campaign for 60 days at a reduced rate for initiation. The worthy pres ident was authorized to appoint a cam paign committee which will report a plan of campaign at the next meeting. The worthy president was also author ized to appoint a committee to ar range for the annual memorial ser vices which will be held in February. New Trial For Mooney Urged By A. F. of L. Ex ecutive Council. New York,—At a meeting of the A. F. of L. executive council in this city the following resolution was adopted: "Having before us the letter of Mr. E. \r. Nckels, secretary of the Chica go federation of labor, under date of December 22, 1918, with reference to labor convention of congress it Chicago, January 14, 1919, to deal with the Mooney case, the execut'/e court*iI declares: That the American Federation of Labor in convention has lealt forcibly and thoroughly with the sublet matter, urging a new trial ior ?.iooney, and that accordance w*:n that action the executive council is faithfully carried «ut the instruHi »»s of the (onv.ntion and will eontmu. the ful'..«**fent c.i its ability to urge and ins-vi upon a new and fair tml for Mooney and that the labor move ment therefore being properly recorded with reference to the same the executive council has no authority to deal with the subject in any other way than it is doing as per the action of the convention. Also that as far as general or sympathetic strikes are concerned, all parties are reminded that the authority for ordering strikes rests absolutely and entirely with the international unions, whose rules gov erning the same must be respected. There is not vested in the executive council of the American Federation of Labor or any body or group, other than the international unions, the au thority to call strikes, general or local. "That the Chicago federation of labor be advised as per above." to to to Workers Fight Not Over Warning Issued By President Bryan of United Leather Workers. Kansas City, Mo.,—President Bryan of the United Leather Workers' Inter national union, warns members of that organization that the millen nium is not just over the hill, even though the kaiser has been defeated. "A victory for industrial democracy would bestow greater benefits than all other victories comhined," writes the trade unionist if* the Leather Workers' Journal. "While democracy in government Is a step in the right direction, it is only a step in the direction of true democ racy no peoples are free where the many are dependent upon the few for their daily bread industry should bring its own reward for its face val ue, not a limit reward to the degree some autoci'at might in charity feel disposed to distribute as a wage to those who produce alb "But the wage earners should not become inflated or deceived with an idea that they are coming into their own, unless they fully realize what is necessary on their part to gather the fruits of victory. The employers are no more generous, or has true democ racy overtaken them, they will be just as exacting in the future as they have been in the past it remains for the wage earners to impress upon the employers the fact that they have de cided to take a hand in the division of the proceeds and will not acoept one cent less than a full return PE3 to to These are the days when all the nations of the world are at school wrestling with the three R's: Re adjustment, Reconstruction and Re habitation. New York,— A delegation repre senting the American Federation of Labor set sail for Paris Wednesday to attend an International Labor Con gress to take place at the same time and place as the peace congress. This is the first definite announcemnt of the calling of the labor congress. The member's of this delegation are: Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor James Duncan, president of the Granite Cutters' International Associ ation John R. Alpine, president of the United Association of Plumbeis and Steam fitters Frank Duffy, secretary of the Unit ed Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, and William Green, secretary-treasurer of the United Mine Workers of Amer ica Calling for the International Con gress of Labor has been left in the hands of President Gompers, as de cided at the Inter-Allied labor confer ence held in London on September 17 and 18. President Gompers has de ferred calling of the meeting, pending developments in the international sit uation. The decision to call the conference together was made at a session here in the Hotel Continental of the Ex ecutive Council of the American Fed ration of Labor, and accordingly President Gompers has cabled instruc tions to affilliated bodies in Europe asking them to send delegates. It is understood that the conference will not seat delegates from the Central Powers. The first session will be an infor mal gathering in Paris at which de tails for the formal gathering will be decided upon. The Executive Council was called into special session by President Gompers to take up several questions that have come up through the end ing of the war, and, not the least of these, to discuss matters of policy in meeting situations that may arise through any attempt on the part of employers to lower the present wage standard or increase the working hours. s, Calling of the international labor congress, to meet concurrently with the Peace Congress, has been upper most in the mind of American labor ever since the beginning of the war. The matter was first broached at the annual convention o^f the American Federation of Labor, held in Phila delphia in November, 1914. The Ex ecutive Council at the following con vention, held in San Francisco, in 1915 reported a comprehensive plan for the convocation of such a world congress, which was approved. This plan was transmitted to the labor movement of all countries. Re plies were received from many con curring in the suggestion. However, Carl Legien, President of the Fed eration of Trades Unions of Germany wrote that in his judgment such a movement would be of doubtful pra tiability, and the British labor move ment withheld endorsement. For these reasons the Baltimore (1916) convention adopted as a sup plement to the first proposition, that the labor movements of the various countries should prevail upon their national governments to include re presentatives of Labor in the national delegation which would participate in the World Peace Congress. These demands are in accord with the fundamental principles of dem ocracy which is the basic issue in volved in the war. The labor move ment holds that the government should be the agency by which the will of the people is expressed, rather than the agency for controlling them. Labor took the position that be cause of their response in defense of principles of freedom, the people have earned the right to wipe out all ves tiges of the old idea that the govern President Gompers Heads U. Delegation Which Set Sail For France On Wednesday Reconstruction Plans Outlined In elude Protection Of Children And Eight-Hour Workday. ment belongs to or constitutes a "governing class." In determining issues that will vitally affect the lives and welfare of millions of wageearn ers, it declared, justice requires that they should have direct representation in the agency authorized to make such decisions. The Buffalo (1917) Convention declared that the following essen tially fundamental principles must underlie any peace treaty acceptable to them: 1. A league of the free people of the world in a common convenant for genuine and practical co-operation to secure justice and therefore peace in relations between nations. 2. No political or economic re strictions meant to benefit some na tions and to cripple or embarrass others. 3. Xo indemnities or reprisals based upon vindictive purposes or de liberate desire to injure, but to right manifest wrongs. 4. Recognition Of the rights of small nations and of the principle, "No people must be forced under sover By Frank E. Wolfe. Of tlu American Alliance and Democracy. "What will labor do now that the war has ended?" This oft-repeated question is being answered all over the United States by what labor is doing. First of all Labor is standing firm on the ground which it has gained by its long years of endeavor brought to a climax by the patriotic demands of the war. Labor stood unwavering in its fealty to the principles of political democracy during the war for freedom of the op pressed people of Europe. Now it stands equally firm for its own economic freedom at home. The membership of the American Federation of Labor has increased by about one million during the period of the war. Organizers everywhere report unparalled success. The hour has struck for the complete and final overthrow of the opponents of collec tive bargaining. Their day has passed. Reports of progress are universal. Organized labor is making a stand "Bawled Out" Arc N. Y. Boat Owners By War Labor Board. New York—Because associations representing harbor boat owners re fused to submit to arbitration a dis pute with their employes regarding pay and working hours was rebuked by the national war labor board, which overruled their claim that the New York harbor wage adjustment board, created under an agreement with their men, had gone out of existance with the signing of the armistice. The war labor board dismissed the contention of the employers that its functions ceased with the signing of the armistice. The secondary plea of the boat owners that the wage ad justment board had been dissolved by resignation of some of itsmembers was denied, and advised that immedi ate steps be taken to fill the vacancies Consequently, they stated, both em ployers and employes were bound by their agreement of May last to sub mit throughout the war all differences What Will Labor Do What More Can It Do! for Labor eignty under which it does riot wish to live". 5. No territorial changes or ad justment of power except in further ance of the welfare of the peoples affected and in furtherance of world peace. In addition to these has ic principles which are based upon declarations of President Wilson, the Executive Council proposed to the last conven tion, held in St. Paul in June, 1918, that there shall be incorporated in the treaty that shall constitute the guide of nations after the war, the following declarations, fundamental to the best interests of all nations and of vital importance to wage-earners: 1. No article or commodity shall be shipped or delivered in international commerce in the production of which children under the age of sixteen have been employed or permitted to work. It shall he declared that the basic workday in industry and com merce shall not exceed eight hours. 3. Involuntary servitude shall not exist as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly con v icted. i. Establishment of trial by jury. These propositions were unani imously endorsed hv the St. Paul convention. at important points for shorter hours and no overtime in order liiat there may be more jobs for returning sold iers. This action bids fair to spread all over the country. Labor has given warning through its acknowledged spokesmen that there will be no backward step. Wage re ductions will not be permitted. A relative wage is the demand of the workers. Revisions upward in the scale are reported from many sections. JThere are other things upon which labor will insist. Children must come out of the factories and go back into the schools. American women must not be submitted to the indignity of being classed as "squaw workers." Women in industry must have every protection and must have equal wages wjth men workers. Labor offered every support to the nation during the war. It yielded many points on the plea of winning the war for freedom it co-operated with the employers everywhere in patriotic war work and now labor stand for its rights, firm in its con victions, steadfast in its purposes, in vincible in unity and fearless in the knowledge that it stands four square with the principles of right and justice. to the wage adjustment board, citing, in emphasizing the urgency of such action, "the necessity of food being shipped to Europe for the civilian pop ulations and for our foi-ces under arms across the sea." Previous to the reading of the de cision by Mr. Taft, the boat owners announced that they were willing to arbitrate the wage question, but not before the wage adjustment board, which they considered "without au thority." A basic eight-hour day, they asserted, was impracticable for harbor craft. The owners' delegates left the con ference without any intimation as to whether their attitude had been changed by the war labor board's decree. Unless the expressed determination of the boat owners is modified and they agree to conform to the action of the joint chairman of the war labor board a strike of the harbor workers is apparently inevitable. To force such action at the present time would seriously hamper the shipment of necessary supplies to Europe to re lieve the food shortage there. to to to Buy Thrift Stamps and help. HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY* JANUARY 10, 1919. 75 CENTS PER YEAR Richmond. Va., -Secretary John B. Andrews, of the American Association for Labor Legislation, in an address on labor on the peace treaty at the twelfth annual session, held jointly with the American Economic associa tion, Said: "A positive movement regulating world activities is essential if we are to have an effective or permanent democratic peace," declared Dr. An drews, in commending on existing labor treaties secured by the Associa tion for Labor Legislation between European countries. "As the burden of the war became more apparent to the group whose members always bear its greatest cost in lives and physical suffering, the position of la bor in national and international poli tics is likely to assume increasing importance. Demands for protective labor regulations, which shall create minimum standards of labor condi tions, below which no employe shall be permitted to work, are iikely to be come more and more pressing. These developments may yet become increas ingly important factors in tii- determ ination of peace terms." Whether th.- p:.ace treaty itself, or by means of a iater convention in spired or arranged by the peace dele gates, or otherwise, according to l»r. Andrews, the demaa for interna tional standards of labor protection must be met. "Those who ha\e been given -pecia! attention to the possibilities of sharp commercial competition after the war, and have considered dangers of un derselling and dumping of foreign pro ducts made by cheap labor", he said, will of course, t:o? overlook the rare Child Labor Tax. FAVORED BY UNITED STATES SENATE. Washington,—The senate has ap proved a bill assessing a tax of 10 pet cent on child labor by a vote of 50 to 12. The minority vote was cast by southern democrats. The new amend ment was drawn after the decision of the supreme court invalidating the previous law and has the approval of the president. It provides that those who employ child labor "shall pay for each taxable year, in addition to all other taxes imposed by law, and excise tax equivalent to 10 per centum of the entire net profits received or accrued for such year from the sale of the pro ducts of such labor." The labor of children is prohibited in certain in dustries under 16 years and in others as low as 14. The action of the sen ate is apparently a disapproval of the nullification by the supreme court of the previous child labor law. Senator Lenroot, in speaking on the amendment, said: "Take away the incentive of profit and the practice will be abandoned." He read from President Wilson's address urging that taxation be utilized to stamp out profiteering and said his recommenda tion was being followed. This is one method of reaching the profiteers. The amount of revenue resulting from the amendment may be nominal. The The main purpose of this legislation is to stop a very great evil and throw around the children a protection that will insure us of a more vigorous and healthy progeny. No Relief In Sight. From Excessive Prices In Food Stuffs. Washington,—Retail prices of food for the United States increased 1 per cent from October 15 to November 15, and 18 per cent in the year from Nov ember, 1917, to November 1918, ac cording to reports received from re- LABOR STANDARDS Must Be Protected. Warns Secre tary Andrews of A. A. for L. Li cost of Lamb, t'KHErv STATV5 WVXH.SMi.KT opportunity for regulation offered through international treaties. It is felt that particular nations should not be permitted to demoralize the mar kets of other Countries that are striv ing to uphold decent business stand ards "II is well, however, not to forget that one of the important factors in production is labor." he continued. abor is entitled to at least equal nsideration with credit and raw material in any plan for industrial md international peace. If, under the circumstances which have developed it the world war, an apparent effort made to belittle or even to postpone the just claims of labor now more strongly organized economically, and to a rapidly increasing degree politi cally throughout the western world, there will be serious unrest. "Labor in Europe has learned, at its own and to the loss of efficiency its respective governments, that war endangers every legal safe-guard thrown about labor," he concluded. "Even in this country, where we had been warned by the earlier experience Europe, it was only by the most en ivfetic and united efforts that protec ive labor standards were for the most art maintained during our eighteen months' participation in the struggle. "Does tins not suggest that if the workers of nany industrial nations me to have a common interest in ti maintenance of international pro tective labor standards, their interests will form an additional bulwark op posed to the plunging of the world into war? We can't stand still. We can't go back. We should, and must, forward." tail alfiv by the United States Hatvau of Labor Statistics. In the \ear ended November, 191 pork chops advanced 26 per cent roast rib and sirloin steak 28 per cent, round steak, chuck steak and plate beef 30 per cent, while in the month ended November 15 pork chops de creased in price 5 per cent, chuck ists 2 per cent, sirloin steak, round ak, rib roast and plate beef, 1 pet it each. cor?) meal, potatoes, onions and beans also declined in price dur ing the month ended November 1". Rice, which increased 23 per cent since November 1917, shows no increase in price for the month ended October, 1918. Lard, Bread and flour also re mained at the same level as in Octo ber. The greatst advances during November, 1918, were in eggs, the in crease being 16 per cent cheese. 5 per cent and milk, 4 per cent. MANUFACTURERS Of Kentucky To Take Hand In Politics. Louisville, Ky.,—The Kentucky Manufacturers association has ad dressed a circular letter to every in dustrial concern in Kentucky, asking them to take a more active part in the political affairs, particularly during the primary and state elections next year, declaring that mature consider ation will assure the placing of com petent men in every office to be filled. The letter points out that it is a fun damental of good citizenship and bus iness to take a constructive interest in the selection of candidates for poli tical office. to k Us The Division of Counciliation of the U S. Department of Labor handled 1,217 cases during the year and adjust ed 865. The mediators were unable to arrange an adjustment in only 71 instances 208 cases were pending at the end of the fiscal year. 66 had been referred for final adjudication to the National War Labor Board, and seven were reported "Unclassified.' The number of workmen directly affected in these cases was 1,041,342, and in directly, 1,315,657. In 1917, 378 cases were handled, and in 1916, 83. to to to Buy thrift Stamps and heip.