Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1770-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH
Newspaper Page Text
fc i i. & *Tlft I Labor In The Treaty Clauses Proposed by Commis sioner Headed By Gompers For Insertion In World Peace Pact. The High Contracting Parties de clare their acceptance of the follow ing principles and engage to take all necessary steps to secure their reali zation in accordance with the recom mendation to be tnade by the Inter national Labor Conference as to their practical application: 1. In right and in fact the labor of a human being should not be treat ed as merchandise or an article of commerce. 2. Employers and workers should be allowed the right of association for all lawful purposes. 3. No child should be permitted to be employed in industry or com merce before the age of fourteen years in order that every child may be in sured reasonable opportunities for mental and physical education. Between the years of fourteen and eighteen, young prisons of either sex may only be employed on work which ii not harmful to their physical de velopment and on condition that the continuation of their technical or gen eral education is insured* AVV-C31. if .J -'•-. .. .. 4 V.t.-,-v •^c ?^*iH i.'^X^- jw«*dir w#Vvifi Y ^(IV !I fa'MM .^v &-• if. V Jt i 1 i JSmi* ?-vA% 'WPH Kv* TO v,^ :-*rA\ t- 2«fl£K& Ol&' dOv £vV^ v5,^V*i, ""^Vi .-4 *A*V ^*v a K'WV Of. vV v§^'./$-k^' :|v^ "-l&'SBt k:j«m- %XA ~*Sk#v s Mi €iCv^vM- No food, no shelter. Swept by machine gun and shell fire. An inferno, day and night. And little hope of escaping. Five days of this! But not a daunted soul among the four hundred and seventy Americans in the Lost Battalion. Commanding the little group was Major Charles W. Whittlesey. 'To the offer of safety they surrendered, Whittlesey TBJS AO IS •4. Every workar -has a right to a wage adequate to maintain a reason able standard of life having regard to the civilization of his time and coun try. 5. Equal pay should be given to women and to men for work of equal value in quantity and quality. 6. A weekly rest, including Sun day, or its equivalent for all workers. 7. Limitation of th? hours of work in industry on the basis of eight hours a day or forty-eight hours a wreek, subject to an exception for countries in which climatic cond^ions, the im perfect development of industrial de velopment or industrial organization or the workers substantially differ ent. The International Labor Conference will recommend a basis approximately equivalent to the above for adoption in such countries. 8. In all matters concerning their status as workers and social insurance foreign workmen lawfully admitted to any country and their families should be insured the same treatment as the nationals of that country. 9. All States should institute a system of inspection in which women should take part, in order to insure the enforcement of the laws and reg ulations for the protection of the work ers. to Buy Thrift Stamps and help. s fk U t*' ax re- PATRIOTICAUJr 4 VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN COMMITTEE Hagenbeck-Wallace Shows. To Exhibit At Middletown Next Wednesday. The elevated standard of morality of circus men and women is a revelation to one who is with them from day to day, and is their close companion. The atmosphere and enviroments seems charged with health and hap piness, vigor and virtue. Drunken ness is never permitted in any form. Immediate discharge, no matter who the offender may be, is the penalty, few, if any, are ever found guilty. The very nature of the circus bus iness forbids immoral or vicious ex cesses. The hours are long and the work is hard, therefore, the vigor of the brain and body must be dissipat ed. The woma of the circus are not permitted to engage in conversation with any one not directly connected with the show. Most of them attend church each Sunday aad it is not an infrequent occurence for a minister of the gospel to be invited to lead divine services on a Sabbath after noon. It has always been the aim with the management of the Hagen beck-Wallace Circus whiclv comes to THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS. -A^-l JgjMS Wo wptp surroandaJ ^n a fcrest onaliillsido of the Ai^pnne. Cfu? demand to surrender carae CONTRIBUTED TO THB CAUSE OF the fifth, day. Having Held on. so long, v^e thou^nt Wo luilwlto^tl^.Mtk^ W I \s*» 1" \£_ i .-.Va*.-^ 'v'a.f-£ *a h..i. V§ C:,-! i yiaggnrs -3--~fzy %s£M CLtnLT^ii %y ii -a .% cr-« plied without a moment's hesitation: "Tell them to go to Hell." And they were saved because, as Whit tlesey says: "Having held on so long, we thought we had better go through with it." We, safe at home, have "held on" too —with our support through Four Loans. And we are "going through with it"— through with this Fifth call to duty—just as those boys in the Argonne. Make good. FINISHING THZ -SO*-** Middletown on next Wednesday for two performances, to inculate a spirit of good fellowship and en during affection, founded upon common respect and esteem It demands that everyone connect ed with the show be polite and civil, assist patrons in trouble, maintain a spirit of harmony, in fact, make the people a pleasing one that they may wish to return on another day to the circus. Gambling is strictly prohibited, and a fine awaits the one caught using profane language The Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus is a little city with itself. There are al most a thousand people connected with the great organization. Ill any city of 1,000 souls it is not hard to find a few bad persons, it is these that the management endeavor to dis cover and eliminafe as soon as pos sible. *A premium is placed on the polite and hard working employees. PAINTERS Making Many Gains In Wages and Agree ments. Rockford, I11_A short strike by qrMfc 'S*t $T &» -y. i?A* W'* "5 1^. 7* /ffv a i & 4 i -v -j 34-»' U* V* V, L* n 4 .^v MiVt7 tb&t vhrf. r-A'.^ Jfc p4 J/:/ ,:• 'A^ff l'? increase of 10 cents an hour, is now 70 cents. Painters' union No. 607 resulted in evenly and give more time for recre a two-years' agreement and a wage atlon and education. ^jm^sms^tmtkwrnrn The rate Moline, 111.—Local painters have se cured a union-shop agreement and a new minimum that advances rates to 75 cents an hour. Chattanooga, Tenn.— The new wage agreement of painters' union No 226 increases wages fiom 50 to 65 cents an hour Sign pointers have organ ized 100 per cent nnd have secured a new wage agreement. Buffalo, N. Y.—Organized painters have secured a cne-year agreement which raises wages 50 cents a day. 1* I* WANT AWARD ENFORCED. New Albany, Ind.,—Electrical work ers employed by the United Gas and Electric company suspended work to enforce a wage award by the national war labor board. to to to DISCUSS FIVE-DAY WEEK. San Francisco,—Organized painters in this city and vicinity are voting on a five-day week. Advocates of the plan say that abolishment of Sat urday labor wiU diatribute work more V n. Recognize Trade Unions. s Best Waw To Build City Declares Wisconsin Editor i JO SI w Wa oes and Prosperity Travel Apart. Madison, Wis.,—Those citizehs who affect no interest in the struggles of organized labor are taken to task by the Capital Times. This newspaper is not a trade union publication, but its ed:tov fearlessly proclaims the trae'e union theory of collective bargaining and the advan tages of high wages to a community that are only possible when the work ers unite. Do the people of Madison recog nize the importance of the industrial struggle that is now going on here to the community as a whole?" asks this paper. "The Capital Times believes that the present contest is the fight of every man and woman who really believes in the welfare of Madison. The case can be stated in a few words: 'I—The real struggle here is over the question of the recognition of the principle of collective bargaining 2—United States department of la bor statistics prove thit wages are lowest where labo: is the most poorly organized that \vages are highest where labor is most highly organized. "3—Where wages are low there is more destitution, the community vitality is lower, sickness iS more pre valent, children g« less of nourish ment, crime figures mount higher, and there is less energy and life and contentment in th.: rank and file. '4—Where the common people have less money to spend the business men do a smaller amount of business, they lose more in bad debts, a more infer ior lot of goods are bought, the sav ings are less. "Are there any bigger community problems than these for the people of Madison to face? Are there any bigger problems for Madison business men to face? 'Is, then, the struggle that is go ing on here one purely that concerns the men who are out? 'For years Madison has been in the low wage area of the middle west. "There was only one reason for this. Up to the last few years labor waS poorly organized in Madison. Janesville and Oshkosh are other Wis eonsin cities that were in the same condition as Madison. "Just how big a community asset is it to have the Johnsons and the Steinles rolling in wealth while the masses of the workers are living from hand to mouth? Viewed from a pure ly sordid standpoint of dollars and cents is this a desirable situation for our dry goods men and grocers, for our theatre owners and shoe dealers, for the restaurant man ana the candy maker for the real estate man and the banker "Decidedly not. "And let no one be deceived as to the intents and purposes of Madison employers in the present controversy. "Clever corporation lawyer? may write technical defenses for their clients the employers may call in the employes individually and prom ise them higher wages to stay on the job the employers may talk of agi tators and ciass hatred and bolshe vism as me^rs to bugaboo the men away from industrial justice. But back of it all stand*- the one big thing: "Madison eij»ployers are fighting to continue Madison as a low wage town. "Let labor lose the present strike and the employes will find that the drift will be steadily back toward i lower wages these men who are now stabbing their fellow workers in the' back by succumbing to the lure of higher wages for staying on the job now will find that when the opportune time comes they, too, will pay the price in lower wages for having sold out their brothers. "The lessons of this war have evi dently been lost on Madison employ ers. They are still fighting for the old order. They still want to deal with the individual and browbeat him into low wages and long hours. They fight solidarity among the workers. They know that the prnciple of col lective bargaining will bring indus trial justice. They know that if they can smash the ranks of labor they can continue the old order and treat labor as a commodity that they can buy in the market at their own price. 'Where are the peop'e of Madison going to stand in this fight—with the employers or wtt the men? 'Do you really love Madison and do you really want this community to march forward 'Can we set up the old labor stand ards here, keep wages down, allow the rich to become ncher ar.d the poor to become joorer and make this a better city? "Which do you prefer, Mr. Grocer, Mr. Merchant, Mr Real Estate Man and Mr. Banker? 'As good business men isn't it good business to raise the prosperity level Of Madison as a whole? 'This, theivisn'r only the strikers' fight. 'It is the fight of every man ai woman who thinks in terms of funda mentals and not of froth as a means of making bigger and better Madi- son. Burleson Cornered In His Statements, Says New York World. New York—'Postmaster General Burleson is not helping his grand public-ownership enterprise by mak ing statements as to his operation of telegraphs and telephones which are instantly challenged by men familiar with the facts," says the New York World. "For example, K says that the re cent increase in *ates was made nec essary by higher wages and that the added revenue will hardly cover the extra expense: but officials of the em ployes' organization deny that there has been any actual increase in wages, holding that the extraordinary out lays now cited are mostly due to cost ly and wasteful methods introduced since the lines passed under the con trol of government. "As a further illustration, in de fending the 20 per cent increase in rates on these grounds. Mr. Burleson says that it would have been una voidable and probably greater if pri vate management of the lines had been continued. In reply to this we have the statement of President -Mackay of the Postal company in which he guarantees restoration and maintenance of the old rates wh$a public control of his lines shall hrfVe been relinquished." fci to to RAISE WAGES $3 A WEEK. Boston,—Leather Workers' union No. 42 announces that the large har ness making firms in this city have accepted a new wage schedule, which raises wages from $20 to $24 a weelj and Saturday half holiday the entire year. to to to WAGE LAW IN EFFECT. Boston,—The minimum wage for momen employed as cleaners by pri vate employers in office and other buildings, is now in effect. The reg ulation calls for 30 cents an hour for night work and 26 cents an hour for day work. You Shouted- Now Buy! y f- 4.