Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX. No. 8.
The wisdom of President Gompers, and other leaders of labor, in not starting a third party, but advising their followers to select men in either Old party who were friendly to fair play, is beginning to bear fruit, ac cording to the recent report of the Pennsylvania political situation. The yoport reads as follows: "Politicians who are called practic al, because they have long practiced politics, no doubt are considerably dis turbed by some things that have been happening throughout the nation. They cannot quite comprehend the motivating force of the movement which has completely upset all their best laid plans. On the eve of the presidential nominating conventions, nobody seems to know with any degree of certainty just what is going to happen at Chicago and San Francisco. "In every state where presidential primaries have been held and con tests have been made a material ele ment of the electorate has manifested independence that first surprised and then .stunned the Old Guard politi eians. Nothing like it has ever oc curred before, and, therefore, there Were no precedents to guide those wh attempt to dope out strange political manifestations. The very best they could get out of these uprisings and over-turnings is that the people are no longer responsive to party lashes, and that many of them arc doing a lot of thinking that is being reflected in intelligent and well-directed political effort. The recent primary in Pennsylvania is typical of many other primaries. Here Attorney General Palmer, who two years ago was the recognized authoritative democratic leader, was UNION Oar StorMrill close A. F. OF L. POLICY IS WORKING It is Evident That People Arc Thinking For Themselves In Political Matters KNOCKING the PROPS FROM UNDER the PROFITEERS There is no Letting Up to this Great John Wanamaker, the merchant prince, has started to hammer down prices, and this is in line with our NO PROFIT SALE. We appeal to the met chants and manufacturers to join in our efforts t« keep prices low. It will save them the disgrace o! admitting later that they had been profiteering. With a dozen reasons why, each one of which would be sufficient enough, we present you with but one reason why you should buy here, that is economy. "saving to you." After all is said and done, that i the one you choose by any way. Where lives the mas 1 who cares to pay more when he can buy for less? We are offering every item in our store at just suf ficient above cost to pay actual expenses. One fellow said this No Profit Salte reminded him of schooners and $2.00 shoes. 1 1 a candidate for the presidential nomi nation. He had his name printed on the ballot. It was as easy to vote for him as to fall off a log. It was natur ally assumed that he would get a.i endorsement by a large and satisfy ing majority. "But the voters had another idea in view. They didn't vote for the print ed name in any substantial numbers. On the contrary, they went to the trouble of writing in the name of other presidential possibilities. For instance Mr. McAdoo received nearly as many votes as did Palmer, and every vote for McAdoo was written by a voter who intended that it should stick. "If anything were needed to prow the hopelessness of the Palmer can didacy, it ,was supplied by Pennsyl \ania voters. They wrote a veto into their ballots that will not, be disre garded by the assembled hosts at San Francisco. "Then Senator Penrose, the high mogul of the 1'epublican Old Guard, came out with a statement adovcating the endorsement of Senator Knox for the presidency. The republican vot ers listened attentively and then turn ed about and voted for Senator John son. They voted for him in large numbers—almost double the number that voted for Mr. Knox. That ought to definitely settle everything so far as the Pennsylvania senators are con cerned. "A number of reactionary congress men were eliminated in the initial struggle, and those who came through with reduced majorities and scant pluralities are not so sanguine that they can repeat the trick in November. (Continued on page two) THE OLD RELIABLE E U N K STORK Xhe Workingman's Store CLERKS 246 HIGH STREET *t 'i' 'i'— »oon every Wednesday during Junet July, UNION Aul Declares "If Compulsory abor Right We Shall Be Compelled To Labor For Society" New York.—The presence iii a long low against the stage of Carnegie hall of nearly fifty reporters and corres pondents of newspapers in many parts of the country attested as well as any fact the immense interest which the i*.ation took in the debate between Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, and Henry .J. Allen, governor of Kansas. It was an odd debate in that no question was announced by the chair man, Allen B. Parker, or mentioned by the disputants. The general sub ject, although nobody said so, was the compulsory settlement of labor dis putes. The issue was not joined as precisely as some of the variously ap plauding listeners might wish, but it was close enough to make the contro versy exciting in its substance and thrilling in its presentation. Mr. Gompers, who began and closed the debate, restricted himself to up holding and defending the right of la bor to strike. He pictured this as an inalienable right, a fundamental human right, which could not be taken away from any man except at the price of liberty —the right to work or not to work belonging solely to man and not to be interfered with by government, state or courts. That, said the president of the American Federation of Labor, is tending and will contend no matter the principle for which labor is con what may come. "The men and the women of labor of America are sovereign citizens with all of you," he said, "and if it should come to pass that you can make labor compulsory for the working people there is no reason why they should not turn upon all and say: "Well, if compulsory labor is right, then we shall be compelled to labor for society." This was his climax. As he walked to his seat amid wild cheering from his friends, a representative of a com mittee of whom thrust a great boquet of flowers into his arms. They gave Mr. Gompers a roaring, standup greeting when he rose in front of a water pitcher to start the conflict, after the chairman, Alton B. Parker, had predicted that what the two speakers would say would command at the outset wider consideration by the press and the people than the Lincoln- i Douglass debates. Each of the speakers had forty-five minutes for his main effort, then had thirty min utes, then Mr. Gompers ten, then the governor fifteen, and finally Mr. Gom pers five to close. Thus each talked an iiour and a half, Mr. Gompers said in part: "We are now at the parting of the ways in the great controversies which are now occupying the minds of our people and the time is at hand when there must be determined whether the eternal principles of freedom, of justice and democracy shall hold away or be supplanted by the tyranny and the injustice as of old. "There is a common error in the minds of a large number of our peo ple, and peoples of the whole world who confuse the term labor and capi tal as being in exactly equal positions toward each other. The fact of the matter is that capital is the fruit of labor and could have no existence except for labor, labor is entitled to the first consideration. "I have no feeling in my heart against those who are trying to make strikes, cessations of labor, unlawful and criminal. I can see in them as I have seen and as you have seen, men who tired and impatient of the strug gle of the human family, want to find a royal road to the goal of tranquility and peace. "I have seen In my more than GOMPERS ROUTS ALLEN IN DEBATE GOVERNOR OF KANSAS IS BESTED BY LABOR'S LEADER IN ARGUMENT ON RIGHT OF THE WORKERS TO STRIKE Compulsory Arbitration Would Be Intolerable To Workers Says Veteran Leader Of Ameri can Labor flovement Is fifty years of service to my fellows many, many nostrums proposed. :trree thqt strikes and cessations ot work are uncomfortable, make for in convenience, but there an- some things worse than strikes, there are some things worse than cessations of labor, and among them is a degraded man hood. "The cause for which the colonist declared the independence of the thir teen colonies was the inalienable right to life, to liberty, and yet, after 140 years and more, there rise up men who in their impatience with mankind want seriously and by law to make it a criminal offense to exercise liberty on the part of the working people.' Mr. Gompers then cited the consti tution of the United States and an opinion of the then associate justice of the supreme court, Mr. Hughes, "in which the principle is set forth clearly that no man is free, that involuntary servitude exists when a man must work against his will/ Mr. Gompers went on: "If any one should attempt to try and portray to you violence in connec tion with a strike, that if violences in the form of any attack upon life, body or property, I will agree in ad vance to say that that must be pun ished and wiped out of the affairs of our republic. But the right of sov ereign free men in the republic of the United States can omy be maintained when men shall have the right, as Lin coln said: 'Thank God, we live in a country where, at the last point, the workmen may stop work.' "I prefer to align myself with the patriotism and the far-seeing justice, and the vision, of the martyred Lin coln, than with any reactionary who wants to enforce compulsory labor. Defending strikes for the good they had done and would do, Mr. Gompers continued: "There is but one ground upon which any justification may be assum ed to tie men to their jobs and make rtrikes unlawful that is the confession that our republican institutions and our democracy have ceased. Admit that and I have no word to debate ex cept that I combat it every moment of my life. "It was the strike of the textile workers that took the children from cut of the mills and nut them into the schoolroom and in the playground, where they could imbibe Gods sun shine and grow into manhood and the womanhood of the future, upon whic i the perpetuity of our republic must depend. It was the strike of the men and the women in needle trades that broke up the sweatshop when all the laws of the states could not prohibit it or prevent it. "There are some things which are Henry Allen, on the other hand, did not deny the right of labor to strike, but did—and this was the burden of his speech—insist that the right of the public, the public welfare, was su preme over the rights of any individ ual or individuals. Mr. Gompers went to Carnegie hall as the representative of organized la bor. Governor Allen went there, he said, "as a representative of the gen eral public. And as the man speaking there for that public, he shot a lot of barbed arrows at Mr. Gompers. This was one of them: "We have not forbiddeg to anyman i-i': '?.• COUNTY PRESS. the right to quit work (Governor Al len was speaking of Kansas and her industrial law). We have not taken away from any man his divine right lo quit work. We have merely taker away from Mr. Gompers his divine right to order a man to quit, work." Quick applause for this flared up n the hall, then groans and boos got niKed up with the cheering. lie said that government has the right, backed by public sentiment, to protect the public, even to the poin: of forbidding strikes and setting up other ways of settling labor quarrels. Carnegie hall, which seats 2,800 per sons, was filled. Others who wanted to get in were kept moving by the po lice. The tickets seem to have gone impartially to supporters of Mr. Gom pers or Henry Allen. At least, th^ applause for the governor seemed come from about as many men an.i women as at other times found tl Federationists points agreeable. times nearly everybody seemed to Rock Island, 111.—The 1,200 unii carpenters composing the Carpentei District Council of this city, Molir. and Davenport discontinue work wh the Quade City Builders' Associate refused to concede an increase to an hour. The work under contract that association is completely tied An effort is being made by the co tractors .to lead the public to belie that the union carpenters have vi a verbal agreement that h. been made previously, but with litt SUC axiomatic. Water runs downhill de- called for in writing was given spite the force pump, lightning strikes in spite of the lightning rod the sun shines in spite of awnings and para sols, and so with the labor movement, it has done so much, it has brought light and hope and opportunity to the masses of labor that, make what laws you will to outlaw strikes, depend upon it, your law will be futile, and you will simply make criminals and lawbreakers of workmen who are hon est, patriotic citizens. cess. The three months' noti, February 15 to terminate May When no adjustment could be reach the carpenters terminated their woi The hod carriesr and building labe ers are also on strike, being refus pn advance. im HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, JUNE 11,1920. ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR IA for one man or the other. In fac the great majority of the audien. seemed to be interested at least the point of wanting to hear and weif what each man had to say, except those not very frequent occasio: when labor found it necessary to the Kansan. Warren S. Stone, Frank Morriso: Matthew Woll, James P. Hollan llugh Frayne and many other leade of the American Federation of Lab were prominent on the stage. Othe listed there were George Gordon Ba' tie, Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, He bert Hoover, James W. Gerard, W: liam Fellowes Morgan, Henry Davison, George Foster Peabod' Adolph Lewisohn, George W. Wicker f.ham, Mrs. John T. Pratt and Mi Mary Garrett Hay. Before the debating started Gompers sat in his "corner"—at table on the stage—with Peter Brady. Mr. Allen sat at a table at tl other side of the chairman's desk wi the chairman of the delegation of 1 Kansas "boosters for Henry," wl reached New York on a special tra with their governor. CARPENTERS3 STRIKE Hundreds of Illinois Work ers Quit When Refused Increase 1 1* LEVER ACT IS DENTE! Indianapolis.—Federal Judge A derson has ruled against several s tions of the Lever food control a ?nd has upheld section 9. When Lever act was before congress it w agreed that it did not apply to str ers, but since then section 9 has be used against strikers. The sections of the law that Jud Anderson rejects include section which makes the wilful destructi of necessities for the purpose of hancing prices unlawful. The coi held that section 4 was faulty 1 cause it did not contain any pena'' for violation. BUY A BUILDING BOND $25.00 DRESSES. Quick Clearance $35.00 DRESSES Quick Clearance $42.50 DRESSES Quick Clearance Values up to $10.00 For Sport or Dress Wear and medium sizes, droop?" with flowers, feathers an NATION-WIDE FIGHT ON UNIONS CAMPAIGN LAUNCHED BY MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATIONS AND SIMILAR ALLIED ORGANIZATIONS Designated As "Americanization" Movement, IS Really First Concerted Step Towards The "Open Shop" Scheme Washington, D. C.—A nation-wide campaign has been launched by man ufacturers' associations and similar al lied organizations to destroy trade unioism. This campaign is designat ed as an "Americanization" movement but back of it is a determination on the part of large employers to inaugurate generally the open shop as the enter-! ing wedge against, union solidarity. Thousands of dollars have been t-ot only for organized labor, but for pledged by Xew York manufacturers all labor. While the manufacturers tc finance the fight there, and similar profess great interest in unorganised large contributions are being made in workers, as a matter of fact their hundred other cities. The workers only concern is that they shall be re are already at grips with their ene-jduced to a state of impotency, that mies in many Pacific coast cities, and they may not be in a position to pro it is announced by leaders of the move- test against conditions that may be ment that it will be continued until' nictated by manufacturers. labor morale has been broken. i The ''American" idea which the This is but another manifestation! (Continued on page two) I WASH DRESSES Designed in a fascinating as sortment of clever styles, suit able for all occasions. 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