Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX. No. 9.
KANSASSTRIKES Despite Law of the "Can't Strike" Governor Topeka, Kan.— Strikes in this state continue, regardless of the legis lative edict to the contrary. The Kansas Trades Unionist says: "Gov. Allen knows that his indus trial court law has not prevented a singel strike in Kansas. He knows that one strike after another has taken place in the coal fields, and neither he nor his court have dared to lift a hand or arrest these strik ers. His whole gang hide behind this expression: 'Howat and the union of ficials called the strike.' He knows, and so does his court, 'that neither Ho wat, Gompers, nor any international officer can call a strike. The rank and file orders a strike, and that it is the only time it is effective." HEREimiCH ONE, "SCABBING ON THE SCABS" Movies Should Get Pictures In Hamilton (By Special Correspondence.) Hamilton, O.—The novel sight of a set of scabs scabbing on their fellow scabs is something of which this pro gressive city can boast. On account of its factory being va cated by the strike of the local ma chinists, one of the machine tool com panies here imported a lot of strike breakers and proceeded to start to be- Porch Swings and Rockers at KREBS. STORE FOUR WAYS TO GET MONEY FIND IT, BORROW IT, WORK FOR IT, OR SAVE IT AT OUR NO PROFIT SALE When we cut, we cut to the quick, as our prices are never inflated at times, in order to make big re ductions later, True, on small purchases the amount saved small, but on large ones it counts big as the reduc ions are from 20% to 35% on all items. The kind of clothing, etc., which you see in abundance in our store would not be out of place on a millionaire s lack, but that is not the fellow we are after. We're after the workingman's trade and have been ever since we started, and that has been a long time. When a house like ours of unlimited resources and unbounded ambition decided to set the pace in both quality and price and choose the working man sis heir customers. Who can compete with this? Ar! when we offer you our entire stock at cost, as this liig No Profit Sale is doing, who will dare to follow us? Every item in our house offered at jjjst sufli ient above cost to pay actual expenses. THE OLD RELIABLE RED TRUNK The Workingman's Store. 249 HIGH STREET Oar Store will eloM at noon every Wednesday daring Jan*. July. Aag. gin to get ready to operate the plant, but a disagreement arose between the scabs and the management with the result that the scabs went on strike and the company is trying to turn out some Work with only six men on the job. Scab Pickets This particular bunch of scabs that struck in this particular factory had peculiar ideas. They got so sore that instead of going out and looking for more advertisements for more scabs in other places they decided to stay on strike at the plant against the scabs inside, and so went out and made an agreement with the union pickets to allow them to help win the strike for union conditions, and now we have the picture of union pickets on one side of the street and scab pickets on the other.—Cincinnati News. ALBERTJENZEL Has Entered the Race For Conress From This District Albert Fenzel, the Middletown at torney, has entered the race for the democratic nomination for congress from this district. This adds interest to this race and comes as a surprise as it was thought that Pickrell, of Dayton, and who has been endorsed by the organizations of Montgomery and Butler counties, would have no oppostion and clear sailing for the nomination. But Fenzel is in the fight to stay, and he is likely to make it interest ing. He is very popular in Middle town and Hamilton, and in fact throughout the entire county of But ler, where he is well known. Being a Butler county boy. naturally he will get a big vote in this neck of the woods. i s CLERKS The annual convention of the Amer ican Federation of Labor opened Mon day at Montreal. This is the second convention to be held on Canadian soil. The first was held in Toronto in 1009. President Gompers called the meeting to order, and after the for mal opening the officers made their report for the year. A membership on April 30 of 4,078, 740 was reported, showing a growth of 818,o72 during the year. The re ceipts were $929,255.95 and the ex penses were $917,765.65. The report of executive council which includes that of President Gompers was exhaustive and com plete. It deals with reconstruction, labor's non-partisan political cam paign, the high cost of living, profit eering, hostile labor legislation, child labor, sedition bills, immigration, edu cation, the cold storage question, steel strike investigation, convict labor, strikes, compulsory military trainings the meat packing monopoly, the rehab ilitation of cripples, compulsory arbi tration, the Mexican situation, the coal strike and the Lever act, extremist propaganda and movements, the Mooney case, political prisoners and many other questions. Bolshevist Propaganda and Move ments "During the year just past," says the report, "the labor movement has stood its ground solidly and main tained the progressive, constructive policy which has marked it apart from most of the labor movements of th# world throughout the whole period of the world war "But the nation has witnessed spor adic outbreaks of extremist sentiment and has been compelled to deal with extremist propaganda in a number of cases since the war period came to an end. This tendency toward unreason ed thought has been most unfortunate for the nation and still more unfor tunate for those who have been the participants. "Bolshevism has been a lure for some of our people and its doctrines have been propagated with great vig or. This hideous doctrine has found converts among two classes of people principally—those intellectual, so called, who have no occupation save that of following one fad after another and those so beaten in the game of life that they find no appeal in anything except the most desperate and illogical schemes. The rank and file of the or ganized labor movement, as was to have been expected, has given no countenance to the propaganda of Bol shevism, but has, on the contrary, been its most effective opponent in Amer ica. The One Big Union "The propaganda of revolutionary thought has not been limited to the propaganda of bolshevism. It has taken other forms. The 'one big union' idea has had its adherents, de spite the disastrous results of the ex periment in Canada with its treicher ous machinery during the year pre ceding our 1919 convention. It is grat ifying to note that everywhere the ostensible strength of this propaganda has been lost and that its fallacies are daily becoming clearer to its for mer victims. "Of more importance than the re sults of studied propaganda of revolu tion and extremism is the feeling of unrest among our people which is due to abuses in our political and indus trial life and which seeks relief and freedom and not revolution and catas trophe. "So long as this unrest finds it ex pression in the orderly, constructive And Points Out Causes For Sew* ing Of Its Seed==Big Interests and Unrest Responsible NEARLY ONE MILLION MEMBERS JOIN THE RANKS OF AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR DURING THE PAST YEAR-CONVENES IN MONTREAL S ive Council Hakes Strong Report Covering Wide Range of 3mbjects Bolshevism and democratic activities of the bona fide trade union movement it is of in calculable benefit to the nation. So long as it finds the trade union move ment an effective weapon for the righting of industrial wrongs and for the enlargement of opportunity and the extension of liberty, it is an asset to the national character and stabil ity. It is the expression of the masses of the people against injustice and in action and an expression of their un alterable determination to persist in the constructive effort to press home to a successful conclusion the fight for rights too long denied and for the abolition of wrongs too long enudred. Protest is Still Protest "The greatest disservice that the great interests of reaction and bour bonism can do for America is to re press and deny the legitimate aspira tions of the workers and to seek by re strictive legislation to make ineffect ive their bona fide trade union organ izations. Protest denied will still be protest. ''Upon the signing of the armistice it became clear some employers and some reactionary forces in our politi cal life were bent upon a career of exploitation and suppression, regard less of the needs and just desires of the masses of our people. The nation has already witnessed effort after ef toi*t to enact legislation of a restric tive, coercive charcater, in defiance of the interests of the people and in de fiance of American liberties guaran teed in the constitution of our repub lic. The Esch-Cummins railroad law and the Kansas court of industrial re lations law are examples of bour bon success. The Graham-Sterling peace-time sedition bill and other pro posed legislation was of a similar mould, but was defeated by reason of labor's energetic and angry protest. The injunction in the case of the coal miners was another example of the lengths to which employers and gov ernment officials were ready to go in suppressing the aspirations of the workers and in making effective their lawful and constructive trade union organizations as agencies of pro gress. The "Open Shop" Fight "There was immediate evidence of the same trend in the purely economic life of the land. The position assum ed by the United States steel Discusses corporav tion typified a spirit too prevalent— a spirit of bludgeoning wrath and en raged opposition to all progress for the working people, a spirit of intoler ance of the rights of man and of arro gance in the face of a struggle for elemental justice. "In a score of communities employ ers' associations have reopend the struggle of a decade ago for what they term the open shop—in reality the shop which is closed against union men and women. At a time when vision and statesmanship should guide the employers and the political authorities of the country there has been a resurgence of the concept of brutality and oppression. "During the whole period since the armistice price inflation has contin ued. Profiteering, for which construc tive remedies are recommended else where in this report, has run wild. It has scourged the land like a plague. It has burned through our arteries of trade like a fever and ravaged our people like a pestilence. Profiteers have been insatiable "devourers of men, women and children," intent up on heaping up hoards of gold without precedent, at the expense of human life and happiness. have merely constituted comic inter ludes in one of the great tragedies of the post-war period. "The written and spoken propagan da of unreason and extremism can be met and defeated by truth. But legit imate unrest, growing out of condi tions of injustice can be met and over come only by intelligent dealing with conditions. Those who drink from a poisoned well will be poisoned until the well itself is cleansed. "Your executive council has given constant attention to the whole matter in contemplation here. It has caused constant attention to be given to the work of exposing the fallacies of false and misleading propaganda. But those who by means more effective than any propaganda have brought disturbance upon our country and suffering to our people must be dealt wth directly by forces which they can not escape. They are afflicted with a madness, and reason has ceased to affect them. "The powerful economic organiza tion of the American wage-earners offers to the workers their most po tent agency of relief, but not in every case can relief be had before desper ation begins to make itself felt. The opposing forces are strongly intrench ed and seem to know no sobering sense of responsibility or conscience. Hope is in Union Labor "During the year the officers of the labor movement have issued re peated warnings to the people and have put forth definite suggestions for remedial action. Congress, which might have done much, has done noth ing. Great industrial leaders have laughed at warning words and have gone back to their counting rooms. "Keeping pace with the extremist I propaganda and with the forces gen crative of unrest there has been what I appears to have been a studied at-! tempt to discredit the organized labor movement and to throw upon it the onus and burden of most of our na tional ills. Employers and their pub lications have sought steadily to spread the belief that the labor movement is responsible for high prices, responsible for unrest and an antagonist of the public welfare in every strike. "Your executive council believes this convention should utter a solemn warning to the country, calling upon it to demand of congress measures of fundamental relief from oppressivei legislation, measures of fundamental character looking toward currency de- flation and reduction in cost of living and warning the nation that if the just and reasonable demands of the working people, presented for orderly negotiation through their properly I accredited representatives, are not' given consideration and made the sub ject of prompt action it is but logical that it should face the disordered pro test of unorganized masses driven to desperation by the disdain and autoc racy of those in control of industrial management and political parties. Profiteers Rob People "Your executive council believes this convention should call upon all (Continued on page two) Jk Palmer is Joke "''.••v.-.: "Inflation in staple commodities has reached a point of all but unbeliev able extremes. Efforts of the depart menfc of justice to reatrict moftieeriiik' Name E. Route or Street City And Purchase HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, JUNE 18,1920. ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR i MATHES-SOHNGEN COUPON Washignton.—"The public has no rights which are superior to the toil er's right to defend himself against oppression," declared President Gompers in answering a question sub mitted to him by Governor Allen of Kansas in their recent joint debate on the "can't-strike" law of that state. At that time the governor said: "When a dispute between capital and labor brings on a strike affecting the production or distribution of the necessities of life, thus threatening the public peace and impairing the public health, has the public any rights in such a controversy, or is it a private war between capital and la bor "If you answer the question in the affirmative, Mr. Gompers, how would you protect the rights of the public? "And, in additioij, I wish him to de fine for us, if he will, who had the divine rght to forbid the switchmen to strike in their 'out-law' srtike who controls this divine right to quit work?" When Governor Allen subintted this query, President Gompers refus ed to answer and thus develop a line of argument foreign to the subject then at issue. The trade unionist said he would answer the question in his own tme and n his own way. In his answer now made public, President Gompers said, in part: "In the first place the language of the question is improper, as I stated on the platform in Carnegie hall. To describe a strike as a 'private war be tween capital and labor' is to come perilously near the language of either thoughtlessness or ridicule to a strug gle of human kind toward the attain ment of an ideal. "Employment, as employers would have it, is something offered by them to workers. Employment, to em ployers. has been a means to an end. It has been an impersonal thing, like buying steel, and the aim has been to secure the best possible terms. "Employment to workers, has been and is, vitally different. Employment, to workers, is the means of sustaining life. Workers have labor power to contribute to society. The reward which they secure for their labor pow er fixes the manner in which they may live. By the day's pay is measured the meagerness of or the fulness of life for them. The wage is translated immediately into pounds of meat, suits of clothes, rental of homes, snatches of rest and pleasure and glimpses into books of learning. "Employment to the employer is the basis of profits. Employment to the worker is life. These viewpoints conflict from opposite angles. They will conflict so long as industry is conducted for profit alone. This con flict will not be ended by statute law. It can neither be argued out of ex istence nor legislated out of exist ence. "The strike is theonly effective weapon by which the workers may compel consideration of just de mands. It is a weapon the use of which entails serious consequence, but the question of life, which is the ques tion at issue, is a serious question. It THE MATHES-SOHNGEN CO. SPECIAL $2.00 DAY COUPON SPE DAILY PAPERS FOR SPECIAL PRICES PUBLIC'S RIGHTS CLAIM 5 W) DEFENSE FOR SOCIAL WRONG, SAYS MK GOMPERS IN ANSWER TO "CAN'T-STRIKE1' GOVERNOR ALLEN Declares No Rights Superior to Right of Workers To Live and to Defend Him self Against Oppression is much more serious to strikers than it is to Governor Alien or mem bers of employers' associations. "Workmen grow less oppressed and more free as they increase their organized power. When few workers were organized their grievances were but lightly considered. "The public has no rights which are superior to the toiler's right to live and to his right to defend him self against oppression. "The great concern of most news papers and public officials who pro pound ready-made remedies is that lo bor should labor. Stripped of its adornment, that is the essence of the outcry against strikes. Workers must work. And while workers work the newspapers and oratorical public officials will be silent about them. This is not prediction this is record. "There is no escaping some incon veniences during strikes, particularly for those who engage in striking. The strike has won its right to a post of honor among the institutions of free civilization and the temporary incon venience it has caused is but a small price to pay for the permanent bene-' fits it has brought. "Every strike against deterioration is a check upon avaricious employers pressing the unorganized still further down. Every strike for the improve ment in the condition and standards of those engaged in industry has its reflex and influence for the uplift of al.l "Instinctively the workers put life before property, social welfare before material gain for the employer. It is the duty of the public to throw the weight of its influence on the side of the protagonists of progress and just ice—the workers. "Trade agreements reached through collective bargaining offer the only safeguard that will work. The pub lic's rights are not safeguarded by laws that aim to prevent strikes. "The very newspapers that seem most interested in behalf of the public are published day by day, year by year, by virtue of the trade agree ment reached through collective bar gaining. Their labor turnover pro bably ranks close to the lowest in American industry. "Industrial peace is desirable. In dustrial greed is what prevents it. The workers will struggle and organ ize and strike when necessary to pre vent industrial injustice. The strike —the withdrawal of their service—is the one final effective weapon that they possess. The state can offer no substitute, the public can hope for no state-made substitute, for the strqg gle is in industry, not in politics." n i* DEMAND AN INCREASE Madison, Wis.—Pressmen and press feeders employed in the various com mercial printing plants are out de manding an increase of $5 a week over the present wage rate of $17 for feeders and $85 for pressmen. They are also demanding the unioniz ing of the various plants. KREBS are Agents for the Hoover Cleaner. Cut out Coupon and present at Store properly filled out on $2 Day, and we will allow yon an additional 5% dis count on purchases, providing tbe amount is paid in $2.00 bills.