Newspaper Page Text
Khaki Cover- $5.00 alls $3.00 Blue and Stripe Overalls $2.00 Blue Work Shirts $2.50 Black Sateen Work Shirts ...... $2.00 Black and White Stripe Work Shirts •r$.\ i CULLY IN HAMILTON SHOWING EMPLOYERS HOW TO BREAK UNIONS AND HOW TO HANDLE LABOR Was Formerly in Charge of Local Manufacturers' Em ployment Bureau But Ideas Were Too Radical For Employers, Tis Said H. E. Gully. How familiar the name sounds. It is one that will be quickly recognized by many Hamil ton workingmen and not with much favor. Mr. Cully was for some time in charge of the Hamilton Manufact urers' employment bureau. A short time back it was announced, "with re gret" (by one of our evening papers— «o need to mention the name) that Mr. Cully would leave for parts elsewhere, that his work in this city would al ways be cherished and appreciated et Cetera, etc., and some more. Need less to say that the paper referred to Is backing the open-shop movement in Hamilton, and needless to say that this action on the part of the paper is meeting with disfavor, even among the employers of the city. Be that as it may, however, inquiry i-.mong those who know (and this to the credit of the local manufacturers and employers) discloses, it is said, that the real reason for Mr. Cully's departure was that his ideas of how to handle the workingman was too i i W&S tOO .. thing community and as a trouble maker his jem^ °^ers Mr. Cully after leaving Hamilton, be him that causes the trouble, be llied himself to richer and riper fields.. cause •who ever heard of a group of We now hear from him as being, in (Continued on page four) Michigan, managing labor and break ing urions for the Twin Cities Manu facturers' Association, of St. Joe and Benton Harbor. On Mr. Cully's work, the Michigan Machinist, of Detroit, in its initial issue has the following: "OUTSIDE AGITATORS "One writer in a labor publication of the city of Detroit, makes a state ment to the effect that this ''Agitator Bunk is Poor Alibi,' but in the opinion of the writer of this article it is not 'poor' any longer, but to all intents and purposes, it is dead. It died like all thoughts from diseased minds should die, only it did not die soon enough. "Now that we have & publication that is owned and controlled by Labor we will try to show the worker who SALE 97 MEN'S LIGHT COLOR SUITS— worth $25.00 Sale Price 53 MEN'S SUMMER SUITS-^ Broken sizes ........ ........ 117 MEN'S SUITS— Light and Dark Patterns $8.00 Light weight Mole t-kin Work Pants $3.50 Work Papts, dark colors $5.50 Dress Pants $2 $2.75 $4.00 $4.24 $2.23 $1.43 $1.93 .23 the real outside agitator really is. Sometimes a group of laboring men organize, and then go to their em ployers in an attempt to deal collect ive! v with them. For a time every- i rough for even the roughest employer .-• ... in the city. That as ."menace to the!chan* eems to be going well. Then a ,n the a"""de of »ome 13 n0 lce system was regarded as worse than "The Outside Agitator -those of the so-called agitators and "Thu is where the outside agitator Radicals such as it is claimed is found i comes in. It is not the labor organ among the workingmen and sometimes' izer, because he urges the men to be referred to as I. W. W.'s and Bolshev- patient and to give the employers Jks. time to consider the matter. It can't of the $15.85 $19 85 $21 85 $2.00 Kibbed Union Suits $2.00 Union Label Union Suits $1.55 $1.65 $2.75* .... 34c 35c $3.00 Union Label Union Suits 50c Union Label Garters 50c Union Label Sox Boys' Knee Pants, all sizes, worthup* The Workingman's Store 246 High Street ...$1.65 $2.50 Better ones .$2.17 Genuine Panama Hats, £9 QC only a few left "Platform Marks Heasure of Pro= gress Not Found In That Upon the recommendation of the executive council and with unanimous approval of the recent convention of the American Federation of Labor, held in Montreal, Canada, the propos als of labor submitted to the commit tee on resolutions of the republican party at Chicago for inclusion in the republican platform were submitted in identical form to the committee on resolutions of the democratic party in San Francisco, Cal., on June 29, for inclusion in the democratic platform. The executive council authorized President Gompers and Vice Presi dent* Valentine, Green and Woll and such other vice-presidents as might be able to go to Sari Francisco to ap pear before the committee on resolu tions of the democratic convention meeting in that city. On June 29, 1920, President Gom pers and Vice-Presidents Valentine, Green and Woll appeared before the The proposals were read by Vice- We present here in their order the proposals presented by labor and the planks incorporated in the democratic platform as adopted by that party convention in every case where there is any plank dealing with the subject. The preamble to the declaration of labor's demands is as follows: Labor's Demands to be Presented to the Republican and Democratic Parties in 1920 Government and all civilization exist for the service of human beings and the promotion of their betterment. Such purposes are best achieved when those who are primarily affected by policies and methods have the power of determining them. Under such conditions only will there be relations of good will between fellow citizens and a spirit of true patriotism essen tial to the best development and unity of our nation. There must be reason for the conviction that citizens can rely upon the government for impar tial maintenance of rights and protec tion. Such an attitude can result only when principles of human welfare are made paramount to any other consid eration. Experience of other coun tries and scientific information sub stantiate the contention that sweated industries, over-strained, long and bur densome hours of toil, tend to physical deterioration, loss of mental virility and consequent decreased producing power. Standards of life and work, daily hours of toil and wages have a direct relation to economic progress and development as well as to pre paredness for national defense. DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM ANALYZED EXECUTIVE COUNCIL OF A. F. OF L. CIVES REPORT ON ANSWERS OF BIG PARTY TO LABOR'S OEMANDS Republicans, Says The Report committee on resolutions of the demo-1 bor provisions of the Clayton act there cratic national convention and pre sented the prepared program of labor's political demands. The committee was presided over by Senator Carter Glass. President Woll, after which President I ney General Palmer in the miners' case Gompers addressed the committee for a period of about thirty-five minutes. The committee listened with appar ent interest to the reading of the for mal proposals and to the address of President Gompers, in which he fully explained the position of the labor movement and emphasized the condi tions and causes prompting the sub mission of the proposals. Labor's Demand To promote industrial justice and tranquility and to insure uninterrupt ed production at its highest efficiency, the right of the wage-earners to or ganize into trade unions, to select their own representatives, and to bar gain collectively, must be fully safe guarded. Democratic Platform Labor, as well as capital, is entitled to adequate compensation. Each has the indefeasible right or aganization, of collective bargaining, and of speak ing through representatives of their own selection. Labor's Demand We pledge our party to maintain On Exclusion Of Convict Labor Products From Interstate Com merce And Election Of Federal Judges By People, Platform Remains Silent Of The the federal law enacted by congress, securing to the workers the legal right of voluntary association, for mutual protection and welfare, protecting their rights against unwarrantable is- suance of writs of injunction, either prohibitory or mandatory, and guar anteeing the right of trial by jury in alleged contempt cases, committed outside the presence of courts. Democratic Platform Labor is not a commodity it is hu man. Those who labor, have rights, and the national security and safety Comment While the language of the platform constitutes an endorsement of the la- is no specific condemnation of the abuse of the writ of injunction in la bor disputes. However, failure of the platform to endorse the injunctions secured through the efforts of Attor- may fairly be assumed to constitute repudiation of that action. Labor's Demands Legislation which proposed to make strikes unlawful or to compel the wage-earners to submit their griev ances or aspirations to courts or to governmental agencies, is an invasion of the rights of the wage-earners and when enforced makes for industrial serfdom or slavery. We hold that the government should supply information, assistance, and counsel, but that it should not attempt by the force of its own power to stifle or to destroy voluntary relations and policies of mutuality between employ ers and employes. We hold that public employes should not be denied the right of organization, the right of representation for the rec tification of grievances and should not be denied political rights accorded to all other citizens. Democratic Platform The nation depends upon the pro ducts of labor cessation of produc tion means loss and, if long continu ed, disaster. The whole people, there fore, have a right to insist that jus tice shall be done to those who work, and in turn that those whose labor creates the necessities upon which the life of the nation depends must recognize the reciprocal obligation be tween the workers and the state. They should participate in the formulation of sound laws and regulations govern ing the conditions under which labor is performed, recognize and obey the laws so formulated and seek their amendment when necessary by the pro cesses ordinarily addressed to the laws and regulations affecting the other re lations of life. i depend upon a just recognition of those the unqualified right to organization, rights and the conservation of the strength of the workers and their families in the interest of sound hearted and sound-headed men, women and children. Neither class, however, should at any time, nor in any circumstances, take action that will put in jeopardy the public welfare. Resort to strikes and lock-outs which endanger the health or lives of the people is an un satisfactory device for determining disputes, and the democratic party pledges itself to contrive, if possible, and put into effective operation a fair and comprehensive method of compos ing differences of this nature. In pri vate industrial disputes we are oppos ed to compulsory arbitration as method plausible in theory, but failure in faet. With respect to gov ernment service, we hold distinctly that the rights of the people are par amount to the right to strike. How ever, we profess scrupulous regard for the conditions of public employ ment pnd pledge the democratic party to 5nstant inquiry into the pay of government employes and equally HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1920 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR speedy regulations designed to bring salaries to a just and proper level. Comment The platform provisions here set forth are specific in condemnation of compulsory arbitration in disputes in privately owned industry. There is a vagueness in the balance of the first two paragraphs. There is uncertain ty as to what the platform means to convey in its reference to the obliga- ti°n of the workers to the state and the proposal to find a substitute for the right of the workers to cease work when cessation of work is said to endanger the lives or health of the people. With regard to employes in govern ment service it will be noted that the platform declaration quoted at the outset of this analysis in response to the first of labor's demands sets forth collective bargaining and representa tion. The final paragraph of the de claration last quoted, however, implies methods in the settlement of disputes in government employment which can not be approved on a general state ment of government policy. Labor's Demand The very life and perpetuity of free and iemocratic institutions are de pendent upon freedom of speech, of the press and of assemblage and asso ciation. We insist that all restriction of freedom of speech, press, public as sembly, association and travel be com pletely removed, individuals and groups being responsible for their ut terances and actions. These funda mental rights must be set out with clearness and must not be denied or abridged in any manner. Democratic Platform We resent the unfounded reproaches directed against the democratic admin istration for alleged interferences with the freedom of the press and freedom of speech. No utterance from any quarter has been assailed, and no publication ha been repressed which has not becnJJ animated by treasonable purpose and directed against the nation's peace, order and security in time of war. We reaffirm our respect for the great principle of free speech and a free pi ess, but assert as an indisput able proposition that they afford no toleration of enemy propaganda or tlu advocacy of the overthrow of the gov ernment of the state or nation by force of violence. Labor's Demand National preparedness as well as commercial development in keeping with the importance and the dignity of our nation, require that we shall have competent and able American seamen. We urge essential to this purocse the vigorous enforcement the Seamen's act and the most liberal interpretation of its provisions. \V e are opposed to any minimizing of present provisions for the protection of 3eamen spection. and for the safety of the traveling public. Democratic Platform Absence of a pledge of vigorous en forcement of the Seamen's act, which became law under the democratic aM ministration, is regrettable and is scarcely compensated for by a declar ation elsewhere in the platform as fol lows: We pledge the policy of our party to the continued growth oi our mer chant marine under proper legislation, so that American products will be car ried to all ports of the world by ves sels built in American yards, flying the American flag." Labor's Demands One of the most important func tions ol the nation is to protect the health of every child. We declare that we mutt put an end to the employment for profit of children under 18 years of age. Democratic Platform The platform declares that the present child labor law was enacted under the democratic administration and s*:ts forth the further declara tion: "We urge co-operation with the PRESS. states for the protection of child life through infancy and maternity care, in the prohibition of child labor and by adequate appropriations for the children's bureau and the woman's bureau in the department of labor." Labor's Demands We demand that effective steps be taken immediately to relieve the peo ple of the burden imposed by the ex cessive cost of living and to eradicate permanently the underlying evils, rec ognizing fully that no other issue is of deeper interest to the masses of the American people. As a comprehensive program of re lief and remedy we set forth these demands: 1. Co-operation should be encour aged as an effective means of curbing profiteering. To stimulate rapid de velopment of co-operatives the federal I Democratic Platform The high cost of living and the de preciation of bond values in this coun try are primarily due to the war itself, to the necessary governmental expen ditures for the destructive purposes of war, to private extravagance, to the world shortage of capital, to the in flation of foreign currencies and cred its and in large degree, to conscience less profiteering. The republican party is responsible for the failure to restore peace con ditions in Europe, which is a princi- j. j. twj TTTTi farm loan act should be extended so! his place at the peace table, call the as to give credit to all properly or- congress into extraordinary session for ganized co-operatives just as credit is imperative purposes of readjustment, now given to individual farmers. s the congress when convened spent 2. We urge that the United States thirteen months in partisan pusuits, department of labor compile and failing to repeal a single war statute issue monthly statements of the cost which harassed business or to initiate of manufacture of those staple articles a single constructive measure to help which form the basis of calculation in business. It busied itself making a fixing the cost of living. 3. As a means of aiding anti-profit eering measures the federal govern ment should promptly investigate pro fits and prices. All income and other tax returns should be available for in- make the former afraid or doing a Come on man. more ice. INFCfttOR. GEtWTO^. pal cause of post-armistice inflation the world over. It has denied the de mand of the president for necessary legislation to deal with secondary and local, causes. The sound policies pur sued by the treasury and federal re serve system have limited in this country, though they could not pre vent, the inflation which was world wide. Elected upon specific promises to curtail public expenditures and to bring the country back to a status of effective economy, the republican party in congress wasted time and energy for more than a year in vain and extravagant investigation, costing the taxpayers great sums of money, while revealing nothing beyond the in capacity of republican politicians to cope with the problems. There is no such thing as a "pretty good" refrigerator—a refrigerator is either efficient or inefficient If your refrigerator permits warm air to leak in, buy a new one. The food and ice wasted by a poor refrigerator will pay for a good one in two seasons. single act to bring the latter within limitations. The truth is that the high cost of living can only be remedied by increas ed production, strict governmental economy and a relentless pursuit of those who take advantage of post-war conditions and are demanding and re ceiving outrageous profits. We pledge the democratic party to a policy of strict economy in govern ment expenditures and to the enact ment and enforcement of such legis lation as may be required to bring (Continued on fifth page) Let us show you why the Automatic should be in your home this season. It will save you many dollars on your ice bills, on your grocery and meat bills. We will be pleased to show you. K-R-E-B-S TURNS HOUSES INTO HOME& i Demanding that the president, from pre-election record of pretended thrift, having not one particle of substantial existence in fact. It raged against profiteers and the high cost of living without enacting a single statute to what, again ICE BILLS erator Year?