Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXI. No. 48
President John H. Walker, of the Illinois State Federation of Labor, in his annual report to the thirty-ninth annual convention thereof, held in Au rora, 111., October 17-22, 1921, dealt with the Illinois workmen's compen sation law. The Illinois law provides for the writing for workmen's com pensation by liability insurance com panies. We quote from President Walker's report so that our readers may have brought to them again the outstanding reason for the constant attack upon the Ohio law by the lia bility insurance companies and their camouflaged organizations and agents and the demand of the workers in other states for the Ohio plan. President Walker said, on this phase of workmen's compensation: There is another aspect of this question of compensation and ac cident insurance that I want you to consider with me. Every intelligent man or woman agrees that no private insurance company or private individ ual should be permitted to make pro fits out of the death and injury of the victims of accidents in industry and that the industry should take care of those victims and their dependents —that it should take tare of them generously, and above all that they should be taken care of immediately after the accident takes place when the need is greatest. And practically every well-informed person in the world agrees that this cannot be brought about except through the elimination of private, profit-making insurance corporations and the estab lishment of a government insurance fund. "The of our present compensation law is becoming so involved by allowing the introduction of legal controversies and technicalities in the settlement of the cases that dockets are being clos ged, cases are being delayed six months and a year—sometimes even two years—that should have been set tled within forty-eight hours. These delays are occasioned by lawyers in tervening in the hope that by trickery and intimidation the amount will be materially reduced, they are creating these delays for the purpose of wor rying the victims into agreeing to ac cept less than they are entitled to. Such practices are defeating HOW IT WORKS WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION BY LIABILITY IN SURANCE COMPANIES President John H. Walker's Report Thereon to Illinois State Federation the real purpose of the law. "The present method of the employ ers insuring themselves with private insurance corporations to cover the cost of these industrial accidents, and the fact that the overhead cost of a private insurance company aver ages better than 40 per cent of the amount of all of the premiums paid to them is adding a still greater bur den on the people. The establish ment of a state insurance fund out of which to pay the amounts due these victims of our present methods of in dustry who lose their life, their limbs and their health, would only cost about two to two and a half per cent. This means that at least 37% per cent of the money that now goes into the coffers of the private insurance com panies could go to either the victims of industry or to the public in the les ser cost of the products of that in dustry which they consume. "The insurance companies or men who have some connection directly or indirectly with the insurance com SPRING MODEL panies are the only real opponents to this kind of legislation in our state today. A great many employers pub licly say they want a state insurance fund, and a great many more refuse to say anything publicy, but tell us privately that they want it though that they dare not say so openly or the insurance companies will either refuse to take their risk or liability between now and the time such a law is enacted, or that they will raise their premiums so much that they will be at a disadvantage with their com petitors. "An illuminating statement appears in the records of the insurance divi sion of the department of trade and commerce for the all administration and application state line- they received come and for the year almost e v Uncle Sam is Proud Of His Army Shoes He sees that his boys have good Sturdy shoes that are comfortable HERE IS A GENUINE ARMY SHOE of Illinois. Mr. Barr, the director of the communication dated July 13, 1921, depart ment of trade and commerce, period in a 13, 1921, replying to a letter I had written him on July states that accord ing to the published reports of the department, the premiums collected in Illinois during 1919 by companies writing workmen's compensation surance were were Similar figures for $4,070,1 SI.90. 191* were 712.0 and $3,309,235.HI. of the years preceding those lness, tiie so,017.- "1 wrote for these records for aP two ia which the compensation law had lie.-n in effect, but he advised me that upon investigation he found that the ports et' hi department for previous y e a s i n o separate this line of !. premiums Illinois Ifing written and that tion for previous "A furthi coi-reei appears for the informa years Mi ret'ore rot desired i- available. item of in News U'a-di the same .md shows the insurance ch,.r- utter which interesting .-since it comes I'm tn tlie companies them selves that the records of department are about (he Chicago Daily issue of the year l'.'Jl. a 133,254.28 and includes a total income of :•. paid out $3,800,37! .37. statement of their total in total losses paid since up to and including each year to I'M ', 1921. These fig ures show about an equal proportion of their income paid for nil losses about the same a 1921. "I would recommend that this STATE UNIONS TO MEET El Paso, Texas.—The annual con vention of the Texas State Federation of Labor will be held in this city, beginning Monday, April 7 Made like illustration of soft but sturdy brown Russia calfskin, with flexible Goodyear welt leather soles and rubber heels. All sizes, 5 to 12 17. Not a Heavy Shoe $4-85 FIT-RITE SHOE STORE 218 S. Third St. Opp. Palace Theatre £e pe (Copyright) in $11,(522,333.51, and tin- total losses paid by those corporation--, on workmen'- compensation business for the same MUSH i and losses- for show-! as rise total A L: analy i attac. gle add men1 pink N( monp The . their pratt class sihle I he Wednesday, August 1921. It is an advertisement of the Associated Employers Reciprocal. They call themselves "Illinois' lead ing participating insurance institu tion, writing workmen's compensation, liability and automobile insurance on a NET COST BASIS.' "It shows that in jnle^ hate e o y e a n u n i i get o n vention reaffirm the position taken ry convention ception of the i n compensation law that we strongly favor the creation of a state insurance fund out of which to pay the cost of the operation of the compensation law and that we instruct its officers to push as vigor ously as possible a campaign to en lighten the people on this subject and to secure the enactment of such a law at the earliest possible moment." affects -u.-h Inch e w o k e r- a addressed s i n e e i n "They have nothing •tn ni! I an utiv oik et 1 tied w, lis en Inst iting n tin lation ised dent iV. pursue las "nothii e abil it y. i of dignify,!, the mind:-, of tiling, t!ii a class p: constructive in°eth show contrar ipon wh it In- CI a o pride foun an be Pres I. W hat it itself rt.- i o e i a I- |'I ,-,! ami ibie cannot efntition bt •ide unionist common un~ want. They y the i under any reasonabh called a class, said tin i less it be the hunger an have neither a common 'tn comi.inii occupation. exclusive they ual nor class "They i la y are i i pride. accept members, pelled, of ,t have mother individ the employing el ers they borrow ideas, language, phrases, manner-' toms from the employing class, whom they look up to and consider their betters they are so eager to get out of their class that The End of a Perfect Day HOVW 00 vou tto MONGER'S .nship make impos W i i i they are ing to do almost anything, I. W. W. is insisted upon under pen alties. (See transfers.) The bakers must be transferred into the shoe HIDE TEACHINGS OF I. W. W.'S WOULD DESTROY WORKERS' PRIDI IN SKILL AND CREATIVE ABILITY AND ITS "WORKING CLASS" TALK IS PRATTLE, SAYS FURUSETH Common Mysery, Hate of Labor and Employer and Efforts to Underm Class It Affects High Regard For, Is Its Only Basis, He Says a d: i1 i" ijt• i -.• ioi. o I :o or I i 'in •a with mi-coi i toping after i i I!. i«nn' Their juris- e r. '••di.'-ul"H They 1- o'" de| :,!:• -lployc ami io.-iri.ui -. :"'c ihp they i e i v. ay a o a u s e e i i i a w o k w i e o ia•i i i i e e- o k e o u ,,yors by miK- rkid i a belief that ployor may union o u u i dons encour s mentioned u it s a the purview mil1' o e i v a .- o i a n I e u a :'m- pioyer. I a u n i o n s e i n s e i u i- o n ou i v i a ie right road to or grop- after :do ebjiraeterisHes—pride !a oiar• i(,i, iii -kill, it work well one ,i jid In tiiy ir rowing. had to he o e i i a a i i e a n e a s a y or a.'y raiv'id hi coaa- dah coir-cious of e i i i o a a n e n e i a e o o e e is the 1. o real ,r ex a- lead and gether witii the laborer. will- even risk ing prison to 'get up,' as they call it. "It is by herding such as these into 'mixed assemblies' that they are to create 'the army' that is to upset ex isting society—better equipped thai at any time in the world's history tt defend itself against revolutionists. "This is not to say that real work ers way not have some common char acteristics, which, properly understood and cultivated, would not or could not mold them into a genuine class, not withstanding their great numbers "In the old religions, now called mythology, the workers are thought of as nearest to the gods, because they continue creation. "Being the artists in production without which life would be impossi ble, they might well have a pride in production, in skill, in work well done and a consciousness of their creative capacity that might serve as a foun dation for class feeling and class pride. "We look in vain, however, for any recognition of any such in either the preamble or the constitution. On the contrary, there is a distinct hostility, like in the case of employer or a large number of them, to any craftsmanship or skill. "Both the documents discredit the very thought. Free interchange of membership cards or transfers from one organization to another within the oninion hate of labor, of W. pride W. i n kiil. ia work production, vvll atii fur an class thoughts, i ide. cus i n done, hence no foun- feeling or class Labor is huinied. something to be in in held in contempt to The working c.iiie i in the preamble, has o!niia. upon which to base -eit utile it be common CITY COURTS ASSAILED New certain York.—Municipal courts in sections of this XJNTY PRESS HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, MARCH 17, 1922 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR 1*4 PEELED RECOGNIZE MEXICO" Says American Federation of Labor Chief Washington.—"Americans who are prejudiced "iie way or a de.-dre to get terms and e.inditions, •oining more and more a e o e u i s I W l- o o u s e American are to the conclu ion that there has been something are than diplomacy at work in the •elaf'nns between the two countries," ays President Gompers, writing in \merican Federationist, current issue justice o It A !•'. of fj-ct beyond dispute that capitalists have sought to hape the policy of the intervention. More recently it evi dently has been their conviction that by attempting to retard the granting recognition they n. misery, common hate the employer, and, under their worship of 'economic determinism'— selfishness—suspicion of, and an etfort to overreach each other, in their effort to tret out of the working class." city gants, according to the of fall far short of giving justice to poor liti annual report the legal aid society. These alleged "poor man's courts" are not living up to their reputa tion, it is stated, because of the arbi trary action of clerks and marshals on whom the successful litigant depends for the collection of his judgment. "When a person seeking justice has established his right in a court of law and then finds that he is no better off than when he started, having a judg ment that no one will bother to col lect, his respect for law receives a rude shock," says the report. "In suing for small amounts loss of time is a fact which the litigant must seriously consider. Most of the judges lose sight of this consideration, They grant adjournments recklessly against all objections." Who keeps up the traffic flags? The B. C. Auto Club. could wring larger concessions and more favorable in stment terms fioai the Workers' Determination Dr Using Government Effort to Pre The raid and It ne away by a subpoena land sence Judge Sibley (enounced "It another by possession favorable of at dial resources Mexican upon the present at the time: were Mexico's claim eci.miition by the Mexican government. 'It is quite possible that the com plete story of the intrigues of Ameri can bankers, American oil interests and American investors and would-be investors in Mexican mineral, land and timber resources, will never be know Sufficient is known, however, to make certain the fact that the amount of intrigue has been much larger than a o w i we a v e knowledge. "By all of the standards of govern ment in the diplomatic recognition of one nation by another, Mexico is en titled to recognition as an act of jus tnce. Absolutely the only persons who can conceivably derive advantage from the continued withholding of rec ognition are certain American bank ers who hope to drive a better bar gain with Mexico by creating in Mex ico the impression that they have some influence in determining the matter of recognition. For everyone else, whether Mexican or American the advantage lies in granting imme diate recognition." MORE PRIVATE CON TRACTS Jersey City, N. J.—The Erie rail road has sublet repair work for its New York terminal to the Wagner Construction and Repair Company Similar action has been taken in its Hornell, N. Y., and Marion, Ohio shops. Trade unionists say the Wag ner Company is a dummy concern that has been framed up for the purpose of evading the Cummins Esch law. The first announcement by the new company was an order to cut wages of skilled workers 17 cents an hour, or $1.36 a day. The scale for these workers was 72 cents an hour. GAIN CLEM VICTORY Papers and records seized by fed eral agents from the headquarters of the Atlanta, Birmingham and Atlan tic strike leaders were ordered return ed by Federal Judge Samuel Sibley, at Atlanta, Ga., after he had heard testimony tending to prove that offi cers of the federal court had conspired with Col. B. A. Bugg, receiver of the road, to perpetrate the high-handed proceeding. Copies and photographs of docu ments made by Bugg and his em ployes were ordered returned to the court and to be sealed "forever." was charged by Hooper Alex idiler. formerly STRIKERS WIN ROUND FROM ENEMY WHEN COURT ORDERS RETURN OF PAPERS STOLEN FROM RAILROAD ORGANIZATION what subsequent.^ happened were declared by Judge Sibley to IN- "unfortunate This was particularly true of Col. Bugg's con tempt of the injunction secured at the instance of strike leaders against any further copying of records. It was proven that Bugg had his agents at this work for two days after the injunction had been served upon Bugg. district: one of the counsel for ers. the that ure had been to give the railroad offi cials knowledge of the strikers' affairs which could not be obtained otherwise. Union officers' headquarters in the Piedmont hotel, Atlanta, a was brought to the attention of Judge Sib ley, had been raided by federal agents fter the strike leader- if Colonel Bugg and required o •opies of the United States. the truth, United State n such a manner as to bring to Amer ican investors the largest possible re turn. When these investors felt that intervention in Mexico would be a ood thing for them, they it a i attorney and stock strike lead the sole purpose had been trick- that compelled their attendance before federal jury. 1 was duni their ab that J. P., Wall, solicitor gen eral of the circuit at.iorm.-y for the i n n e a s u e e this proceeding. was unfortunate," the stenographer was subpoena in most wns unfo? id nate that so much /eal v.-a- shown i the copying—but 1 won' say ,d more than unfortunate." federal !o take ,.aU: that a striker.-' papers had net returned to the court. If they to develops they without in instructed by were for have ly inconvenienced the union after the injunction retraining it wss. HTUI JS STAMPS t/HITEI 8TATM OOVERHM£NT ves Road Receiver Bugg To Ygents in Desperate mote Scheme Sneered by federal agents for the benefit of Bugg, is believed by the strikers to be the last desperate act of the railroad officers to destroy the morale of the workers and break a strike that has been in progress for nearly a test of year. It was called in pro a wage reduction in violation of a decision of the United States railroad labor board. Sixteen organi zations of workers are involved, and their ranks remain solid. The A. B. & A., on the other hand, is deteriorating, its business is gone, and its credit exhausted. Bugg re ently made an unsuccessful etfort to •iecure $000,000 from the interstate commerce commission. GAMBLING DEN Is What ntermyer Calls N. V. Stock Exchange Beach, Fla The New York exchange has gambling den of the seiz been a veritable where "marked insiders with card.-." a-adst the U i play the game outside public, said Sam- n'eimver. ii: referring New York attorney, to the investigation of small broker- that city. •The stock exchange is bigger than arty aggregation of banks and trust m.panics, add yet it unsupervised. Y'-ar after year the swindl out of dollar and -o tl,.- X, v, court and local railroad at Fitzgerald, rved a subpoena upon a stenograph and secured possession of the union's documents A s i o k he said, dha served w:th :h the absence ployers it was unfortunate that many officers of the government he .r.s: u- attorneys Clint W. I lager add Wail a.cr any way lilroad George W. off, i, i n 11. Gentry, prhate tary of Bugg, wore that he i.ad hi- *upcrioi papers and to copy tl that his work continued ha, been issued, live other confident ia secretaries of railroad officials assist 1 in this work. This illegal search a n -e i u e e n !*j HE Opening of A A N S greater establishment !h 1922 The enlarging of Spt our The acquisition of more space, not only at tests to past success it provides many reasons for greater success in the future. Requested de partments have been added, and practically every department has been enlarged or rearranged to facilitate oven better merchandising service. WE CORDIALLY INVITE YOl TO VISIT OCR Spring ashion Review AT PALACE THEATRE BEAUTIFUL Thursday, Friday and Saturday a 2 3 2 4 a n 2 5 1 9 2 2 Living models submitting for your approval the latest 1922 fashions in Suits, Wraps, Dresses, Sport Attire, Blouses,Millinery, Silks and Lingerie. 156 HIGH public is of hundreds of millions it will continue until York legislature can over- C' a a i difluences of Wall street to I'i .e -e i: measure of protection to the unprotected investor. exchanges ine.!. 1 i of .,cr en wr and boards trade ,-hould be regulated by law and their affair? periodically exam .c ,-itocu. exchange, by an un odd- ement from its rostrum, can put nher out of business in 60 sec ond. with all the misery that this to the tiiousands of customers i •. if th nobody has any question or re s' out of court, there such un~ W(Ml 1 iVS STFFRAGK UPHELD -hingtei In two decisions, bas iiainly technicalities, the 1 States supreme court has up thc equal suffrage amendment federal constitution. One of tiffrag' appellants was Charles lirehild of New York, former :ary of the reasury and presi- e.f th-- association opposed Who is continually working to ,cut accidents? The Auto Club. to pre- ing Season finds a more progressive and than ever before. Ready-to-Wear Depart ment, and expansion ol kindred lines speaks in larion words of staple progress, won through untiring efforts, and an unwnvorod standard of service and satisfaction. ST.