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Ihv H£ ,- •. i'T T'-»:: THE P11ESS OFFICIAL ORGAN OF ORGANIZED LABOR OF HAMILTON AND VICINITY. Labor Press Association THE NONPAREIL PRINTING CO. PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS Subscription Price $1.00 per Year Payable in Advance. We do not hold ourselves responsible for any view* or opinions expressed in the articles or communications of correspondents. Communications solicited from secretaries of all societies and organizations, and should be addressed to The Butler County Press, 826 Market Street, Hamilton, Ohio. The publishers reserve the right to Endorsed by the Trades and Laboi Council of Hamilton, Ohio. Kudorsed by the Middletown Trades and Labor Council of Middletown, O WHO'S GETTING IT? How do you account for this? The public has been stuffed with tales that the high price of coal is due to the high wages paid the miners all this despite the fact that the pub lie has been told thousands of times that the miner's wage ranges from 50 cents to $1 per ton. Now comes the report of the United States coal commission, which states the average spot market price of soft coal in this country was $4.54 at the mines this week, $4.47 last week $3.93 in December. There hasn't been a wage increase during the past few months, so what is the reason for that increase of 61 cents per ton in about three weeks Sixty-one cents is just about the average price per ton labor receives for mining the coal, the other $12 or $13 paid by the consumer going some where else. What's the answer?—Dayton Labor Review. From the above article you get an idea of how much the poor miner gets for digging the coal for which you are paying $10 and $10.50 right here in Hamilton. The Press doesn't be lieve the local dealers are getting any more than they are entitled to in the way of legitimate profits. But it is plain to be seen that somebody getting theirs. i* THE WAY TO BETTERMENT The great foundation of progress safety, stability and democracy in America today is the trade union movement. The trade union movement wants to help in the development of a better America. It is constructive because only through constructive policy can its ideals be realized. In ever negotiation between workers and employers the workers are seek ing to improve America. Each organ ization is seeking to improve its part of America. That which employers sometimes view as hostility and enmity is hos tility only to that which is bad and undesirable. If employers will accept the full co-operation of the organized labor movement they will find a wealth of offering such as few have dreamed of, They will find possible a better organ ization of industry, offering more of justice to all who participate in the efforts of industry. In a thousand ways industry will find itself "day by day and in every way getting better and better" in wholesome, sound, progressive man ner. Through the institution of join ne gotiations between workers and em ployers inestimable good will result. Happy i» the employer who makes this discovery. n IMMIGRATION For several months the legislative committee of the American Federa tion of Labor has reported that exten sive propaganda had been launched to amend the immigration laws so that there could be an influx of foreigners. 1 PRESS ASSHj tOHlO LABOR! Members Ohio rcject any advertisements at any time. Advertising rates made known on appll cation. Whatever ts Intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of pood faith. Subscribers changing their address will please notify this office, giving old and new address to insure regular delivery of paper. FRIDAY, JANUARY 26, 1923 Entered at the Postoffice at Hamilton, Ohio, as Second Class Mail Matter. Issued Weekly at 326 Market Street. Hamilton, Ohio. Telephone 1296 .f-.-t.-rwr rv- This propaganda has grown in inten sity until it has reached every cor ner of the land. Various associations of employers are sending letters to all members of congress urging them to vote for unrestricted immigration. The National Association of Mer chant Tailors of America sent a com mittee to Washington to appear be fore y»e immigration committee of the house to demand the 3 per cent law be so amended that the European sup ply of journeymen tailors may come to our country unrestricted and in unlimited numbers. The false statement is being broad casted through every avenue of pub licity that there is a great shortage of labor. Reports of department of labor have been misrepresented to prove an enormous shortage of both skilled and unskilled workers. Secre tary of Labor Davis, however, in an address delivered in Los Angeles, November 17, 1922, said there were then 3,000,000 unemployed in the United States. A survey made by the American Federation of Labor in nearly a thousand cities and towns shows that there is a surplus of labor everywhere. December 4, Secretary of Labor Davis in a statement printed in the Washington Star, said: "The argument .'is everywhere put forward that because we have reach ed a point of industrial prosperity in the United States, after one of th greatest depressions we have ever known, we must open wide our gates to European immigration to provide labor for our industries. I am con vinced that a great many uninformed or misled employers are using this argument. It is entirely fallacious for several reasons. "There is an impression that the so called 3 per cent law has operated tc arbitrarily limit our immigratior from all European countries. Nothing could be farther from the truth Those who are now clamoring againsl the law forget or utterly disregarc the fact that the law would have per mitted the admission of thousands of immigrants during the past two years if they had sought admission. A! any time since the law has been lr effect, workmen for our industries of the racial strains which have made America great and which up to the past two decades made up the bulk of our immigration, could have been admitted by the thousands. "They did not seek admission. They are not coming into America. In the last fiscal year only less than one-half of the quotas that could be admitted under the law have come from Eng lancj, Ireland, Scotland and Wales from Norway, Sweden, Denmark from Holland and from Germany." While Secretary of Labor Davis emphatically declares that there is no shortage of labor, another member of the president's cabinet takes an en tirely opposite stand. Secretary of the Treasury Mellon, whose financial interests probably control his opin ions, has issued a warning in his re port to congress that the restriction of immigration and the general re sumption of industrial activity has re sulted in a scarcity of labor embar rassing in some lines of business. From reports received by the Amer ican Federation of Labor there is great fear of the destitution that is sure to result during the winter months because of unemployment. A committee of trade union legislative agents representing the American Federation of Labor and all national and international unions, having leg islative agents in Washington, waited upon Chairman Johnson, of the im migration committee of the house, and protested against the opening the im migration question at this session The present 2 per cent law does not expire until June 30, 1924. The time of expiration was extended at the re quest of the American Federation of Labor, President Gompers making a special plea for that legislation. PREACHER DETECTIVES A minister of the gospel who hasn't any more to do than to join hands with a couple of men, one of whom is convicted of striking a 70-year-old lady, in snooping around to hunt out booze and bootleggers, certainly has n't much to do in church work, or at least he doesn't give his church the attention he ought to. It would seem there ought to be many other things for him to do good in other than to get into booze enforcement. Preach ers and "detectives" make a bum combination. K Day by day, in every way, the trade union movement in Hamilton grows stronger and stronger. The work of a state in the long run is the work of the individuals com posing it—MilL -''•A**•^r7fTi"^?7(y OUR DO-NOTHING CONGRESS The citizens of Washington are in a better position to realize the in competency of congress to solve their problems than those of any other part of hte country. The people of Wash ington are voiceless. They are ruled as no other city is ruled. The presi dent can be said to be the mayor of Washington and congress the city council. The president as mayor ap points a board of three commissioners who rule Washington. He also ap points a public utilities commission. If the street railway, gas or electric light companies claim that they are not earning dividends enough the pub lic utilities commission increases the rates. Many associations of citizens have been formed to convince congress and the president that there should be re medial legislation. But in no city in the country are there any louder protests made against those who con duct the government than in Wash ington. That being true of voiceless Washington, the rest of the country can realize why it is neglected by the failure to enact constructive legisla tion even after most vigorous agi tatino. Behind all legislation is the politi cal factor. There is said to be a po litical scheme behind every move made in the national legislature. For instance, the anti-lynching bill (H. 13). When it was apparent before the election that the ship subsidy bill could not be passed it was postponed until after the votes had been cast Then, in order to prevent filibustering against it the leaders in congress plac ed the anti-lynching bill on the cal endar to be the first legislation con sidered. A bitter fight followed, most vigorous filibuster prevented ac tion on the bill. Finally, an agree ment was reached by the leader of the republicans and the leader of the democrats that the bill would be with drawn. It has been printed since that a secret agreement also was made by the filibusters not to filibuster against any other bill during this ses sion of congress. 1* J* SCAB CAR "SERVICE" The kind of service being given on the scab-operated street car lines of Buffalo, N. Y., was told in the head lines of the Buffalo newspapers last week. In two days' issue the follow ing scare headings appeared over ar ticles containing accounts of serious accidents: "Woman Injured Jumping From Blazing Car—Several Other Passen gers on Niagara Falls Trolley Cut and Bruised—Two Autos Are Wreck ed—Both Rammed by Cars and One Driver is Hurt." "Street Car Runs Wild and Holds Up Traffic." "Five Street Cars in Crash—Three Injured, Dozen Passengers Bruised at Main and Virginia Streets Car Stops, Second Crashes Into It, Third Hits Second, Fourth Stops, but Fifth Bangs Into It and Forces it Into Third Conveyance—Injured Taken in Taxis." "Passengers Injured in Panic on Falls High—Speed Line Car—Break Windows and Crawl Out." "Cycle Cop Chasing Auto Hit By Car." "Victim Returning From Chuch When Hit By Car Dies Later in Hos pital." The foregoing is a sample of the street car service being inflicted upon the citizens of Buffalo by "Mitten Management." It is the kind of ser vice that always results on a scab operated system. The Buffalo riding public, to a great extent, has been withholding their patronage from the lines because of the unjust treatment by the company of its employes Those who are using the lines are taking the chance of being maimed or killed through the recklessness and incompetency of the misfits that have been employed by "Mitten Manage ment" to take the car men's places Buffalo today under "Mitten Manage ment" has the most demoralized street railway service in the United States. Union Leader. ... ..I _-,v -.-»••• 1* MINERS AND 1923 The gigantic industrial battle which followed disclosed hitherto un dreamed of elements of strength in the United Mine Workers of America and attracted the attention of the civilized world. Through many long, weary months the miners and their families, inspir ed by the justice of their cause, made tremendous personal sacrifices order to continue the struggle and the victory which they won excites the admiration of all. In emerging victorious from such contest the united mine workers have not only maintained their own ~r THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS wages and working conditions but have been of distinct service to all the workers in America. The retrograde movement in wages has stopped, the falling of the labor market has been checked and wage increases rather than decreases are the order of the day. The organized mine workers have proven themselves to be the shock troops of labor and the dauntless de fenders of industrial liberty. Their success should be an inspiration to workers in general and a tremendous incentive for the upbuilding and per fection of the trade union movement. —John L. Lewis, president United Mine Workers of America, in the American Federationist. J* P* Pi 1* IT'S DIFFERENT Labor Board Can't Enforcc Rulings When They're Against Railroads Washington. When the depart ment of justice was creating a mob spirit to justify its injunction against the shop men, the people were told that a refusal to accept decisions by the railroad labor board is "a chal lenge to government." Every echo and clacker for greed took up the cry that the shop men were "defying government," and that the board's decisions must be enforced if civilization is to continue. Since this cry has served its pur pose, the department of justice changes front, and now declares the board is simply a fact-finding body and an arbitration tribunal, depend ent on the support of public opinion for the enforcement of its findings The latter position is taken by the department of justice in the suit of the Pennsylvania railroad against the board's order that the railroad com pany shall permit trade unionists to vote on employes' representation. The company was establishing its company "union" at the time, and debarred more, than 85 per cent of its organized shop men from voting. The railroad company claims the railroad labor board exceeded its au thority. In discussing a law point in the case, the assistant solicitor gen eral said the railroad labor board must depend on public opinion to en force its decisions—a position that organized labor has continuously held "YELLOW DOG" PLAN Again Sustained By Upper Court Employer May o i Trade Union Affiliation Under Ruling Boston.—The state supreme court has ruled that an employer has the right to make it a condition of em ployment that those whom he hires must not affiliate with a trade union This contract is known as "yellow dog" contract among trade unionists The decision was made in the case of the Moore Drop Forging Company of Springfield. The company secured an injunction prohibiting trade union ists "and all others" from inducing or persuading any person now or hereafter in the employment of the company to leave that employment, or to prevent the company from entering into individual contracts with its em ployes. In upholding this injunction, the state supreme court said: "The plain tiff was entitled to make it a condi tion that those entering its employ ment should not remain members of a labor union, and is entitled to be protected by the law and to receive whatever benefits may accrue from such a contract." Washington. The Massachusetts state supreme court's decision that an employer can insist employes must not belong to a trade union is in line with the Hitchman decision by the United States supreme court, Decem ber 10, 1917. In that case the court upheld an injunction against organ ized mine workers, who were charged with attempting to interest employes of the Hitchman Coal Company, of West Virginia, in trade unionism when these employes had individual contracts with the company not to join a trade union while so employed. Prior to the Hitchman decision the United States supreme court had ruled in the Adair case and in the Coppage case that employers could discharge a worker for belonging to a trade union or for any other reason. The Adair decision set aside an act making it unlawful to discharge from interstate commerce service because of membership in a trade union. The Coppage decision invalidated a Kan sas law which made it illegal for an employe to be discharged because of his trade union membership. HUGE MEAT PROFITS New York.—The report of Swift & Co., meat packers, for the year ended November 4, 1922, shows clear profits of $13,049,217, against a deficit of $7,812,291 in the previous year. Dur ing 1922 the sales were less and the profits greater than in 1921. In 1922 the sales were $650,000,000, as com pared with $800,000,000 the previous year. -fcii. v. v.v .... -, ••.. »'v,. DAY BY DAY IN EVERY WAY Ship Subsidy Grab Grows Weaker and Weaker Washington. -Ship subsidy advo cates now claim their measure "has a fighting chance" of being passed by the senate. This uncertain prediction indicates the state of mind of those who a few months ago were insolently claiming that every one who opposed looting the treasury was in the pay of foreign governments. The present congress adjourns March 4 next. The administration does not want to call the new congress in special session, but this will be necessary if the regular appropriation bills are not passed. The appropriation bills could all be sidetracked and every effort made to jam the subsidy bill through before March 4. While this scheme would please the shipping interests, every other big interest would be alarmed because a special session of the new congress would have to be called to pass appropriations. With the new congress once assembled, no one could predict what would happen. The rail road question, for instance, might be reopened, and this at a time when the railroads want to be left alone. They are "getting their's," despite™poverty pleas. msm At this writing it would seem that something must be thrown to the wolves, and the subsidy bill appears to be the victim on the theory that it is better to disappoint the shipping interests than to run the danger of railroad legislation, income tax legis lation, excess profits legislation and other proposals that members of the new congress are committed to. It is whispered that certain reaction ary senators, who are up for re-elec tion two years hence, are not losing sleep over the subsidy bill's present uncertainty. They realize that every one who votes for it will be exhibit A at a first-class political funeral. Buy none but union label goods. w :=5V ENFORCING BLACK LIST New York.—The American Steam ship Owners' Association is attempt ing to enforce its discharge books on crews of its vessels. These books contain the photo, measurements and description of each employe, and are along the lines of the Bertillion sys tem used by the police to identify criminals. Under this system the worker is graded and a check is main tained on every day he is idle or is employed. The vessel owners claim this meth od is in vogue in Great Britain. The seamen show that the British system does not provide for photos or the complete measurements. In that country the government and the ship owners recognize the union and treat with it, while in the United States the union is opposed. EMPLOY MANY GUARDS Washington. During the first month of the railroad strike the num ber of guards and private police em ployed by railroads increased to 39, 430 men, the railroads report to th* interstate commerce commission. WM THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS WE HAVE SOLVED THE CHRISTMAS PROBLEM FOR YOU Open a Christmas Savings Account with Us START AT ANY TIME Indicate to us that you want to withdraw next Christmas and we will issue a Christmas Savings Book. You can deposit any amount from 10c up, at any time during the year. After Decemberl, 1923, we will pay you the full amount deposited with 3 per cent interest. Our Plan is Simple Call Early For Your Book Yours To Serve The Dime Savings Bank Co. 215 HIGH STREET A girl's hope chest these days ought to contain at least one good auto matic.-—Philadelphia Inquirer. Is onlv Newspaper, and WHEN YOU NEED THE SERVICES OF A RELIABLE DRUG STORE CALL ON RADCLIFFE The Rex all Store Cor. High and Second Sts. LET US DEVELOP YOUR PICTURES NONPAREIL PRINTING COMPANY Is only Job Printing Plant in HAMILTON employing UNION HELP IN PRESSROOM Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union No. 235 Hamilton and Middletown BRINGELMAN, President HARRY HARRIS, Secretary a v i W e FUNERAL DIRECTOR The most modern Limousine and Ambulance in the city PHONE 48 219 MAIN ST. .A y.3 K.'x W -.y ill*- 1 ORIGINAL PLAN For CHRISTMAS SAVINGS ill 1 11 V 5 1 2.1 I fi i'v N. .*•' •,v, .f If 1 14.