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Si**" 'St, a: :VOL. XXII. No. 42 fo: Mr*' ScT $* y^^r'' Us r* $ fiu i lr «.* h- ^^2}*"*'^ 'v •*t,'x e *6 *i v"° *Jt N i V Here is all extract from a descrip tion of child labor in the oyster shucking business on the Gulf coast. This description was broadcasted by radio by the U. S. department of la bor. It ought to be reatf with interest by members of the United States su preme court: "The boat, loaded with oysters, comes in to the pier. It is only 4 o'clock in the morning, but oysters do not keep, and in a short time a group of women and babies and children of all ages appear from a row of bar racks and shacks behind the cannery. "These are the workers coming from their camp. They break apart and open the shells with knives and begin to fill their cups with oyster meat. They stand at their work, swaying back and forth with a rhythm which apparently enables them to Work long hours and still keep up speed. They bend farther and far ther over to reach the oysters at the bottom of the cars. "If shrimp pickiQg is going on, the shrimp are iced instead of steamed, to make their shells less difficult to Open, and spread on wire trays on top of the empty oyster cars or on tables. The workers break off the heads with one hand and squeeze out the flesh with the other. "A strong odor arises, and we no tice that children and women are wearing gloves and dipping their hands in a tub of alum water, and that even with this protection the hands of some of them are bleeding There is an acid in the head of the shrimp and also a sharp thorn which is likely to run into the hand and break off "The floor W wet and slippery and strewn with piles of shrimp heads or oyster shells, and over this floor JOHN B.LENN0N DEAD Was For Many Years Treas urer of American Fed eration of Labor Washington.—The death of John Lennon, former treasurer of the American Federation of Labor, at his home at Bloomington, 111., profoundly shocked the labor movement of the United States. President Samuel Gompers and Sec retary Frank Morrison sent the fol lowing telegram to Mrs. Lennon: "In behalf of the executive commit tee of the American Federation of Labor and the entire labor movement of our country, we extend to you the sincerest sympathy in the loss of your dear husband, John B. Lennon "Mr. Lennon gave to the cause of labor, justice, freedom and humanity the major part of his whole long life "He was an efficient and construc tive member and secretary of the Journeymen Tailors' Union of Amer ica. He served as treasurer of the American Federation of Labor faith fully and well for twenty-seven years. "In the councils of our movement he gave heart and brain and the cause of human progress has lost a devoted servant. "His name will live long in the memory of man." President Gompers and Secretary Morrison also requested the central labor body of Bloomington to appoint a committee to act as representatives of the American Federation of Labor at the funeral. John B. Lennon was born in Lafay ette county, Wis., in October, 1850 He became a journeyman tailor and served as general secretary of the Journeymen Tailors' Union of Amer ica from 1886 to 1910. During that time he edited The Tailor, the official organ of the Tailors' Union. His service as treasurer of the American Federation of Labor extend ed from 1889 to 1917—27 years. Mr. Lennon was a member of the United States commission on indus trial relations, the social service com mittee of the federal council of the churches of Christ in America, the American Academy of Political Sci ence, and the American Peace Society. He also lectured extensively on labor and soeial problems. KIND OF ALIENS EN TERING Washington.—The kind of immi grants now coming to the United States under the 3 per cent law is indicated in a statement issued by the department of labor. -*. -''Vv, The annual quota for Armenia, Por tugal, Lithuania, Spain, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, Africa, Greece, Italy, 'and Belgium are exhausted while the quotas for Albania, Bulgaria, Czocho Slovakia, Hungary and Rumania are almost exhausted. o e a n a e o u n i e s o northwestern Europe, however, have supplied less than half their quota. Jy!?T «,i «&«s£3 V^* EXPLOIT CHILD LABOR S i *•.•.•.'•• Hiig Description \v,-- t* Will Interest Those Who Perhaps It Will Also Interest Supreme Court HUNGRY _LANDLORDS Nip Uncle Sam for Post Office Buildings, Says Department Head Sees Big Savings if Govern ment Owns Buildings Washington.—Unconscionable pro fiteering by landlords whose specialty is renting buildings to the post office dpeartment has led Postmaster Gen eral Work to insist that congress shall establish the policy of government ownership of buildings where postal business is conducted and authorize the immediate construction of post offices to curb the appetites of the more flagrant profiteers. 'The demand for new buildings to handle the enormous volume of parcel post business now flooding the postal system comes from every section of the nation," declares the department, "It must be promptly met. Under the present arrangement the depart ment can only meet it by making contracts with landlords to construct additional buildings providing more space. These prospective landlords finance the propositions by borrowing money at 7 or 8 per cent, add taxes insurance and profits, and then the government bears the entire burden through big rental charges. At the end of these contracts or leases the government, although it has in some instances practically paid the entire cost of the buildings in rentals, is obliged to renew the leases at enhanc ed rentals." In order to persuade the present penny-pinching and reactionary con gress to authorize his government ownership policy. Postmaster Gen eral Work recommends that the money to finance the building pro gram be borrowed at an interest rate of from 3% to 4 per cent, thus "elimi nating the exorbitant rents paid to landlords that is equivalent to from 12 to 15 per cent on their invest ments." At the present time the de partment is paying annually $12,000, 000 in rentals. Postmaster General Work claims that his government ownership program will save at least $6,000,000 of this amount. RAIL INCOMES RISE Washington. Incomplete reports filed with the interstate commerce commission by 137 class 1 railroads give the net operating income of those systems for November last as $68,458,000, as compared witr $59 710,000 for the same carriers in No vember a year ago. These carriers represent a mileage of 199,260 miles The roads show the effect of their attempt to smash the shop men unions by their report that operating revenue during November increased 12 per cent. WIRE PROFITS INCREASE New York.—Western Union Tele graph Company profits for 1922 in creased $1,600,318 over 1921. Last year's profits almost reached a mil lion dollars a month, or $11,284,126. 'C'*5*" Vl^ ___ --, i,"* rS •-.•*-.• «&• «*. Lffce Oysters the babies cfatfl and the children who are too young to work run about and play. A two-year-old has had his hand crushed, falling in the path of the oyster cars, and others show cuts received from falling among the shells. There is no one back in the camp to leave these toddlers with. The workers in the camps have been brought here from the north for the winter, and everyone in the com pany camp is expected to work. Per haps, however, the babies may be left in care of children just a little older. "The mother of a girl of 9 tells us that this child hasn't gone to work because 'her little hands are too ten der.' A big sister explains apologetical ly that her 7-year-old brother does not work because he cannot reach up to the car to shuck. A child of 12 looks at us won deringly, since visitors in this out of-the-way place are rare, and she asks us, "Don't you ever shuck?" "Child labor seems to be taken for granted. In some of the canneries a state inspector may be seen at long intervals, but his coming can usually be detected and the children sent to hide." If the constitutional amendment now before the U. S. senate, sponsor ed by the American Federation of Labor, is adopted and ratified this kind of disgrace will come to an end. MINE AGENTS PROSPER New York.—William C. Atwater & Co., mine agents and exporters of coal, announce a 1,300 per cent stock dividend. The capital stock will be increased from $100,000 to $1,400, 000. tCopyritfl W. N. U.) One of the worst mob outrages in recent history has just taken place in northern Arkansas along the line of the Missouri and North Arkansas railway. As this is written mob rule still holds power in the M. & N. A. rail road territory. This mob, calling itself a "commit tee of 1,000," set out to "clean up" the union railroad workers who have refused to work on terms offered by the road and who are on strike. In Harrison, scene of principal mob activities, E. C. Gregor, a union man, was hanged, though admittedly inno cent of any wrong. He refused to allow the mob in his home the mob threatened to dynamite him and his family to save his wife and children he surrendered, only to meet death. In some communities the mob forced municipal authorities to resign and turn government over to the mob. In other places the authorities did mob bidding meekly. Dozens of men have been whip ped and beaten some thrown into bull pens. The mob, ruled by a group of a dozen, was transported from place to place on cars furnished by the rail road. The guiding group of a dozen set itself up as a drum-head court, sum moning before it all union men and sympathizers. A sympathetic farmer was driven from his farm and banish ed. "Sign a pledge of loyalty to mob PLEAD FOR WORKERS London, England.—In a manifesto issued by the Trades Union congress general council, the prime minister is called upon to at once summon parlia ment to deal with unemployment as a national emergency of vital impor tance. Protest is made against the government's policy of declaring a holiday for parliament until February 13. "Chronic unemployment had reduced thousands of working class homes in the country to a state of absolute des titution," the manifesto declares. "The cottages of the workers have been stripped of domestic comforts, and even the elementary requirements of a decent existence have been sold in order to provide the necessary food to stave off starvation. The burden imposed on local authorities by the great call for relief has been so great as to establish a state of local bank ruptcy. "Many local authorities are heavily in debt on account of having to meet a responsibility which should have been borne by the nation without re gard to the good or bad fortune of a particular area. "Where unemployment is most se vere co-operative societies and small traders have been brought to a state perilously near bankruptcy, and the long-continued drain on social re sources has produced a state almost of social bankruptcy in certain areas -T'. SWil THEnBUTLER COUNTY PRESS. Grand Opera RAILROAD MOB BANISHES ARKANSAS STRIKERS WHO REFUSE "LOYALTY" PLEDGE Civic authorities ordered to resign while "Committee of Twelve" su pervises deportations9 assaults and imprisonments--Legislative Inquiry Begins. The Arkansas Mob "Pledge" Here is the "pledge" which union men were ordered by the Arkansas mob to sign, on pain of banishment: "I hereby decline to renounce my strike benefits, but agree to leave Heber Springs (or other place of residence) and any county through which the M. & N. A. railroad passes. I further agree to remain out of the above territory." Upon refusal to sign this "pledge" many men were turned over to armed guards and beaten. Some so treated were not union members, but were union sympathizers. A committee of the Arkansas legislatui'e has begun an inquiry at Little Rock. and railroad or get out," was the ul timatum. Some gave up their union cards and swore to obey the mob oth ers refused and with their wives and children were driven out over the hills. 4 Every indication thus far is that the railroad or its friends organized the mob and transported it from place to place. While dispatches have related most ly to Harrison, mob activities were not confined to that place. The mob operated in Leslie, Eureka Springs, MANYLAWS For Labor's Betterment Urged By New York's Governor Albany, N. Y.—A long list of reme dial laws were urged by Governor Smith, in his inaugural message. A demand was made that no labor in junction be issued until a hearing be held and the facts established, firmly believe that the state should declare by law that the labor of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce," said Governor Smith. Other recommendations were: The workmen's compensation law be operated for the benefit of the work ers, and legislation along this line be passed eight-hour law for working women and children abolition of mo tion picture censorship repeal of the Lusk laws compelling loyalty tests for teachers minimum wage law for working women and minors restore direct primaries for all state offices urges legislation permitting public ownership of all public utilities by cities water power developed for pub lic, not private gain reforms in state prison management extension of emergency housing laws and improv ed schools, especially in rural sec tion aid for farmers through reor ganization of state department of farms and markets. Preach union labels. r3,. VJf. HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1923 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR tf Heber Springs and other places. Members of a "committee of twelve" directing mob activities are named as follows: N. W. Redwine, Leslie, Ark. M. L. Black, Leslie A. G. Killehew, Leslie J. V. Ferguson, Marshall E. G. Find ley, Leslie D. T. Cotton, Little Rock John L. Clay, Leslie John H. Barnett, Marshall Than Rainbolt, Marshall Ranse Dowdy, Leslie Dansey Treese, Marshall Lewis Stills, Gilbert. L. W. Lowry, A. F. of L., organizer at Little Rock, telegraphed President Samuel Gompers, of the American Federation of Labor, saying: "The 'Citizens' Committee' that as sumed charge of Harrison did not con tain one citizen from Harrison nor from Boone county! They were men from other places, brought in on a special train. "Strikers were arrested by armed men under instructions of this self constituted committee and given their choice between renouncing their union affiliations or permanently leaving the Missouri and North Arkansas (railroad) territory. If a striker agreed to renounce his union he was said to be a 100 per cent American and given a white ribbon, whcih was the badge of members of the mob. Lowry also reported: "Carl Brown, clerk in office of gen eral superintendent of the railway at Harrison, 'escorted' Mrs. Pete Ven able out of town, she being one of the women ordered banished by order of the citizens' committee." GET THECARGOES And Ship Will Follow, Says Commerce Reports Washington.—"Commerce Reports," a weekly survey issued by the de partment of commerce, declares that when cargoes are secured a merchant marine follows. The position of the department of commerce is a direct challenge to sub sidy advocates and to American busi ness men, who are reminded that Eng lish and German business men built up a merchant marine by first se curing markets rather than depending on subsidies. "Great Britain and Germany built up their vast foreign commerce through intensive and aggressive ac tivity on the part of their own trad ers, who early established themselves in every part of the world," says 'Commerce Reports.' "They erected huge warehouses and 'godowns' to facilitate their trade, en gaging in both importing and export ing business. Having gained the greater part of the world's commerce it was an easy matter to build up the large merchant fleets that each na tion attained at the height of its prosperity. "Success for our American mer chant marine will just as truly fol low a similar procedure on the part of our own exporters and importers. t- Washington.—The house judiciary committee failed to make an impar tial investigation of the Keller im peachment charges against Attorney General Daugherty, said Congressman Thomas, of Kentucky, in a minority report. It is recommended that the speaker of the house appoint a com mittee "to make a full and fair in vestigation of all the charges." Mr. Thomas said it seemed to him that the committee's efforts were di rected to heckling and embarrassing Congressman Keller, who asked for the attorney general's impeachment. In a public letter to Congressman Volstead, chairman of the house ju diciary committee, R. Momand, of the Pressure Lighting Company, New York, charges the committee with sup pressing facts and rescuing the attor ney general from conviction. Mr. Momand had presented evi dence to the committee, and Mr. Vol stead replied that at the next meeting of the committee, "I shall be pleased to present your communication to the members for their consideration." Mr. Momand shows that this letter lu him was not mailed until after the committee had closed its hearings. "The above," says Mr. Momand, nly adds to the abundant proof already supplied by the committee itself of its faithless acts in the im peachment proceedings, which acts the records show have been of the most deceptive and fraudulent char acter, and have for their purpose not the upholding of the law and its due BUSINESSJETHODS Of Shady Character Hunted Out By Federal Trade Commission Washington.—The District of Co lumbia health department has de stroyed as unfit for human consump tion two tons of candy confiscated from the plant of a local candy man ufacturer. Washington. The federal trade commission has found a Brooklyn hy drogen peroxide manufacturing con cern guilty of "unfair competition" by "misrepresentation of a competi tor's product." One of its competi tors manufactures a well known dis infectant. The concern sent out a chemical analysis of its competitors' product which did not "truthfully describe the disinfectant," having such a harmful effect on the sales that it was removed from the coun ters of a number of chain stores. The commission orders the Brooklyn concern to "refrain from directly or indirectly publishing ^br ch'culating any false, deceptive, or misleading statements," concerning the competi tor's product. NEW DAUGHERTY PROBE URGED IN MINORITY REPORT OF INVESTIGAT ING COMMITTEE—CLAIM IS MADE THAT REAL FACTS WERE SUPPRESSED Says Committee's Efforts Were Only Directed to Embar rass Congressman Keller, Who Asked For Attorney General's Impeachment Washington. The federal trade commission has ordered a Chicago tire rebuilding and repairing concern to refrain from using a "trade name similar to that of a competitor and stamping a product so as to be confus ed with that of a well known product of a competitor." The competitor manufactured a tire known as the multi-mile cord." The Chicago con cern appropriated part of the com peting firm's name and labeled its second-hand tires "multi-cord." The federal trade commission claims that this practice not only confuses the purchasers, but "tends to lend pres tige to the respondent's product which does not belong to it." New York.—A large New York concern manufacturing men's shirts has been cited to appear before the federal trade commission at Washing ton on the charge of misrepresenting its product to the detriment of con sumers and the business injury of competitors. The complaint charges that the concern has its shirts made from cotton cloth manufactured in the United States but labels, brands, ad vertises and sells them as "English broadcloth," which has come to mean an imported fabric of superior quality PHONED TO ENGLAND New York.—Officials of the Amer ican Telegraph and Telephone Com pany sent messages anc made speeches by wireless telephone to Southgate, England, where the Brit ishers cabled back every few minutes that the words, with few exceptions were distinctly heard. Scattered words and phrases have been wirelessed over the ocean before but this is the first time that continu ous conversation has been carried on over the space of 3,400 miles. ^.x^,^ J*"*" and orderly processes, but suppress ing the evidence against Attorney General Daugherty and rescuing him from the conviction Which must inev itably attend a proper hearing of the charges against him." STRIKER LYNCHED BY ARKANSAS MOB Washington.—Striking employes of the Missouri & North Arkansas rail road are victims of mobs that would smash their strike. One striker has been lynched because, the public press states, he "resisted a citizens' commit tee." During the two years' strike many workers have been driven out of the state. The railroad is responsible for the strike, which includes shop men, transportation employes and other workers. When the railroad labor board raised wages under decision No. 2, this railroad, together with other railroads protested. The board de cided against them. The railroad not only refused to pay the new rate, but reduced wages below the old standard and declined to appear before the board on the ground that it is in the hands of a federal receiver and the board has no jurisdiction. Then the employes suspended work. Later the board legalized the railroad's wage cut, and since then efforts have been made to smash the strike. FORWARD MOVE MENT Says A. F. of L. Executive Committee, Approving Workers' Education Plan Washington.—The executive coun cil of the American Federation of La bor has approved the plan submitted by the A. F. of L. committee on edu cation, under instructions from the Cincinnati convention, whereby the federation will be adequately and per manently represented in directing the activities of the workers' education bureau, New York, N. Y., with which the federation has hitherto co-operated under a temporary agreement. "Under the terms of this agree ment," declares President Gompers, in a letter addressed to national and international unions, state federa tions and city central bodies, "an ex ecutive committee of nine members was created to direct the policies and activity of the bureau. The chairman of the federation committe on educa tion, Mr. Matthew Woll, has been elected chairman of the executive1* committee of the workers' education bui'eau, and two other members of our committee, Mr. George W. Perkins and Mr. John P. Frey, have been elected members of the same execu tive committee. "In accord with the convention in structions," continues President Gom pers, "I wish to commend the work of this bureau to you and your mem bership for the purpose of furthering adult workers' education. I earnestly urge all affiliated organizations to co-operate in this work through affil iation with the bureau." President Gompers points out that international and national labor unions, state federations of labor city central bodies and all labor organiza tions directly or indirectly affiliated with the A. F. of L. are eligible for membership in the bureau. Provision is also made for individual member ship. COST OF "GREEN" MEN Washington.—The continuous em ployment of "green" and illiterate men in the coal industry caused the death of 787 men during the past 11 months. These men are placed in mines and know nothing of its dan gers until hit by falling rock or coal. The United States bureau of mines says the only remedy for this situa tion "under present industrial condi tions" is a continuous campaign of education among the miners and a rigid enforcement of safety measures by mining companies and their fore men. RISKY Helen: "If he proposes, I shall sug gest that we postpone our wedding until things get back to normal." Her dear friend: "I wouldn't do that. The man might get back to nor mal himself."—Pittsburgh Dispatch. "••yV. 11 v.« :•$ -:k -V! ,. -r-ii WS.S. t*AB. SA.YTNGS STAMPS I, JWKO WY THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT •9 ••$ a 38 i! 1! i i 1. 1» i •S i •••M 1: *2 -1 i 2s