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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, July 27, 1923, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1923-07-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XXIII. N6. 15
Higher Wages
In the long run, the standard of
life in America has risen step by step
with every general advance in wages.
These are two telling points made
by Hilmar Stephen Raushenbush, of
the bureau of industrial research, in
his new book on "The Anthracite
Question." Mr. Raushenbush argues
that increased wages mean a better
and more prosperous nation, a point
which is, stressed by the American
Federation of Labor.
Mr. Raushenbush points out that
the miners contend that wages will
have to be raised before there can
be peace in the industry and that
such wage increase-will be beneficial
to the country at large. He states
the miners' arguments as follows:
"1. The present wage (averaging
$1,500) is not sufficient for a satis
factory living.
"2. The hazard of life and health
involved in mining warrant more
than a living wage in exactly the
same way as capital holders feel that
investment with risk deserves a
greater return than investment with
out risk.
"3. The high prices and large pro
fits made and believed to be made
by the anthracite combination give
the miners a sense of denial. In other
words, they see the owners of capital
i eceiving a higher rate for their serv
ices than they do themselves, for
services which they consider more im
Mr. Raushenbush declares that with
better wages in the anthracite indus
try there would be fewer strikes and
the 155,000 miners and the 500.000
persons directly dependent upon them
will consume more of the country's
products than heretofore. He adds
that the nation can make no better
investment than by giving its people
through larger wages a better life
and summarizes the arguments for
increased wages for the miners as
"A fundamental ditFerence of opin
ion about what is best for the wel
fare of the country at large is in
volved. Those who oppose this belief
that it is best for the whole country
to give its workers as adequate com
pensation as the industry can afford,
Means Better Nation, Says
Writer on
Py International Labor News Service.
Washington, D. C. Enlightened
public opinion should ask an increas
ingly adequate wage for the anthra
cite coal miners.
Known for
Anthracite Coal
seem to have the idea that the miners
should be penalized for not getting
out of the mines into some more
polite occupation.
"They seem to think that success
in life can never mean perfection of
workmanship in one trade, but can
only take the form of tranference to
a trade where less physical labor is
involved. This means that they have
no idea of the skill necessary in min
ing, or the pride of any man in doing
his job well. Their ideal of American
life seems to be one where men live
soft, work in white collars and are
paid for being comfortable, instead
of one where men work hard and
well on jobs that must be done, and
are paid for their skill and risk.
"The miners know that they are
doing work that is more valuable to
the nation than that of nfany middle
men, advertising men, dealers in lux
uries, stock speculators, brokers, lob
byists, boot-leggers and many clerks
who now receive more for their sehv
ices than the miners do. If we were
to accept present returns as a stand
ard of judgment we should have to
respect the war profiteer more than
the common soldier.
"The service given by the men who
work with their hands and ttouqh
death with their gloves not only calls
out the best that any men have in
courage and perseverance, but also
merits a high place in the regard and
consideration of a country which has
iri the past admired hard work, per
severance and courage for their own
"it is true that much else beside
wages is necessary. Wages are not
always spent with the farsightedness
which their present inadequacy should
warrant. But in the long run the
standard of life in America has risen
step by step with every general ad
vance iti wages. While there are
other elements which contribute to
the American ideal of citizenship,
there is no surer way at the present
time of improving the workers' life
and of approaching those ideals of
citizenship than by progressive ad
vances in wages."
New York.—A net profit of $5,832,
564 for the first six months of the
present year is reported by the Na
tional Biscuit Company.
(Copyright, W.N.U.)
e Butler
g|0 NEWLYWED5 and prospe
tive Newly weds who are plan
ning on furnishing their new
homes, this Sale offers real
opportunities because during
the month of July we have made
sharp reductions on our already
By International Labor News Service.
Washington, D. C. Daugherty's
injunction sets the fashion—they're
all doing it now!
No, this is not the title of an "In
junction Blues" song. It merely
states what the courts have been do
ing since Attorney General Daugh
erty's infamous injunction against
the railroad shopmen was made per
manent at Chicago by Federal Judge
Seemingly encouraged by Judge
Wilkerson's decision, judges in va
rious states are apparently striving
to see who can issue the most dras
tic injunction against workmen. They
Judges AH Over The Nation Make Use Of Injunctions To Deal Blows At
Organized Labor
seem to have made up their minds
they won't be beaten by Wilkerson
and so far most of them are running
neck and neck with the Chicago jur
ist, while one or two are a lap ahead.
First to begin the race was a fel
low federal judge of Wilkerson's,
Judge Carpenter, who issued an in
junction at Chicago prohibiting offi
cers of the International Ladies' Gar
ment Workers' Union from attempt
ing to unionize the open shops in the
Windy City.
The injunction was granted to
Mitchell Brothers, whose attorney
gleefully announced that the decree
was similar to the Daugherty injunc­
Home Outfits Now Featured At Big Savings!!
tion in "effectiveness."
(ieorgia Judge Follows Suit
Mot to be outdone by Chicago, a
Georgia judge, D. W. Blair, issued
an injunction restraining members of
the International Molders' Union at
Rome, Ga., from even attempting to
induce molders employed at a Rome
stove foundry from joining the
The molders had been virtually all
organized at the foundry, when the
firm learned of the fact and dis
charged the men who had joined the
union. The foreman of the shop
threatened to shoot the discharged
(Continued on page four)
By International Labor News Service.
Bellingham, Wash.—The right to
strike is inherent and cannot be cur
tailed, because the employer has no
property right in human labor.
This was the declaration of the
Washington State Federation of La
bor, in convention here, in pledging
moral and financial support to the In
ternational Typographical Union and
its Seattle local in an effort to over
turn the recent decision of the su
preme court of the state in the case
of the Pacific Typsetting Company,
in which the court held that unions
are responsible for damages sustained
in the course of a strike.
The case, which is of vital impor
tance because of the far-reaching re
sults the decision would have if al
lowed to stand, arose out of a suit
for $20,000 damages brought by the
Pacific Typesetting Company against
the officers of the Sattle local and
International Typographical Union
and Philo Howard, as representative
of the union. The company lost the
suit when it was tried in the King
county superior court. The suit was
the result of the movement for the
44-hour week in the printing trade
and grew out of the refusal of mem
bers of No. 202 employed at the
Pacific plant to do work for non-union
The Pacific Company
taking part in the strike.
Realizing that such a decision dealt
serious blow to the trade unions of
the state of Washington, the Wash
ington State Federation of Labor at
nee took up tne matter. The fed
ration will support the Typographical
Union with all the forces at its com
mand, and has recently issued the
following circular, outlining the case
and stating
Washington Unions Support
Right to Strike, Pledging
Aid to Seattle Printers
carried the
case to the Washington supreme
which in June reversed the
ruling of the lower court and held
that when persons
damages by reason
firms suffered
strikes they
may sue the trade unions
tile stand of organ i/
'The Pacific Typesetting Company
agreed to the terms of the Typo
graphical Union, but proceeded with
the work
preparing type and fur­
same to the non-union
Union. The
low prices and everything needed
to furnish the home complete can
be purchased here at a big sav
ing to you.
Even though you are not quite ready to
go housekeeping it will pay you well to make
your selections now. A small deposit will se
cure any articles you choose for future delivery
were resisting the new
work being done by this
agreement with the Typographical
concern was giving the greatest pos­
iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllillUB
sible aid to the non-union printing
houses, and because of this condition
the Typographical Union withdrew
the union men from the concern. The
company then sued the union for
"The case came to trial in the su
perior court of King county and was
literally thrown out of court. The
Pacific Typesetting Company then
appealed to the supreme court, which
body just recently handed down a
decision remanding the case for trial
in the superior court of King county
"The decision of the supreme court
is in the nature of directions to the
lower court in connection with tho
trial, according to press reports, and
the case will again come to trial in
the superior court of King county.
If the lower court should decide in
harmony with the literal reported in
structions of the supreme court, such
a decision will have a serious adverse
effect on the whole labor movement
of the state of Washington. The
Typographical Union will fight the de
cision to the last ditch, and the whole
support of the labor movement of
Washington must be rallied behind
New York.—State Industrial Com
missioner Shientag has failed to ad
just the Schenectady street car strike
because of the obstinacy of the com
pany's directors, and as a solution for
future stoppages he recommends that
the workers be denied the right to
strike until every attempt at settle
ment has been exhausted.
The commissioner did not openly
advocate prohibition of strikes, but
he smoothed the proposal over by the
suggestion thai a law be passed to
"delay strike-." This i the Canadian
a id Colorado idea.
The street car company is owned
by the New Yoi'k Central and the Del
aware & Hudson railroads Each cor
poration has a 50 per cent representa
tion on the board of directors. The
New York Central directors favor
recognition of the street car men's
union, while the Delaware & Hudson
is using the same tactics it is apply
ing on its locked-out shop men.
Houses Into
iih'ii mr tki

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