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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, May 30, 1924, Image 1

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VOL. XXIV. No. 7
By International Labor News Service.
Washington, D. C.—Permanent All
American organization, bringing to
gether sixty-two powerful national
organizations, including the Ameri
can Federation of Labor, for the pur
pose of aggressive action to exter
minate revolutionary and destructive
radicalism was effected by the All
American conference which assembled
here upon invitation of the American
Legion. This action brings together
the accredited representatives of
more than 20,000,000 Americans for
an unrelenting war throughout the
country against all revolutionary and
subversive propaganda.
Resolutions adopted b'y the confer
ence outline the policies to be pur
sued. These resolutions commit the
new organization to the following
1—Opposition to all forms of so
viet propaganda, whether in politics,
in labor unions, in civic and social
groups, in government or in the
schools and churches.
2—Opposition to recognition of so
viet Russia by the United States gov
A. P. of L. is Congratulated
3—Congratulation of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor upon its re
affirmation of opposition to anti-dem
ocratic and destructive radicalism.
4—Refusal to regard America's en
try into and conduct of the war as
a debatable question, but sustaining
that course as vigorously now as dur
ing the war, striking directly at such
utterances as those contained in con
gressman Berger's house resolution
and Senator Shipstead's recent speech.
f)—Demand for unadulterated and
undiluted American history in Amer
ican schools, as opposed to the mas
culated history which has been intro
duced so generally, robbing Ameri-
Baltimore.—Real estate agents in
this city want the city council to
arrange a copper-rivited monopoly
for them.
The ordinance they propose would
empower the mayor to appoint a
board that would issue and revoke
licenses and enforce any rule and reg
ulation the real estate men would
In commenting on this request, the
Evening Sun says:
"This is the kind of thing that one
might expect, perhaps, from plumbers,
from barbers, and from other trades
which have been infected with the
closed shop virus. It is hardly the
kind of thing one would expect from
business men who are constantly
crying out against trades unions."
The editor evidently takes seriously
the plea of business men that they
want to keep government out of busi
ness, though they are ever on the
alert to use government.
Sixty-Two National Bodies
Band To Lead Big Fight
On Destructive Radicalism
When organized workers demand
Mens Work or Dress Pants
Neat dark stripes, fancy mixtures and plain colors. QC
Genuine .V. D. Union Suits— A A
Genuine English Broadcloth Shirts— QC
Collars attached or collar to match SPECIAL
canism of much of its elemental sig
nificance and robbing democracy of
it-s most precious heritage.
Senator Borah Rapped
6—Rebuking the diplomatic repre
sentative of a friendly foreign power
for a recent intrusion in a purely
American political issue.
7—Denouncing Senator Borah for
abandoning the hearings on his reso
lution for recognition of the so-called
soviet government and demanding
that he continue the hearings imme
8—Demand for immigration re
striction, in order to protect American
Garland W. Powell, chairman of the
national Americanism commission of
the American Legion, and who acted
for the American Legion in calling
the conference, expressed himself
after adjournment as delighted with
the achievements of the meeting.
Powerful Organization Formed
"We have brought into being a
great and powerful non-political, non
sectarian, non-partisan organization
for constructive Americanism," Mr.
Powell said. "We shall add material
ly to the number of organizations now
in the organization and before six
months have passed we shall have
brought together practically every
American organization that stands
for democracy and Americanism.
"The propaganda of revolutionary
and destructive radicalism is not abat
ing on the contrary it is increasing.
We have expressed our determination
not to stand by idly while our Ameri
can institutions are undermined. We
have entered the struggle on a war
basis—that is, with a war determina
tion, using the methods of Americans
to protect those things which are
above price to all Americans."
the ifnion shop, this is not a request
for government aid. Trade unionist!
insist that every worker is morally
bound to do his part in maintaining
conditions. The unionists say the
non-unionist has the legal right to
refuse this aid, and the unionists, in
turn, bave the legal right to refuse
to work with non-unionists who take
this position.
Those who oppose trade unionism
are vigilant to the rights of the non
unionist, but they seem to overlook
the rights of unionists.
Washington.—Employment in man
ufacturing industries in the United
States decreased 2.1 per cent in
April, «pay roll totals decreased 2.5
per cent and per capita earnings fell
0.4 per cent, the bureau of labor sta
tistics reports.
The figures, based on a survey of
8,422 establishments in 52 industries,
showed 2,700,709 employes with total
earnings for one week in April of
$71,966,302, compared with 2,765,953
employes and total pay rolls of $73,
834,536 in March.
Ibrmerly The RED TRUNK
ROBT. A. FALLERT, VicePresident
211 High Street Rentschler BIdg.
—The most effective way to
bring them about is to trade
with the concern whose policy
it is to maintain them.
Better Bread cannot |Hfll
be baked regardless of I
price! All loaves waxH^^t
paper wrapped. 1%
bl. size, 7'/2C.
(Copyright. W. H. U.)
Chief Points in Bill
"The chief provisions of this ad
mirable measure are:
"1. Abolition of the present rail
road labor board and the repeal of
the labor provisions of the Esch-Cum
mins law.
"2. Placing upon both sides the ob
ligation to 'exert every reasonable
effort to make and maintain agree^
merits concerning wages and working
"3. Settlement of disputes by con
ference where possible and where not
possible, if merely technical disputes
over interpreting agreements, then
the reference of such disputes to ad-
Roads' Propaganda Twists
Public Mind on Proposed
Hail Bill
Washington.—There has been more
misrepresentation of the Howell
Barkley bill than any measure that
has been before congress in recent
years, said Congressman Huddleston,
in defending legislation that railroad
employes would substitute for the la
bor sections of the Esch-Cummins
law. Mr. Huddleston appealed to his
colleagues to study the bill, and "not
take anyone's opinion."
The speaker made public some for
gotten history in connection with for
mer positions of men who oppose the
Howell-Barkley bill because it recog
nizes nationally-organized unions.
When the Esch bill was before the
house, Mr. Huddleston pointed out, it
provided for boards of adjustments
"and expressly provided that the labor
representatives on these boards should
be designated by the chief executive
of the several labor organizations,
specifically naming the organiza
This was stricken out in the senate
but was supported in the house by
men who now condemn the Howell
Barkley bill because it carries out the
same principle, said Congressman
The railroads now favor a "stand
pat" policy toward the transportation
act, said the speaker, though Presi
dent Harding recommended changes
in the law jn his speech at Kansas
City, June 2, 1923. In his address to
congress December 6, 1923, President
Coolidge favored changes in the labor
sections of the law.
Constructive Proposal, Is
road Labor Bill,
By International Labor News Service.'
Washington, D. C.—The charge
made by some opponents of the How
ell-Barkley railroad bill that the pub
lic is not given representation in set
tlement of railroad disputes is denied
by referring to the bill itself in a
statement by President Samuel Gom
pers of the American Federation of
"The board of mediation," said Mr
Gompers, "which is the most impor
tant body to be set up under the How
ell-Barkley bill," is to be made up of
five members, none of whom shall be
connected with the railroad industry
in any manner. These men are to
be appointed by the president. That
insures a protection for the rights
ami interests of the people in general
far greater than is now provided and
far greater than in any other sug
gestion that has been offered.
Says Esch-Cummins Act Is Impossible
Four Adjustment Boards
"4. Four such adjustment boards
are provided for: (a) train service
(b) shop men (c) clerks and miscel
laneous employes (d) marine work
'5. A board of mediation compos
ed of five members to be named by
the president of the United States,
none of whom shall be connected with
the railroad industry. This board to
act primarily where conferences fail
to result in agreements on wages and
rules, or secondaryily in the rare in
stances where boards of adjustment
fail to decide grievance disputes.
"6. Creation of arbitration boards
when conference and mediation fail
which will act only when both parties
have agreed to accept the award.
"Boards of arbitration under the
terms of the bill are to be composed
of three or six persons, one-third to
be chosen by employes, one-third by
the railroads, the remaining one
third selected by agreement or ap
pointment by the board of mediation.
Bill Constructive, He Says
"There will be agreement in ad
vance to accept the award which will
be made a judgment of court unless
it is set aside because (a) the pro
ceedings or the awards were not in
conformity with the law, or (b) be
cause the award does not conform
"We must bear in mind that the
transportation act becomes sacred lit
erature only when it is proposed to
amend it so as to redjuce rates, or to
relieve labor, or to do something else
for the benefit of the general public,"
said Congressman Huddleston.
"It is not sacred against amend
ments to further the interests of the
railroads. The railroads fear that,
once amendment is started, some pro
vision that is not for their interest
will be inserted. Hence we have the
nation-wide propaganda for standing
still. 'Don't touch the transportation
act.' That is the cry of every rail
road executive, and it echoes back
from every railroad-controlled organ
ization, individual and newspaper in
the land."
To Be Fought By Trade
Montreal, Quebec.—Mutuality of
interests, harmony of action and un
ity against all forms of "borers
from-within" marked a joint meeting
of the A. F. of L. executive council
and the executive council of the Can
adian Trades and Labor Congress.
The trade unionists considered all
forms of opposition to organized
labor, and especially to those who
would usher in a class regime. The
activities of these propagandists
range from carping criticism of the
trade union movement to advocacy of
the so-called "one big union," and the
retirement of trade union executives
because their constructive policies are
in opposition to revolutionists.
One of these criticisms is the claim
that Canadian trade unionists are
i if'
New Rail­
Gompers Points
justment board in which the two par-*to the agreement to arbitrate, or (c)
ties have equal expert representation.
These adjusted boards have no author
ity over the making or changing of
wages or rules.
because the result of arbitration was
affected by fraud or corruption.
"It is clear that the provisions of
this bill provide a constructive demo
cratic method of dealing with disputes
between employers and employes in
the railroad industry and that its suc
cess, in so far as success can ever be
insured in advance, is made exceed
ingly probable by the substitution of
the principle of voluntary action for
the principle of compulsory action
which has made the Ksch-Cummins
act impossible.
Measure Safeguards Public
'There is no more constructive
piece of legislation pending before
the present congress and there is
none which is more seriously needed,
for the industrial welfare of our
country. Those who have sought to
make it appear that there is no rep
resentation for the public provided
under the terms of the bill, either
have not studied the measure or are
pui'posely seeking to discredit its pro
"There is in this measure an as
surance of justice to all parties, in
cluding the public, that is totally ab
sent in the Esch-Cummins act. It is
difficult to understand how any mem
ber of congress can fail to support
the measure unless it is his deliber
ate purpose to prevent constructive
legislation, designed to promote har
mony, satisfaction and effective oper
ation in the railroad world."
"fleeced" through their affiliation with
the American labor movement that
much money is taken out of Canada
and little is returned. This claim is
also made by reactionary employers
who would divide workers along na
tional lines.
The A. F. of L. executive council
pointed out that the annual contri
butions of the Canadian trade unions
to the American labor movement
average approximately $600,000, ami
that the Canadian trade union move
ment receives annually in return ap
proximately $800,000. Of the latter
amount approximately $550,000 takes
the form of benefits and $250,000 for
various expenses.
Wasmngton.—The senate probes of
graft and loot are not interfering
with the regular proceedings in con
gress. This is indicated by the fol
lowing discussion (page 5532, Con
gressional Record) between Senator
Robinson and Senator Smoot, chair
man of the senate committee on
"Mr. Robinson—Then, it is true
that the investigations ordered by th
senate have not delayed in any de
gree the consideration of the tax re
duction bill
"Mr. Smoot—Not in the committee
I will say to the senator.
"Mr. Robinson—Well, have they in
the senate
Mr. Smoot—"Not so far as I know.'
Denver .--Printers of this state
have initiated a bill for a state-owned
and operated printing office.
By International Labor News Service.
Washington.—Creation of perma
nent committees on education in every
cal trade union in the United
ates for the purpose of bringing
ut closer association with school
ork everywhere is asked in a com
unication to all organized labor,
ight specific enumerated objects are
forth in the communication which
signed by the American Federation
For Free Text Books
"3. That the necessary enabling
acts be passed to provide free text
books for the schools of your locality.
"4. That industrial education as
developed in our public schools shall
nclude sciences underlying indus
ries, their historic, social and econ
omic implications as well as the tech
nical side—specific: vocations.
"5. That local use is made of the
•eport on social studies made by the
\. F. of L. committee on education
n order that the text books used in
public schools shall be of the highest
type available.
6, That in each locality there be
developed opportunities for continu
ation schools and night schools under
the public school administration.
I' idlest Use of Schools Urged
"7. That the widest possible use
is made of all public schools for
adults as well as minors so that from
our schools shall come a continuous
and beneficent force in the social and
civic life of the community.
8. That your organization affiliate
with the workers' education bureau
for active co-operation in education
for adult workers as developed
through that bureau. This bureau
does not concern itself with propa
ganda but with helping trade union
$* Tp
Unions Urged To Work.
For Closer Association
With Educational Work
Labor permanent committee on
ducation, of which Matthew Woll,
•ice president of the A. F. of L., is
These are:
"1. -That the wage earners of each
•it.y are adequately represented on
he municipal school board.
"2. That there is labor represen
tation on the boards of directors of
ii! state universities and other in
titutions of higher learning that are
ur country. These are policies long
art of the public school systems of
ipproved by organized labor and in
orporated in our permanent educa
ional policies.
ists to a fuller understanding of in
dustrial problems and relations so
that workers in industry may be able
to interpret and order their lives with
fuller understanding of the processes
and possibilities of freedom that is
born of understanding. The W. E. B.
is not a substitute for general facil
ities for adult education but is
proper supplementary agency respon
sible only for that field in which it
has intrinsic authority.
"The key to effective participation
in the educational life of the com*
munity is close association with pub
lic school institutions. Labor is ap
preciating more and more fully the
possibilities of this agency with whose
establishment it had so much to do.
Labor's responsibility increases in
proportion to the ever increasing po
tentiality of our public schools."
Detroit, Mich. Officers of the
Street Car Men's Union charge that
the street railway commission, which
operates this city's municipal street
car system, is attempting to destroy
the union. The manager of the sys
tem is a heavy stockholder in a rival
motor bus company. The unionists
declare that municipal ownership of
street cars in this city is controlled by
enemies of municipal ownership.
The street car employes have been
working with an understanding that
they have the right to organize and to
select their own representatives. The
commission is attempting to enforce
the company "union" idea—of dicta
ting to the employes whom they will
select as representatives. Men are
discharged without hearing, and the
commission has broken its word with
the union, while representatives of the
union are prohibited from collecting
liues at the barns. This has been the
custom for 5 years.
The street car men refuse to discuss
the principle of municipal ownership
in their differences with these union
hating managers.
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