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C" &*" "f & kr. i- K- VOL. XXV. No. 27 By International Labor News Service. Atlantic City, N. J.—Friendship between the workers of Germany and the workers of the United States was renewed and greatly strengthened at the second day's session of the Amer ican Federation of Labor convention, when a German trade union delega tion of fifteen presented German la bor's message to American labor through Fritz Tarnow, woodworker. As Tarnow, chairman of the dele gation, arose to speak following his introduction by President Green, the delegates stood and gave him a re ception that breathed hearty enthus iasm for the great German trade union' movement. Republic Safe, He Says Tarnow declared that the German republic is safe, the monarchists can not come back, communism is but a shell, and that the army of five mil lion German organized workers stands ready to defend the republic. "In Germany only fools and polit ical blockheads believe it is possible for the republic to be overthrown," he said. "We have made great headway through the abolition of the old royal and autocratic state. Had we given the old rulers a chance they could have overthrown the new democratic republic, but we did not give them a chance." As to bolshevism, Tarnow "said, "Bolshevism is a very good religion for starving men. In the unions we do riot want this despair. We want PUBLIC PRINTER OUSTING Urged in Three Resolutions Before A. F. of L. Convention By International Labor News Service. Atlantic City, N. J.—Three resolu tions presented before the annual con vention of the American Federation of Labor urge the removal or investi gation of Public Printer George H. Carter at Washington. William S. Sampson, of the Pitts burgh Central Labor Union, declared Mr. Carter had been guilty of actions detrimental to the printing industry and urged that the executive council take such steps as it deemed neces sary to aid in his remvoal. James M. Lynch, president of the International Typographical Union, introduced a lengthy resolution de manding investigation of charges against Carter. The convention un questionably will support Lynch and give all possible support to his de mand, which is a repetition of the demand made by the International Typographical Union in its own con vention. The Federation's legislative strength pi-obably will be thrown against Car ter to bring about inquiry by Presi dent Coolidge and possibly by con gress. After citing the charges against Carter, the Lynch resolution demands "that we, delegates to the forty-fifth annual convention of the American Federation of Labor, assembled at At lantic City, N. J., hereby respectfully request President Coolidge to investi gate the serious charges made by the Typographical Union against Public Printer Carter, and should his excel lency decline to do so, the executive council of the American Federation of Labor is hereby instructed to demand of congress that an investigation be made by a committee of senators and representatives." ACCIDENTS Killed 124 Coke Workers Last Year, Report By International Labor News_ Service. Washington, D. C. Accidents to persons engaged in the manufacture of coke in the United States in 1924 resulted in 24 deaths and 1,645 in juries, according to statistics made public by the United States bureau of mines. The figures show a lower death rate and a lower injury rate for the coke industry than in any other year on record. Reports from operating companies show that 20,451 men were employed in the industry in 1924, and that they performed a volume of work equivalent to 6,204,448 man shifts, an average of 303 work days per man. The death rate was 1.16 per thousand men employed (full time or 300-day workers), and the injury rate was 79.54. As compared with 1923, the number of employes in the coke industry in 1924 represented a decrease of 14 per cent the number of man-shifts, a re duction of 91 per cent the' average work days per man, a decline of 6 per cent. The number of deaths was 21 less than in 1923 while the non-fatal injuries were 948 fewer ilk number than in the previous year. ".«'1 1 m''7W*Pf v'^ Tarnow's Speech Strengthens Friendship Between Workers 6f Germany and United States to increase wages and improve living conditions. To Study Conditions Here "We have come to study economic and social conditions. German em ployers "fi&ve several times equipped expeditions to this country. These have returned to report a lot that seems very curious. We have come to find out for ourselves. They told us that America was a rich country that could afford to pay high wages, and that therefore the German workers must work longer hours. We believe these German employers wore bad spectacles when they were seeing America. We shall begin our report just where the German employers closed their mouths." Tarnow paid glowing tribute to the memory of Samuel Gompers, whose grave the entire delegation visited im mediately upon arrival in New York. World Solidarity Urged Striking indication of the feeling toward the German trade unionists was given by President Green when, to a round of applause, he said: "Let those on the outside divide, let them sow the seeds of discord as they will, but let the trade unionists of the world stand together." Coming, as it did, after both Green and the Germans had repudiated every fad and fancy, every dogma and ism except straight trade union ism, it was of high significance in re gard to their international relations into which the American Federation of Labor is willing to enter. SOCIALISTS ACCEPT NON-PARTISAN PLAN Milwaukee.—Socialists in this city —their sti'onghold in the United States—are abandoning their "no compromise" attitude and are accept ing the A. F. of L. non-partisan plan, This was indicated at the recent spe cial election for United States senator. John M. Work, socialist candidate, was defeated by Robert M. La Fol lette, Jr., in every ward in the city. Work polled but 7,563 as against 31,102 for his opponent. In the 20th ward, the strongest Socialist section in the city, the vote was: La Follette, 2,542 Work, 726. In Milwaukee county Work polled but 8,519, as against 37,354 for La Follette. CHARGE MONOPOLY In Aluminum Field Where Mellon's Control Boston.—A $15,000,000 suit against the Aluminum Company of America has been filed in the federal court here by George D. Haskell, of Spring field, president of the Bausch Tool Company. The plaintiff alleges that he entered into a contract with the Quebec Aluminum Company and that the Aluminum Company of America con spired to have the contract repudiated. The defendants include Richard B. Mellon, of Pittsburgh, brother of the secretary of the treasury. Washington.—The aluminum kit chenware trust, controlled by the Mellons of Pittsburgh, which is again in the public eye, started in 1888 with a paid-up capital of $20,000, according to a speech in the last congress by Congressman Rainey. The Illinois lawmaker said that the actual invest ment was later increased to $1,000, 000, "and that is all they have ever invested in it, and that is the $20, 000,000 aluminum company of Amer ica which we have today." In 1921 the company was paying 12 per cent on its capitalization, or a profit of 140 per cent on the original capital and reinvested capital and a profit of 1,000 per cent on the money they originally put into the business. Congressman Rainey said that when the present tariff law was being con sidered a representative of the com pany asked that the 7 per cent tariff duty, provided in the Payne-Aldrich bill, be restored, as this would "offset every diffei-ence in labor cost in pro duction." "They gave him 9 cents a pound," said Congressman Rainey, "because Mr. Mellon, who owned these com panies, was the secretary of the treas ury, with all the power and patronage that went with that office." NON-WORKERS Spend Their Wages Under Orders of Feudal Masters Charleston, W. Va. Antiunion coal owners in this state are compell ing their serfs to sign an agreement that they will purchase no union-made article and maintain no relation with union men or with friends and sym pathizers of trade unionism. These non-union workers, who have reached the lowest level of serfdom. "V?: 5AV,H0WVW &0IN'TO (SET TWS 1HIH&THR006HTHE VJHEN 1^5 WIPER THBN1HE 0P£NlN(j ITSELF—TELL tte THAT 1 3*Wrt«M.W.N.V.) By Staff Correspondent, International Labor News Service Chicago.—Officers and members of the International Seamen's Union of America are deriving a great deal of amusement over the collapse of the so-called "world strike" of seamen. The strike, which was "on" for sev eral weeks under the direction of the American I. W. W., was called by the latter organization to aid George Hardy, leader of the outlaw commun ist strike of seamen in England, Aus tralia and South Africa. The "picket line" in New York, where the I. W. W. claimed to have a large number of ships tied up, con sisted of one man, who stood in front of the I. W. W. headquarters on South street and passed out handbills to men, women and children. Strike Failure in American Ports Not a ship was tied up in any American port, it is claimed, notwith standing the many grandiloquent bul letins which were issued. The American end of the attempt to disrupt the International Seamen's Union of America and the Sailors and Firemen's Union of Great Britain and Ireland has been declared "off" by the I. W. W., and the outlaw strike in Australia has gone flooey. George Hardy is still hanging onto the ropes in England at this writing, but is cer tain to go down to defeat. International Labor News Service can rightfully claim a big share of the credit for defeating this world wide attempt by the Red International of Labor Unions of Russia to disrupt and capture two great international unions of seamen. Union Asks 1. L. N. S. to Help International Labor News Service was asked for help when George previously signed "yellow-dog" con tracts, in which they pledge not to join the miners' union. The "yellow dog" is now extended to the few dollars the employe may receive after the company store has helped itself to his low wage. These non-union workers live in houses that are surrounded "by gun men and guards. During the night electric lights destroy all privacy. The purpose is to make it impossible for a trade unionist to visit the non union miner. With injunctions ^Without number issued by subservient courts, the anti union coal owners have established complete serfdom in this state, though their publicity agents issue propaganda on the "free and inde pendent" workers who cannot join a union, who are paid low wages, who are told who can visit them, and how they may spend their money. When they enter the non-union mines they take their lives in their hands because of the coal owners' disregard for the West Virginia mining laws. Last August 41 of these unfortunates lost their lives because of lack cf tim bering and other safety devices. DEPARTMENS ELECT Atlantic City.—With one exception three departments of the A. F. of L. re-elected their presidents and secre- .- S v .- i y v 'f-Y The Fall Problem v fc Abortive "Strike" Quickly Ends as I. L. N. S. Reveals Facts on Revolt's Leadership Exposure of Hardy 's Record Big Factor In Collapse of Red War on Seamen's Union Hardy had l-eached the zenith of his power in misleading British seamen all around the world. International Labor News Service knocked the props from under Hardy within ten days after it got on the job. The task was simple enough, but it took some rapid thinking and ener getic leg work here in Chicago for a few days. Officers of the Sailors and Fire men's Union of Great Britain and Ire land cabled to the International Sea men's Union of America asking who in heck this fellow Hardy was. The British seamen knew that Hardy had lived in America for a long time, but they did not have any exact informa tion concerning him. Victor A. Olander, secretary-treas urer of the International Seamen's Union of America, turned the matter over to International Labor News Service for investigation. After two days of examination of United States government records, research among old newspaper files and interviews with former acquaintances of George Hardy here in Chicago, a story was cabled to the Seamen of London, offi cial publication of the British sailors. Story Cabled Around World The seamen recognized the story as the real goods and relayed it to Aus tralia, South Africa and the Orient. The immediate result in Australia was that the communist strike leader there took to the tall timber and the strike collapsed. The officers of the Sailors and Fire men's Union of Great Britain and Ire land very generously appropriated $50,000 16 take care of the destitute families left in the wake of the Aus tralian fiasco. Over in England Hardy yelled, taries at their annual conventions here. President O'Connell and Secre tary-Treasurer Berres, of the metal trades, President Hays and Secretary Treasurer, of the union label trades, and Secretary-Treasurer Tracy, of the building trades, were returned to office. President Hedrick, of the latter department, declined to be a candi1, date. W. J. McSorley, president of the Lathers' International Unjon, was selected. i MNERniEAD Speaks at Union's 25th Birthday Celebration By International Labor News Service. Indianapolis, Ind.—John L. Lewis, prseident of the United Mine Work ers of America, was the principal speaker at the celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the found ing of Local Union 1536, Coaldale, Pa. Vice President Murray and Sec retary Thomas Kennedy, of the in ternational union here, were also in attendance and spoke. A feature of the meeting was a big parade in which 300 charter members of the union participated. There were big delegations present from other local unions in the hard coal fields. President Lewis discussed the pres- K' WEU IT CEKTAtHtV went in CHROUifcHj/ THAT W0R Communists Make Abusive Denials Publication of the story in England enraged the Third International gang over and their publications came out in abusive attacks and loud denials of the truthfulness of the statements contained in the International Labor News Service cablegram. Hardy him self was the loudest in these denials, and he threatened to sue the Sailors and Firemen's Union for $25,000 damages. He denied his identity with the man who had served time in Lea venworth prison as a result of his conduct in this country during the world war., and claimed that he had been a "gob" serving on a war vessel during that time. Officers of the British seamen ca bled Hardy's statements and denials to International Labor News Service at Chicago and asked for another story. A 60-word story was promptly sent by cable, and that cooked Hardy's goose properly. His stock isn't worth one cent on the dollar now. Worker Admits Truth of Story A comical angle to the situation is the attitude of the Daily Worker, offi cial organ of the Russian soviet gov ernment in America. The Daily Work er admits in a first-page article that Hardy is the man that International Labor News Service has said he is, but claims that it was a dirty, low down, mean^trick to tell on him. The Daily Worker points the finger of scorn at Victor Olander, Andrew Furuseth and J. Havelock Wilson, head of the British seamen, and charges them with having made a "de spicable attack" on Hardy, the belov ed "comrade" of Foster, Ruthenberg, Trotzky, Zinoviev, et al. ent coal situation and assured the coal miners of the justness of their cause in demanding an increase in wages* and better working conditions in the anthracite fields. The members of the local union were felicitated upon their loyalty and in the service they had rendered to the cause of trade union ism. This local was organized in 1900 and is one of the oldest in the hard coal fields. It has enjoyed a continu ous existence since its founding. NAVY YARD WORKERS MEET Washington.—N. P. Alifas was elected president of the machrinists' navy yard and arsenal district of the International Association of Machin ists for the tighth consecutive term at the biennial convention here. The convention urged that all gov ernment work be performed in gov ernment industrial establishments. Increased retirement pensions were favored and changes were urged in the efficiency system which will elimi nate discrimination against union em ployes. The convention declared for a definite understanding with govern mental departments for shopcommit tee recognition and the right of com mittee men to perform their duties without suffering in their efficiency markings. v inVyiL k«%, 'i ''. HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1925 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR .KNOW,POT wm. 60T (T 'v® THERE v LASr 'PR I NO •f^'Liar, murder, watch, police!" when the cabled story from International Labor News Service was made public. The British seamen not only published the story in their official organ, but they also had printed many thousands of handbills containing the full story and played up with big headlines. These bills were passed out in large quantities in every British port, and a great number of them found their way to all parts of the world on out going ships. life JC' .- ..-/ ••--1* .' •*,-*-' .-*. '-'V '."'* -,. „r -\f •*•. By International Labor News Service. Atlantic City, N. J.—A warm trib ute to the life and work of the late Samuel Gompers was paid by Presi dent William Green, in opening the forty-fifth annual convention of the American Federation of Labor here. Mr. Green urged labor to keep the faith as expounded by Mr. Gompers, as a tribute to the great leader's mem ory. He said, in part: Now, fellow delegates to this con vention, I am sure that while you as semble here with hearts and souls full of expectation and hope, while you come to this convention happy in the consciousness that you are hon ored by being privileged to represent a great constiuency, that your assem bling here on this occasion affects you very, very deeply. It is a solemn moment, because we are conscious of the fact that for the first time since 1885 the great leader who led for half a centux-y is not here to preside over your deliberations. Leader For Forty Years "For over 40 years, at each annual convention, with the exception of one, he was an outstanding figure, a pre siding officer, one whose name is syn onomous with that of the American Federation of Labor. He is not here for the first time. Many of you who attended the El Paso convention last year will remember how sad and sor rowful we felt each day as we looked into his weary face and observed there the waning strength, and we felt that surely he could not be with us much longer. That was the most solemn TAX ongasolm Imposed in All States But Four By International Labor News Service. Washington, D. C.—There are now only four states which do not make the automobile owner pay a tax on gasoline, according to the bureau of public roads of the United States de partment of agriculture, which re ports that gasoline taxes collected by the several states yielded a rev enue of $60,108,734 in the first half of 1925 of which $53,814,240 is ap plicable to road work. At the begin ning of the year there were 13 states which did not tax gasoline. At the present time a tax is imposed in all Green Urges Labor to Fight I For Gompers' Principles as Best Tribute to Dead Leader October Officially Fall and Homes is Must Be Decorated Autumn obviously is the time to see that your home is freshened up.- There is much to be done. There is the question of furnishing a room, adding a bit of furniture here or there, perhaps a rocker, rug, etc. You will plan these things with an eye to beauty, comfort and how much of it can be bought reasonably. We're here to tell you of the wonderful offerings now available for choosing the kind of merchandise you will be proud to have, so priced that you won't even know you've spent the money. K-R-E-B-S Third and Court Buy Your Stove Now 1 A 15si *«r jAm i in U *. W sv $ "%*i -1 Vv f*"1' *s" 3 x. *rv i/'\/ Y 1,5 k if die and impressive convention of American Federation of Labor I ever attended. And as we gather here, sol emn, serious, we reflect and think over the pleasant days when he was with us and was privileged to associate with us. "A great leader, a great crusader,, the man who with a few associates laid the foundation upon which this great movement rests. And I think many times as I refleet on his record his association and his service, how little perhaps we appreciated his fore sight and his vision. The regrettable feature of it all is that in this day and this age we find men here and there who still question his philosophy and the basis of the trades union founda tion that he laid so securely and so well. His Spirit Still Present "I can not help but think that even though he is not here in person his spirit is with us, and, speaking for myself, and I think 1 represent the sentiments of the overwhelming ma jority of trades unionists associated with the American Federation of La bor, we prefer the philosophy of Sam uel Gompers, we prefer the trades unionism which he preached, we pre fer the doctrine he propounded rather than the vague theories that are offer ed therefor. "And let us resolve as a tribute to his memory that as he fought so we will fight, as he kept the faith so we will keep the faith, and as he served humanity so we will s«rve humanity." states except Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York. On July 1 the tax per gallon was 5 cents in one state, 4 cents in two states, ZV2 cents in one state, 3 cents in twelve states, 2 Vz cents in one state, 2 cents in 23 states and 1 cent in five states. LABOR BANK GROWS New York.—An oversubscription of the authorized increase in capital of the Federation Bank of New York is announced by Peter J. Brady, presi dent. The institution has accumulat ed resources in excess of $12,500,000 since it was launched a little more than two years ago. The bank is the largest labor bank controlled by unions affiliated to the A. F. of L. lC*V fei* it •I UtM 1 F» 3 •:4\ 1 i 'i y. "V* v..