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-V ,1-.*. A •J'-Vl -fj J. j. •. fc.. V VOL. XXV. No. 44 By International Labor News Service. Washington, D. C.—In 1925 the 12,000 building and loan associations of the United States, with eight and one-half million members and nearly $5,000,000 in assets, loaned for the purchase or construction of new homes about $1,600,000,000, which it is es timated financed 450,000 American homes during that year, declares C." Clinton James, president of the United States League of Building and Loan Associations. The housing shortage created by the war, Mr. James said, has been allevi ated to a certain extent, but it has not been fully met, and the building and loan associations are unable to fully supply the demands for loans for this purpose. There has been an increased demand for funds for residential building, which is the class of con struction largely financed by these associations. Some idea of the present scope of the building industry may be gained by a statement recently made by Sec retary of Labor James J. Davis in which he said, "Mord than 11,000,000 of our people are dependent for their living upon the construction industry, and 22 per cent of all skilled and un skilled labor in the country is engaged in the building branch alone. Some 250,000 freight cars were required to STREET CAR MEN In Capitol City to Receive Belated Protection Washington.—The court of appeals of the District of Columbia has decid ed that a local street car company can not violate a law of congress passed in 1905 requiring all street car companies to close in the fronts of their cars for the protection of the motormen. The street car company persisted in putting into use from time to time cars of a last century vintage equip ped with front windshields only, leav ing the sides exposed. Last year, 20 years after the enact ment of the law, a member of con gress who had some consideration for the comfort of the motormen protest ed to the public utilities commission against the street car magnates' flag rant violation of the law. The commission instituted a belated prosecution of the offending compnay, which was convicted in the lower court. The conviction has now been affirmed by the court of appeals. Un less the company determines to take the case to the supreme court of the United States, the motormen will hereafter have the protection con gress prescribed. CONDEMN DEVICE Of Tax Dodgers in Senate Washington. "Consolidated re turns" is one of the effective but ques tionable devices by which influential corporations reduce their income taxes without the knowledge of thje public. Senator Norris, of Nebraska, points out that four Pittsburgh banking con cerns in which Secretary of the Treas ury Mellon is interested had their in come taxes reduced $91,000 by this means. "The returns df these corporations were secret," Norris said. "Nobody knew anything about them and they never saw the light of day and no body would have known anything about it had it not been for the in vestigation of the Couzens commit tee." Senator Gouzens charged that un der th^ "consolidated returns" scheme the publisher of the Saturday Evening Post had offset the profits on that pub lication against the losses on the Phil adelphia Public Ledger and thus avoided a good sized income tax. STQP-WATCH PLAN Killed in Congress Despite Blanton's Efforts to Put It Through Washington.—The house rejected a stop-watch provision in the navy ap propriation bill, despite every effort of Congressman Blanton. The Texas congressman also made a futile stand for other measuring systems. "The use of the stop watch and the employment of the premium system are the essential proposals upon which the Taylor system rests," said Con gressman Letts. He declared it was neither morally nor economically right to regard workers with so little human coneern as to attempt undue £pee4 in the production farces ia oar Building Associations Financed 450,000 New Homes Last Year Billion and Half Dollars Loaned for Construction—Eleven Million Workers Dependent on Industry—22 Per Cent of All Labor Engaged in Building Branch. .„^L t^ ...,L ^!". .1 handle materials in one year and en tailed the services of a large force of operators. Our building bill is $200 per year for every family in the United States, one of the recognized barometers of the country and an out standing influence in our financial progress." Mr. James pointed out that the pur pose of building associations is two fold. They enable investors to realize liberal dividends on savings, and ex tend financial aid to home owners at low cost. The general plan, he said, is so sound that the building associa tion movements today are serving nearly one million members. "The decision to 'save and build,' said Mr. James, "is reached by many a family of small means after paying rent for several years. In borrowing from a building and loan association there is no anxiety about renewals, and the association can not call the loan as long as payments are met. "Most loans are made on a basis that should pay out in a period of 12 years, and after the borrower has liquidated his loan he finds he has acquired the habit of saving, and in a large percentage of cases the people who have been borrowers for yea become investors and instead of pay ing interest they receive interest on their building and loan shares." arsenals and navy yards. "Such ordinary and usual methods of supervision and control over the labor employed should be in harmony with the conditions of society gener ally with respect to working condi tions," he said. "The operation of the Taylor sys tem would not only be an injustice to the particular men concerned but would be unwholesome to the body politic." The chair followed precedent and refused to sustain Mr. Blanton's point of order that the anti-stop watch provision be stricken from the bill. GREEN SUSPENDS Railway Clerks' Union Non-Compliance With Convention Rule Cause Washington.—Complying with a de cision by the last convention of the A. F. of L., President Green an nounces the suspension of the Broth erhood of Railway Clerks from the American Federation of Labor. The suspension stands until the clerks comply with the convention de cision that they yield control of chauf feurs and teamsters to the Brother hood of Teamstei*s. The question has been under discussion for months. As is the usual policy in such cases, offi cers .of the A. F. of L. have made every effort to induce the clerks to maintain the trade union policy. In explaining the teamsters' posi tion at the last convention, President Tobin, of that brotherhood, pointed out the provisions of their charter, is sued by the A. F. of L., which grants them control over this class of work. This charter was issued years before the Clerks' Union was chartered. "^ye don't want clerks, but we do insist that teamsters and chauffeurs be in one organization," said President Tobin. "You might as well take our charter if you are going to give to every organization a part of the mem bership that works under the jurisdic tion of our international. We come in touch with every trade. We haul lum ber to the carpenter, metal pipe to the plumber, paper to the printer, dry "roods and shoes to the retail clerks, leather to shoe factories, and we haul to the railroads hundreds of thousands tons of freight shipped by the express company. We ask jurisdiction over these drivers and chauffeurs. We can not have them here and not have them there we are entitled to them every where or we are not entitled to them at all." In announcing the suspension of the railway clerks, President Green ex pressed regret over this lack of ac cord in ths, final decision of organized labor's last court of appeal. STATE UNIONS TO MEET Houston, Texas.—Officers of the Texas State Federation of Labor have issued a call for the annual conven tion, to be held in this city, begin ning Monday, April 19. George Young—"Son, you must al ways remember that we are here to help others." George Junior—"Well, what are the others here for?" i. r**- s ... S U ^r. !•-.'• f.',' v\."-'"vv.»- .: «'••. *v v. 5 .', ••4« '.^ W' ,•• i-"v '•'•'•, *•, V~^'v Vi" "n"' 1 Copjrrtrtit, W. N By International Labor News Service. New York City.—This town has a new thrill. The bread trust, soon to be the food trust, is going to so con duct itself that out of the profits of its business it will endow childhood and give a little rake-off for the chil dren of the poor so that hereafter none will go hungry and all will grow up to be 100 per cent Americans. The author of this "Goat Song" is none other than William B. Ward, mil lionaire president of the Ward Bread Company and subsidiaries. He im mediately got the goats of a number of progressive members of congress who saw the proper meaning of it. But the great metropolitan audience listened as it does to all new virtuosi with respect, and if it did any laugh ing it did so up its sleeve, while young Ward in the name of his father, the founder of the bread trust, explained how the millennium was one step nearer by the big corporation's pledge to tithe itself after the biblical prac tice and give one-tenth of its net profits to philanthropies. "What Will the Harvest Be?" What this harvest will be if Ward's plan to form a billion-dollar food trust with the proposed Ward Food Products Company can easily be im agined. The Ward interests have vir tually the control of the bread fac tories. Now they want to deliver in the homes, together with the loaf of bread, flour, salt, sugar, milk, yeast, etcc. Economies of purchases, econo mies of delivery, economy of collect ing from the public are clearly seen by POSTALWORKERS Oppose Group Insurance Plan of Chief Washington. Officers of postal workers' unions told a house commit tee that the government should not apt as a recruiting agency for a pri vate insurance company. The postmaster general wants one certain life insurance company to have a monopoly of group insurance for postal employes. With this pres tige the company would practically have a monopoly on other life insur ance among these emplyoes. President Gainor, of the letter car riers, President Collins, of the rail way clerks, and Secretary-Treasurer Flaherty, of the postal clerks, sug gested to the committee that if the government is going into the insur ance business it should "go all the way" and operate it under government supervision rather than serve as a booster for private concerns, interest ed in profits. "If the postmaster general wants to give postal employes the lowest pos sible insurance rates, the government should handle the business directly," the unionists stated. The witnesses explained their own "J- i V Ward Interests Promise To Give Part of Expected Big Profits to "Uplift" \r"t ^Tfi^Z^tJkxiiSr-., -\--v -*-n*r «*«$.*•#. THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS. Footprints WJTiwF: i's" Food Trust Warbles Millennium Song As It Lays Plans to Mulct the Public the great capitalists. If the food trust magnates can see where they are coming into a fat har vest of profits, the public can also give a little glance ahead to see what is in store for it. Big Profits in Store The average American family con sumes in a year 397 pounds of wheat bread, 32 pounds of rye bread, 19 pounds of rolls and buns, 15 pounds of cookies and crackers, 15 pounds of cake, in all about 600 pounds or over $54 for breadstuffs from every family each year. Milk consumed will bring the trust a windfall of about $45 more from each family, sugar about $15 flour about $16. All together with pies, yeast and salt thrown in, the food trust will draw out of the kitty every year about $135, which, estimating the nation at about 30,000,000 fami lies, would make the neat sum of $4,750,000,000. Since the corporation is to be cap italized at $2,000,000,000, the expecta tion of doing a fair-sized business in the staff of life and few other basic items for nourishment is rosy. What Has the Harvest Been Just how much less the public is getting out of the large share of its dollar 4 that goes for bread, milk, sugar, flour and so forth statistics set forth. There is another feature of the bread trust's philanthropy not gener ally known and that is its labor pol icy. For some years the bread com panies and among them the Wards insurance systems to the committee. While expressing appreciation of the postmaster general's concern for the employes' insurance problems, Mr. Flaherty said that the questions of night work and the elimination of speed-up systems are far more urgent and should have prior consideration. These changes, he said, would add from four to five years to the longev ity of the clerical group, and is of far more importance than a small reduc tion in insurance costs. SIGN THREE-YEAR CONTRACT Portland, Ore.—The carpenters' dis trict council has signed a three-year agreement with the builders and con tractors. A wage rate of $9 a day will become effective on February 15. Either party can open the scale at the expiration of each calendar year. LABOR DISPUTE ENDS Cincinnati.—The Pabst corporation and the International Union of United Brewery, Flour, Cereal and Soft Drink Workers have reached an agreement and this long dispute has been brought to a close. The corporation will oper ate ttftder strictly union conditions. Raid tiie Ptcm. 1 HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1926 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR were friendly to labor. At one time every Ward factory was unionized. But that was in the formative stages. When Ward got where he could dom inate, bing! went labor and label. The years of 1919 and 1920 were hectic ones around the big bread factories in New York. Finally with some dis sension in the ranks, with the intro duction of more and more machinery, so that bread making is largely me chanical, Ward defeated labor and his plants are non-union. It would be interesting to compare Ward's past with respect to his wage policy and philanthropy as it hits his employes with the proposition to take care of the children of the future. im By International Labor News Service. Washington, D. C.—Figures just made public for the first time show the operation of the benefit system adopted in January, 1914, by the Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers' International Union. According to Secretary John J. Gleeson, there are now 2,776 men and women drawing weekly benefits through the relief de partment of the organization. Of the total number of persons drawing benefits, 676 are widows, 2,013 are members drawing old age benefits and 77 are members drawing disability benefits. Each beneficiary in all classifications draws $7 per week. The total amount being paid out in benefits per week is $19,432. These were the figures as of Decem ber 31. System Authorized in 1914 The benefit or relief system was adopted by the Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers' International Union at its convention in January, 1914, and was put into effect a year later. An assessment of 25 cents per mem ber per month was levied to cover the cost of operating the new department. In 1916 this was increased to 50 cents per member and in 1922 it was in creased to 70 cents. At the outset the benefit paid was $5 per member per week, but in 1922 this was increased to $7, the present figure. The retirement age is 60 years. It is recognized, of course, that the num ber of members eligible to retirement benefits will increase as the years pass by, but the actuarial probabilities were taken into account when the fund was established. The benefit paid upon the death of a member varies ac coi'ding to the length of membership. The minimum amount is $50. A bene ficiary is entitled to this minimum amount if the deceased member had been on the rolls of the organization six months. The mortuary benefit in creases as follows: $150 after a mem bership of one year, $200 after a membership of five years, and $300 is the maximum after a membership of over ten years. Large Amount Paid Out There was in the treasury of the relief department at the beginning of the current fiscal year $700,000 while there was $265,4008.47 in the mortu Relief Plan of Bricklayers Provides Generous Benefits For 2,776 Men and Women 6 Axminster Rugs 75 Beautiful 9x12 ft. rugs at big Febru ary price-cuts. Closely woven body, deep, thick pile, gorgeous patterns of unusual richness. See them! Extra sizes up to 9x18 K-R-E-B-S THIRD and COURT "w: Y* & v yi %*.* -4 J, p* i i i V i i $ 4 P'd ary fund. The total amount of all benefit and fhortuary claims paid dur ing the last fiscal year was $1,149, 779. For the last calendar year the amount of expenditures would be a trifle larger than the figure for the fiscal year. The expenditures from the relief fund for the last six months of 1925 totalled $488,962. In addition to the benefit system the organization grants paid-up life mem bership cards to all who have held continuous membership for 50 years and to soldier members totally dis abled in the World War. Of the six veterans who have applied for and have received paid-up life member ship cards three of them are residents of Canada, two live in New York state and one in Pennsylvania. There are 60 members holding paid-up life mem bership cards following 50 years of continuous active membership. Plan Generous in Scope The relief plan of the Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers' International Union is one of the most pretentious in operation among trade unions in the United States, bringing under its protection directly and indirectly al most a half million men, women and children and providing more gener ously than most labor organizations for their relief in time of need. ALUMINUM TAXES CUT WITH TREASURY AID Washington.—Since Andrew Mellon has been secretary of the treasury, the aluminum trust, in which Mr. Mellon is interested, has saved fully $2,500,000 in taxes. The treasury de partment has made every effort to block an investigation. This double charge is made by the special senate committee that has in vestigated the internal revenue bu reau. Senator Couzens, of Michigan, is chairman of the committee. The report calls attention to the company's secrecy of its earnings, profits and disbursements. Treasury officials permitted the company, it is stated, to deduct from taxable in come more than $15,000,000 as "amor tization"—an amount that the com mittee's counsel declared to be "gross ly excessive" and which permitted the saving of $2,500,000. •-'i •vy /a "•'Is i'.r '*t '4 ,'i!