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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, July 30, 1926, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1926-07-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XXVI. No. 16
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By International Labor News Service.
.Indianapolis, Ind.— United Mine
Workers are only mildly interested
in the news from Ohio that some 75
coal operators have voted to organ
ize a state association of operators
for the purpose of furthering the coal
industry of that state and promoting
a "broad labor policj."
The union has Ion contended, and
urged, that operators organize into as
sociations for their mutual protection
and for the furtheiance of the in
terests .of the coal industry, which,
of course, is reflected in the lives of
the miners who are thus benefited by
mote days' work and better wages.
Heretofore the making of wage
scales in Ohio has been done through
sub-districts. If a state association
is founded it is likely that wage mat
ters will be discussed and acted upon.
By Staff Corrspondent, International
Labor News Service
Indianapolis, Ind.—A committee of
leading citizens headed by Frank S.
Clark, held a conference with Robert
I. Todd, president of the Indianapolis
Street Railway Company, -in an en
deavor to settle the strike of the com
pany employes who have been out
since July 4th.
The committee was turned down
cold by the company which refused
to arbitrate the union's demands for
higher wages. W. H. Latta, chief
counsel for the company, announced
that the company would not relent
from its stand in respect to arbitra
tion and would not treat with the
Committee Hears Strikers
The citizens' committee later called
in representatives of the striking em
ployes, headed by Harry Boggs, pres
ident of the local union, and received
a first-hand version of what the strik
ers are seeking. The men are willing
to arbitrate their differences before
any impartial tribunal.
It developed at the hearing with
the company officials that:
The working contract including an
agreement not#to strike, broken by
the men, has been held legal by Judge
Baltzell, of fedei*al court
The company will not break a sim
ilar working contract with present
workers in order to reinstate men on
The company will not participate
in any conference with strikers or in
any arbitration proceedings because
the new men might think the com
pany' was considering reinstating old
men and would quit, tieing up service.
New Ohio Organization of
Operators Not Worrying
Union Coal Mine Operators
Rejects Arbitration Offer
Union's President
FRANK X. HILZ, Vice Pres JOSEPH REDMAN, Sec'y-Treas.
Joseph Hilz takes this means of announcing to his friends and
patrons in general that on July 28 three years ago he was elect
ed president and manager of the Hilz Bros. Co.
We wish to thank all of our customers for their patronage in
the past and to assure them that We will appreciate its contin
uance in the future.
Upon them, and upon our prospective customers as well, we want
to impress the fact, .that we always stand in readiness to over
come and correct any defects in our work or service.
gleaners Dyers—Carpet Cleaners
Fostering the Practice of Right Business Principles
jvMlVe have but one location First step over the bridge
r-1 |^indenwald .and East Hamilton calls made daily,
We have no branches
For Service, Phone 4 or 15$*
The Original Hilz Bros. Co., Est. 1901
Souvenirs for Kiddies and Grown-ups
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through numerous subdivisions.
Union officials have not been
formed as to what the "broad" policy
of the operators contemplates when
the association is in working order.
Ohio is the birthplace of the United
Mine Workers of America and has
ldng been regarded as a stronghold of
unionism There is no fear on the
part of the union that the Ohio mines
will be turned non-union.
It is conceded that the coal indus
try in the Buckeye state has been
hard hit by cheap non-union coal of
West Virginia, coupled with discrim
inating freight rates to lake markets
Campaigns to stimulate the use of
Ohio coal in Ohio have been in prog
press. Merchants and business men in
general in many QJiio cities have made
special window displays and hav
printed advertisements urging people
to burn Ohio coal and thus aid the
industry and the miners who product
the coal.
Harry Boggs, president of the local
union, has been placed under arrest
on the charge of "rout," an old tim
Indiana statute being dug up for this
purpose. The law says a person is
guilty of "rout" who does things that
might lead to a riot. Six strikers jn
rested on various charges are allege
to have said that Boggs told them to
"cut loosje" after the company had re
fused to arbitrate. Boggs says the
charge is a frame-up.
Existence of Contract Denied
Following the announcement by tin
Indianapolis Street Railway Company
that one reason the officials refused
'to negotiate a wage contract with
their striking employes was because
the men had violated a former con
tract, counsel for the strikers declared
to the citizens' committee that the
company had no contract of any kind
with the men who walked out and
that its contention in this regard was
mere subtei'fuge. Company officials
were challenged to present any such
contract signed by the men now on
Washington. Comptroller McCarl
has ruled that government employes
who have temporary jobs in execu
tive departments are not entitled to
sick or vacation pay, regardless of
how long they have been on the pay
Chicago.—Short wave radio broad
casting casting stations, through
which trains may be directed when
blizzards or other causes interrupt
wire service, are to be installed over
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul
system. This line runs from Chicago
to the Pacific coast, a distance of 2,200
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By International Labor News Service.
Washington, D. C.—Good wages
and generally satisfactory employ
ment are paying the largest dividends
in general prosperity to the United
States this year of any country in
the history of the .vorld. These two
factors are the real basis of the na
tion's prosperity—men and women
are employed, and their buying power
is strong. Commodities are being
consumed at the same rate that they
ire produced, and giving vindication
to the theory that 1he real buying
power of the nation i? measured and
gauged by the standards oc
The justice of this contention was
generally admitted in business cir
cles, and further, that it is natural
and inevitable for "real" wages to
rise with increasing production. It
would not be possible to distribute
the increasing output of commodities
by the factories if the buying power
of the general public was not in
creasing proportionately.
Vindication for Green's Statement
President Green, of the American
Federation of Labor, in a statement
last summer protesting against a re
luction in the wages of the textile
workers, said that as a policy it was
economically unsound because it
would reduce the purchasing power
of the employes.
No better vindication of his state
ment is to be found than in the pres
ent prosperous condition of the busi
ness of the country, attributable pri
marily to the fact that wages are good
and the buying power of the people
is strong.
Working people are becoming ac
customed to having money in their
pockets, and they are showing in
creasing tendencies to spend it wisely
and advantageously, and obtain full
value for it. They are adjusting
themselves to higher standards of
comforts, and in many instances, ac
cumulating property in the form of
homes and real estate.
Stable Buying Power Assured
As Pay of Workers Increases
With Gains in Productivity
that are paid to the workers.
Satisfactory wages and employment
conditions arise from two outstanding
factors in the industKal structure:
1. "Real" wages are generally ad
vancing in pi'oportioi. to the increas
ing productivity of industry
2. Industries are more nearly bal
anced, and in a bitter position to
take each other's products, and pi-o
vide each other with full employment.
There is marked stability in the
basic industries, such as steel, build
ing and construction, and automobile
manufacture, which is being reflected
in the general condition of other in
lustries and giving the country a
large measure of prosperity.
"Real" Wages Gain As Output Rises
John P. Frey, of the International
Molders' Union, offered a resolution,
which was adopted, in the last an
nual convention of the American
Federation of Labor setting forth the
principle that "real* wages should
rise proportionately with the increase
in productivity of industry that result
from improvements in machinery and
IJ. S. Wages Higher Than Else
The Philadelphia-Girard National
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Wages and Steady Work Paying
Big Dividends
Bank in a statement to its customers,
"Wages in the United States are
much higher than elsewhere in the
world, and can continue so while our
development for production per capita
holds so gx*eatly larger. Our prepara
tion and organization for industrial
activities is far ahead, very largely
from the tremendous power available
from electricity, which vastly
strengthens it in competitive posi
tion with the world.
"In this and other ways have we
added hugely to the capacity of the
individual worker, making machinery
take the place of human labor to an
extent not nearly equalled anywhere
else in the world. By reason of this,
American industries can pay high
wages, produce at lower costs, and
still make larger profits."
Output Not Ahead of Demand
At different times in the last five
years curtailment in manufacture has
been necessary in order not to get too
far ahead of the consuming demand.
These readjustments have been quick
ly made, however, and the high and
sustained purchasing power of the
people has shown a close relation be
tween productive activity and effec
tive demand. With wages undisturb
ed or increasing, the result has been
that the burden of unsold accumula
tions of goods have been largely
The position of the banks is not
tnaterially different from what it was
a year ago. Time deposits have con
tinued to increase. Rediscounts and
borrowings at the federal reserve
banks are $75,000,000 less than they
were at this time last year. Industry
is running in larger measure on its
own capital and resources.
Freight Movements Breaking Records
Movement of freight has exceeded
one million loaded cars a week for the
last two months—a record-breaking
performance for the railroads at this
season of the year. There are none
of the unsettling factors in sight that
usually precede a period of serious
business depression and industrial un
There has been a decrease recently
of $38,000,000 a month in the imports
of foreign goods.
In many circles the demand is heard
that the country should take larger
quantities of goods from abroad, es
pecially as a means of assisting those
countries to repay their loans to the
United States.
Foreign Goods Hurt Home Trade
The present condition of business
and industry in the United States
demonstrates pretty clearly that a
community reaps no benefit when
home production and home employ
ment are curtailed to make room for
foreign goods. The business of the
country can not afford to take in
goods from abroad at the expense of
a curtailment of its own production
at home.
Depressed and unsettled conditions
in Europe since the war, and apart
from causes growing out of the war,
can be attributed to the simple fact
that prices have been high and wages
have been low.
This is also the trouble in the corn-
ir *v
in General Prosperity
1 1
growing belt of the Unite dStates.
The prices which the farmers are pay
ing for the things they need are high,
but their own wages, derived through
prices at which they are selling, are
relatively low.
Present Wages Assure Prosperity
With wages left undisturbed, and
industry concentrating its efforts on
maintaining the balance between pro
duction and consumption, the country
should continue to enjoy its present
favorable condition for an indefinite
length of time.
Of American Organized La
bor Upheld By Company
By International Labor News Service.
Montreal.—The wage philosophy of
the A. F. of L. as embodied in the
Atlantic City declaration, was ex
ponded and defended by a prominent
American employer in an address to
the annual convention of the Canadian
Gas Association here.
Business can only be good when the
individual can buy and for that rea
son the low wages fallacy has done
more to interfere with real prosperity
than all of the other so-called eco
nomic causes put together, declared
Frank W. Steere, president of the
Steere Engineering Company, Detroit.
In general, he added, the tendency
of all industries is to pay low wages
and low salaries. Cities boast of low
wages and offer it as an inducement
to manufacturers looking for loca
tions. But this is merely to invite
manufacturers to locate their plants
where the local markets have low
purchasing power, to advance an argu
ment which if sound would induce
every manufacturer to seek locations
in China or India. He added:
"The rational way to make business
good—to have prosperity— is to build
up the purchasing power of the indi
vidual. We have heard too much
about increasing production and not
enough about building absorbing ca
"Industry is beginning to realize
that the effort of all management
should be to so organize their own
particular industry that the highest
possible income may be paid to every
employe, not from altruistic motives,
but for the purpose of increasing pur
chasing power, and thus keeping
business active."
Dependency Studied By Na
tional Civic Federation
By International Labor News Service.
New York City.—A study of the
extent of old age dependency has
been inaugurated by the industrial
welfare department of the National
Civic Federation. Charles L. Edgar,
chairman of the department under
which the inquiry is being made, an
nounces that its purpose is to secure
facts upon which to base efforts for
old age security.
Mr. Edgar states, further, that
areas to be covered include centers
where there are industrial employes
other than workers in manual occupa
tions. Persons no longer in active
service, as well as those still em
ployed, will be included in the survey.
There will be consulted records of
infirmaries and homes for the aged,
Wl. Va',VS1'
By International Labor News Service.
Philadelphia, Pa.—Greater political
freedom and elimination of the
"speed-up" system was demanded by
members of the Pennsylvania Federa
tion of Postoffice Clerks in their an
nual convention here. Frank E.
Frantz, of Bethlehem, in presenting
the resolution for greater political
freedom, said that ^ostal workers at
this time are virtually denied the
rights of citizenship.
The "speed-up" or weighing system
was condemned as inimical to the effi
ciency of the service. The convention
local charity organizations, alms
houses, public and private relief
agencies, trade organizations, employ
ment offices, insurance companies and
government agencies.
Some of the data on retirement and
dependency to be obtained will in
1. The age at which employes nor
mally cease to be "employable" in
the sense that their employers find it
necessary to retire them and
2. The age at which such employes
cease to be "employable" in the sense
that, when they lose their positions,
new employers will not engage them.
Now Effective in Many
West Virginia Localities
By International Labor News Service.
Indianapolis, Ind.—Reports from
northern West Virginia coal fields
where a strike against the action of
coal companies in abrogating then
agreement with the United Mine
Workers, indicate that the walkout
was effective in many localities. The
strike call was issued from headquar
ters of District 31. Van A. Bittner,
international representative in north
ern West Virginia, reports that the
response was most satisfactory.
Every mine in the region that was
trying to operate non-union has had
its production materially curtailed,
some more than others. The Scotts
Run field, where the Paisley and
Purseglove interests operate and where
the contract with the union was torn
up, is virtually closed down. The
strike is also effective in the Bear
Mountain field and at Galloway, W.
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favored ah optional retirement ar
rangement at the end of 30 years of
service, urged a time differential on
night work, favored the guarantee of
at least four hours' work a week for
substitute .clerks, and urged a Sat*
urday half holiday.
Creation of a spcclal court of ap
peals for federal employes beftrs
which they can take their grievances,'
or make appeals fro n arbitrary rul
ings of division heads and other offi
cials, and bring about a better sys
tematized conditior.3 in government
work, was urged by 'he convention.
Va., where 90 per cent of the men
are out.
Two thousand union miners are on
the picket line in these regions and
are maintaining a peaceful watch on
the situation. Some of the coal com
panies have employed scores of armed
guards to patrol their workings and
prevent meetings of miners.
Engineers' Brotherhood To
Open Two Labor Banks
By International Labor News Service.
Cleveland, Ohio.—The Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers will estab
lish two new banks this summer. One,
in San Francisco, completes the
Brotherhood's financial program for
the Pacific coast while the other fur
nishes added service to Cleveland
clients. The San Francisco bank is
capitalized at $500,000 with surplus of
$150,000, controlled almost exclusive
ly by members of the Brotherhood in
California and adjoining states. This
fills the last important gap in the
coast banking chain with Portland,
Tacoma, Seattle, Spokane and Hill
yard already supporting Engineers'
banks. Los Angeles is served by the
People's National Bank, established in
1024 and now enjoying deposits of
more than $3,000,000.
The Brotherhood banks and invest
ment companies now command re
sources in excess of $100,000,000,
while the Pacific coast banks alone
have resources nearing $10,00tf,000.
The new Cleveland bank will be a
branch of the parent institution, es
tablished as the first co-operative
labor bank in America in 1920.
Third And Court
1 1 1 1
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Postoffice Clerks Demand
Greater Political Freedom
Assail "Speed Up" System
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