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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, May 27, 1927, Image 1

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By International Labor News Service.
Des Moines, Iowa. The general
public has a false and pernicious at
titude toward the working people,
"notwithstanding the moderating spir
it of Christianity," Rev. Francis J.
Haas, Ph. D., of St. Francis Semi
nary, Milwaukee, Wis., said in an ad
dress delivered to the National Con
ference of Social Safety Work. Priests
to overcome this, Father Haas con
tinued, need to translate principles
"into specific programs of action."
Because of the difficulties in secur
ing legislation for labor and because
"the general welfare requires that the
state should not do for its citizens
what they should do for themselves,"
the working people must and should
rely upon the trade union and collec
tive bargaining, Father Haas said, to
attain the economic welfare of them
selves and their families. Unless they
are successful in this the result will
be "additional regulation of industry,"
The problem then is, Father Haas
said, how to organize the four-fifths
of the working people in the United
States who are not organized.
Leading up to the recommendation
that priests and ministers help the
working people more, Father Haas
analyzed certain obstacles in the way
of labor unionsm, and gave chief place
to the contempt held for those doing
manual work and for the weaker ele
ments in society.
"The large reserves of concentrated
capital are drawn upon in various
ways to prevent the spread of organ
ization," Father Haas said, enumer
ating the financing of undercover men,
card indexes and blacklists, the main
tenance of propaganda bux-eaus, the
creation of funds for legislation and
litigation, and the establishment of
paternalistic welfare schemes.
Father Haas emphasized the "lack
of prestige" of the working people and
the labor movement among the upper
middle classes and the professional
salaried groups and spoke of the loss
of caste among the general public of
college and high school instructors,
"who write or speak of labor prob
lems impartially, to say nothing of
those who express their sympathy for
the aspirations of labor."
"Pagan Concept" Blamed
"The most fundamental of all
causes," Father Haas declared, is the
survival of "the pagan concept of la
bor as something mental and beneath
the dignity of the free citizens" which
Toilers Must Rely on Unions
To Improve Economic Welfare,
Priest Tells Social Workers
The W. C. Frechtling Co.
An Outstanding Value
Washable Crepe Frocks
Fifty different styles, including
higher priced dresses of
In Pastel shades—Coral, Nile,
Honey, Rose, Copen, White.
Tailored and Dressy Models
Fine Crepe Kimonas and Negligees
Lace trimmed and hand embroidered style—in box
loom and novelty silk crepes—
$2.981 $5.00
Sizes 36 to 52—in all light Pastel shades
The W. C. Frechtling Co.
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has resulted, despite Christianity, in
"a false glorification of the white col
lar occupations and corresponding
aversion if not contempt for those
who labor with their hands."
Father Haas referred to court deci
sions restricting the labor movement
as strengthening a belief that labor
is out of harmony "with American
ideas of justice" and to the news and
editorial columns of newspapers sub
tly or openly attacking the working
Attitude Called Pernicious
The church is within her jurisdic
tion when she opposes this "false and
pernicious attitude," Father Haas
said, and called upon the churches
and priests and ministers to recon
struct a sane attitude towards the
dignity of labor.
Eugene, Ore. The five-day week
as an economic necessity within 10
years, was predicted by Prof. James
Gilbert, of the School of Economics,
University of Oregon, in an address
to the Central Labor Union.
The speaker quoted figures to show
the increased annual production per
man in basic industries. To prove the
value of legitimate trade unions, he
compared wages in the lumber indus
try where men have regular trade
unions and where they are dominated
by company "unions."
New York.—"Cheap John" methods
in the building industry tend to cheap
en construction and shorten the lives
of buildings, according to Irving T.
Bush, president of the Bush Terminal
"Since* the war," said Mr. Bush,
"there has crept into the industry a
new type of building. In the desire
to keep down costs the appearance
of many buildings has been depreci
ated and the high standard one migh
expect has not been maintained."
•\'v?. .•• .- -:xk-^9^
W. M. D.V
By International Labor News Service,
Indianapolis, Ina.—Calling on every
unit of the American Federation of
Labor to defend its rights under the
laws of the land, the A. F. of L.
executive council unanimously adopt
ed a resolution here commending the
Amalgamated Association of Street
and Electric Railway Employes of
America for its appeal to the United
States supreme court in a case involv
ing workers' right to organize.
W. D. Mahon, president of" the
Amalgamated Association of Street
and Electric Railway Employes, in a
message to the council explained that
a decision of Federal Judge R. C.
Baltzell endangered the protective
clauses of the Clayton act.
Organizers Sentenced
Judge Baltzell issued an injunction
against Robert B. Armstrong and
John M. Parker, vice presidents and
organizers of the Amalgamated As
sociation of Street and Electric Rail
way Employes of America, forbidding
them to organize the employes of the
Indianapolis Street Railway Company
or to persaude them to strike. When
the carmen struck last July, in pro
test against inhumanly low wages,
Parker and Armstrong were arrested,
tried and sentenced to 90 days in jail
for contempt of court.
The circuit court of appeals at Chi
cago upheld Judge Baltzell's deci
sion, and the union ordered its attor
neys, Alex J. Groesbeck, former gov
ernor of Michigan, and Frank P.
Baker, former United States district
attorney for Indiana, to prepare an
appeal to the supreme court.
Union"s Action Approved
The executive council of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor, recognizing
the danger to labor's rights in Judge
Baltzell's decision, unanimously pass
ed the following resolution:
"Whereas, the Clayton act was in
tended to carry a measure of pro
tection for labor against injunction
suits in the following provision: 'In
any case between employer and em
ployes no such restraining order or
injunction shall prohibit any person
or persons, whether singly or in con­
A. F. of L. Warmly Approves
Street Car Workers' Stand
Executive Council Warns of Big Danger to
Labor's Rights in Indianapolis Case and
Calls on Workers to Rally to Union's Support
The Five-Day Week
Is Coming
By Xnternationl Labot News Service.
New York City.—The 40-hour, 5
day week is to go into effect in the cap
making shops of the larger clothing
markets July 1. Preparations have
been made by the general executive
board of the Cloth Hat, Cap and Mil
linery Workers' International Union
"The best evidence that a shorter work week is adaptable to
industry is the fact that it has been accepted and is operative in
numerous lines of industry. This great reform—the shorter
Work week—is upon us."—William Green, president of the
American Federation of Labor.
Memorial Day
cert, from terminating any relation
of employment or persuading others
by peaceful means to do so,' and
"Whereas, in the case of the In
dianapolis Street Railway Company
vs. Robert B. Armstrong and John M.
Parkers and others, it has been held
that a court order restraining them
from advising employes of the Indian
apolis Street Railway Company to
strike could be extended to apply ^o
'all persons having knowledge of this
order,' which included certain em
ployes of the company, ana
"Whereas, this construction of the
said provision of the said Clayton
act opens the way for any employer
to obtain an injunction against his
employes to prevent a strike, and
"Whereas, under the precedent es
tablished by this decision any em
ployer can apply for an injunction
against outsiders, possibly even agc-nts
of his own, and then have the said
injunction extended to cover his em
ployers, who can then be enjoined
without even the right of hearing, and
"Whereas, the Amalgamated Asso
ciation of Street and Electric Railway
Employes has taken steps to appeal
this injunction and subsequent con
tempt of court decision against the
said Armstrong and Parker to the
United States supreme court be it,
"Resolved, that the executive coun
cil of the American Federation of
Labor, in meeting assembled, extend
to the Amalgamated Association of
Street and Electric Railway Employes
of America hearty approval of the
contest it is making in behalf of the
entire labor movement and, be it fur
"Resolved, that the executive coun
cil of the American Federation of La
bor call upon all local central bodies
and State Federations of Labor in
the United States and all other units
affiliated with the American Federa
tion of Labor to take similar action,
encouraging and approving this con
test by the Amalgamated Association
of Street and Electric Railway Em
ployes of America, and that the sec
retary be and is hereby instructed to
to see that the rale applies to every
Seattle, Wash.—As a result of ne
gotiations between the Bricklayers'
one of the more than 700 shops in the
Union and Seattle contractors, a lim
ited five-day week has been obtained
by the union. For May, June, July
All Organized Labor Urged
To Back Fight on Injunction
Each week a quotation from
some wise and famous per
son whose writings are tuck
ed away in the storehouse of
history and achievement.
Many politicians are in the
habit of laying it down as a
self-evident proposition that no
people ought to be free until
they are fit to use their free
dom. The maxim is worthy of
the fool in the old 'story who
resolved not to go
water until he had lea to
forward copies of this resolution to
these various affiliated bodies."
The A. F. of L. council realized that
if the Baltzell injunction is sustained
by the supreme court organized labor
will be deprived of the last vestige of
protection afforded by the Clayton act,
which specifically states that no citi
zen of the United States can be en
joined from forming a labor organiza
tion, and that no one can be enjoined
from stopping work or asking others
to do so as long as legitimate means
are employed.
Labor Must Defend Rights
"The time has come for labor to as
sert its legal and well-defined rights
under the law," Mr. Mahon said when
asked for a statement on the council's
resolution. "I am gratified to learn
that the able leaders of the American
Federation of Labor recognize the
vital importance of the step we are
about to take. Our appeal to the
supreme court is not of special inter
est to the Amalgamated Association
of Street and Electric Railway Em
ployes of America alone. It is an im
portant issue, the outcome of which
will determine labor's rights under
the law for years to come.
"If the supreme court sustains
Judge Baltzell, it will mean that the
employer will have a strong weapon
in the anti-labor injunction. The way
will be opened for all employers to re
strain their workers by first obtaining
anti-strike injunctions against out
siders and then having the orders ex
tended to apply to all others.
Injunctions Increasing Evil
"The growing use of the injunction
as an anti-labor club is an increasing
evil that can work only harm for the
cause of organized labor. It is a mat
ter of grave concern for every Amer
ican working man who cherishes his
right to join a union and to stop work
ing when he pleases."
and August the men will have the
straight five-day week. For the rest
of the year the prevailing week will
be five and one-half days in length.
Bricklayers and stonemasons re
ceive a wage increase over the scale
prevailing up to May 1st. The old
scale for these two crafts was $11.
The new scale will be $11.60 for the
months in which the five-day week is
worked and $12 in the months in
which the longer week prevails.
Marble masons and tile setters will
continue at $10 a day, with terrazzo
workers at $9 a day. The reason as
signed for the lower scale in these
groups is that employment is more
plentiful than for the bricklayers and
The contract is to be effective from
May 2 of this yew until April 30 of
& v s i
By International Labor News Service.
Washington, D. C.—Hour laws do
not handicap women in industry but
instead shorten their hours, shorten
men's hours, and standardize hours
throughout entire communities, ac
cording to a report made May 18 by
Mary N. Winslow, of the women's bu
reau of the United States department
of labor, at the National Conference
of Social Work in Des Moines, Iowa.
In the session on the effect of labor
laws on women workers an account
was given of ah investigation which
has just been concluded by the
women's bureau. This investigation
disclosed the fact that the regulation
of women's hours of work opens up
more jobs for women rather than lim
iting the number. It was found that
in only two out of nearly 1,500 indus
trial establishments were men substi
tuted for women because of a legal
limitation of women's hours.
The investigation covered industries
and women's occupations in Massa
chusetts, Rhode Island, New Hamp%
shire, New York, Ohio, Wisconsin,
Illinois, Indiana and California.
More than a thousand working wom
en were interviewed to get a record
of their experience of the effect of la
bor legislation.
Another finding mentioned by the
speaker was that laws prohibiting or
limiting women's employment at
night resulted in a certain amount of
substitution of men for women during
the night hours in establishments
which ran night shifts and employed
women during the day time. The fact
that the law prevented their working
at night did not, however, close day
jobs to women in any appreciable
In connection with night work a far
more potent factor in limiting em
ployment for women was the general
attitude of employers. A very large
group of employers would not use
women at night under any circum
stances. The raction against wom
en's employment at night was much
stronger than against men's employ
ment, and it was found in states where
there was no night work law as well
as in states where the law prohibited
night work for women.
Perhaps the most important thing
which has been brought out by this
investigation, Miss Winslow said, is
the need for the differentiation of
legislation for professional or semi-
'v* ?1
Hour Laws Benefit Both
Men and Women Workers,
U. S. Women's Bureau Finds
You Sharing In
V 'w, *c :"-f
professional women who are able to
dictate their own terms of employ
The conclusions drawn from the in
vestigation were that the claims of
discrimination which have been made
by those who felt that there should be
no legislation applying especially to
women were not justified by the facts.
The testimony of more than a thou
sand women who were interviewed by
the women's bureau showed that
legislation had not handicapped them
except in a very few instances.
Pittsburgh, Pa.—The eviction of
Rev. William G. Nowell, Methodist
clergyman, from a house owned by
the Pittsburgh Coal Company because
he refused to defend a union-smashing
policy, again calls attention to this
contract-breaking corporation.
"The company's anti-union policy
has caused a loss of millions of dol
lars," said John L. Lewis, president
of the United Mine Workers, in an ad
dress to miners in this field. "In the
first three months of this year the
company's loss was greater than in
the same three months of 1926 or
1925. The company lost $806,000 dur
ing the last three months. Their la-»
bor turnover for the month of March
was approximately 260 per cent. This
is the largest labor turnover that has
been recorded in the history of the
United States or any other country
in the world.
"The company employs approxi
mately 350 coal and iron police. The
maintenance charge for this force dur
ing March exceeded $75,000. Charges
for transportation of strikebreakers
during the same month was in excess
of $80,000.
"The cost of production, including
transportation, employment of coal
and iron police ana the maintenance
of the Pinkerton and other detective
agencies is in excess of $4 a ton.
"These figures show that the com
pany is suffering more severe losses
at the present time than they have
at any period in their strikebreaking
Telephone Set
See Corner Window
A wonderful event to attract new customers and
to reward old customers by giving them the most
astonishing values.
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J\M- Mi, **T+'#$ I
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