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By International Labor News Service.
Chicago,—A plea for "workable laws that fit evolutionary "changes and changing conditions," to facili tate the organizing of all wage earn ers in the cigar and tobacco industry, Was made by President I. M. Ornbum at the opening of the twenty-sixth convention of the Cigar Makers' In ternational Union, held in Chicago. "We can and we will organize the wage earners in the cigar and tobac co industry," he said. Want Share of Benefits "No one can successfully deny the right of wage earners to participate in the benefits of improved machinery. The inventor and the capitalist have had or are taking their full toll" of benefits. We do not begrudge them their rightful share, but we as wage earners are entitled to and want our just share of the bene)its that follow from the use of improved machinery. "We must work and give life to these machines. As workers, we are justly entitled to fair wages, and, from an economic viewpoint, must re ceive such wages as will enable us to consume to the economic level neces sary to keep the wheels of trade and commerce at a point necessary to pre vent under-consumption and unem ployment. "Well grounded economists, civil and mechanical engineers intelligent and disinterested statisticians all agree that the wage earners must receive in wages a sufficient sum to enable them to consume that which they create, or, failing therein, stag nation of industry will follow. Value of High Wages "Able statesmen have recently said that good wages are responsible for our country's present and prolonged sustained prosperity. That is an eco nomic fact long ago established and proved by trade union philosophy. "It is now a conceded fact that the wag^-earning masses must receive in wages a proper ^art of that which they create or disaster will follow. I am of the opinion that improvecf ma chinery and high, just wages up to the true economic level will actually reduce the cost of living and still Mik Cigar Makers' Head Urges Changing of Union Laws To Facilitate Organization Would Amend Strike Laws I President Ornburn stressed the im portance of amending the strike laws of the union so that employers may have more confidence in the inviolibil ity of contracts underwritten by the international organization. Discussing the problems put upon the union by the introduction of labor saving machinery, and pointing a way out President Ornburn said, in part: "We have witnessed the passing of the individually owned small and medium-sized shops in practically all industries, and particularly so in the cigar and tobacco trade, and have seen them supplanted by the stock-owned corporation, operating under different and modern means of production, such as mass production and mass distri bution. We must adopt methods that will coordinate with and be workable under these changes. Extensive Entertainment Program is Announced For Ohio State Fair In addition to the automobile and horse races and a musical program, many vaudeville and hippodrome acts have been contracted for to round out the entertainment phase of the 1927 Ohio State Fair, which begins August 26, at Columbus The entertainment features will he both at the Coliseum and at the Grandstand, tha performance at the Coliseum serving SB a complement to the main attraction—the Night Horse Show proper. Annquncement of the booking for the Fair of the Uyene Japs imme i diately acquaints amusement lov ers with the fact that this is one of the cleverest of Oriental Sextettes that has ever appeared at any fair. In this meritorious act there are six athletic young mea, who appear leave a fair and just return for Man agement and capital invested. "I favor a work-day plan instead of the piece-price plan for machine workers. I moreover strongly suggest that the only way to get the full bene fit from machines which are now with us, and here to stay, is to fully recog nize and organize all machine work ers. To successfully do this necessi tates* amended Iaws.v Printing Trade Tactics Cited" "I favor amending our laws to per mit a manufacturer who is unable to install machinery to cantract with an other manufacturer operating the au tomatic machine for at least a portion of his output, provided the automatic machine is operated under union con ditions and regulations. "This procedure is now recognized in the printing trade. Small printers are permitted to let out their linotype work and still permitted to use the typographical union label. It is rea sonable to assume that a small cigar manufacturer could contract for a part of his production with the same satis faction and results as the jobber who has special brands made for the trade." COAL OWNERS Refuse Parley To Adjust Wages Columbus, Ohio.—Coal owners re jected Governor Donahey's invitation that they meet with employes to dis cuss wage differences in the Central Competitive Field. John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, notified the Ohio governor of the miners' "unqual ified acceptance." The competitive field consists of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Western Pennsylvania. Rates for this area is the base of wages in other fields. At the conference in Miami, last spring, a wage agreement failed because the coal owners insisted that rates be based on the non-union fields of Kentucky and West Virginia. The strike has been on since April 1. LABOR SHOULD BENEFIT* IN IMPROVED PROCESSES Chicago.—"The workers are en titled to participate in the benefits of improved machinery," said I. M. Orn burn, president of the Cigar Makers' International Union, in an address to the convention of that organization. "We give life to these machines," said Mr. Ornburn "we must receive such wages as will enable us to con sume to the economic level necessary to keep the wheels of trade and com merce at a point necessary to prevent under-consumption and unemploy ment." President Ornburn recommended that machine workers be thoroughly organized in the cigar-making indus try. This is the first step to get the full benefit from improved machinery, he said., In an eqnflTbrtstlc pot-pourri that for speed agility and originality is un equalled. The Uyeno Japs are quite an Innovation, in this country, having been playing the leading theatres throughout the world. The Joe Boganny Co., the Lan&> tic Bakers, comedian -Acrobats, a company of nine people, come di rectly from England. Another ^European company, the Hartinla, offer wire-walking performances. This year an extensive aerial display will be featured, five sep arate acta having been booked. THE LUNATIC BAKERS One of the free attractions of this year will tye the Flying Keepers, who for many seasons were with Ringling Bros. Circus. This fall they are playing at only a limited number of fklrs, and will put on many of their reg^Ur circus acts. Others in the aertfll circus which will be held in the Coliseum ia con negtloQ wijh the Night Horse 0bow include others ef repute. or International ill (Copyright. W.N. U.l Miners. By International Labor News Service. Pittsburgh.—How fares the biggest coal company in the world, with its union-wrecking policy? The question is of interest to business and labor alike. The Pittsburgh Coal Company, leader of the fight for a pauper min ers' wage, is losing from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000 a year. This is the premier coal company that broke its agreement with the United Mine Workers of America two years ago. The great strike is still effective as the company's shrinking bank account shows. Thousands of gunmen, thugs and strikebreakers have been imported and still the com pany shows a loss. The next largest company, the Pittsburgh Terminal Coal Company, shows a deficit of $200,000 for six months after all charges are met, It TORIES Still Alert To Control Britain London, England.—The Tory party, jJibw in control of the British govern ment, has not abandoned its efforts to bulwark itself by changing the House of Lords. Trade unionists are calling atten tion to recent declarations by Pre mier Baldwin and other government officials that the plan that was re jected was offered "for criticism and ventilation." Lord Birkenhead, a leading Tory, has stated that it is the intention of the government to carry the bill into law in the lifetime of the present Parliament. It is noy agreed that the defeat of the bifl simply means that the bat tered Conservative army has retired in confusion to remobilize its forces and reconsider its plan of campaign. As soon as the new objective and the new tactics have been decided upon, the attack on the Constitution wil! again be launched. The Toi •ies would centralize all power in the House of Lords by re ducing the power of the House of Commons to control appropriations and to pass legislation despite oppo sition of the Lords. They hope that the anti-trade un ion bill will demoralize the forces of labor on the economic and political field, and that changes in the House of lords will entrench the consei'v atives for any disaster that may hap pen at the 1929 general election. SUNDRY DRIVERS WIN •Us*a 4- Cincinnati.—Laundry drivers, af filiated to the Brotherhood of Team sters, secured a two-year agreement and raised wages $2 a week. .. The Hub Coal Companies Losing Millions in War The Largest Concerns Show Big Deficits Due to Strike Operators Seem Doomed to Ruin if They Wreck Union, With Increase of Bankruptcies in West Virginia Showing the Trend—Public Opinion Swinging To & is admitted the cost of the strike is responsible. Operators' Position Shaky Operators in all the strike territory are pictured as having "one foot in bankruptcy and the other foot on a banana peel." They may wreck the the miners' union, but it is a certainty they are going to wreck themselves first. What pertains to the largest and most powerful of the Coal Kings applies with even more force to the little fellows. The United Mine Workers of Amer ica, -in this desperate struggle, re mains quiet and confident. ThdSmas Kennedy, secretary-treasurer of the United Mine Workers, net given to bombast, predicts victory for the soft coal miners. The fight here is pivotal, for the operators hope by breaking ,down the wage structure here to apply MINERS HOLD MORALE DEMAND LIVING WAGE Indianapolis. "Self-confidence is another name for self-respect, and that, in large measure, accounts for the attitude of the membership of the United Mine Workers in their fight against wage reductions," says the United Mine Workers' Journal. "No man can display self-respect on a $2.75-a-day wage. No man can show self-respect when he is at the mercy of an employer who can dictate what the wage worker shall eat, what he shall wear and how he shall educate his children—if at all. "Yet a band of employers seek to do this very thing through the setting of a large scale that spells degrada tion, loss of self-respect and inde pendence." LESS OIL PRODUCTION IS FAVORED BY STATE Oklahoma City.—The agreement of oil operators to limit production in the huge Seminole field is in operation. The curtailment will continue 60 days, but if the scheme works it is believed the time will be extended. It is pro posed to lessen daily output from 50, 000 to 75,000 barrels. This will stop the flow that has overrun the market and threaten to lower prices. The plan was worked out by Ray M. C. Collins of this State, who was appointed oil czar at a meeting called in Now York in May by officers of the Standard Oil Company of New Jer sey. The Oklahoma Corporation Com mission has approved the plan, thus presenting the unusual spectacle of the State agreeing with business to enforce an agreement to lessen pro duction. DO $r:" on Unions their crushing tactics to the Ohio, In diana and Illinois district. Strike Costly to Unions The union office at Indianapolis is maintaining the strike with every re source that the powerful miners' or ganization can command. West Vir ginia has received $300,000 in aid, Pittsburgh district $135,000 Arkan sas, $80,000. More than $75,000 in lawyers' fees and legal expenses has been paid since the first of the year. Millions has been spent by tHe United Mine Workers to defend trade union ism, without a single outcry for as sistance. The struggle is one of the grimest in the annals of labor. Bankruptcy suits have been one of 'the by-products of the union-operators war in West Virginia. The State Wide prosperity predicted by the open shop forces as the result of driving down wages is far off. Whole mining villages have become deserted as the .non-union companies have wound up their affairs. Hazy, in Raleigh coun ty, is off the map, a deserted village, with the Hazy Eagle Collieries Com pany shut down, a bankrupt. One company a day is going into the hands of the receivers, according to the rec ords of the court at Charleston, W. Va. Public Opinion Changing As a result, the reaction has set in and public opinion is swinging to the union side. Coolie wages can not bring prosperity, all thinking persons seem ready to admit, after the futile attack on labor standard#. AVERAGE SALARY Of Teachers is $2008 An nually By International Labor News Service. Washington, D. C.—Two thousand and eight dollars per year is the av erage salary paid to teachers in pub lic elementary schools in the large cities of the United States, according to an investigation just concluded by the research division of the National Education Association. The association's investigation, which deals with salaries of the school year 1926-27, is of special interest to the business man. It gives his infor mation as to the competition which he must face in bidding against the pub lic school system for the services of women to work in office and factory. The association's data show that the average salary of elementary school teachers varies according to the size of the city. In cities of less than 100,000 population but more than 30,000, the average salary for teach ers is $1,565 per year or $443 per year less than the average paid in the larg est cities of more Mian 100,000 pop ulation. In cities of 10,000 to 30,000 population the average salary i! $1, 381, while in cities of from 5,000 to 10,000 population the average is $1, 281. An average of $1,176 is paid in the smallest cities of less than 5,000 population. PUBLIC FI NDS WASTED New York.—^More than $500,000, 000 is annually wasted by local gov ernments in this country, according to a survey made by the National In dustrial Conference Board. Standard 6c .cigar ham Texas. By International Labor News Service. San Antonio, Tex.,—Declaring that they had information that arms and ammunition destined for Mexico were secreted in his car, Luis N. Morones, Mexican cabinet member and delegate to the recent Pan-American Federa tion of Labor conventidn in Wash ington, D. C., was subjected to search here on his way back to Mexico City. Chief Deputy Customs Collector Ed. Cottula, with two assistants, en tered Morones' car here and made a most thorough search. Finding noth ing they apologized for the intrusion and declared they had been misin formed. Atlantic City.— Wage increases of from 10 to 25 per cent were secured by the Glass Bottle Blowers Associa tion at a conference with the National Glass Manufacturers' Association. The minimum benefits 5,000 men. The workers asked for a 20 per cent increase and the employers insisted on a similar reduction. In the confer ence, however, the latter acknowl edged that increased business justi fied wage advances. James Maloney, president of the Glass Bottle Blowers' Association, headed the workers' group. TRYING UNIONS AS TRUST New York.—The Government is presenting testimony before Federal Judge Trieber to secure an injunction restraining organized stone cutters and other building trades unions from refusing to handle non-union stone. The leading witness for the government said he "did not know if his troubles would have been eliminated by the or ganization of his shop." Why not a good cigar at the same price—Standard, 5c. Customs Officers Search Morones' Car Chagrined When No Guns Are Found Action Regarded as Affront to Representative of Friend ly Government—Enemies Believed to Have Given Tip —Others I)o Honor to Visiting Cabinet Member in The belief here is that opponents of BOTTLE BLOWERS GAIN I 1 fr 1 i Y 1 Special This Week DHtY WATER AND WEAR Congoleum and Neponset Rugs the Calles regime, who may be ad herents of Adolfo de la Huerta, were responsible for the misinformation given the customs officers and that their action was prompted by mo tives of revenge. It is customary to accord special courtesy to members of foreign friendly governments, and the action in searching Morones' car here is re garded as an inexcusable affront for which apology ought to be made. Aside from the action of the cus toms officei's, Morones' passage through this city enroute home was made an occasion to do him honor. ^He was met and greeted by citizens, city officials and labor representa tives, as well as by a representative of the United States Army. A. F. OH,. HEAD 9x12 sixe with border KREBS THIRD and COURT If ItMMtflf •#»»»»»»••».»*» 11 I »l iimimnu Urges Commutation of Sacco-Van zetti Death Sentence By International Labor News Service. Washington, D. C.,—An appeal for commutation of the death sentences of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Van zetti was made in a telegram to Gov-^ ernor Fuller of Massachusetts from William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor. The telegram was sent from Asheville, N. C., where Mr. Green was attending the convention of the North Carolina Federation of Labor. Mr. Green's telegram declared that despite the investigation, findings and decision of the governor and his com mission, many people still entertained "grave doubts regarding their guilt or innocence." His appeal, he said, was "in behalf of the millions of men and women" affiliated with the American Feder ation of Labor. PRINTERS RAISE WAGES St. Louis. Newspaper printers raised wages $1.50 a week for one year. The new rate is $52.50 for day work and $57.50 for night work. A*