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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, August 26, 1927, Image 1

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VOL. XXII. No. 20
Staff Correspondent, International
Labor News Service.
Indianapolis, Ind.,—Voting Charles
ton, S. C., as the 1928 convention city,
the International Typographical Un
ion's diamond jubilee convention end
ed here on August 12. It was the larg
est gathering of union printers in
convention since the formation of the
One of the forward steps taken by
the delegates was the adoption of a
resolution looking toward a definite
international arbitration agreement.
Attempts have been made heretofore
to secure such an agreement, but no
definite steps had been taken until
this time. The resolution was unani
mously adopted by a vive voce vote
after being favorably reported by the
committee on resolutions.
Union Laws Not Affected.
The resolution in full reads:
"Resolved, That further attempt be
made to obtain an arbitration agree
ment between the union and the Amer
ican Newspaper Publishers' Associa
tion or. any other responsible organi
zation of employers, such an agree
ment to be according to the laws of
the union, in effect:
"1. Provision be made against un
reasonable delay in determining is
"2. Provision be made against ac
cumulation of excessive cost of arbi
tration proceedings.
"3. In so far as practicable, arbi
tration to be confined-to hours and
wage questions.
"4. That established working condi
tions not Jbe submitted to arbitration.
"5. That the International Typo
graphical Union laws relating to
hours, wages and working conditions
must [Hit umiT 111v ciHi-idci at ion he
Ambulance Scrvtea
Phone 35
A Leader for
cAsli Your
JT'~ .t ,,*&-•
Printers Endorse Adoption
Of Arbitration Agreement
Changes in Union Rules Made
Funeral Directors
made subject to arbitration whether
or not such laws are included in the
original proposition of the local
New Discharge Rule Adopted.
Delegates also adopted a new rule
in regard to disputes relative to labor
conditions in the mechanical depart
ments of newspapers. It provides that
in case of discharge of an employe
by a publisher, "when the subordinate
union, following an appeal, reinstates
a discharged member, the order of re
instatement must be complied with by
the foremen until reversed by the
executive council or by a convention.
Provided, when a subordinate union
has made specific provisions in its con
tract for reference of controversies
over discharge of members to 3 point
agency the dispute shall be decided as
provided in the contract."
Under the provisions of the new rule
an employer is compelled to reinstate
discharged employes when ordered by
the union unless some other provision
has been made in the wage contract.
The adoption of the rule was vigor
ously opposed by one faction of the
membership and a roll call vote was
needed to settle the question,
was 295 to 218.
The vote
Assessment Must Be Paid
A resolution was adopted by the
convention ordering the aufttors of
the international union to have each
subordinate local report the names of
members who had not paid old age and
mortuary assessments, and the
amounts they owe. As a result of the
resolution all members of the union
who retain active membership, but
Vho are not engaged at the trade
must pay these assessments. Hereto
fore the inactive members have been
exctnnt fi'tno tliesr iues.
Chairs and Tables Rented
17 So. Street
Advance Showing
New Fall Footwear
Wonderful creations in Smart Fall Footwear at reasonable low prices.
We are showing a great selection to please the most exacting dresser—and
at great economy prices.
Fashions newest for women
$2.99 to $5.99
(Coprrifht, W. N. U
!'.y International Labor News Service.
New York City.—In the death of
KIbert H. Gary passes one of the most
picturesque figures in American his
tory. His great value to the great
mastodons that trampled around the
American scene was that he made
them look good in the public eye. He
was the opposite of the grim J. P.
.Morgan, the elder. The judge has a
genial soul and he was approachable.
Forty-Five Years
$2.99 to $4.99
COME, LOOK TiiEM OVER—You .will find your Shoe Question settled
e Music School
'V _' 4 44
Head of Steel Trust in Later Years
Came to Realize That Coolie Pay
Theory Was Wrong---Fought Labor
And Spent Millions on Welfare"
Our Pet Peeve
jpi -1 t-
How Judge Gary Helped Stop "Open Shop" Assaults
On American Wage Standards Told for First Time
The humblest cub reporter could usu
ally see him. Pompous secretaries
might try to check the invasion, but
Gary was seldom too busy for a chat.
It is not believed he ever had reason
to regret his friendliness to news
But theiPe wasanother side to Gary
than the affable man. A glance at
his keen, blue eyes would suggest an
iron will concealed in the kindly na
ture. And he was something of an
actor, too, for he could get off the
most ludicrous Biblical argument to
offset the 12-hour day of the five-day
week and never blink while reporters
diligently took notes on the words of
Gary Finally Sees a Light
But Judge Gary was not always the
fierce antagonist that labor pictured
him. He was ruthless in the steel
strike of 1920. That was revealed in
the report of the Interchurch World
Movement. Spies were planted right
in the organizing committee. The
clubs of the company police and the
local "peace" officers broke' many a
head and civil liberties were abrogat
ed in the Kingdom of Steel while the
var was on. After that shock came
reform after reform, including the
crapping of the inhuman 12-hour
hift, that Gary vowed again and again
ouldn't be oblished.
That strike and the way it was
rushed gave every union baiter the
ncentive to go out and do likewise.
In the sticks and in desert towns, lo
al Babbits began to raid labor. The
open shop" started its march and
iocal ignoramuses ran amuck until it
eemed as if organized labor would
he crushed. As mysteriously as it
tarted the wage-crushing movement
eased. Only recently did it come out
Gives Good Advice.
The chamber of commerce, boards
•f trade, manufacturers' associa
ions, and the traditional "open shop"
forces gathered themselves into an in
lormal committee and called on Judge
Jary in his big office at No. 71 Broad
vay. They complimented him on hav
ng crushed the union campaign in the
teel industry and then announced
their little plan to push wages back
o pre-war standards. Then occurred
-omething that has not been told be
fore. The Judge advised them to go
easy. He said that the American
workingman could not be driven back
ward too far. He told them finally
that the low wage idea was all wrong,
that only a wage "as high as indus
try could afford" would keep business
on an even keel. In fact, he told them
what had been dinned into the ears
of American business men for a gen
eration by labor, that a low wage was
suicidal for very kind of business
big or little, for industry, for com
merce, for real trade. And the Judge
had learned that lesson in the war
IS fcOlHfc

Few men of large affairs were as
considerate of others as he. His ma
ture life was devoted to selling the
Steel Trust to the world. And he put
it over when Standard Oil and the
Tobacco Trust failed because of his
shrewd way of taking the public into
the Steel Trust's confidence. How
black the industrial sins of the Steel
Trust were needs not be retold. That
Gary was able to live down the record
is a tribute to his ingenuity.
Millions for "Welfare"
And, by the way, it has cost the
Steel Trust $170,000,000 to put in
"welfare" plans, build homes for
workers, not to speak of the immense
amount of stock sold to employes
l,,arge loaves instead of crumbs were
thrown to the 300,000 employes of the
Steel Trust to keep them from organ
izing. And
V 2
when he saw the boom to trade from
the distribution of wealth into the
pockets of the masses.
E. H. Gary had to make a complete
ibout face in coming to that conclu
sion. Twenty years before in. the city
of Chicago he made a speech that is
seldom referred to now. He suggest
ed that the American workers were
too well paid, that millions of Chinese
coolies could be imported to do a
day's work, for a few cups of rice as
their pay, and ho would lower the im
migration barriers and let the Celes
tials bring the Heavenly Kingdom to
American industries.
Learned by Experience.
He learned by Experience that not
only was a high wage essential to
American prosperity but he saw that
keeping out the flood of low-paid,
under-standard emigrants did: not in
jure America it made the nation's
exceptional prosperity continue for
seven years after the post-war re
far the company has
A new leadership, now the Kihg of
Steel is dead, will have to decide how
far to carry on the company's anti
union labor policy. Industry has lost
its big chief in the death of Elbert II
Fletcher, N. C.,—Strains of "Old
Black Joe," floating out over the Blue
Ridge Mountains, signaled the dedi
cation of the first memorial honoring
the memory of Stephen Collins Fos
ter, writer of negro melodies.
"My Old Kentucky Home," "Swanee
River," "Old Black Joe," and "Mas
sa's in de Cold, Cold Ground, formed
the chief music of the day.
William Green, president of the A
paid tribute to Foster. The memorial
F. of L., was the principal speaker and
a bronze tablet, was presented by the
Asheville Central Labor Union.
Portland, Ore.,—The Street- Car
Men's Union abolished the seven-day
\veek. Local street car men claim
they were the first in the United
States to establish the eight-hour day
in this calling.
Pupils may enroll for any in
strument at any time.
Popular music taught if desired
a Standard cigar and
By International Labor News Service.
Washington, D. C.—A ruling in
harmony with organized labor's in
sistence that prison-made goods be
sold as such has been* given by the
Federal Trade Commission in ordering
the Commonwealth Manufacturing
Company of Chicago to cease dealing
in the products of prison factories
under a trade or cooperative name
giving the impression that the com
pany manufactured the goods in its
own plant.
The ruling holds 1J iat firms which
buy and sell the production of prison
factories are to be classed as jobbers
and not as manufacturers.
Posed as Manufacturer.
An inquiry, the commission said,
revealed that the Commonwealth
Company had purchased "large
amounts of shirts, shoes and binder
twine from the State of Indiana aft
er manufacture of these articles in
the Indiana State Prison." The com
pany then sold these articles, it was
added, "after advertising itself as a
nanufacturer and as direct from the
factory dealer."
Organized labor has long fought
the practice of disposing of manufac
tured products in this manner and has
insisted on laws compelling all pris
on-made goods to be so labelled.
With an outstanding capital stock
of $5,000, ten salesmen on the road
and working only on a commission
basis, with two clerks employed in a
small office, the Commonwealth Com
pany has sold from 18,000 to 20,000
pounds of binder twine a year, about
50,000 dozen shirts a year and 50 to
GO pairs of shoes a day, according to
the findings. These goods were pur
chased from the State of Indiana,
then advertised by the company
through use of such typical phrases
as "Commonwealth Manufacturing
Company, Manufacturers" "Buy Di
rect from the Manufacturer" "$6.50
per Dozen, F. O. B. Factory" "Mill.'
Michigan City, Indiana."
Prison at Michigan City.
Michigan City, Ind., is the home of
the Indiana State Prison, where bin
4 f*
Let Us
""J -4
*.^'.- *5?!•,/s $#
Sale of Prison-Made Goods
Under False Pretenses Hit
By U. S. Trade Commission
der twine, shoes and shirts have been
manufactured within the prison walls
for many years. Such products, in
accordance with the laws of Indiana,
are used primarily to supply the needs
of the State's public institutions while
the surplus of such wares above and
beyond the requirements of the State
are sold by the warden of the prison
in the open market. It was from this
surplus that the Cohimonwealth Man
ufacturing Company bought its goods,
according to the commission's findings.
Whilp the Commonwealth Company,
in addition to paying the State cash
for its products from the prison, did,
in the instance of its shirt purchases,
furnish some sewing machines which
were used by the State to augment
its other manufacturing machinery,
and also furnish some cloth and
trimmings which were manufactured
by the State into shirts, the commis
sion found that this company has
never been the manufacturer of the
shirts sold by it and does not operate
or control a shirt factory. The com
mission held that representations
made by the company regarding its
"manufacture*" of the articles sold
are false and misleading and have
had the tentency to deceive the pur
chasing public.
Among the competitors of the Com
monwealth Company are many firms
who manufactured and sold shoes,
binder twine and shirts in competition
with the respondent and who rightful
ly and truthfully represented them
selves to be manufacturers of such
products. There are also among such
competitors many yho did not manu
facture the shirts, binder twine or
shoes that they sold in competition
with the Commonwealth Company and
who in no wise represented them
selves to bo manufacturers of these
Another Deception Banned
The Commonwealth Company also
came under the fire of the Federal
Trade Commission for another form
of misrepresentation—the unauthor­
use of the letters "U..S." on shoes
(Continued on'page four)
Prices in our Rug Department have taken a pro
nounced drop. All the newest patterns, includ
ing beautiful 9x12 ft. Tapestry Brussels iji pleas
ing colorings as low as—
Closely woven Axminster
9x12 ft
Richly woven 9x1 '1 1 Wlv.^ Itugs as low as—
There are many, Many mute
to mention
i e o n w e a i n w i n
dow shade material
Large Size Rugs Our Specialty
Get Our Shade Prices
•Vh* i
•?.*•) Jjay
the popular
-too numerous
A shade of Bren
lin will outwear
two or three of
the ordinary kind.

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