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VOL. XXVII. No. 32 By International Labor News Service. New York City. According to "Facts for Workers," the monthly publication of the Labor Bureau, Inc., fifty-eight wage increases, two de creases and four renewals of scales were reported -to the Labor Bureau, Inc., during October, 1927. The building crafts led with nineteen ad vances, transportation workers were a close second with eighteen in creases. Clerks and maintenance of way men on four roads and dis patchers, engineers and section fore men, totaling thirteen in all, were awarded higher rates. The other gains accruing to transportation workers went to teamsters and driv ers in four industrial centers and to the employes of one street railway company. "With earnings, employment and the cost of living all lower than a year ago, how do the workers share in the prosperity of the United States and what will the effect be on the con tinuance of prosperity?" asks the La bor Bureau, which continues: "There is a menace in the growing volume of unemployment. The gainfully oc cupied have been able to maintain their standard of living. The prices of the necessities of life have been cut about as much as their ability to pay. But maintaining the status quo is not enough if we are to have con tinued prosperity, especially where it means maintaining the standard for a dwindling number of workers. No "Depression" Here To Labor Bureau Sees Gain In Unemployment Menace To Continued Prosperity "Description of present industrial conditions would be untrue if it were made in exaggerated terms. We are not enjoying as much 'prosperity' as we did in 1926 and 1925. On the other hand, we are not in the kind of slump which is ordinarily described as 'depression.' "A brief review of the more impor tant figures will make this clear. There were somewhere near 5 per cent fewer persons on factory payrools this September than a year ago. Every reporting state shows a decrease: every reporting industry has less em ployment except textiles. The weekly earnings of those at work average slightly less—about 1 per cent—than last year. The cost of living has fall- FAILURE OF R. R. Have Safety Devices Kills Three By International Labor News Service Washington, D. C.—Failure of railroad to use ^automatic train safe ty devices was directly responsible for the death of three railroad work era in a collision in Indiana, the inter state commission declares. The collision occurred between passenger train and a freight train at Francisco, Ind., on the Southern railway line, September 3. It would not have occurred had adequate auto matic train stop or train-control de vices been in use on the line, the commission says in a report on the accident. Three employes were killed and seventeen other persons injured in the collision. The commission add ed that an adequate block signal sys tem would probably have prevented the accident, which was caused by an open switch in defective condition Thrift Come [N OUR LADIES' DEPARTMENT Very Special! Low Rayn Boots all colors.. mmm $1.95 fen by about the same amount. Pro duction in most industries is below the level of a year ago, with a few exceptions—these being petroleum, boots and shoes, cotton and silk. Stocks of materials on hand are 12 per cent larger than last year, while unfilled orders are 22 per cent small- Railroad car loadings are 4 to per cent below last year, showing reduced distribution of goods, while wholesale and retail trade have fallen off somewhat. Building contracts awarded are less than in 1926. Last Year Set Record "It must be remembered that 1926 was the year of highest levels of pro ductive and sales activity in our his tory, and therefore that a decline of not more than 5 per cent under 192(5 levels does not spell poverty. Some industries, of course, are much harder hit than this—for instance, automo biles, steel, coal. But others art less so. "On the improvement side of the picture it must be noted that bank clearings outside of New York city showing the amount of money that changing hands by check—are slight ly larger than in 1926. Part of thi mprovement may be attributed to tin* more favorable position of sections of the farmers. Those who have cot ton to sell can sell it at higher prices. Wheat, with a fairly lanr crop, is commanding a good price. The animal industries are in as fa vorable a position as they have held for 10 years. "Largely on account of the increase in crop prices the average of whole sale farm products prices has risen, but prices of most industrial and manufactured products continue to fall. Many Factors Involved "Authorities are disagreed as to what is in store for the future. This will depend on whether, and how much, the automobile industry revives upon the introduction of the new Ford, on the effect of agricultural improvement upon the market, on the demand for building construction, on the order of railroads for improve ments and equipment, on foreign trade and many other uncertainties. So far, there js no sign of a striking change in either direction." LABOR'S WAGE STAND UPHELD BY BUSINESS Portland, Ore.—In a speech in this city President Green took a sly dig at economists and business men who formerly discredited organized labor's theory of high wages. "It is now agreed," said the trade unionist, "that high wages and busi ness prosperity go hand in hand. Wages are translated into better food, better clothing, better shelter and in to more leisure in which to enjoy life. It is for these that the Ameri can worker, through the A. F. of L., demands a higher and still higher wage." MANY ILLITERATE VOTERS New York.—Under a state law new voters must take a literacy test when they register. The recent regis tration showed that one-seventh of the 32,113 men and women who took the test failed to pass. The best smoke—Standard, 5c. Down to Shoe Basement I OUR LOW OVERHEAD SAVES MONEY FOR YOU Specials Friday and Saturday MEN'S DRESS OXFORDS Black and Tan Rubber Heels $2.90 Thrift Shoe Basement By International Labor News "Service. New York City.—Presaging one of the most important injunction bat ties In American labor history, the New York supreme court, Part 1, has agreed to a postponement of the in junction hearing asked by the Inter borough Rapid Transit Company against the entire membership of the American Federation of Labor to per mit the executive council of the A* F. of L. to prepare a defense. President Green, Vice President Woll, W. D. Mahon, president of the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employes, and others conferred here prior to the hearing on the traction application for its blanket injunction. The Interborough seeks to prevent organization of its employes and it is to that end that it has sought to en join three million wage earners from "interfering" with its employes or its "company union." "If the Interborough can enjoin the whole American Federation of Labor the whole working cla«s might as well liiiiiiiiiiiiuuiiiuuiiiuiiiiiiuiiiiiiuiiiis^ Lower Prices OUR CHILDREN'S Baby First Step .Shoes, all sizes and colors 'Yfp- ,*•' .'V- Interborough Injunction Precipitate One of Battles in History Postponement to Give A. F. of L. Time For Defense Preparation i DEPARTMENT 98c 1 Under Dow's Store mz 4\y THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS A E N Labor s Big Annual TURKEY BAZAAR At Labor Temple Auditorium SOUTH SECOND STREET Saturday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday Nov. 19,21,22,23 Bring a Friend. Everybody Invited be enjoined," said Vice President Woll. Mr. Woll questioned the right of the Interborough to set up and direct the Brotherhood of Interborough Rapid Transit Company Employes. "It never was intended that a char ter," said he, "should give to any cor poration the right to organize labor unions and determine industrial rela tions. The attempt of the Interbor ough, if sustained, will bring an eco nomic serfdom as vicious as the land serfdom of old." The whole nation is watching the outcome of the injunction suit. In this fight the city administration is the deciding factor as well as the courts. Politically the voters have overwhelmingly voted $3,000,000 for more subways. The traction coi panies are fighting both the workers and the city. At the polls they lost. Feverishly both sides, the traction interests and the union, are preparing for an economic test, the companies enrolling their "reserves," station agents, clerks and outsiders for emer geney striking duty. The Amalga mated is enrolling members. Meanwhile the nation is watching the historic legal test in which the traction interests seek to bind by le gal ruling the arms of all of the 3,000,000 members of the American Federation of Labor, so they may not lift a finger to aid the traction em ployes. President Mahon says no railway workers have the responsibilities, the hard work and the low pay of subway workers in New York. He has been in London, Paris, Boston and Phila delphia and in none of these places do ten-car trains rush through dark ness on two-minute headway carrying 1,750 passengers as they do here. With such a strain on them the sub way motormen as well as the guards get less pay than the laborer in the building trades. The Interborough has whipsawed the city and the public on every occa sion heretofore, putting over contracts which made the city a heavy loser in DEATH PENALTY DOOMED Williamette, Ore.—The death penal ty will eventually be abolished, de clared Hon. George Rossman, of the state supreme court, in an address to law students at the Williamette University. The jurist predicted that capital term sentences and convicts will be Plea May Most Historic' of American Labor v.. HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1927 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR subway operations although city money financed the construction of the old subways. The whole issue of -labor and politics is mixed. The in junction case may clarify it. If a re volt should break out among 14,000 I. R. T. employes and an equal num ber of the B. M. T. New York will have the biggest traction strike on its hands in its history. The Traction Trust seems to be spoiling for a fight. Kn f^Ss'iV *, By International Labor News Service. Washington, D. C.—Rules of build ing trades unions requiring contrac tors to pay the wage scale and grant the working conditions of the city in which they are domiciled, no mat ter where the work is being done, were upheld by the District of Colum bia court of appeals in a decision af firming the action of the lower court. The latter tribunal had set aside an injunction granted the Barker Paint ing Company of New York, which had a contract for the interior paint ing of the Walker Hotel, now known as the Mayflower Hotel, of this city. The company, by virtue of the un ion rules, is required to pay painters $10.50 a day for five days a week, which is the New York scale. The Washington scale is $9 a day for five and a half days a week. When the company came to this city it attempt- UNION Elevator Operators Sign Two-Year Pact By International Labor News Service. Chicago. Continuing more than twenty-six years of peaceful wage negotiations, the Building Managers' Association of Chicago and the Eleva tor Operators' Union have signed a two-year agreement. The agree ment is effective from November 1. It provides that the Building Man agers' Association shall not discrim inate against the members of the union that eight and one-half hours shall constitute a day's work week day overtime, Sunday and holiday work shall be paid at the rate of time and a half if uniforms are re quired they shall be paid for by the employers, and there shall be strikes or lockouts during the term of the agreement. Wages shall be from $122.50 to $140 a month, according to the class of the building, and elevator starters shall receive $10 a month more than the regular operators. DEFEAT MINIMUM WAGE Duluth.—City commissioners de feated the minimum wage ordinance that was urged by organized labor THANKSGIVING Dining Suites MAKES IT A GAYER DAY FOR ALL YOUR GUESTS *'«. v'*t- ,'-V^ 1 Sv District of Columbia Court Upholds Union in Requiring Payment of Highest Wages I If our Puritan ancestors had half our conveniences which they would call luxu ries then, they would probably consider it "Seventh Heaven." So the offering of Dining Room Suites specifically to celebrate Thanksgiving, but in reality for every day celebration, is an offering you musn't overlook. If these same Puritans could have Dining Room Suites like the ones we are showing, their privations would have been nil. You have the opportunity—a rich opportunity, one that saves you consid erable money. Plant an early visit this week to reserve your choice in time for the Thanksgiving feast. The good things of life are bought on the basis of Charge Accounts. You have the same privilege on any furniture you buy here. EVERYTHING MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES According to union rules a contrac tor domiciled in one city and having a contract in another city must adopt the scale which calls for the highest wage and th^ shortest work week. UNION WAITRESSES Celebrate Quarter Century of Progress By International Labor News Service. Chicago.—The silver anniversary of Chicago Waitresses' Union No. 484 was celebrated by a dinner-dance in the Cameo room of the Morrison Ho tel November 2. President Carrie Alexander was the toastmistress. Edward Flore, president of the Hotel and Restaurant Employes' In ternational Alliance, journeyed from his headquarters at Buffalo, N. Y., to assist the Chicago local in celebrating its twenty-five years of growth. Other speakers besides President Flore were Victor A. Olander, secre tary-treasurer of the Illinois State Federation of Labor Steve Sumner, business agent of the Chicago Milk Wagon Drivers' Union Agnes Nestor, president of tihe Chicago Women's Trade Union League John C. Stag genburg, executive board member of the Hotel and Restaurant Employes' International Alliance, and Mary Mc Dowell, former head of the Welfare Department of the city of Chicago. TEAMSTERS ORGANIZE Rock Island, 111.—Teamsters in this city, Moline and Davenport have launched an organizing campaign. They are assisted by their interna tional organization. y K C-j v n •K-L-DO THIRD AND COURT STREETS 4V *£*l N V r' •,*& rL*' f^jv-sr ,p| /'V* •'^H''*',-3'-:^C- -»1'• ',f ..* ,.• •••:'••.# 3# »•*, ed to hire painters by the Washing ton scale, but the local officials of the Brotherhood of Painters and Paper hangers insisted that the New York scale be paid. The brotherhood was enjoined by the lower court and after the case was heard on its merits the injunction was dissolved and the com pany appealed. The appellate court sustained the contention of Sheehy & Sheehy, counsel for the brotherhood, that the rules involved were not arbitrary or illegal and that the enforcement of these rules by brotherhood officials was not a conspiracy in restraint of trade or in violation of the anti-trust laws.