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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, October 12, 1928, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1928-10-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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Montreal (I. L. N. S.)—"Our pol
icy is opposed to strikes wherever
they can be avoided without sacri
ficing the interests of our members,"
declared M. J. Keough, president of
the International Molders' Union of
North America, to the twenty-seventh
convention of that body here.
"Our motto is co-operation rather
than fighting the employers," he con
tinued. "We are co-operating with
the employers in eliminating waste in
the foundries, hoping that by that
means we may be able to reduce the
cost of producing castings and there
by increase the purchasing power of
those who work at molding and core
making for a living."
Mr. Keough expressed the opinion
that an understanding on collective
bargaining, such as the union had
achieved with the stove manufactur
ers could be arrived at with the ma
chinery and jobbing foundries. That,
he said, would go far to eliminate
strife from the foundry industry.
Greater Unity Urged
The acceptance speeches of the
presidential candidates, and the plat
forms of the political parties in the
United States accord some recogni
tion to industrial labor, but a great
deal more recognition was given the
Co-Operation With Employers
Policy of Molders Whenever
Possible, Keough Declares
To Invitation of
Will Lay Question Before Coun
cil Meeting Congratulations
Sent to President-Elect Fortes
Gil, Who Expresses Apprecia
Washington, D. C. (I. L. N. S.)
President William Green, of th°
American Federation of Labor, has
transmitted to President-elect Emilio
Portes Gil, of Mexico, felicitations up
on his election and good wishes for
the success of his administration and
has received in response an expres
sion of gratitude.
President Green also has received
a formal invitation to American labor
asking that delegates be sent to the
forthcoming convention of the Mexi
can Federation of Labor. This invi
tation was forwarded by Secretary
Jose Lopez Cortes, of the Mexican
Federation. In his response to Secre
tary Cortes President Green said:
"Permit me to express my deep ap
preciation of the cordial invitation
which you extend. It will be my pleas
ure and purpose to submit your letter
and the invitation you extend to the
executive council of the American
Federation of Labor for its consider
ation and action when it meets at our
headquarters in Washington begin
ning October 18th. I will be pleased
to communicate with you promptly
whatever reply the executive council
may direct me to make.
"I was greatly interested in the re
port which Mr. Iglesias made to me
of his rerent trip to Mexico and of the
impression which he received through
conference and discussion w^jth yoa
and your associates and with repre
sentatives of the Mexican govern
ment. I was glad that we found
possible for Secreatry Iglesias to re
spond to the desire of Vice President
Morones to visit Mexico, and for the
Opportunity which said visit afforded
of holding conferences with the rep
claims of the farmers because the
farmers "made a noise" that was
heard far and wide, said John P. Frey,
secretary of the metal trades depart
ment, formerly editor of the Molders'
Stressing the need of greater unity
and more concerted action on the part
of labor, Mr. Frey pointed out that
machinery, ever changing, was elim
inating workers and the value of their
skill in their trades. At the same
time, parallel developments in the
financial control of industries had de
stroyed the personal relation between
employers and workmen, employers
now being frequently scattered
shareholders who paid executives to
produce dividends and who had no
direct personal interest in the wel
fare of the workers who made the
dividends possible.
Touching on the wage question, Mr.
Frey submitted that while the worker
pn the American continent was the
highest paid in the world, production
on this continent was greater than
elsewhere and, taking into considera
tion the production achieved by him,
the American worker was relatively
the poorest paid instead of the best
resentatives of the Mexican Federa
tion of Labor and securing valuable
information for the consideration of
the officers of the American Federa
tion of Labor."
Union Typo Recalls Old
Times At State Meet
Columbus, Ohio.—David P. Boyer,
85-year-old member of the Typogra
phical Union, and veteran of organized
labor, told of "the days of long ago"
in an address at the opening session
of the Ohio Federation of Labor con
Mr. Boyer represented the Interna
tional Typographical Union in 1886
when the Federation of Organized
Trades and Labor Unions of the Unit
ed States and Canada, organized in
Pittsburgh in 1881, changed its name
in this city to the American Federa
tion of Labor.
At the convention Mr. Boyer nomi
nated Samuel Gompers for president.
He was unanimously elected. Mr.
Boyer was nominated for secretary
but withdrew in favor of Peter J. Mc
Guire, "the Father of Labor Day."
The veteran printer issued the call
for the meeting in this city which or
ganized the Ohio Federation of Labor
in 1884. He was treasurer of that
body for five years and was the first
chief organizer of the International
Typographical Union. He was a mem
ber of the Ohio legislature and was
active in the passage of many social
Mr. Boyer maintains his long con
nections with organized labor and is
preparing with other Columbus trade
unionists to greet the A. F. of L. con
vention in this city in 1931, which they
hope will be held here to celebrate the
fiftieth anniversary of that organiza
tion. Old Druid Hall, at 182 South
Fourth Street, the birthplace of the
A. F. of L., still remains an object of
interest to visiting trade unionists.
Union Men, Demand the Label!
y We are headquarters for Union Made-to-Order Clothes. Why buy cheap
clothes at a cheap price, when we can make you a Hand-Tailored Suit, Topcoat
or Overcoat for just a few more dollars? Give us a trial.
(Copyright. W.N.U.)
Ready-to-Wear Hand Tailored Topcoats and
Overcoats $19.75 Real Values
Up-To-Date Tailors
235 Court Street Hamilton's Leading Tailors 25 Years
Washington, D. C. (1. L. N. S.)—
The United States differs strikingly
from the practice of the largest pare
of the rest of the civilized world ir.
its lack of laws prohibiting night work
for women according to a new bulle
tin just issued by the women's bureau
of the United States department of
labor. Only in 16 of our states are
there any prohibitory laws and these
in many cases are limited to one or at
most a very few occupations, whereas
in 36 other countries of Europe and
Asia practically complete prohibition
prevailed at the end of 1927.
The report, written by Mary
Hopkins, economist, covers the his
tory of night work throughout tho
world, showing the growth of infor
mation concerning its effects on the
individual and to society, and the leg
islation that followed this knowledge
medical, social and economic testi
mony concerning these effects a dis
cussion of experience of the leg *l
breakdown during the World War, and
the return to more normal conditions
abroad and summaries of legislation
here and abroad.
"Outside of great emergency or ab
solute industrial necessity all night
work should be abolished and more
so for women than for men," says one
medical authority quoted in the report
and his opinion is echoed and re
echoed by physicians, by life insur
ance actuaries and by many other sci
entific investigators. Night work
sins against nature in the loss of
sleep it involves, and this loss of
sleep, with its accumulating fatigue
poi«ors, is far more deadly to the
Union Tailored
To Measure
Plenty of Opportunities to Ride Now
United States Behind World in
Banning Women's
Government Bureau Shows This
Nation Lags in Protecting Women
From Strain of Night Employment
body than is starvation. For the
night worker, the end is frequently
uined health, and in most cases this
comes far more quickly with the
woman than with the man, not only
because of her different physical
makeup, but also because her work
does not end when she leaves the fac
tory, including, as it neai'Iy always
does, the manifold household cares
that await her return home.
Incidental information gathered in
surveys made by the bureau in 12
states showed 3,260 women night
workers employed for 10 hours or
more a night and of these nearly a
third working 11 or more hours week
ly hours of about 70 per cent run
ning from 50 to 55 running not
higher, as might be expected, but low
er in most instances and ages of
three-fourths of the women studied
anging between 20 and 40 years.
Native born Americans constituted
three-fourths of these night workers.
Added to the status of these women
was the general thoughtlessness con
cerning their welfare on the part of
their employers, as shown in lack of
seats, in shortness or complete ab
sence of lunch periods, and in over
With few exceptions, even the em
ployer does not benefit, as elaborate
cost accounting investigations in such
ndustries as the Southern textile
mills show a slowed rate of produc
tion by the night shift, a poorer grade
of product, and approximately only a
2 per cent reduction in operating
The strain is of course greatest
says the bureau, on the married worn
with children, and study aftei
study has proven these mothers to be
the ones who seek the night shifts sc
that they may care for their little
ones by day.
It has not been in haste, the bu
reau concludes, but with mature and
considerate jj u mganetsddfnbuoea8(
considerate judgment based on ful
knowledg of the facts, that the othei
leading industrial states of the worl(
long since determined to eradicate th
employment of women at night. In
ternational measures to make its elim
ination general have been enacted. A
nation-wide survey would seem to bi
advisable to help determine the fact:
throughout the entire United States
the bureau says.
Curbs Activities of
Read the Press.
New York City (I. L. N. S.)—The
Actors' Equity Association at one of
the largest general meetings in recen'
years, adopted almost unanimously
changes in its by-laws and constitu
tion curbing the admissio nand activ
ity of alien actors. Some 900 mem
bers were present.
Under the new regulations thro*
general classes of actors are exempf.
They are members of unit companies,
who arrive, play and depart as units
alien actors. who came in under the
Night Work
quota before May 28,1928 and those
who had played 100 weeks in this
country, some portion of this between
January 1 ,1923, and January 1, 1923.
All other alien actors may enter the
counti-y only under contract to play
the duration of the play for which
they were engaged, and at its expira
tion either have to leave the country
for six months or remain out of com
petition for a like period.
Since the theatre is now virtually
a closed shop, these regulations of the
union have just about the same force
as a law of the United States. The
new rules were adopted as a direct
result of the barring from the stage
in England, under the immigration
laws, of an American actress.
--Co-operating with
Young Couples!
Toronto (I. L. N. S.)—A resolution
favoring a 40-hour week of five work
ing days was adopted by the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada at its
forty-fourth annual convention here.
"Quite in line with the trend of
modern industry towards more leisure
for the worker," commented Chairman
J. W. McMillan, of the Ontario Mini
mum Wage Board, "machinery and
the increased efficiency which it has
brought to labor means greater pro
ductivity in shorter time, and it i3
only fair that the workers should
share in the benefits of this progress.
"At the present time a number of
factories in Ontario are working only
40 hours per week, although most op
erate 44, 48 or 50 hours. Some are
working 60 hours, the legal limit for
women employes."
Chairman McMillan said that, ac
cording to his observations, factories
employing workers for long hours
were generally the less prosperous.
"The man who depends on long hours
Editors Plan Meet During
A. F. of L. Convention
Springfield, 111. (I. L. N. S.)—Edi
tors who attended the organizing con
vention of the International Labor
•ess of America, pioneers and found
ers of the organization, are planning
to meet in New Orleans during the
conventions of the American Federa
tion of Labor and the International
Labor Press of America. Announce
ment to this effect has just been made
here by R. E. Woodmansee, secre
tary of the labor newspaper organiza
tion and himself one of the founders.
Woodmansee gives credit for the
suggestion to Ray G. Stewart, of the
Cedar Rapids Tribune, another foun
der. Every possible effort is being
made to reach those who attended the
Toronto organization meeting in order
to secure their pledge to be in New
Orleans at the old timers' get-to
In addition to this Woodmansee is
working hard, in co-operation with
President Matthew Woll, arranging a
big program for the convention of the
International Labor Press of Amer
ica. owner of International Labor
News Service.
Five-Day Week Held in Line
With Modern Trend Toward
More Leisure for Workers
Quality Furniture
One of the happiest tasks in life is the furnishing of the home by the
young bride and groom. Full of ambition to make the right start full of
sincere endeavor to select to mutual satisfaction.
It's our pleasure and is our frequent privilege to participate in this
important quest.
Of course this store's reputation leaves all concern for quality out of
consideration. That is fully established. But the deciding choice of pat
terns and designs is made easy from such a varied selection as you'll find
here. Then our advice perhaps, is wanted—our judgment, ripe with long
experience and close contact with the market, can help immensely and in
price, too.
At your service, in any way that we can serve—including a charge
account. You needn't hesitate to ask—you're truly welcome.
for his profits is very seldom in line
with the progress of modern indus
trial development," he explained.
"Don't think a 40-hour week will
become general in departmental stores
in this generation," commented Harry
McGee, vice president of T. Eaton &
Company, greatest merchandizing firm
in Canada, with stores in nearly all
important cities from coast to coast
a firm working on an 8-hour basis.
"Your firm does not open its doors
on Saturday for two months in sum
"Yes," said Mr. McGee, "the closing
of our stores on Saturday for the two
summer months was started inl919,
the jubilee year of the firm, as a gra
tuity to the employes, but not as an
industrial experiment or example."
It may be worth noting that T.
Eaton & Company has not found the
40-hour week unprofitable for two
months in year. Only recently it
added, by one transaction, 21 depart
mental stores to its chain.
St. Louis, Mo.—"More consuming
power is the great need of this coun
try," said Dr. John A. Ryan, of Wash
ington, in an address to the Confer
ence of Catholic Charities. The speak
er also urged a five-day week.
"The masses who would buy sur
plus goods have no money," said Dr.
Ryan. The annual investment abroad
of one billion dollars, if distributed
among millions of poorly paid work
ers, would mean an average increase
of $100 in these incomes, he said.
"Imagine what this increase would
mean in the demand for more food,
clothing, housing and other necessar
ies and comforts. The capitalists and
business men control the surplus
products and do not need more food,
clothing, shelter. They have all that
thev can consume."
Austin, Texas.—Higher wages have
been secured by stereotypers employ
ed on afternoon and morning news
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