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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, April 19, 1929, Image 1

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VOL. XXIX. No. 2
Up to this time, it is pointed out,
it has always been the organized
workers who took the initiative in at
tempts to find where the trouble was
in order to remedy it. Labor, it is
thought by those interested in the
conference, must be interested to
)cnow whether the rest of the commun
ity, other than the workers them
selves, are really concerned in com
munity welfare or are satisfied to let
things take their course providing
individually they get by. In this sense
the conference is expected to bring
out to what extent the community is
willing to stand by the workers in
their endeavor to solve the textile
problem. In short the discussions are
expected to bring to the surface the
factors not only underlying the pres
ent situation in the textile industry,
but also to bring to the attention of
the community the related problems
which total and pari time unemploy
ment develop.
Speakers on the Program
Among the speakers will be Gorton
James, chief of the department of
Philadelphia Labor College
Discuss Textiles As a Test
Philadelphia, Pa,—Much that is
constructive and helpful toward solv
ing the troublesome textile situation
for the workers in that industry in
the northeast section of Philadelphia
is expected to be developed by a two
day conference which has been ar
ranged by the Labor College of Phila
delphia on April 27 and 28 next. It
is to be held in the Kensington Young
Women's Christian Association rooms
and is sponsored by the United Tex
tile Workers of America and the
Philadelphia Textile District Council.
,Tn the words of Israel Mufson, the
secretary of the Philadelphia Labor
College, a very large percentage of
the textile workers of that particular
district, once the greatest center of
textile productivity, "not satisfied
with just sitting idly by and helpless
ly watching their meager resources
being consumed while waiting for the
closed factories to open, are planning
this conference on textiles as a com
munity problem."
Conference to Be ft Test
It is expected by the Labor College
that the conference's deliberations and
discussions will have a broader sig
nificance than merely to interest the
workers directly concerned, that it
will be a sort of a weather vane show
ing what hope there may be in the
future of arousing the community as
a whole toward the problems which
affect all of the citizens, that in fact
the conference will be in the nature
of a test., Prominent speakers are
likely to develop the theme that
workers cannot draw any wages with
out their incomes being not only of
serious consequences to themselves,
but also to the groups Who in a large
measure can only guage their well
being by the amount of prosperity ex
isting among the worker's.
To Show Community Interest
Tailored to Measure
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foreign and domestic commerce.
United States department of com
merce Dr. Ethelbert Stewart, com
missioner, bureau of labor statistics
Prof. Broadus Mitchell, Johns Hop
kins University Prof. Roswell Hen
ninger, University of North Carolina
Prof. Richard Landsburg, University
of Pennsylvania Rev. Philip Burkett,
St. Joseph's College, Philadelphia
Thomas McMahon, president, United
Textile Workers of America John
Snowden, secretary of the Upholstery
Manufacturers' Association, and oth
ers representing political, profession
al and business groups of the Ken
sington district.
The conference will open on Satur
day afternoon at 3 o'clock, with a wel
come by Miss Mary John Hopper, gen
eral secretary, city board, Young
Women's Christian Association. Wil
liam Smith, secretary-treasurer of the
American Federation of Full Fash
ioned Hosiery Workers, will be chair
man. Ethelbert Stewart, Gorton
James and Broadus Mitchell will dis
cuss "The Present Situation in Texr
On Saturday evening, at 6:U0
o'clock, there will be a dinner session
to discuss "What Next in Textiles?"
The Rev. Philip Burkett, of St. Jos
eph's College, will be toastmaster.
with Prof. Roswell Henninger and
Thomas J. McMahon as the principal
Sunday Morning Session
This will be followed on Sunday
morning at 10 a. m., April 28, with a
presentation of "Specific Factors Af
fecting the Textile Industry," during
which Prof. Richard Landsburgh, Wil
liam Casey, secretary of the Uphol
stery Weavers and Workers No. 25,
and John Snowden, of the Upholstery
Manufacturers' Association, will
speak. Discussion will follow the ad
The final sessibn on Sunday after-*
noon will be given over entirely to
the presentation of the situation ex
isting in the northeast section as it
is affected by the depression in the
textile industry. Councilman Clar
ence K. Crossan, Hon. James J. Con
nelly and others will participate.
Washington.—The automobile in
dustry leads all others in seasonal
occupations, according to the United
States Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Not only does the industry as a
whole make a very bad showing, but
irregularity and uncertainty of em
ployment is the rule among practic
ally all the establishments covered.
This industry is practically 100 per
cent unorganized.
Subscribe for the Press.
The Hamilton Gravel Co.
Phone 3700
See Our Window Display
Up-To-Date Tailors
v• -.•
Washington, D. C.—The sixth na
tional convention of the Workers Ed
ucation Bureau of America, held here,
which adjourned its three-day meet
ing on April 7, made a number of not
able decisions and changes which are
bound to influence the future of
American workers' education. To this
convention there came approximately
eighty delegates, representing the
American Federation of Labor, na
tional and international unions, cen
tral bodies, local unions and workers'
educational enterprises. In many
respects the convention was the most
representative gathering that has
been held thus far and gave evidence
of the increasing interest on the part
of labor in the development of its
own educational activities.
The opening business session began
on Friday afternoon in the auditor
ium of Carpenters' building at Tenth
and K streets.
Field Reports Given
Following the opening address
there were reports from some of the
field and district representatives
about their work. Paul Fuller told in
interesting and effective -manner
of the work he was doing in both
Passaic and Paterson, of his work
with the Continuation School in Pat
erson, and of the effect it had had
upon the labor movement of those
two cities. Harry Russell, of Spring
fild, outlined his conference program
plans and the work that was going
on in New England. John Kerchen,
Action Taken By Delegates Make Clear Sound
Principles on Which a Successful Educational
Movement Must Develop--Executive Board's
Brookwood Stand Is Sustained.
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Spring Work Gets Its First Setback f)
Changes Aimed to Further
Workers9 Education Activities
Appointed by W. E. B. Convention
director of workers' education of the
California State Federation of Labor,
told of the freedom of teaching made
possible through the program of co
operation with the State University
of California. He pointed out the rea
sons for the substantial growth and
extension of this work, and added
that he felt that the plan was one
which might be duplicated without
jeopardizing the integrity of a work
ers' education enterprise. Miss Ma
thilda Lindsey, of the Women's Trade
Union League, and a member of the
board of control of the Southern
Summer School, alluded briefly to the
Bryn Mawr and Barnard Summer
Schools, and spoke of the splendid
work done by the Southern Summer
School in arousing interest on the
part of southern women workers in
their own conditions. She predicted
that in a few years there would be
much larger number of workers to
serve than it was possible to reach.
She further added that the work of
the Southern Summer School in both
Sweet Briar, Va., and Burnsville,
N. C., had been the means of brign
ing together some of the representa
tives of the state federations of the
south and that the extension of edu
cation and organization in the south
had many points in common. William
Ross, of the Baltimore Labor College,
who talked briefly about the week-end
conferences, outlined some of the dif
ficulties which some of their workers
had in taking part in discussions on
the campus of a college or of the uni
versity. He indicated some of the
work which had been done and the
relative success which had been
achieved. The convention then ad
journed for the morning session.
Changes in Constitution Made
By provision of a sjpecial order of
business, the hour of 10:30 on Satur
day morning, the foux'th session, was
set aside for presentation of a report
on the constitution by Matthew Woll,
chairman of the committee on consti
tution. The burden of this report was
an effort to preserve intact the pres
ent constitution. A spirited discus
sion followed the introduction of the
resolution and President Maurer
stated during the course of the dis
cusion that if the constitution was
adopted as proposed, that he might
find it impossible to continue to pre
side over sessions where his own ad
vice and recommendations had been
so thoroughly repudiated.
The first amendment provided that
labor colleges t6 be eligible for affil
iation should be approved by both
central labor unions and state federa
tions of labor, and not be antagonis
tic to the bona fide labor movement.
The amendment was adopted unani
The second amendment to fee'adopt
ed provided for a more democratic
system of selecting the members of
the executive committee by the elec
tion of eight of the members at large.
It brought forth a most spirited de
bate. When the recommendation by
Chairman Woll was put to vote it
prevailed by a large majority. This
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amendment concluded the morning
The afternoon session on Friday
proved to be the most dramatic ses
sion of the entire convention. At its
opening Professor Paul Ordway, of
the Continuation School at Paterson,
spoke briefly of the pioneer work
which was done by Mr. Fuller in giv
ing lectures to workers on the sub
ject of industrial development and
labor problems. The committee on
constitution immediately continued its
report following the address by Pro
fessor Ordway.
Other Proposals Adpoted
The third proposal dealth with the
filling of vacancies and was to change
the system of calling conventions by
providing that the executive com
mittee might canvass the affiliated
membership yearly to determine
whether they might desire to have
conventions held every two years. It
was likewise opposed but with
another amendment providing for a
larger measure of representation of
national and international unions at
conventions of the bureau, was car
ried by an overwhelming majority.
The amendment provided that repre
sentation should be of national and
international unions, one vote for each
4,000 members. Representation of the
American Federation of Labor State
Federations of Labor, central and lo
cal unions was unchanged. The repre
sentation of the workers' education
enterprises, however, was reduced so
that there was a minimum of one
representative for every 100 students
or major fraction thereof, and a re
quirement that they have been in
affiliation for one year and be deem
ed a permanent institution.
Each proposal in the change of the
constitution was met by opposition
but each resolution in turn was car
ried by an overwhelming majority.
At the conclusion of the report of the
constitution committee, a motion to
adopt the report as a whole was
adopted almost unanimously. At this
moment President Maurer, following
the intimation that he had given at
the morning session, stated that he
could no longer preside as chairman
of a convention which had repudiated
every recommendation he had made
in his opening address. He turned
over the gavel to Chairman Woll,
walked to the rear of the hall and
picked up his hat.
The committee on textbooks, under
the chairmanship of Victor Olander,
following a recess, presented a long
and comprehensive report which in
cluded a forthright statement on aca
demic freedom incorporated from the
classic statement on that subject pre
pared by the American Association of
University Professors. The report
cf the committee was unanimously
Executive Committee Upheld
Following the report on textbooks
came that on officers' report. This
committee under the chairmanship of
Fred Hewitt, a former labor director
of Brookwood, and Miss Evelyn
Wright, of the Women's Trade Union
League, commended the work of the
executive committee and sustained
the action of the committee in "with
drawing from relationship with col
leges teaching principles out of har
mony with the philosophy and policies
of the bona fide trade union move
(Continued os page faux)
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Washington, D. C. (I. L. N. S.)—
Senator Henry J. Allen, former gov
ernor of Kansas, has just given to
International Labor News Service his
first extended expression of opinion
regarding the principle of industrial
court legislation since his project was
taken out of the Kansas arena by a
supreme court decision.
When Mr. Allen was appointed sen
ator by the governor of Kansas, In
ternational Labor News Service asked
him by wire to Wichita whether, as
a U. S. senator, he would seek to
have enacted or would support pro
posals for legislation in harmony with
the principle of the famous Kansas
industrial court law. Senator Allen's
reply was written from Wichita, April
2. In it he says:
"I have no program in line for
federal legislation touching labor. The
decision of the supreme court of the
United States denying the right of
state legislatures to establish a mini
mum wage makes impossible the
working out of an effective and just
industrial court law alonji- the line
of the Kansas effort.
Must Protect Strike Right
"No law should be passed denying
the laboring man the right to strike
unless there can be created an impar
tial tribunal with power to adjudicate
his controversy. The very essence of
what we hoped to accomplish in the
way of justice for the laboring man,
the employer and the public, in the
Kansas industrial court was in the
power which the state gave to the
industrial court to fix wage scales in
the essential industries during periods
of controversy while using the good
offices of the court to solve in jus
tice the controversy between the em
ployer and employe.
"When the supreme court decided
that the state had no constitutional
right to fix, even temporarily, mini
mum wage scales, it robbed the in
dustrial court of its most effective
feature, leaving it merely a law for
the purpose of preventing strikes.
Progress in Relations
conscious of the fact that an
advancement in the relations between
the laborer and employer is being
made through the modern leadership
of labor, and under the present pro
gram it is not too much to hope that
many of the laborer's problems will
be solved through the wisdom of their
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Senator Allen, Kansas, Sees
Less Need For Law, Citing
"Modern Labor Leadership"
own leaders and the better attitude
of their employers. I am grateful for
the opportunity you provided me for
an expression upon this subject and
will always be glad to be of service
to you at any time."
Perhaps no piece of state legislation
created in labor ranks such a furore
as did the Kansas industrial court
law. It was under this law that
Alexander Howat was sentenced to
prison, and it was the principle ex
pressed in the law that was so hotly
debated by Governor Allen and the
late Samuel Gompers in New York
city—one of the great debates of the
Philadelphia.—"Please Mr. Legisla
tor, protect my "yellow dog," my anti
union shop, my spies and the labor
injunction," pleads J. Kugelman,
president Artcraft Silk Hosiery Mills
of this city, in a letter to members of
the state legislature.
This cheap-wage employer says:
"We would thank you very much to
see that when bills are put before
the legislature that would conflict
with anything pertaining to an 'open'
shop that you do your utmost to see
that these bills are killed so the man
ufacturers in the state of Pennsylvan
ia are properly protected.
"We understand the American Fed
eration of Labor are trying to put
through bills that have the following
subjects, which apply along the lines
mentioned above:
"The yellow dog contract.
"The elimination of the injunction
"The registration, licensing and
bonding of the so-called labor spy, i. e.,
"Thanking you very much for your
co-operation and assuring you of our
appreciation, we beg to remain, re
spectfully yours, Artcraft Silk Hosiery
Mills, Inc., J. Kugelman, president."
Join the union label army and fight
for decent pay, comfortable homes
and healthy children. No higher form
of patriotism can be shown.
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