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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, June 24, 1932, Image 2

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tslephene 1111 Baa (Item. «Me
Endorsed by the Trades and Labsr
Csnncil of Hamilton. Ohis
Endorsed by the Middletown Tindes
and Labsr Council sf Middletown, O
FRIDAY, JUNE 24, 1932
Because so many people are force
fully reminded of the consequences
of economic insecurity, this is a fruit
ful time to talk with wage-earners
about better management of their
business affairs. It is fairly obvious
to any wage-earner or salaried per
son that he as an individual is help
less to control his industrial fate. In
time of misfortune he has no re
course but charity, and he has no
way of putting any security into his
work relations. All he can do is to
accept terms as offered or look for
another job if he has income to tide
him over the interum.
The most important fact in wage
earners' affairs—or in salaried work
ers—is to have a job. As a job holder
he becomes a producing member of
the firm and soon feels identified with
the work group. Despite his invest
ments in his job and reality of part
nership, he is treated like a commod
ity to be bought or sold as needed.
The only way for wage-earners and
salaried persons to establish the fact
that they are not commodities or
articles of commerce, is to organize
for the establishment of their right
to status as contributing partners—
organize in organizations which they
control and which can effectively con
serve their interests. Conserving the
interests of one group does not nec
essarily mean in opposition to the in
terests of other groups, but co-ordi
nation of interests so there may be
mutual progress and benefit for all.
With the present degree of close
interrelationships of many forces, it
often occurs that although the im
mediate interests of a special group
are contrary to the interests of oth
ers, their more permanent interests
are bound with co-ordinate progress.
But there must be the agencies for
making this co-ordinated progress
possible. This necesitates the inde
pendent organization of each func
tional group. If wage-earners and
salaried persons are to participate in
the development of business relations,
they must be organized and ready for
effective action. In their own inter
ests and in the interest of society
organization of functional groups for
the better management of their
affairs is a basic necessity.
Now that the needs of better man
agement is so plainly apparent, is the
time talking unionism. While every
union is handicapped by declining in
comes, the responsibility for spread
ing the facts of unionism must rest
upon each individual union member.
There is a real advantage in the fact
responsibility cannot be shifted, for
ii every union member does his bit
the activity will be much more wide
spread thjan if responsibility for
organizing work were delegates to
organizers. If every union member
would pledge himself to find oppor
tunity to talk unionism with at least I
one non-member every day, that edu
cational work would bear fruit.—The
During these trying times the problems confronting the parent body of
the American labor movement become more and more difficult, yet when
the accomplishments are considered it must be admitted that the American
Federation of Labor is carrying on with a determination that commands
the respect of friends and foes alike.
Reliable sources estimate that the number of unemployed men and
Women in the United States is in excess of eight millions. The organized
workers, while in a minority, are sufferers just 85 those who are unorgan
ized. The only difference in their status is that in many cases organized
Workers are receiving aid from their organizations to tide them over the
"depression, but still a worker unemployed is removed from the purchasing
power to the prosperity of the country, nor can he aid his organization
with his financial obligations* as would be the case were he regularly
But with this handicap and with an economic condition never before
experienced in the history of this generation, the American Federaton of
Labor, under the guidance of William Green, as president, is accomplishing
a great work, and is surging steadily on in accomplishments if not in an
actual gain in membership.
Recently the American Federation of Labor announced the termination
of a battle of many years' standing—the limiting of the injunction in labor
disputes and the outlawing of the infamuos "yellow dog" contract. This
cne victory alone, if nothing else had been accomplished, would stand out,
but the American Federation of Labor is constantly on guard and is ever
protecting the interests of those enlisted under its banner.
More recent than the injunction and "yellow dog" victory is the defeat
of the federal wage cut of governmental employes. Through the good
offices of this organization the proposed slash in wages of the thousands
of government employes was averted, and should it become necessary at a
later date to cut wages, instead of starting with the little fellow who earns
enly $1,000 per year, the cut will affect those earning $2,500 and upwards.
This is another example of the influence of this organization.
In the state of Washington
school for placer mining instruction
is being held. Some 3,000 unemploy
ed workers are being taught the se
ductive art of panning for gold
Hardware stores in Spokane suddenly
found themselves unable to supply the
demand for pans and attics were
scoured for utensils long out of use.
That there's still "gold in them
thar hills" is of course true.
This placer mining episode is
another sidelight on the phenomenon
of unemployment. There is an ample
availability of commodities. There is
no shortage of food or of clothing
If the unemployed can find the gold,
by magic or by mining, they can buy
food and clothing.
Thus again we learn that it is not
our machinery of production that has
broken down. IT IS OUR METHOD
OF DISTRIBUTION. Placer mining
will not mend the ways that are
wrong, though it will bring relief to
the lucky ones.
There is much ballyhoo from
Washington on the beneficial effects
of the new federal reserve policy of
buying government securities on the
open market. This represents a mild
form of inflation that would have
been helpful two years ago.
That this open market buying has
not stemmed deflation is shown by
the reserve board's latest weekly re
port on member banks. Loans out
standing declined 40 million dollars
in the week ending May 4, and 3,080
millions in the 12 months ending on
the same date.
The federal reserve system can buy
all the government securities it wants
—but if the banks selling these se
curities leave the money idle, defla
tion is not halted and prices continue
downward. At the same time banks
cannot loan to businesses that have
no prospects of sales heavy enough
to warrant further credit.
More purchasing power for the
masses, not more credit for the banks,
will restore business.—Editorial in
the Philadelphia Record.
Managers of industry have claimed
profits on the ground that they as
sume the risks of industry. But have
the risks of industry been borne only
The American Federation of Labor has never ceased its organization
campaign. While it would seem that there has been a great loss in mem
bership, this is accounted for by the fact that when dues are suspended by
a local union for an unemployed member his per capita tax is not paid to
the parent body, hence with thousands of loyal unionist being cared for
locally, they are not counted in the total paid-up membership of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, but in all sections of the country organizers are
reporting much success in their organization campaigns, which will reflect
in the total numbers of affiliated members just so soon as conditions im
prove and these millions of workers are restored to industry.
The American Federation of Labor is constantly aiding ill securing
jobs for the unemployed, and in the recent campaign just ended, by a co
operation with the American Legion and other organizations, more than
800,000 men and women were placed in sustaining places of employment.
The American Federation of Labor is. even watchful that friendly men
are appointed to positions of trust, and vigorously opposes those who are
manifestly unfair to labor. Judge Wilkerson, for instance, through the
influence of the American Federation of Labor, has so far been unable to
have his appointment confirmed by the United States senate.
So, when conditions are considered, it must be admitted that President
Green and the American Federation of Labor are performing valuable
service to the millions of organized workers of the United States and Canada.
The American Federation of Labor is not only holding its own, but is mak
ing steady strides forward—it is paving the way for a resumption of nor
mal times, and when prosperity again "comes around the corner," the
millions of organized workers will fully realize what a membership in this
great organization means.
by management? Wage-earners make
very important investments in the in
dustries to which they are attached,
but they find their returns most un
They have the risk of unemploy
ment which may cut individual in
comes completely. During the recent
era of great prosperity two and one
half millions of workers were unem
ployed. Their income loss in the best
year was estimated by the New York
Journal of Commerce at $4,000,000,
000. By the first of January of this
year unemployment had reached
nearly eight and one-half millions
and losses in wages had lowered wage
earner incomes eleven billions below
A still more serious hazard threat
ens. Workers may spend years in de
veloping technical skill and have this
entire investment wiped out by an
improved machine, a new material or
a new chemical process. These work
ers are industrially bankrupt. In the
past ten years over a million indus
trial jobs have been eliminated.
Workers whose jobs are gone must
learn new occupations or shift to the
ranks of the unskilled.
Seasonable trades such as the gar
ment industry, construction and auto
mobiles, do not provide workers a
full time opportunity to work. These
peaks and low points in employment
result in variable incomes which
make it hard for workers to plan
their expenditures.
All workers face the hazard of in
creasing difficulty to find employ
ment as years are added to their ages.
They have the risk of inefficient man
agement increasing the cost of oper
ation so that returns in the form of
wages are unnecessarily low. They
have to endure the consequences of
depression, which may exhaust their
savings and force liquidation of in
vestments under favorable conditions
They always have the handicap of
being excluded from deliberations
where division of returns from joint
work are decided, and even knowledge
of facts is often denied them so that
there is constant risk that funds that
ought to go to wages are diverted to
dividends, extra Jivide(nds, purplus,
capital expenditures, etc., and the
amount left available for wages is
unfairly restricted.
A preliminary estimate by Business
Week shows that comparing 1931 and
1929 the decline in wage-earners' in
come was greater than that of any
other group except sale of securities.
Wages and salary incomes in all in
dustrialism declined. 3
Democracy often has to serve as
a shield for demagogy, and the most
crooked crook thinks he can make
people forget the ugly curves of his
character by shouting himself hoarse
for democracy.
With the word democracy upon
their lips, politicians are deceiving
the people, profiteers are exploiting
the nation, and labor leaders are be
traying the workers and the govern
ment at the same time.
We have seen such things done
during war time, we see them done
today, and our experience has con
vinced us that where "democracy" is
made a shibboleth the people have
reason to be on their guard, for thev
are in immediate danger of being
Mistrust everyone who hides his
ignorance behind well-sounding words,
his lack of character behind patriotic
phrases, and his moral crookedness
behind "democracy."
There was a time when every inde
pendent thinker was denounced as a
heretic, and charging a man with
heresy was tantamount to condemn
ing him. Nobody would argue with
such an outcast, nobody would reason
with him, nobody would even listen
to him. The only proper way to deal
with him was to burn him at the
In our days the "radical" has taken
the place of the heretic and whenever
he is hunted and slandered, denounc
ed and persecuted, it is done in the
name of democracy.
The worst and most contemptible
enemies of democracy in form and
spirit are the political fakers and
moral humbugs that use "democracy"
as a trademark for their crooked
ness. They are betraying democracy
with every act they are performing
they are the Judas Iscariots of de
They may carry democracy upon
their coat sleeves, but they do not
carry it in their hearts, for their aim
and end in life is their personal ad
vancement, and they serve everybody
who stoops low enough to hire them
for some kind of dirty work.
Beware of the town cryers
New York City (ILNS)—Prohibi
tion and unemployment are causing
crimes to increase.
Forgery has passed all records
Absconding with money grows.
Watch your checks and be careful
where they go.
There isn't a check made that can't
be forged, raised |or passed iby a
clever crook.
The speaker was a veteran casualty
company detective. Gray in the
"I can forge a check in ten lan
guages," he said. "Yes, even jn
The forgery racket, he said, is
mostly in the hands of regular rings
But unemployment is driving re
cruits into any game by which they
can get money. Big concerns are
more than ever concerned about their
cash drawers. They are calling for
the most expert advice.
Forgery now runs into millions of
dollars a year.
Fake money is on the increase, too
and stores call for help to teach their
cashiers how to quickly identify fake
All money burdens are doubled by
And an honest man who had hitch
hiked his way here from way up in
Connecticut fell exhausted on
Brooklyn street. The one thin dime
given him since he reached town he
had sent home to his family in Hart
And it was a policeman who gave
him that dime.
Unemployment is doing many
things to this civilization.
$1,600,000,000 Public
Works Bond Issue
By Soviet Union
Moscow.—Newspapers of the So
viet Union carried feature articles
urging all citizens to subscribe at
least three weeks' salary to the new
soviet loan of 3,200,000,000 roubles,
nominally $1,600,000,000. The articlee
pointed out that the proceeds of the
loan will hasten industrialization and
increase the country's military capa
The new loan brings the sum which
the population of the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics will have invested
in the cause of industrialization to
the neighborhood of 8000,000,000 rou
bles. The loans represent the means
of paying the cost of new construc
tion enterprises which are still un
productive without resorting to extra
taxation or printing additional money.
New Loves
by McClure Newspaper dyadic ate.)
(WNU Service)
SELINA BR1GGS lived on
Cape Cod. To be precise in
Sandport. The house she lived In was
the real thing in early Colonial archi
tecture—it had a "lean-to." The fam
ily was small, consisting only of her
self and he.r orphaned niece, Henriet
ta. Miss Sellna had squandered her
savings in giving Etta an education,
even sending her through Wellesley.
And now Henrietta was twenty-two,
proficient in all accomplishments but
conversant with no calling that would
bring In money. She laid a thousand
plans for becoming a wage-earner, but
her aunt "put her foot down" on every
one of them. Etta fretted—but what
could she do? She would not forsake
Sellna, even If she could get employ
ment somewhere else—which was ex
tremely doubtful.
"I wonder if I shall ever be mar
ried," thought Etta.
That summer there returned to his
boyhood home Frank P. Ellsworth, a
millionaire from New York. Frank
P. had not been seen in Sandport for
forty years until he had suddenly
appeared there, bought the old BIjah
Crandal place, and began the erec
tion of a great stone mansion. He
had been twenty-flve when he had
gone away and, by consequence, was
sixty-five now.
There were plenty of people who re
membered him as the tall, thin, scrag
gy young man, full of ambition and a
hard worker, whose parents were
among the town's poor and shiftless.
But not one of them would have rec
ognized In the large, portly, prosper
ous-looking, autocratic and reserved
plutocrat, the Frank Ellsworth of
long ago.
Every man and women In the place,
it seemed, who was old enough to
make out a colorful case, greeted
Frank P. like a long lost brother and
intimated that they had been his
earliest friend and benefactor. But
the gentleman from New York was
not an easy person to "get next to."
"I wonder if he will go and see
Miss Sellna?" the older people whis
pered to each other. For between
Frank Ellsworth, the poor, struggling
and low-born youth, and Sellna
Brlggs, the pretty daughter of one of
the proudest of the "old families,"
there had been, it was rumored at the
time, a little love affair—which, of
course, came to nothing on account of
the vast difference in the social status
of the lovers. Some said that was
why Frand had suddenly left Sand
Be that as it may, the golden, re
turned wanderer did not call upon
Miss Sellna and Miss Sellna appeared
to be only languidly Interested In his
return. By the following summer the
new house was completed and was
occupied by the millionaire and his
family. The only son, Egbert, was
only twenty-flve, just the age his fa
ther had been at the time of his flit
ting from Sandport. By the time fall
was beginning to draw to its end and
the summer folks were departing, Eg
bert and Etta were fully aware that
they loved each other—and so was
the rest of the community.
It was the second Sunday after he
had taken possession of his new house
that Frank Ellsworth, coming out of
church with his wife and son, ran
plump into Miss Sellna coming out
with Etta, and for the first time for
forty years lifted his hat and spoke to
his boyhood "flame." Introductions
naturally followed—and that's how
Egbert and Etta became first acquaint
ed. As for Sellna and Frank after
that when they met they spoke of
course—generally about the weather—
but that is all they saw of each oth
er. Not so Egbert and Etta—they
were together with an Increasing fre
quency from their first meeting on.
Miss Sellna watched the growing In
timacy between her niece and young
Ellsworth approvingly. Frank watched
it disapprovingly. Mrs. Ellsworth, be
ing a model wife—old style model—
was prepared to think just as her hus
band thought Egbert saw matters
drawing to a crisis, felt the coming
storm and talked it over with Etta,
who talked It over with her aunt who
said: "If you two want to be mar
ried why don't you do so? You are
both old enough to know your own
minds If you are ever going to. But
what shall I do when you are gone?"
"Oh, we shan't go away, auntie,"
replied Etta. "Egbert likes Sandport.
He wants to fix up the old house and
live here."
"All right," said Miss Sellna.
Egbert told his father In a most off
hand manner what had been decided
upon. The old man made his fortune
by his quick decisions. He looked at
Egbert, saw that square-set jaw, and
knew that in this he could not move
him. "Very well," said he. "Family
not good enough for me once!" and
then, grimly, "It will be a bit of re
venge for me, anyhow." For a full
hour after Egbert had left him Frank
sat there musing.
Possibly Sellna mused too. But If
they mused of what might have been
neither Frank nor Sellna ever spoke.
What was lurking In their minds as
they watched the happiness of Egbert
and Etta no one ever knew.
Overworking Children
"What's the matter with little
"Brain fag. He's trying to think up
a bright saying that will win a prize
when mother sends it to a magazine."
A Leader for
^Asli lour
The Cherry
rp Where with ear
W9 telI th#
shout many things, sometimes pr»
foundly, sometimes flippantly,
semetimes recklessly.
Almost everyone 'is praising* the
unctious Mr. Rockefeller, so—
Let's have a little discord.
Why should this multimillionaire
have laurels and crowns and enco
miums heaped upon him, just because
after 13 years of waiting he has dis
covered what a clear majority of
Americans knew long ago
Well, just for one reason—MONEY!
If Rockefeller had no more money
than John Jones his conversion
wouldn't have been splashed all over
the front pages. His announcement
wouldn't have shaken 4he country to
its foundations.
Money talks, Jasper, money talks.
Rockefeller has a way of slipping
out of tight situations by moving
adroitly at the tafet' minute—and for
prohibition this is just about the last
minute. It's all aboard for the band
wagon now.
How many remember Ludlow? And
the mess the Rockefellers were in
And how the cartoonists of the time
were still picturing the Rockefeller
A nd how, on the advice of Ivy Lee,
the newly acquired press agent, this
same young Rockefeller inveigled
Mother Jones into a hand-shaking
stunt that changed the whole tide of
publicity into a stream of praise and
almost adulation?
Ah, that WAS a stunt! And it
sickened many hearts.
But behold the repetition.
By the admission of his own
officials Standard Oil of New Jer
sey is NOT doing what it COULD
EASILY DO to relieve unemploy
Unemployment is a mighty grave
issue—and so is wage cutting.
But Mr. Rockefeller is not going
be caught in the backwash of con
demnation and ostracism. No. He i
going to be a hero because he make
the belated discovery that prohibition
is a failure and a tragedy.
Of course every convert to sanity
is that much to the good. Every man
has a vote.
But the secret of it is that
Rockefeller has more than his
vote. He has money. Campaign
contributions! Ah, the reason for
the ballyhoo. *v
Well, there is something the mat
ter when the possession of money en
dows a man with the power to chan
party platforms—probably both of
them, and with the power to remake
every front page in America and to
give him the voice of authority of a
Rockefeller on prohibition is at
least right. But for 13 years he has
been wrong. What about that? For
13 years he has punglcd up the coin
to maintain a regime that has en
throned crooks, racketeers, gangsters
and beer barons. Well, it ought to
take SOME undoing to undo that.
This may be discord in the chorus
of praise, but so be it.
"Is it "him, the people," or it it "we
the people"?
In olden time® when the baron
spoke everybody shuddered. His voice
brought obedience, instanter.
The baron owned the land and tlM
people thereon.
Is our condition mentally as it WW
in baronial days?
Prohibition ought to go and it WfB
go because it is everlastingly wrong,
not because Rockefeller hopped on the
band wagon OH its last eighth ol,
Americans by the millions have
fought this fight for governmental
and constitutional honesty and to
them in their soverign right goes the
Put a foot on this sickening balft?
hoo for Rockefeller.
Million Relief Bill Passed
By Senate
Washington, D. C. {IIJNS)--A
$300,000,000 unemployment relief bill,
providing for loans to the states on
the basis of population was passed
by the senate on June 10 by a vote of
72 to 8. Sent to the house, the bill
was referred to the house committee
on banking and currency.
Under the bill, which was drawn by
Senators Wagner, Robinson of Arkan
sas, Pittman, Walsh of Montana, and
Bulkley, the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation would advance the $300,
000,000 to the states at 3 per cent
interest on certification by governors
that their funds for the needy were
insufficient. Repayment could be ar
ranged, or consist of deductions from
federal aid highway funds beginning
in 1935.
Without roll call the senate adopted
an amendment by Senator La Follette
to permit the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation to make loans to states
whosie constitution might prevent
such loans, or which have already bor
rowed to the full extent of their state
Read the Press
Edgar K. Wagner
Eagles Outing
Monday July 4th
Hamilton Horseshoe Club Elimination Contest.
Girls' Soft Ball Game—Roemers vs. Crystal Tissue
of Middletown.
Band Concerts—Dancing—Rides.
$1,000 Fireworks Display—many new features.
Compounded Semi-Annually
The West Side Building
and Loan Association
Main and Streets
Need Money?
Let Us Serve You
Reduced Payments
We loan up to $300
to worthy people on
their own security.
No endorsers.
Call, Write or Phone
108 S. Second St. Phone 28
Forty-Five Years

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