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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, July 01, 1932, Image 1

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.... VOL. XXXII. No. 12
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New York City (ILNS)—A consen
sus of business surveys shows the
shorter work-week a growing factor
in planning of business readjustment,
with labor's contention coming in for
new prominence.
It has been pointed out that had
business heeded labor's program at
the outset, employment would not
have suffered the almost catastrophic
drop shown by all figures.
Business reports now point out that
increasing attention is being given
the shorter work week as a means of
spreading work and likewise that in
many instances the shorter work
week already has shown better re
sults for the employer.
Brings Gain in Output
Just as the eight-hour day brought
a gain in efficiency, so the new shorter
week is improving the eight-hour day
record. Perhaps it is this, some ob
servers hold, that will finally bring
most big employers to adoption of the
six-hour day.
At the same time a severe blow is
struck at the concentration of profits
by the Commercial Credit Company,
the official organ of which declares
that "if our savings had been more
evenly distributed from 1921 to 1929
there would today be a more normal
demand for goods from some 20,000,
000 persons whose present purchasing
is limited to the barest necessities of
Explains Lack of Market
"Isn't the catch in our economic or
der," this organ says, "the fact that
in times of great prosperity surplus
funds of capital are accumulated, both
by corporations with large earnings
and individuals with large incomes,
St. Paul, Minn. (ILNS)—The pay
less vacation plan recently proposed
by Gov. Floyd B. Olson has been
made effective subject to a change
in the original plan by providing that
employes who receive less than $100
a month shall take but one week's
voluntary vacation without pay.
Other employes will take a voluntary
payless vacation of two weeks.
"I am strongly opposed to wage
cuts as such and shall continue to
oppose them," Olson said in an
nouncing adoption of the vacation
"However, there is no state law
which grants any vacation to any
state employe. It has been the cus
tom and practice in the past to grant
vacations to state employes with pay.
In view of the staggering of employ
ment by private industry and the
cutting of wages by public and pri
vate institutions, there should be no
complaint on the part of officers or
employes of the state government to
taking their vacations without pay."
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Men Attention
Short Working-Week Gains
As Hope of The Jobless
Concentration of Profits Also Goes Under Fire—Increas
Walk-Over Boot Shop
214 High Street
Ambulance Service
Phone 35
ed Output Found By Some Plants With Shortened
Week—Agency Blames Piled-up Profits of Past For
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whose profitable investment requires
an extension of our industrial or
transportation plant, and because a
time arrives when there is no imme
diate possibility of marketing the
products or services of such increased
plant those funds at last lie idle? The
result being, of course, that when the
chart turns downward, following a
peak, neither this vast accumulated
surplus, nor the interest thereon, is
available to finance consumption and
therefore to arrest the downward
Has No Bright Lights
Marked By Order, Not
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Camp
ed in a "what have you" manner, the
bonus expeditionary force stands as
America's most remarkable human
experiences. It is an American phe
nomenon of the first order.
Leaving aside the bonus issue, the
army is a remarkable institution.
It is doubtful whether the bonus as
a definite issue is what really moved
most of these men to come to Wash
ington. It seems more probable that,
beset by destitution about which they
were able to do nothing, they decided
that coming to Washington was a
definite and affirmative move and the
enly one they knew how to make.
The most remarkable feature of the
whole occupation is the perfect order
of the invading forces.
An Orderly City
The main camp is a city, in every
thing but comfort. It is organized as
well as any city in the country. Its
order is better than the order of most
Because these men have been sol
diers the organization is one of mili
tary units, up to regiments. At the
top is a council of officers. All of
these officers have been elected. There
are details for every kind of work,
down to traffic policing. Every de
tail does its work and does it with
precision and snap.
Bonus army members are desig
nated by badges. There is no such
thing as a uniform. A whole suit of
clothes is a rarity. One in good con
dition doesn't exist.
Robert G.Taylor Mortuary
But this army of men, ragged, not
too well fed, here on a forlorn hope,
inspired to come here by the maneu
vering of politicians and of their own
leaders in the American Legion, has
one marked characteristic. Every
man carries himself like a millionaire.
They have brought their courage with
them. And, being organized, they are
not hopeless. Their hope, whether
they know it or not, is not in the
bonus, but in their own unity.
Capacity For Self-Control
These men have come in groups
from all over the country. Among
them are skilled mechanics and fine
artists of many lines. The idea to
"march to Washington" spread like
some nebulous cloud across the coun
tryside, with its magnetic appeal. By
many ways they have come. Train
crews and automobilists have helped
them. City officials and state officials
have helped, wisely or otherwise. But
here they are. And the perfect order
of the social unit they have set up is
one of the most remarkable things in
America today. There is no political
corruption in the sizable city they
have made and there are no A1
Capones to sap its vitality.
The bonus expeditionary force
will not get its bonus, but it has
shown that in the rank and file of
America there is a sense of order, a
capacity that bodes well for the fu
ture of the country. The destitute are
governing themselves as well as any
Americans have ever governed them
Funeral Directors
By a vote of 35 to 16 the senate
has approved the appointment of T.
V. O'Connor to succeed himself as
chairman of the U. S. Shipping
Board. O'Connor formerly was presi
dent of the Longshoremen's Union.
Chairs and Tables Rented
17 So. Street
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Washington.—Strong opposition to
the campaign to force congress to ad
journ without constructive action on
the vital question of unemployment
relief was expressed by William
Green, president of the American
Federation of Labor, in a statement
which charged federal legislators
with responding quickly to the de
mands for financial relief made by
bankers and other privileged groups
and then delaying month after month
action on the requests for assistance
coming from millions of the destitute
Unemployment Relief Is Imperative
"The concentrated drive," Mr.
Green said, "which is being made by
special interests to force congress to
adjourn quickly has aroused labor and
intensified the feeling of disappoint
ment which prevails among the work
ers because of the failure of congress
to deal with the unemployment situ
ation in a practical and constructive
"Under no circumstances should
congress adjourn until it has dealt
with the problem of unemployment
relief in a way that will meet the
requirements of the situation.
Conditions Grow Worse
"The summer is fast passing and
the hope that it would bring improve
ment in the economic situation has
not been realized.
"The facts are conditions areworso
and will continue to grow worse dur
ing the fall and winter months.
"Helpless people who havle been
suffering for years must not be forc
ed to undergo another winter of suf
fering and depression.
"If for no other consideration, the
dictates of humanity require that con
gress meet this extraordinary situa
Congress Gives Preference to
"Congress responded with alacrity
to the demands of bankers, special
interests and those who have not
actually suffered from hunger be
cause of the unemployment situation.
"The facts are that this character
of legislation should have been sec
ondary and unemployment relief
measures should have been given
preferential and primary considera
"It is inconceivable that those who
have been benefited by the enactment
of the financial reconstruction meas
ures and other similar measures
would be so selfish as to demand that
congress adjourn before it has dealt
adequately with the unemployment
and agricultural problems.
Unemployment Emergency Is Acute
"Because a national emergency ex
ists congress must face its duties and
discharge its responsibilities.
"The construction and unemploy
ment relief measures now being con
sidered by congress in a hasty and
illogical way are totally inadequate
to meet the minimum requirements of
A. F. of L. President Condemns Legislators For
Giving Prompt Assistance to Banks and Then
Refusing to Help the Jobless—Suffering of
N Jf, 'i
Explode 'em
Green Says Congress Must Provide
Jobless Relief Before Adjourning
Millions of Idle Demands Immediate Federal
the critical situation which prevails.
"Responsible executives of city
governments, leaders of organized
labor, the administrators of unem
ployment relief funds in the cities,
the welfare agencies, the churches,
all are sounding a note of warning.
"They are advising congress of the
facts. They are presenting to con
gress all the information obtainable
and which cannot be refuted.
"Millions of idle, hungry people,
who are dependent upon relief agen
cies, cannot be supplied with i*elief
through the ordinary relief agencies.
"If congress fails in this great
emergency it cannot plead ignoranoe
of the facts, but must assume the
responsibility for what will follow.
Suffering Millions Must Have
"We have reached a critical period
in the history of the nation. It is
fraught with most serious conse
"Patience and fortitude are being
shown by those who suffer because
they still hope and believe that con
gress will not fail them.
"It is for these suffering men,
women and children, who have shown
such wonderful self restraint under
the most deplorable conditions, that
labor appeals. Congress must not, it
should not, it dare not adjourn until
the hopes and expectations of these
suffering millions have been met in a
reasonable way."
New York City (ILNS)—Marble
masons, last of the New York build
ing trades unions to win a wage
agreement, have reached agreement
with the employers on the basis of a
cut amounting to little over 10 per
cent. The new wage is $12 a day.
Most of the unions settled on a ba
sis of 15 per cent reduction, except
the bricklayers, who won a cut of
only 14.20 per cent based on an arbi
tration award.
The New York building trades un
ions have been idle since May 1, at
which time the employers posted ro
tices of wage cuts ranging from 22
to 35 per cent on a "take it or leave
it" basis. The unions decided to
"leave it" and as a result have won
all along the line.
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Bonus
army pictures have been banned by
news reel companies, according to the
Washington Daily News, which as
serts that the cameramen are "stand
ing by" ready to shoot riot scenes,
but otherwise to remain inactive
Fox and Hearst reels have shown no
bonus army pictures, Paramount one
flash and Pathe two, said to be
Pathe's usual number for events of
similar rating.
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Rolls High and Repeal
Makes Big Gains
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Repeal
sentiment has rolled up to such an
extent this week that there now seems
a definite prospect that the current
session of congress may have placed
before it a prohibition repeal amend
Three outstanding utterances by
members of congress helped drive
new nails into the coffin of the
eighteenth amendment and to en
hance prospects for modification of
the Volstead act as an interim step.
Senator Borah interpreted the re
publican platform plank to mean out
right repeal.
Speaker John N. Garner, of the
house, came out for repeal in a strong
statement, while his state party con
vention went wet, losing to the wets
one of their stand-by states.
Senator Norris made up the trio,
with his declaration that the eigh
teenth amendment has failed.
It is pointed out here that either
convictions are coming to a head rap
idly in these party convention days,
or else courage is being found to give
utterance to convictions long held.
In any event, the flood tide is roll
ing up to wipe out Volsteadism at a
date that a year ago seemed unlikely
if not impossible.
Speaker Garner in his statement
said: "I have never believed it sound
or workable, and it should be repeal
ed." He called attention to the fact
that he had voted against the eigh
teenth amendment at the time of its
Among others coming out against
prohibition during the week was
George White, of Ohio, who declared
for repeal and for immediate modi
fication to legalize "beer of good
New York City (ILNS)—Under
chairmanship of William Collins, rep
resenting the American Federation of
Labor, a group of representatives of
important unions met to name a com
mittee to hasten reorganization of the
Fur Workers' Union, long beset by
communist wreckers.
A resolution was adopted urging
fur workers to rally to the A. F. of
L. organization and to "cast aside all
factional differences and disagree
ments and to unite in a common
movement to rescue the fur workers
from the clutches of the communist
adventurers and disrupters."
Speakers included David Dubinsky,
Samuel Beardsley, Maurice Fein
stone, Salvotore Ninfo and Peter
Luchhi. Plans to raise an organiza
tion fund were put in motion.
Bornemouth, Eng.—The annual con
ference of the National Federation of
Building Trades Operatives demanded
a 40-hour week for the building in
dustry. The present normal week is
44 hours. More than 200,000 build
ing workers are jobless.
Labor saving machinery, all re
ports show, is being introduced today
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New York City (ILNS)—Unem
ployment is helping to create more
unemployment. "Hard times" lead
employers to seek new ways to
save labor." Predictions that re
turning prosperity will bring greater
technological unemployment have
their foundation in today's happen
To offset forced unemployment
there must be a shorter work-day and
shorter work-week.
It easily may develop that a 80
hour week is too long.
But for today the 30-hour week is
the available remedy.
Francis A. Westbrook, engineer, de
clares in "Industrial Relations" that
many firms now doing "good busi
ness" are in fact adding to the gen
eral depression.
One concern, seeking to cut costs,
installed changes by which, West
brook reports, "it now produces a
greater output with 260 employes
than was done less than three years
ago with 880 employes. In other
words, the 'improvement' resulted in
the technological unemployment of
620 people."
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Labor "Saving" Machines Add
To Depression's Unemployment
One Plant, Seeking Reduced Costs, Inaugurates Methods
and Mechanical Devices that Reduce Force of 880
to Skeleton of Only 220, Leaving 620 Idle.
Automatic Refrigerators
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at an unexampled rate of speed. En
gineers are searching for the last
word in automatic production, which
contributes further to unemployment.
If there is any remedy other than
the 30-hour week, what is it?
46,289 New York Employes
In State Retirement System
Albany, N. Y.—The New York
State Employes' Retirement System
is a live and growing affair with a
membership of 46,289, declared
Franklin B. Holmes, secretary of the
New York commission on pensions,
in a statement explaining the sys
tem. The pension plan was establish
ed in 1921 with 43,757 members.
"The contributions by the members
of the retirement system for the half
year to June 30, 1921, were $235,648,"
Mr. Holmes said. "The contributions
by members for the fiscal year ended
June 30, 1931, were $4,975,462.
"On June 30, 1921, our cash and
securities amounted to $280,919. On
June 30, 1931, this had grown to
"To June 30, 1921, we had retired
17 employes. The number retired as
of May 31, 1932. was 3,169."
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