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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, July 08, 1932, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1932-07-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XXXII. No. 13
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Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—New
high figures on unemployment were
issued by the American Federation of
Labor this week when President
Green announced that preliminary
figures for May showed 10,800,000
involuntarily idle. By cities, 15 out
of 40 reporting offices showed new
growth of unemployment.
The coming winter was forecast
as worse than last, with hunger and
despair spreading.
Million Since January
"The public seems entirely uncon
scious of the growing catastrophe
that is upon us," he said. "Unem
ployment has been increasing this
spring at a rate unprecedented even
in the two years of distress we have
just been through. From January
to May, 1932, well over a million
men and women have been thrown out
of work in industry. The rate of in
crease this year has been considerably
more than twice that of 1930 or 1931.
Trade union figures for June show a
still further increase. If unemploy
ment keeps on increasing at this rate
we shall have 13,000,000 out of work
by next winter.
"Our preliminary estimate of un
employment shows at least 10,800,000
out of work in May. Trade union fig
ure* for the first part of June show
the largest increase this year. Ap
plying them to industry generally
would indicate that at least 200,000
Salary Roster of Railroads
Shown By Couzens
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)
Twenty-two top officials on only four
Class 1 railroads are paid an aggre
gate annual salary roll of $1,294,500.
There are several individual salar
ies of $135,000 per year.
Thirty-five Southern Pacific offi
cials whose individual Salaries are
$10,000 or more draw a total of $1,
Senator Couzens, Michigan, dug
these figures from interstate com
merce commission records and has
been spilling them all over the place
in a damaging bombardment. It is
his belief that they ought to bear
some relation to loans applied ior by
railroads from the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation.
Borrows, But Pays Well
Couzens said that despite the fact
that the St. Louis & San Francisco
system is so hard up it had to borrow
$5,000,000 from the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation, its president
gets $63,000 a year and its board
chairman $36,000.
Here are Couzens' figures on three
Pennsylvania Roard President
$135,000, vice president $58,500, five
vice pi*esidents of divisions each $31,
500, four other vice presidents $36,-
Men Attention
Walk-Over Boot Shop
214 High Street
Ambulance Service
Phone 35
Unemployment Reaches Total
Of 10,800,000, A. F. of L. Says
Green Warns Coming Winter Will See Thirteen Million
Idle Unless Nation Meets Emergency With Work—
"Hunger and Desperation Spreading," He Declares.
more have been thrown out of work
since May. Farm work has provided
some jobs, but unquestionably the
number now out of work is nearly
11,000,000. Our weighted figures of
all trades are: May 22.8 per cent out
of work, June 23.6 per cent. This is
an increase of eight-tenths of one por
cent, while no other month this year
has shown more than three-tenths.
Building Hardest Hit
"In June, according to union re
ports, 63 per cent were out of work
in building, 41 per cent in clothing,
41 per cent in metal ti*ades, 35 per
cent in water transportation (seamen
and longshoremen), 18 per cent in
printing, 18 per cent in street trans
portation (ti-uck drivers). Unem
ployment in building has increased in
June when it normally improves.
"The report for cities shows unem
ployment increasing in 15 of our 24
reporting cities. Detroit and Cleve
land report the highest unemploy
ment, with New York, Paterson, Chi
cago, Buffalo, Pittsburgh and Phila
delphia following closely. The month
has brought serious increases in Den
ver, Baltimore, St. Louis and San
"From all present indications it
looks as if next winter would be
worse than anything we have yet ex
perienced—unless we take the neces
sary constructive measures. Hunger
and despair are spreading unrest
among masses of our people."
000, $45,000, $45,000 and $54,000, and
others down to $10,000.
Southern Pacific—Executive com
mittee chairman $135,000, president
$90,000, executive vice president $36,
000, executive committee vice chair
man $76,500, other executives to a
total of 35 from $31,000 down to
Figures to Go to Senate
Baltimore & Ohio—Forty-two offi
cers getting $10,000 or more each.
President $120,000, senior vice presi
dent $76,500, another vice president
$54,000, another at $45,000.
The total salary roll will be laid
before the senate soon. Couzens got
his information to help him in get
ting an appropriation to enable the
interstate commerce commission to
carry on its work.
Robert G.Taylor Mortuary
Lost to U. S. Treasury In
Oil Tax By Congress*
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Tax
revenue lost by the United" States
treasury through the oversight of
congress in allowing gasoline in pos
session of distributoi's to go untaxed,
as exclusively reported by Interna
tional Labor News Service, has cost
the government $32,000,000, tihe
treasury now officially estimates.
The new law levied no tax against
distributors and whatever gasoline
distributors had on hand on June 21
could be sold by them without the
tax, giving someone a profit of a cent
a gallon above the profit on taxed
On June 9 distributors, having se
cured a treasury ruling, proceeded
to buy enormous quantities of gaso
line. The gasoline did not have to be
moved. All that was necessary was
possession of title.
Funeral Directors
Immediately after publication of
the facts by ILNS a joint resolution
was introduced in congress to remedy
the defects in the law. The joint res
olution was adopted in the house, but
was blocked in the senate. Senator
Smoot, chairman of the senate
finance committee, sought unanimous
consent, but was unable to secure it.
Several senators declared they would
offer amendments if the measure
came up. Among them was Senator
Norris, with a power amendment.
Under these circumstances, lacking
unanimous consent for the resolution
to come up without amendment, it was
abandoned. It was learned this week
that Senator Smoot has given up the
plan to secure action and it is said in
addition that even if action could be
had now it probably would be to no
avail, since the loss had been incurred
and the legislation would be ruled in
valid as retroactive.
Chairs and Tables Rented
17 So. Street
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Quite a good deal has been heard
lately in the halls of congress and
elsewhere about the cost of living
being less today than it was 12, 24
or 36 months ago. Very little is be
ing said about the decreased income
of the people, and still less whenever
possible about the heavy and con
stantly growing tax burden they are
The whole national income to
day, as estimated by statistical
agencies at 57 billion dollars for
the year, is exactly 65.53 per
cent of the same estimated in
come in 1929. In other yords,
wage and salary slashes, with
other causes of loss, reach an
average of 34.47 per cent for the
whole people.
More specifically, the man who in
1929 was making $100 a week is to
day, by this average, making $65.53,
provided he has been able to hold his
job. If he was making $50 a week
then, he is today by this average
making $32.75.
No sane person will contend that
$32.75 or $65.53 will buy as much to
day as would $50 or $100 in 1929.
Lower Cost Mostly Fiction
There have been reductions in
prices of canned foodstuffs and some
articles of clothing. But rents have
scarcely come down an inch, taxes
have increased to the highest peaks
in the nation's history, gasoline is
going up in price by leaps and
bounds, and it costs as much today
to repair an automobile as it did four
or five years ago.
Street car fares are as high as
ever, electric and gas rates are
as high or higher, railroad fares
stand just where they did ,first
class postage is going up by 50
per cent, a newspaper costs just
as much as it did, and federal
taxes are boosting the prices of
movie tickets.
The man who can find where his
expenses are less today than they
were three or four years ago except
by dire economy, deprivation and cur
tailment, belongs in the class of mir
acle men.
All over this country tax hungry
public officials, following the evasions
and subterfuges of congress at this
session, are striving to dodge con
structive and permanent reductions
in the costs of government, and turn
ing to every possible subterfuge to
extort more money from the people.
"Sock" and "Soak" 'Em
With the exception of picayune cuts
in the pay of salaried employes of the
government, congress has refused to
effect retrenchment, reorganization,
consolidation or elimination of dupli
cation in the federal structure.
All over the country—in states,
cities and towns—public authorities
are passing the word along to their
police departments to "sock" and
"soak" motorists on every conceiv
able charge as a means of increasing
their public revenues. Traffic fees
and fines are going up, for no reason
except easy revenue.
Living Cost Reduction Is Not Reality
Taxes, Fines and Fees Pile Up for Population Stricken
With Enormous Levy—"Sock" and "Soak" Rule
Huge Tax Burden Piled Onto
Incomes Shorn By 34 Per Cent
Hordes of policemen rove the
streets to find some overtime parker
or petty violator of a regulation that
he may be hauled into court and $3
or $5 extorted from him for the pub
lic till.
The order has gone out in scores of
states and cities to issue summons to
every man against whom a traffic
complish can be made, even though
he may be clearly in the right, and
the police know him to be so.
The man who strikes an automobile
on an intersection which did not have
the right of way against him finds
himself summoned to court and made
to defend himself with witnesses and
an attorney. He is lucky if with the
loss of his own time, he escapes with
an outlay and loss to himself of less
than $30.
People Tolerate Piracy
If he demands an explanation he is
told it is "the order of the depart
ment" that he be summoned to court.
These departments have found that
many people prefer to pay a fine of
$5 or $10 rather than try to defend
themselves, and through this piracy
are reaping a harvest that does not
appear in the tax assessment.
Police precincts in Washington,
D. C., especially those in the down
town district, are glittering examples
of this species of robbery.
Methods that are being pursued by
Washington police today, as well as
by police elsewhere, are significant of
the things to be found in the new fed
eral tax law, passed by congress,
saddling inexcusable and indefensible
taxes upon the people. These con
gressmen through their methods of
taxation have adopted virtually ^le
same practices that are being fol
lowed by police departments to extort
additional public revenue.
Defeat to Be Penalty
Some of the "strongest" men in
congress—in both senate and house
—admit today they are faced with
overwhelming defeat at the polls this
year. The people are showing a dis
position to throw out the job holders
and pie eaters in office who have
shown no greater genius in govern
men than to devise new means of
piracy and robbery to obtain funds,
rather than effecting constructive re
organization and economy in govern
That tendency is already manifest
among those who have already faced
the voters in recent primaries. The
polls next November give indication
of holding the greatest house-cleaning
in store, irrespective of party, faction
or clique, that the country has known
in a long time.
Harrisburg, Pa, (ILNS)—Officials
of the Pennsylvaitia Federation of
Labor will have ready for introduc
tion before the general assembly re
convenes next Tuesday a whole series
of bills embodying demands of the
federation's emergency convention.
The State Federation of Labor, to
gether with welfare agencies through
out the state, are demanding one hun
dred millions of dollars for direct
A sum of not less than one hun
dred millions of dollars must be ap
propriated or raised by the special
sesson of the general assembly for
the direct relief of the victims of un
employment and industrial depres
sion. It is estimated that this will be
the minimum sum required during the
period until the regular session of the
legislature can vote more funds early
next year.
In addition to direct relief a pro
gram of public works will be in
augurated by the state which will be
financed by bond issues if that is pos
sible. Those employed on public re
lief works will be paid in cash at the
prevailing: established wage rates.
Laws of France Cover
Workers' Children
Paris, France.—A new French la
bor law gives large protection for the
children of the workers in the form
of family allowances.
The law requires every member of
agriculture, industry, commerce, and
the liberal professions to become a
member of a compensation fund or
similar institution to raise the money
necessary for the operation of the
Under the act allowances are pro
vided for every child dependent on
the worker or salaried employe up to
the school-leaving age. If the child
is continuing its studies or has enter
ed apprenticeship, the allowance is
continued to the age of 16. The num
ber of daily allowances must equal
the number of days' work performed.
In the event of temporary or perma
nent disability or in case of death re
sulting from an accident, the allow
ances must be paid in full.
The minister of labor in each de
partment will determine the rate of
the allowance for each child either for
all occupations together or for each
occupational group.
Culinary Workers Add
Members in Chicago
Chicago (ILNS)—Culinary Work
ers organizers have been at work
here during the last 30 days and have
added about 250 new members, en
rolling them in Union No. 25, while
about 200 have been enrolled in the
Cooks' Local Union. The waiters are
holding open meetings. The Interna
tional Union expects to place two new
charters here soon. Organizer Madge
Argo has placed a charter in Carbon
dale, her third in three months, the
others having been at Champaign and
Boston (ILNS)—All arrangements
have been made for the coming con
vention of the twenty-gixth conven
tion of the Hotel and Restaurant Em
ployes' and Beverage Dispensers' In
ternational Union, to be held the week
of August 8. Hotel Bradford has been
selected as headquarters.
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Must Be Gift.
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Though
it was called "a bill with which no
body is satisfied" and with the chance
of a subsequent concurrent resolu
tion to eliminate the provision bar
ring employment of married women
whose husbands work, the so-called
economy bill as passed by the house
was approved this week by the sen
ate, 35 to 11, and went to the white
house to become law.
With less than half of the senate
present, 11 senators opposed adop
tion of the measure. They were: Re
publicans—Blaine, Dale, Davis, La
Follette, Reed and Schall demo
crats—Bulow, Caraway, Copeland,
Lewis and Pittman.
Senator LaFollette, after branding
the measure "a humiliating surrender
by the senate," said he realized fur
ther opposition would be futile, though
he said he would be glad to assume
responsibility for its defeat if that
could be accomplished.
Called "Mongrel" Act
The measure is designed to save
$150,000,000 in the coming fiscal
year. It enforces a 30-day furlough
without pay upon government em
ployes everywhere, except those earn
ing less than $1,000 a year and with
ertain other exceptions, including en
listed personnel of the army, navy
and marine corps. The furlough plan
is equivalent to a salary cut of 8.3 per
cent. The furlough plan was advo
cated by the American Federation of
Labor as the alternative to straight
salary reduction, but, as one spokes
man put it, "We did not approve this
mongrel measure."
Automatic pay increases and pro
motions within grades will cease.
No Overtime Pay
Pay for overtime and Sundays an 1
holidays will cease. Workers now
getting a 10 per cent differential for
night work will get five.
No federal service vacancies will
be filled without written consent of
the president.
Annual leave with pay will be re
duced to 15 days, but not during this
year. This year there is no leave with
Retirement pay will be based on the
annual rate before reductions and de
ductions will be made accordingly.
Retired military officers holding
civilian positions will not be allowed
to draw more than $3,000 a year, in
cluding pensions, though they have
served their entire career with the
stipulation that upon retirement a
definite rate would be paid after re
Will Seek Modification
There is every reason to believe
that upon convening of the new con
gres labor will inaugurate a cam
paign to modify the measure in many
of its important provisions. But for
at least six months the draft as it
stands will be the law.
Come in and see the
models are featuring
«*.* 4 V*
Economy Burden Put On The
Workers in Mongrel Act
less Furloughs But One of Many Ways Federal Em
ployes Will Help Save $150,000,000—Overtime Work
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Unless there is modification by
resolution, employed couples must
choose which will continue to work
for the government and in many
cases must choose which will work at
all. Department heads who are able
to save by economies will not be al
lowed to use their savings to main
tain employment, but must turn the
money into the treasury. Depart
ment heads also must enforce as
many workless days as possible, in
addition to the mandatory 30-day fur
lough without pay.
Jacksonville, Fla. (ILNS)—Flor
ida's hideous "sweatbox," used to
torture prisoners used on road work,
has again brought the state into the
limelight with a renewal Of prison
camp scandal.
The death of a prisoner following
torture in the sweatbox—an iron coop
under which a fire is built—has re
sulted in indictment of two officials.
The dead prisoner was confined in
the box, held with a chain around his
neck and in stocks. He is believed to
have been too exhausted to stand
longer. His sagging weight suffo
cated him.
Whether this revival of interest in
the ancient terror of the camps will
bring about its abolishment remains
to be seen.
Increase May Result in No
Cash Gain
New York City (ILNS))—Inquir
ies under way here indicate the pos
sibility that 3-cent postage may yield
the government less than was earned
by 2-cent postage.
A decided trend away from first
class postage is revealed in an article
in Printers' Ink, recounting discov
eries of merchandise planning under
the new postage.
Companies doing a national mailing
business are planning to use third
class postage instead of first class
and an enormous bulk of mail will be
switched under this one heading. So
called direct mail advertising will ap
parently go third class henceforth.
Already a decided drop in first class
mail volume is reported.
It is found that a number of util
ities are planning to hire men to de
liver their bills, eliminating postage
In some communities, it is found,
private companies are being formed
to deliver mail at less than first class
postage. Western Union is offering
somewhat this type of service.
New 7-tube Philco in six-leg
highboy cabinet with Twin
Electro-Dynamic Speakers,
Automatic Volume Control
and many oth«r improvements.
A real value!
new Philcos, just received! T.ho Infest
Shadow Tuning, Twin Electro-L ...
Speakers, Tuning Silencer, Automatic
Volume Control, Tone Control, Philco
High Efficiency Tubes and many other
developments. Be sure to see and hear
these new record-breaking values!
Prices from $36,50 to $295
l&t u» give you a demonstration
Hiqh in Quality -Low in Trice,
W 1

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