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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, July 15, 1932, Image 1

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VOL. XXXII. No. 14
Practically every legislature, of
which there will be 44 in session, will
be faced this winter with the neces
sity of levying higher state taxes.
The states are confronted with defi
cits and depleted revenues, just as is
the federal government.
This means that the tax load will
increase in 1933 as compared with
1932, and that a larger part of pri
vate income, earnings and wages,
must go to meet the costs of govern
Decreases that can be looked for
through economies, and through mer
gers and elimination of governmental
functions, appear now to be very
Revenues of the federal govern
ment under the new tax law are esti
mated in several informed quarters
to point to a prospective deficit of
about $500,000 as compared with the
sum which the measure was expected
to produce. This means that addi
tional taxes must also l6 laid by the
federal government.
Plan Sales Taxes
Some of the states are already
making up schedules of prospective
sales taxes on merchandise and com
modities which will be presented to
their legislatures for passage at the
sessions this winter. Congress is ex
pected to turn likewise to sales taxes,
with the result that a tremendous
load of additional costs will be put
upon articles and commodities which
the people consume, with a higher
range of prices.
It can scarcely be expected that
these additional taxes will be loaded
merely upon luxuries. The need for
revenue is too great, and its bulk too
large, to be carried by the volume of
luxuries which the country may be
expected to consume in the course of
the year.
In consequence, there is the pros
pect of still higher gasoline taxes,
and larger taxes on a great many
things that can be classed as neces
sities of life.
Taxes now are taking $1.17 out of
every five-dollar bill that is spent, and
to that extent absorbing the wages,
salaries and income of the people, and
increasing the cost of living.
Cities Must Pay
Higher taxes will be drawn largely
from industries where people are em
ployed, and from the people of towns
and cities, for the reason that farms
and agricultural regions are unable
to pay the present load of taxes, and
the revenue raising possibilities from
them have been completely exhausted.
Increases in taxes upon farms
would merely increase the number of
forfeitures and foreclosures for un
paid taxes. At the same time, higher
taxes upon industries will have an ef
fect upon employment and upon the
standards of wages and salaries that
can be paid.
Relatively little has been done by
the federal government to reduce the
Men Attention
Walk-Over Boot Shop
214 High Street
Ambulance Service
Phone 3f
Higher State Taxes in Sight
Sales Levies Being Planned
Forty-fwir Legislatures to Meet This Winter and Most
of Them Will Seek New Revenues to Replenish De
pleted Treasuries, Adding Levies on Cities.
Robert G.Taylor Mortuary
size of its structure, or to carry out
retrenchment, merger and elimination
within governmental departments.
The services of government today are
more expensive than they have ever
been before, and are falling hardest
upon the average man.
Many Duplicate Services
The federal government has today
ten departments and 175 independent
commissions, boards and bureaus,
many of which overlap, or perform
functions which might easily be
merged, or placed into one of the de
partments, without material injury to
the public service.
These things are serving to in
crease taxes, and to create the neces
sity for still higher taxes.
The average citizen has little
knowledge as to how or where the
government structure should be trim
med. He listens often to "lip-service"
to economy and retrenchment, but he
seldom sees any of it carried into
It is generally recognized in Wash
ington that high taxes are playing
larger part among the issues in the
national election this year than any
other single factor, and they are ex
pected to play just as large a part
in state elections.
Less Costly Government
In the old times when government
was simple, all the ruler had to do
when he wanted more money was to
raise taxes. So long as the more or
less loyal taxpayers didn't object, this
plan was successful.
But today a different theory is in
operation. Instead of taking all that
the people have to pay, there is an
energetic demand that governments
be run for less cost, and that taxes
come down in corresponding fashion
Campaign Winds Up With
Its Goal Reached
New York City (ILNS)—One mil
lion jobs have been found by the War
Against Depression campaign and
"finis" has just been written to the
greatest employment campaign in
history. But the close of the cam
paign finds more unemployed than
ever, demonstrating, it is agreed, that
the finding of jobs cannot cure a con
dition in which there are not enough
jobs for those who need them.
During the campaign, which was
launched formally on February 15,
the American Legion, American Fed
eration of Labor and Association of
National Advertisers co-operated as
sponsors. Financing was by volun
tary contribution. Among those who
contributed were Amelia Earhart
Putnam and Col. Charles A. Lind
Funeral Directors
Mark T. McKee was executive di
rector, representing the American
Legion. Carl Byoir, associate chair
man of the war-time committee on
public information and one of the
nation's ablest publishers, was direc
tor of organization. Matthew Woll
was director of the division of labor,
and Chester M. Wright, editor of In
ternational Labor News Service, was
director of the labor press section,
in charge of labor news and publicity.
Nationally labor's activity ceased
on May 1, but central labor bodies
throughout the country continued to
function to the end.
J. Cheever Cowdin, vice president
of Bancamerica-Blair Corporation, a
remarkable character of progressive
views, was treasurer. Lee H. Bristol,
president of the Association of
ational Advertisers, represented
that organization. One of the most
active figures in the whole campaign
and, with Barl Byoir originator of the
idea, was Roy Dickinson, assistant
editor and vice president of Printers'
Ink. Commander Henry L. Stevens
of the American Legion, was general
chairman, but the burden of the work
fell upon McKee and the division
The labor press, 900 daily newspa
pers, 700 magazines, bill broad plant
owners and car card owners were
among those who co-operated gen
Chairs and Tables Rented
17 So. Street
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(Copyright, W. H. 1/
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—United
States government compulsory un
employment insurance is disapprov
ed but other protective measures are
approved by the select committee of
the ?ei ate which has just formulated
a report after mon. i:F of inquiry.
Senators Hebert, Rhode Island, and
Glenn, Illinois, sign the entire report.
Senator Wagner, New York, agrees
with most of it, including disapproval
of compulsory federal unemployment
The report recommends establish
ment of voluntary unemployment re
serve funds by industries in conjunc
tion with their employes, or state leg
islation compelling creation of such
reserve funds by industries.
Must Be "Some Program"
"Ultimately, at least, the states
should formulate some program," the
report declares, holding there is little
likelihood of universal adoption of
voluntary reserve systems. It is urg
ed that state laws be sufficiently gen
eral and elastic to prevent various
systems so as to find the best by va
ried experience.
Federal insurance is held imprac
tical and the position of the American
Federation of Labor is cited at length
as opposed to compulsory federal un
employment insurance.
It is proposed that the federal gov
ernment contribute to the extent of
deducting some portion, if not all, of
the contributions of employers to re
serve systems from their income tax
Senator Wagner, in a supplemental
statement expressing agreement with
most of the report, recommends that
instead of deducting sums set aside
for unemployment reserves from in
come as a basis for federal tax, 30
per cent of such sums should be de
ducted from the tax itself, a material
difference in tax exemption. He would
have also "a federal integrated sys
tem of state operated employment
Covers Wide Field
The report discusses at length
those schools of thought which hold:
1—That unemployment is a so
cial phenomenon, not due to in
dustrial causes, and therefore an
obligation upon the federal gov
ernment, instead of upon the
states or industry.
2—That unemployment is due
to industrial causes and that in
dustry itself should have oppor
tunity to evolve a remedy.
The report deals at length also
with the new Wisconsin law and with
the recommendations of governors of
New York, Massachusetts, Ohio, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania and Connecti
cut, urging compulsory establishment
of state-wide reserve systems.,
Much consideration is given to
trade union systems of unemployment
local and local union plans are re
ported more successful than national
plans. It is pointed out that "insur
ance" is not a proper term, inasmuch
i A i S a s
no sound actuarial basis can be
established in relation to unemploy
ment, at least until there has been
further experience.
A Faithful Follower
Federal Unemployment Insurance
Fails to Win Senate Suppor
Committee Holds Voluntary Plans Best Meet Needs
Hebert, Glenn and Wagner Issue Findings After Long
Study, Agreeing Against Compulsory U. S. System.
Difficulties are pointed out, among
them the relation of individuals to
employment and to unemployment.
Attention is called to the fact that
the last hired generally are the first
laid off and also to the early lay-off
of the less efficient.
Machines Biggest Problem
Technological unemployment, or the
displacement of men by machines, is
pointed to as the most serious factor
in the unemployment situation. The
report goes so far as to hold that lim
itation of working hours, or shorten
ing of the work-week, or both, may
be necessary if employment does not
otherwise improve.
"We must have recourse either to
the establishment of reserves com
pulsorily maintained by industries,"
the report concludes, "to which em
ployes may contribute in pursuance of
state legislation, or voluntary re
serves maintained by industries them
selves with the co-operation of their
employes. Upon neither of these al
ternatives can congress legislate ef
fectively, in our opinion it can only
Industry Needs Driving
"The ideal solution, to our minds,
would be the establishment of re
serves by private industries in con
junction with their employes, each
plant employer taking care of his own
employes, at the same time fostering
and encouraging the maintenance of
those systems of unemployment
benefits which the workers themselves
have maintained for many years.
"But again, the experience of the
past demonstrates, to our satisfaction
at least, that industry will not, at
least for a long time, if ever, take
upon itself, without compulsion, the
establishment of such reserves. There
fore, we conclude that ultimately, at
least, the states should formulate
some program."
Goes Dripping Wet for Sen
ate Nominee
Raleigh, N. C. (ILNS)—North Car
olina, traditionally the nation's driest
state at the ballot box in spite of the
unquestioned prosperity of its liquor
industry, has gone wet.
The defeat handed Senator Camer
on Morrison, of Charlotte, wealthy
dry, by Robert B. Reynolds, six-foot
Asheville lawyer, who has far more
courage than money, in the run-off
primary of July 2 is about the most
overwhelming and impressive handed
any major candidate by Tar Heel
voters during the present century.
mountaineer piled
up a plurality of more than 100,000
votes in Saturday's battle of ballots
When young Reynolds announced
that he had an idea of going to the
United States senate, the fraternity
of professional politicians paid small
heed to the matter. But when he
dared the thunder and lightning by
announcing a platform that called for
plain out repeal of so-called prohibi
tion, a state sat up and took notice
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Senator Morrison, who is said to be
not adverse to a drink of good liquor
in spite of his dry pronouncements,
sought to ignore the challenger for
his toga. The Morrison campaign set
up undertook to dismiss Reynolds and
his demand for calling a halt to the
farce of national prohibition by call
ing the Asheville candidate a clever
"Clown" is People's Choice
But North Carolina politics as
sumed national prominence when the
democrats marched to the polls on
June 4 and cast 15,000 more votes for
the Asheville "clown," who right out
in meeting said that prohibition
should be repealed, than they gave to
the former governor. Morrison, who
thought he was sitting pretty in the
senate for the rest of his natural life,
received the surprise and shock of
his long political career when the re
sults of that primary began to drift
into the voting centers of the state.
As soon as he had recovered in part
from his amazement, the senator who
is on record as defending the thieving
power trusts as "benevolent institu
tions," declared he wanted a second
primary. He felt certain there had
been some mistake.
Second primaries are not customary
in North Carolina. In a great ma
jority of cases, the runner-up is good
sport enough to concede the nomina
tion to the high man. A dozen years
ago Senator Morrison, who sought to
be governor of North Carolina,
criticized his closest opponent in the
primary for putting the state to the
unnecessary expense of holding a sec
ond primary. But a dozen years
sufficed to change Senator Morrison's
viewpoint on the matter.
Adds Burden of Cost
The second primary was held. It
cost a state that is hard up and needs
all its spare dough to pay its school
teachers and run its institutions of
higher learning something like $104,
000 to hold that second primary.
Reynolds was standing on a plat
form that called for immediate repeal
of the biggest piece of legal hypoc
risy in American legislative annals.
Morrison was the candidate of the
perennial drys.
Senator Morrison set up in the
state capital a well-organized and ex
ceedingly active campaign headquar
ters. The politicians and the press,
the church organizations and the
Anti-Saloon League got busy as never
before. The women were relied upon
to hold the fort for Senator Mor
rison and prohibition.
Reynolds, too, moved his headquar
ters to Raleigh.
Labor for Reynolds
But the voters went for prohibition
repeal with a majority that has
thrilled the nation. Far in excess of
200,000 voters declared Reynolds their
choice, and in so doing gave concrete
evidence of their disgust with the pro
hibition farce.
The overwhelming victory of the
mountaineer is regarded as a distinct
victory for organized labor. With
the exception of Charlotte Central La
bor Union, the central bodies of the
state were actively interested in the
nomination of Reynolds.
North Carolina democracy has
gone wet, and howl
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Washington.—In an editorial in the
American Federationist on "The Com
ing Election," William Green, presi
dent of the American Federation of
Labor, takes the position that voters
should not favor candidates for offices
in the federal government who do not
declare themselves for measures mak
ing jobs for all a reality. The edi
torial follows:
"Even though we may, for the
most part, be unconscious of its func
tioning, the federal government is a
most fundamental force, shaping and
conditioning life for all of us.
"If we lost our confidence in, be
little and restrict our federal agen
cies, we limit their capacity to serve
our needs.
"At no time in our nation's history
was good government more indispen
sable than now.
"At no time have governmental
issues so directly affected problems
of life and work for all.
"Of foremost importance to each
are those representatives elected by
the people to constitute the senate
and the house of representatives to
formulate national policies.
"Upon the wisdom and vision of
these persons depend the ability of
our nation collectively to discern the
needs of our citizens and to deter
mine how best to provide the required
"There is nothing mysterious about
government or its techniques.
"It is an agency for co-ordinating
action upon matters of collective con
"The executive and legislative func
tions are delegates to representatives
of our choosing.
"It is concerned with the problems
of living tog'ether, our intercourse
with the peoples of other nations, col
"Practical principles are as simple
lectively and as individuals.
as the facts of life.
"When they are befogged and com
plicated, it is because some one has
been trying to divert policies from the
purpose of collective service to a spe
cial process that will give special
privilege to a few.
"The United States and all other
countries are confronted with emer
gency situations more dangerous than
"We have to conquer abnormal
powers that threaten institutions cre
ated by centuries of experience.
"The key to this situation is pro
viding men and women with an op
portunity to earn the necessaries of
"The problem is an elemental one.
"Progress in solving it has meant
progress in civilization. We must
againn solve it for our ten and one
half millions of unemployed persons
in the United States.
Green Says Jobs For All Is Main
Issue In This Year's Election
President of American Federation of Labor Asserts That
Citizens Should Vote For Only Those Candidates Who
Positively Declare Themselves in Favor of the Right
to Work*
FOR ONLY $49.$0
This isn't
NK hy consider unknown, inferior
washers when you can get this nation'
ally known THOR at such a remark
ably low price?
a cheap washer, built to mII
at a price.
is the standard Thor
Model No. I. completely rebuilt at the
Thor factory
carrying a ne-w ma­
"At present it is not possible to
solve this problem by normal meth
"Individual employers and com
panies are unable to move against
the world-wide drift.
Upon the federal government rests
responsibility for finding how to
make jobs available and having the
program carried out.
"The pressing question to frat to
every candidate who asks to be elect
ed to membership in our federal gov
ernment is, How do you propose to
make it possible for all to have jobs
"The reply to this question should
decide whether the candidate deserves
the confidence of the voters in the
coming elections."
Washington, D. C.
Stewart had all the look of a land
mark around the department of la
bor. But, though possessed of a
presidential appointment marked good
until March, 1933, he has been forced
into retirement under the new legis
lation. He says he has plans for
much Work. At 75 he is active and
filled with energy. Friends would not
be surprised to find him writing one
or more books.
Sales of automobiles continue to
show a rising trend in newest trade
reports. May sales of passenger ve
hicles rose to 131,000 vehicles, accord
ing to a report by R. L. Polk & Co.
This marks a gain of 11,000 units
over the preceding month and a rate
of increase of 9 per cent.
chine guarantee It has a baked-on vit
reous enamel tub.
THIRB Hlqh in Quality-Low inTrice.
tFjypww^w"-™ r-j$
General Electric
Motor, Lovdl Pressure Cleanser with
oversize rolls
and a completely enclosed
Don't risk your money on "price"*
washers. Buy this Thor
landmark gone.
Ethelbert Stewart, who has been in
the department of labor as long as
there has been a department of la
bor and who was in the old labor
bureau before there was a depart
ment, has been retired.
The new economy act got Stewart,
who looks like Mark Twain and who
knows labor statistics inside out and
who can make them lie down, roll over
and do both the inside and outside
Stewart had been given two exten
sions of time, but this time there was
no extension. He asked newspaper
men not to say he was retired, but to
say he had "a tin can tied to his coat
Appointed special agent of the old
Labor Bureau in 1887, Stewart
climbed along until he became com
missioner of labor statistics, giving
the United States the best and most
thorough labor statistics in the world.
be sure
you have the best that money can b^".

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