tinder the present form of our sys
tem for the production of wealth, la
bor-displacing machinery is intro
duced solely for the financial benefit
of those who own and control indus
try and seek to live on dividends and
The disastrous effect of this policy
on the workers is strikingly shown in
the survey made by the Bureau of
Labor Statistics of the U. S. Depart
ment of Labor of the number of
Morse telegraphers' jobs destroyed by
the printer telegraph.
In the larger offices the printer
telegraph has enabled the employers
to dismiss 50
In addition, employers have taken
advantage of the surplus of workers
to substitute low-wage printer tele
graphers for the skilled Morse tele
grapher. "The skill and training
characteristic of Morse operators,"
the bureau's report says, "are sup
planted by ability simply to operate
a keyboard adapted to telegraphic
purposes.' The result of the lack of
skill required to operate the printer
telegraph and the determination of
employers to use the machine for
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Phone 8047-J 223 Washington St.
their own profit are shown by the fact
that in the offices investigated by the
bureau the proportion of male oper
ators has been reduced from about 80
per cent to about 40 per cent of the
In discussing the general results on
the telegraphers of the introduction of
the printer telegragh the bureau
"The effects of change to printer
operations are by no means limited
to a reduction of the number of oper
ators otherwise necessary. Techno
logical displacement includes, in this
case, not only a decline in the num
ber of opportunities for employment,
but also other changes of considerable
social importance. These are the pass
ing of an historic type or class, the
Morse telegrapher the elimination of
a long-established technique requir
ing highly specialized skill and train
ing and the supplanting of men by
"While the Morse telegraphers
have been confronting a rapid declipe
in the demand for their services in
commercial telegraph offices, they
have also encountered a decrease of
opportunities for transfer to related
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fields, such as railroad telegraphy. At
the same time, they have met several
obstacles in the way of their becom
ing operators of printer telegraphs.
The chief of these has been the rivalry
of young girls expertly trained in the
handling of the typewriter."
Organized labor has a positive rem
edy for the disastrous effects on the
workers of labor-displacing machinery
so poignantly described by the Bureau
of Labor Statistics.
The remedy is that the length of
the work day and work week~shall be
reduced in all industries as rapidly
as machinery is introduced and to
whatever extent may be necessary to
provide jobs for all the workers.
Employers refuse quite generally to
recognize this demand of labor for
the right to work. The existence of
an army of over ten million unem
ployed does not move them to change
their reactionary policy. They stick
to it with the persistency that the
slave owners stuck to the slave labor
system in the last generation.
Ultimately the slave owners lost
Ultimately our capitalists will lose.
They should learn a lesson from his
When dividends are not paid the
investor does not lose his investment
but when wages are not paid the
wage earner loses all means of sup
porting his family. Therefore, it is
better ethics to reduce or omit divi
dends than to reduce or omit wage
Ohio State Ffdevation of Labor Label
THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS
WHAT IS SUCCESS?
It's doing your job the best you can,
And being just to your fellow man
It's making money, bat holding
And staying true to your aims and
It's figuring how and learning why,
And looking forward and thinking
It's daring blithely the Held of chance,
While making labor a brave romance
It's going onward despite defeat,
And fighting staunchly but keeping
It's being clean and playing fair,
Ignito Lump Coal
Ignito Egg Coal
is not far away. Be prepared with a bin full of
Do you know that IGNITO COAL is lower in ash
and higher in heat units than the ordinary coal?
Every pound is guaranteed to be satisfactory or we
will take it out and refund your money.
We must be pretty sure of it to back It up with
such an ironclad guarantee.
It's laughing lightly at Dame Despair
It's looking up at the stars abvoe,
And drinking deeply of Life and
It's sharing sorrow and work and
And making better this good old
Watch for This
In Your Favorite
It Means Your Safety
Local No. 136,1. A. T. 8. E. & M. P. M. O.
It's serving, striving, through strain
It's doing your noblest—that's Stu$»
Don't criticize others if you are the
sort of a union man who fails to
spend his union-earned money fo*
Advertise in The Press.
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