'I About 40 years ago at the thir
teenth annual convention of the
'American Federation of Labor, held
in Chicago, Henry D. Lloyd read a
paper before the delegates entitled,
"The Safety of the Future Lies in
OVS?*, 4\r*\ rw v r?
DRINK MORE MILK
Organized Labor." His text was bas
ed on the proposition that never be
fore huVC the working people the
"light, the right and the might" that
they have now. Then he asked, "What
are they going to do with it?"
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Congratulates Labor on its
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Also Whipping Cream
Cottage Cheese, But
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725 East Ave. Phone 40
Coal Is Money!
The money you pay out for coal when you buy it
here is not just so much money burned up—
rather it is a definite amount of your income in
vested in delivered heat. It is our business to see
that you get satisfactory returns for the money
you have invested, and we believe our customers
will stand back of our claims that we do.
The Valley Ice Co.
Time has flown on restless wings
since the day that paper was read,
but many of the ills complained of
then are still without remedies, al
though organized labor has made
mighty strides forward in that time.
Lloyd, in his speech, warned his I
hearers about "looking back to the
good old days," pointing out that the
"good old days" he had in mind were
those where the workers had plenty
of employment, but at the same time
were hardly better off than the serfs
USE PURE CREAM
THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS
of Russia. The workers were hardly
citizens and received scant considera
tion from government powers.
If we look back, Lloyd said, it is
because we have lost the virtue to
look forward. Like Lot's wife, if we
drift from our present duties, we will
turn to pillars of salt—and a salt that
has lost its savor.
In other words, the man who is
free and would remain free must
keep moving. That has been the spirit
of organized labor. The observation
made 40 years ago in respect to ec
nornic conditions, and labor's part in
them, are strikingly similar today.
The same ills confront us, and while
tho so-called remedies are numerou
none of them has effected a cure
The question of a "living wag
in the earlier days, as Lloyd says,
was as important as it is now more
in fact, because trade unions then
wt re just beginning to put the prin
ipie of the living wage into the "bill
rights of the workers."
The workers then knew, as they
know now, that if the principle of tl
living wage was destroyed it meant
the destruction of the organized labor
And it can be said that this prin
ciple is still the motivating force
organized labor, although employe)
-some of them—and economists at
ginning to realize that the "living
wage" theory is the keystone to any
immunity's or industry's prosperity
Organized labor goes a step farthi
than the theory of a living wage, and
-ays that following the principle
the living wage itself. In other wor
mployment. The inalienable right
The so-called workers' "insurr
in England in the late Victori
period, started by the miners, was
defiance of the long-established tl
ory of big business that wages shoi:
follow "price," something that ev
today organized labor is fightim
The workers demanded that the co.-i
if a decent living should become
fixed charge on ,industry. A "1
line" was established, below wh
employers were warned not to go.
Price knows no law but that
competition in its ups and dow
Labor decided that it was not a cl
in a gambling game and refused 1
I u"er to assume that roll. Since tl
clay the industrial battles which
been fought have been around tl
Since the early '90's organized
Ibor has battled long and diligen
to establish the American standi
of living. The sporadic assaults
this standard by the short-sigh
have brought sharp protest not o
from organized labor, but from
1 wise ones of industry.
Thrusts against living standai
through wage reductions, are num
ous, the enemy taking advantage "f
unemployment to force their deman
Here is where organization stan
as a bulwark against such inroads
As in the earlier days, along with
the cry of unemployment, was the
moan of "overproduction." As Lloyd
told the workers 40 years ago, "the
declaration tof independence yester
day meant self-government to day it
means self-employment, which is but
another kind of
And so it is.
Yet today there are thousand
starving with farm products rotting
for lack of buyers shoe factories art
silent with people barefoot clothing
factories and stores are deserted and
people wearing rags. All this is in
consistent with American manhood
The whole situation is impossible
and, as has been pointed out by la
bor leaders, no human society can
hold together on such terms.
It was the same in the Victorian
days of which Lloyd spoke to the
Chicago convention. Churches open
ed their doors to the homeless soup
kitchens were opened for the hungry
and destitute garrets and basements
ransacked for clothing and shoes for
the needy "made" work was provid
ed for the jobless, and the same activ
ities apparent then as we are seeing
today. It is all kindness, to be sure,
but no problem was solved by it then
iind none is being solved now.
The solution is not being tackled in
the right way. It is no easy job it
takes thought and drastic action to
!»ring about a solution. Unemploy
ment in a land of industry and hun
er in a land of fatness are
The question of the machine in in
dustry is a crucial one. One machine
i an turn more men out of jobs than
all the charity organizations in a
community can take care of. That's
a problem worth solving. No worker
ever needed to belong to a trade
union so much as right now. His|
economic salvation depends on it.
The worker must make his ownl
place in the sun. Nobody else will do
it for him. Henry D. Lloyd's advice
40 years ago is as good now as it was|
I then.—The Journeyman Barber.
ONLY KWYEARS AGO
There was not a public library in|
the United States.
Almost all the furniture was im
ported from England.
An old copper mine. In Connecticut!
was used as a prison.
There was one hat factory, and|
that made cocked hats.
Every gentleman wore a queue and|
powdered his hair.
Crockery plates were objected to|
because they dulled the knives.
Virginia contained a fifth of the
whole population of the country.
A gentleman bowing to a lady al
ways scraped his foot on the ground.
The whipping post and pillory were
still standing in Boston ami New
Buttons were scarce and expensive,
and trousers vere fastened with pegs
—In the Journeyman Barber.
1 6 4
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