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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, September 30, 1932, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1932-09-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XXXII. No. 25
New York City (ILNS.)—Broadcast
ing on a program with J. Cheever,
original self-liquidating plan booster,
U. S. Senator Warren J. Barbour, New
Jersey, this week pointed out that 11
weeks have passed since Congress
made available the funds for self-li
quidating projects in the emergency
relief act. "I urge immediate action by
the Reconstruction Finance Corpora
tion," he declared. Possible projects,
he said, would employ 1,500,000 work
ers. "Delay in placing the contracts
means delay in getting these 1,500,
000 men on pay rolls," he said.
Senator Barbour was one of the
most active men in the senate, with
Senator Wagner, in pushing this
measure through over great obstacles.
"I am for the shorter week," Sen
ator Barbour declared. "I am a firm
believer in the spreading of work. It
is far better to have 27,000,000 people
employed working 30 hours a week
than 20,000,000 employed working 45
hours a week. It means not only in
creased buying power, but it is of tre
mendous importance in restoring con
"However," the Senator continued,
"I take no arbitrary stand on a 30
hour week. Some businesses no doubt
can use a 30-hour week. Others prob
ably cannot. But the principle of the
In Million Dollar Trade
With Reds
New York City (ILNS). First
crude oil, beginning payments on a
million dollars worth of products
bought from the aluminum Co. of
Canada, Ltd., has been unloaded in
Canada from soviet Russia, putting
Andrew W. Mellon and the bolsheviks
into a business partnership. The
Aluminum Co. of Canada, Ltd., is
Mellon controlled.
The deal has aroused tremendous
interest. Mellon has been regarded as
a staunch opponent of dealings with
Russia under the reds. Unless the
deal just made his big company will
furnish aluminum wire.
Plan Big Barter Program
That the Mellon firm should trade
wire for oil is regarded as surprising
because of Mellon's interest in Gulf
Oil. The bolshevik oil will be refined
in Canada by he LaSalle Oil Co. It
probably will not enter the United
States market, but it is pointed out
that the Canadian market cannot be
switched around without reflecting
upon oil marketing in the U. S.
The reds have been working on vast
plans for bartering Russian products
for equipment made in the United
States and the American Manufac
turers' Export Association has been
formulating plans for taking bolshevik
products, which would be warehoused,
the warehouse receipts serving as
bankable paper. The proposal is
Men Attention
Speed Self-Liquidating Contracts,
Put Men at Work, Barbour Says
Senator, Driving Force in Enactment of Law, Holds Mil
lion and Half Can Be Put on Pay Rolls and Urges
Haste—Shorter Work Week Called Necessity in Re
storing Employment.
Walk-Over Boot Shop
214 High Street
Ambulance Service
Phone 35
shorter work-week as a remedy for
unemployment I am for, and most
heartily so.
"Let us get these 10,000,000 or 12,
000,000 men and women back on pay
rolls. Let us shorten the work-week
and spread employment. Let us all
join hands ctnd speed economic re
Referring to the drive of the Amer
ican Legion, American Federation of
Labor and Association of National
Advertisers last spring to find em
ployment for 1,000,000 persons and
its success on July 1, Mr. Cowdin
warned that "this, however, did not
stem the unemployment tide." He
"At the end of this phase of the
drive there were more people out of
jobs than when the drive bagan. To
day there are close to 12,000,000 peo
ple who are idle who must be re
turned to work. To reduce this num
ber not by 1,000,000, nor by 2,000,
000, but by several million is the
task which the American Legion and
the other organizations have been
striving for.
"We are endeavoring to educate
the American public and business to
the necessity of adopting what is
known as the shorter work-week."
that only goods not made in the
United States be taken in barter, but
the Mellon oil deal throwB any such
promise under a cloud.
Many Produces Offered
The reds are offering oil, coal and
many staple manufactured products,
this output being the direct result of
development brought about by the
five-year plan. The whole project of
fers to American labor an issue of
tremendous importance.
Soviet purchases in America last
year dropped from $103,000,000 to
$35,000,000 and manufacturers who
have no concerns as to political con
sequences are all "steamed up" in the
effort to get back the bolshevik or
ders which can be switched from
nation to nation at a moment's no
tice, to suit bolshevik policies.
In Employment in Month's
Report for August
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Ex
pectation that employment will show
a gain for August when the onth's
figures are made public next week is
indicated at the U. S. Department of
Labor, based on trade revival figures
for the past 60 days.
It is not expected the gains will
offset the drop recorded by 16 ma
jor groups in July, but it is hoped the
figures will show that unemployment
has not only hit bottom, tot is on the
road back.
The Department of Labor makes
no estimate on volume of unemploy
luent, but the American Federation of
Labor, using the Labor Department
index and its own state reports, has
estimated that there are more than
11,000,000 jobless now.
Robert G.Taylor Mortuary
Pennsylvania factory employment
reported to have gained 2 per cent
August, with payroll gains of near
5 per cent, by the Philadelphia
Federal Reserve Bank.
South River, N. J. (ILNS!.*—r A
mob of 3,000 surrounded and held for
hours this town's police force of
14 and some 40 special police sworn in
the mayor. The police barricaded
themselves in borough hall. In the
course of disorders a 9-year-old boy
was shot and killed and a 13-year-old
boy hurt. Following the shooting the
special police were arrested. Thirty
wore freed, but the rest were held
when guns were found on them. They
were entitled to carry only night
sticks. Out of the trouble has come
an investigation fa the needle mdus
try here.
Funeral Directors
Chairs and Tables Rented
17 So. Street
i iiirti|^ijiriT?iy"ifffmiiriiTfr
Boston—Turning at least a large
percentage of the millions of jobless
into wage receivers by a wide distri
bution of available work is the sur
est step toward the restoration of
normal economic conditions, accord
ing to Walter C. Teagle, president
of the Standard Oil Co., of New Jer
sey, chairman of the Share-the-Work
Movement of the Federal Reserve
Banking and Industrial Committees
set up by President Hoover's recent
conference to mobilize business men
and bankers to restore business pros
"We face the winter with at least
10,000,000 men and women out of
work," Mr. Teagle told the Fourth
Annual Conference on Retail Distri
bution here. "Charity funds, both pri
vate and public, are increasingly dif
ficult to raise. The tax power of
States and communities to raise funds
for public improvements to make
work for their unemployed is rapidly
approaching an embarrassing point."
Opposed to Charity
"I am sure we are all agreed," he
continued, "that neither charity nor
the dole—for that is what much of
the 'made work' virtually amounts
to—is any permanent or satisfactory
solution of the unemployment prob
lem, from the standpoint either of
the community or the individual.
"We must get the men and women
of America back into regular jobs of
a nature to fit their training and
temperaments, because there they
work most effectively and because
only such an adjustment holds prom
ise of stability.
Standard Oil Head Says Employers Should Re
duce Hours and Earnings of Workers With
Jobs to Provide Work For Idle-Breakdown
of Private and Public Charity and Strain On
All Parties Benefitted
"To be sound, a movement must
benefit all parties involved. The
share-the-work movement meets this
requirement. It is to the advantage
of the worker because he enjoys
greater job security by job sharing,
it is to the advantage of the employ
er because work-spreading will make
for quicker business recovery thru
widespread spending, and it is to the
advantage of the community and the
country at large because it will re
lieve the drain on community funds
and tend to reduce the excessive
taxes which have been piling up on
Increased Spending Power
"National spending power," Mr.
Teagle told the conference, "can be
restored quickly only by the two
factors in the situation—the employ
ers who, today, have work to be done,
and the men and women who are
working for them.
Divide Available Work
"The employers can do their part
by working out ways and means of
spreading available work over a larg
er number of workers, through some
plan of staggering, or dividing, or
rotating, the work some plan which
fits the peculiarities of their type
of enterprise.
"The workers can do their part by
accepting whatever temporary sacri
At the Fair
Teagle Explains Share-the-Work
Plan to Restore Prosperity
Taxation Makes Plan Imperative—Witt Cost
Employers Very Little.
face of immediate income is entailed
in sharing their work with those now
out of work."
Hours and Earnings Cut
When Mr. Teagle's share-the-work
committee was organized at the con
clusion of the President's business
conference in Washington it was re
ported the entire committee was op
posed to disturbing the earnings of
those now at work and that provid
ing jobs for the jobless should not
be brought about by cutting the
earnings of those on payrolls.
Mr. Teagle's speech did not con
firm this report. In fact, in answer
ing the question, "What will the
share-the-work plan cost the employ
ers?" he declared it woul4 cost them
practically nothing. Hourly wage
rates, he explained, would not be dis
turbed, but the number of hours of
those now employed would be re
duced, and the saving in wages thus
made used to employ more persons.
"You pay for the hours worked,"
he said, "or the work accomplished
by each worker, not for the number of
workers. You ai*e not 'making' work
You are merely dividing the present
volume of work over more workers. It
is simply a further division of the
wage dollar."
"I am finding," he added, "that
where employers get the picture
cleai-ly in their minds of just what
this share-the-work movement means,
and the impetus it is bound to give
to business, they grow broad-minded
in their thinking. They see that un
employment cannot cure itself it
must be cured by taking definite steps
to create a wider spending power
through a wider distribution of
Workers' Contribution
To illustrate his claim that the em
ployed workers would have drastic
cuts in earnings imposed upon them
while the employers would contribute
nothing but a microscopic increase
in overhead, Mr. Teagle set up an
employer with four employes paid
$125 per month each. He said the em
ployes could live on $100 per month
The remaining $25 they either de
posited in banks or spent in ways not
stimulating to business.
Under his plan, he explained, the
employer would not molest the hour
ly rates of pay, but would reduce the
monthly earnings of each of the four
employes $25 by reducing the number
of hours worked 20 per cent, so that
the monthly earnings of each would
be $100 instead of $125. This reduc
tion in earnings he went on, would
give the employer $100 with which he
could employ one more person. By
this process each of the five em
ployes would have $100 per month
all of which they would be compelled
to spend for their living, whereas
with four employes paid $125
month at least $100 would be banked
or in other ways kep: out of business
Three Objectives Summarized
"The 'share-the-work' movement,"
Mr. Teagle concluded, "aims at just
three objectives: (1) To check the up
ward tiend of unemployment, when
work is reduced for seasonal or other
reasons, by employing the greatest
possible number of workers, thus
avoiding adding to unemployment.
"(2) To decrease unemployment by
a wider spreading of work now avail
able among a larger group of em
ployes working shorter periods, rath
er than by employing a smaller group
working longer periods.
"(3) Whenever an increasing vol
ume of business permits employing
additional personnel, to do so by dis
tributing the increased work to the
greatest possible number, rather than
by working longer schedules.
"It means breaking with tradition.
It will temporarily work inconven-
Raised Thereafter.
New York City (ILNS)—Here is a
blow for high wages, right out of the
house of business itself.
Rating the question of wages as the
most important in the category of
questions about recovery, Business
Week, McGraw-Hill business maga
zine, says, pointblank:
"The extent and speed of recovery
from this depression will be deter
mined mainly by the promptness
with which wages can be restored to
ience, and it will take educational
work within the organization to 'sell*
the idea of shorter hours and re
duced income.
"But the American business man
has earned for himself the reputa
tion of being a skillfull adapter of
Cincinnati, Ohio.—The six-hour day
without reduction in daily or weekly
earnings is the demand of the rail
way unions, declared George M. Har
rison, president of the Brotherhood of
Railway unions, declared George M.
Harrison, president of the Brother
hood of Railway Clerks, in an article
in the Railway Clerk, the official or
gan of the Brotherhood. The article
also stated that the unions are op
posed to railroad consolidations until
the rights of the railway employes
are protected.
"The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion," Mr. Harrison said, "recently re
quested the railroads to furnish data
on the cost of establishing the six
hour day at six-eights of present
wages. The Commission apparently
considered it a part of its duty, in the
light of the recent widespread de
mand for the six-hour day, to include
in its study and report to Congress
the effect of establishing the six-hour
day with a corresponding reduction
in wages.
"The unions are unalterably op
posed to the establishment of the six
hour day at the expense of earnings
and will insist upon the enacthient of
Buy Your Radio Here Today for the World's Series
Special Prices on Majestic
New High Wage Levels
Predicted By Magazine
"Business Week" Sees Post-Depression Climb and Holds
That Speed of Recovery Depends Upon Speed With
Which Pay Can Be Restored to 1929 Levels and
Some Styles One of a Kind Only
Hiqh in Quality -Low in "Price
the pre-depression level and the de
gree to which they can be raised
above it thereafter."
The magazine, in its striking edi
torial, is "quite sure" that money
wages will in a few years be higher
than in 1929, "even though com
modity prices do not quite return to
that level."
In the same editorial the magazine
ridicules the old "Punch and Judy
show of the Cost of Living vs. Wages,
which used to amuse the older gen
eration so much."
the Pittman-Crosser bill which pro
vides for reduced hours and the main
tenance of earnings based upon the
present eight-hour day.
"Consolidation of railroads at a
time when 700,000 railroad men are
out of jobs is inexcusable unless guar
antees are secured against further
force reductions as a result of those
mergers. The association is of the
opinion that legislation specifically
protecting labor in consolidations is
necessary before adequate protection
can be had, and the unions will op
pose all consolidations until Congress
has had an opportunity to provide
such legislation."
Employment and Earnings
Increase in Massachusetts
Boston.—Employment and pay i*oll
earnings in the manufacturing estab
lishments in Massachusetts revealed
marked improvement in August, ac
cording to Commissioner Edwin S.
Smith of the Massachusetts Depart
ment of Labor and Industries.
Reports from 1,078 representative
manufacturing establishments, Com
missioner Smith said, showed a net
gain of 15,844 wage earners, or 12.3
per cent, compared with July. The cot
ton, woolen and shoe industries ac
counted for 9,560 of the 15,844 in
In wages paid there was a net in
crease in August over July of $300,
929, or 13.77 per cent, in the pay rolls
of the 1,078 establishments.
$97.50 Now
$112.50 Now-
$126.50 Now-
$137.50 Now—
$143.50 Now-
$149.50 Now
$177.50 Now
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