Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXIII. No. 14
Menace Program. Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—The Roosevelt administration has only two objectives in promulgating codes of fair competition, under the na tional industrial recovery act, at least for the present, and these are to re store employment and raise the buy ing and consuming power of indus trial workers to a higher level. These are the two ends toward which Gen. Johnson is working, and the yard sticks that are being applied to each proposed code. Every factor that does not bear directly upon them in the study and approval of codes is being swept aside. This condensed and restricted pro gram furnishes the explanation why many things that seem vitally impor tant to employers and employes, with a far-reaching bearing upon future trends, are being left untouched in both the provisions of codes and the facts that are developed in hearings from witnesses and experts. The ad ministration does not want industrial control to extend beyond attaining these ends, and is counting upon gradual economic recovery to enable it to stay within these confines. "there is no reason to believe, how ever, that in dealing with other in- SWEATSHOP WAGES HITJJY UNIONS Wilmington, Del.—Deplorable con ditions in labor employment here have been disclosed by a survey reported by its executive committee to the Cen tral Labor Union, and by it in part forwarded to Washington. A factory engaged on a contract for 25,000 army style cots for the Forest Conservation Corps was found to be paying its workmen at the rate of $1 for an eight-hour day. The Central Labor Union appealed to Robert Fechner, director of the corps, and to Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins to compel this contractor to pay a living wage. In the textile and needle trades, shirt, pants and dress factories were found paying women less than $5 for a full week's work. One printing shop was found work ing its pressroom twelve hours a night and paying them less than half the union wage. The survey is being continued. TEAMSTERS WIN AMOT PAY CUT Tacoma, Wash.—Members of Team sters' and Chauffeurs' Union, Local No. 313, won their militant wage cut strike against the nine taxi and trucking concerns comprising the Truck Owners' Association here. The men walked out when the association imposed an arbitrary wage cut after having broken off arbitration pro ceedings provided for in the agree ment with the union. Following the walkout the Tacoma Central Labor Council placed the Truck Owners' Association on organ ized labor's "We don't patronize" list. The settlement provided that the men should return to work on the same wage schedules as prevailed be fore the walkout. There were a few minor adjustments in helpers' scales. The settlement was brought about by the intervention of Ernie C. Marsh, representing the conciliation service of the U. S. Department of Labor at Washington, and Will Coates, labor commissioner of the Washington state department of labor and industries. Representatives of the truck own ers went into the first arbitration meetings with the threat that unless their proposed wage cut was accepted by the teamsters by a certain date the negotiations would be abruptly ended. They were surprised that this threat did not cow the teamsters into calm submission, and were doubly surprised when the teamsters met the cut with a walkout. "Once again," declares the Tacoma Labor Advocate, "unionism, labor sol- Recovery Head Concentrates On Making Jobs, Raising Pay Restoration of Employment and Increase in Buying Power Sought Before All Else—Failure to Deal With Foreign Competit on and Higlier Output May Robert G.Taylor Mortuary Formerly THE C. W GATHCO. dustries, Gen. Johnson will be able to restrict himself to the narrow limits of the hearings upon the proposed cotton textile code, and to refrain from entering into consideration of matters that bear directly upon price fixing in the consuming field and to prevent a general application of the "stretch-out" system in industries as a result of higher levels of minimum wages. Some Pressing Problems Questions of foreign competition and adequate tariff protection against inundations of cheaply made products from other countries are pressing for some decision. If importations of cheap products should rapidly in crease under the operations of the proposed codes, the administration would be confronted with a tariff problem that would thrust the suc cess of its whole program of indus trial stabilization into the balance. It is admitted that the protection afford ed today against the products of countries with greatly depreciated currencies is wholly inadequate, and that a rising level of commodity prices in this country would invite still larger consignments from such countries. idarity, has revealed its power to pro tect the working standards of the membership." FORTY-HOUR Week Would Be Blow To Recovery Act New York.—With the majority of business executives reconciled to a thirty-five or thirty-six hour week, ac ceptance by the governmnet of the cotton textile industry's program for a forty-hour week would be a "se vere blow" to the success of the na tional industrial recovery act, Sol. A. Herzog, counsel to a number of trade associations and to the Congress of Industries, declared here. Since the major industries will set the pace for the smaller groups, he added, very few trades would accept a week shorter than forty hours if the textile code is approved by the federal administrator. At the same time, Mr. Herzog ex pressed the opinion that the minimum wages of $12 for the South and $13 for the North were too low, pointing out that the minimum wage for wom en in Massachuaie^ts is now $13.50. Most industries are anxious to grant labor generous terms, he declared, and are thinking in terms of around $10 for minimum wages, rather than the $12 and $13 proposed by the cotton goods group. "Since this industry's code is the first to be submitted to Washington," Mr. Herzog continued, "and has been widely publicized, the government's attitude on it is of the utmost impor tance. If the administration desires to have the aims of the recovery act fulfilled, it must see to it that the major industries are not granted too much leeway." WORK ON GOMPERS MEMORIAL BEGINS Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Con struction of the foundation of the memorial to the late Samuel Gom pers, which will be dedicated at the A. F. of L. convention here October 2 will begin immediately. The con tract has been let to a Washington firm. The memorial to the founder and former president of the American Federation of Labor is being complet ed in New York and will be ready for the dedication ceremonies the first week in October. Funeral Directors Ambulance Service Chairs and Tables Rented Phone 35 17 So. Street The call for the convention which will convene at the Willard Hotel, will be issued late in August, ac cording to Frank Morrison, secretary of the federation. Advertise in The Press. \MHATS Th' IPEA o PPeak- friE ?gOPO(T\OH UE(0PP OP piAVlM'F/EE fH (lopyrifc'bt, W. N. U.) Washngton, D. C. (ILNS)—The cotton textile code, covering the largest manufacturing industry in America, now virtually approved by Gen. Johnson, administrator of the national industrial recovery ac)t, raises wages, cuts hours and does many other things, including the freeing of labor from company un ions. One hole remains in the code, tem porarily. It broke out during the hearings when the United Textile Workers pointed out that the danger of the stretch-out system and the damage it could do to the workers if not remedied. U. S. Senator Byrnes in a special plea asked for some action to stop the stretch-out and Admin istrator Johnson acted at once, direct ing that a committee be named to proceed to the making of a survey and recommendations. The labor ad visory committee appointed George L. Berry as its representative on the stretch-out committee. The employ ers named Robert Geer, big mill own er. Robert Bruere was named chair man. To Plug Bad Hole It is understood the survey will proceed at once. A report must be made by July 17, effective date for the code. This committee and its agents is charged with the job of plugging the hole left by the mill owners in their code. It is under-' stood that the findings turned in by the Bruere committee will in all prob ability be made a part of the code. Whether that hole is to be plugged is for the moment squarely up to Robert Bruere, chairman of the com mittee named by Gen. Johnson to head a special committee to survey that system in operation. Bruere, as sociate editor of the Survey and long known as a leader in uplift circles, is the personal choice of Dr. Leo Wolman. chairman of the labor ad visory committee. The danger lies at this point: If mill owners are allowed to make un limited use of thfe stretch-out system they can, by that device wreck much of the advantage gained by the short ening of work hours and the raising of minimum rates of pay. Provisions of Code The minimum scale set in the new code calls for a bottom wage of $12 in Southern mills and $13 in Northern mills. The work week is to be forty hours, but machines may run eighty Hours. No minors under 1® may be em ployed, and thus, at one stroke, the textile industry is freed of child la bor—a century of battle is ended. Uniform cost accounting is to be established, additional machinery may be installed only upon a certificate of public necessity and tribunals are to be established within the industry to regulate trade practices. The right to organize and bargain collectively is g-uaranteed. Real Gains Made The wage is not what the union de manded, but it is a material gain. Fast Action Is Needed to Stop Stretch-Out Plan Committee Headed By Robert Bruere Has Pivotal Job and Prepares for Immediate Action Through Survey. An Agriculture Speed-Cop Now /1CAIE5T 0FFICEP. 1 PlPMT KHOW i ^seo\Hj %o fAsr Textile Code Wage Rate Increased Two Dollars By Fight of Union The first draft of the code provided rates of $10 and $11. Hours in Southern mills have run to sixty and even sixty-four wages have been as low as $5.50 per week. Faults remain in the code. In par ticular, carders are not affected and yard workers and cleaners are omit ted. But office employes will get the benefit of the forty-hour week after July 30. Union Opposes Code A memorandum in opposition to the code submitted by the cotton textile industry was presented by President Thomas F. McMahon and Secretary Treasurer James Starr, of the United Textile Workers, with counsel Chester M. Wright, John A. Beck and Leslie L. Frey, of Chester M. Wright and Associates. The memorandum follows in part: "If we were free to assume that the national industrial recovery act is intended merely as the commence ment of what we may term an inch ing along process toward a somewhat more desirable condition, then we might assume that the code as offer ed by the Cotton Textile Industry is acceptablbe. We are not free to as sume it. It cannot be assumed. "On the contrary, it must be ac cepted as fact that the national in dustrial recovery act is intended to create a prosperous nation of pros perous people who have work from which they may earn at least a sus taining wage and from which they may derive a purchasing power suf ficient to continue all American in dustry in full and prosperuos opera tion. "Therefore we have to oppose the propositions relating to hours of work and to wages as set forth in the code now under consideration. Forty-Hour Week Unacceptable "As to hours of labor: "We cannot accept a work week of forty hours. We oppose it on several grounds. There must be a work week suited not only to the physical ca pacity of the workers, but suited to the national economy. "The work week in the textile in dustry has constituted a national shame, as conceded by some of the progressively inclined elements in the industry. What, then, is a proper work week A proper work week, we submit, is a week of not more than thirty-five hours. "The adoption of a thirty-five-hour week would operate to provide em ployment for all those previously and normally engaged in the industry without the creation of a back-log and at the same time provide for the ab sorption of a further substantial num ber of persons in the industry as con sumption requirements increase. Wage Differential Hit ''Further, we cannot agree to the fixing of a differential between the minimum wage in the North and in the South. The only defense for such a differential is past bad practice and a fancied difference in the cost of liv ing. We find no authority for agree A HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, FRIDAY, JULY 14,1933 ONE DOLLAR PKB TEAS i ing that there is a difference. That there may be a difference in the amount that will sustain animal life we concede, but we are engaged here in decreeing something more than a mere animal life. The past differ ential has been much wider than that now proposed. Rather than stop at a point so near equality, why shall we not go the whole route to full equality?" THROUGH A Woman's Eyes y E A N N E W O N ON FAITHFULNESS IN MARRIAGE IN VARIOUS forums now they are seriously discussing the question started by a woman lecturer recently, as to whether faithfulness Is necessary In marriage! People are not only sug gesting, but advancing arguments to prove that monogamy ta going out of date, that we should change the Ideas and the laws which require that one man and one woman remain faithful to each other. They are doing most of the talking, and what they say It well publicised. Perhaps the millions who do not agree with them feel that their viewpoint Is so obvious that It needs no publiciz ing. But the other day something well worth passing on was offered on the subject in a lecture given at Teachers' college, in New York, by Dr. Henry Neumann, In which he said: "The greatest need is neither for more liberty nor for stricter divorce laws, but rather a higher grade of person ality and all that develops such Inner excellence." To question or change our present standards in marriage, he said, would be revising laws from the viewpoint of those who have' failed. Whereas the great need today Is a training of people who respect the highest and best In others and themselves and want to live up to It. Getting down to concrete cases, men and women fall In other things no less than in marriage. Many fall In busi ness. But we do not consider chang ing the rules and standards of busi ness procedure to make their failure look like success? Men and women fail in honor. As Doctor Neumann pointed out, they lie and cheat. But would we consider holding up to our children a standard of honor which It would be easier to meet? Yet that Is exactly what those are doing who are quibbling over the question of monogamous marriage, or so It seems to me. What do my readers think about It? Marine Unions in Merger New York City (ILNS)—The Nep tune Association and the Ocean Asso ciation of Marine Engineers, the two leading organizations of officers of the merchant marine, have amalga mated as the United Lincensed Of ficers' Association. The new organi zation has a membership of about 4,000 men. About 5,500 men are said to be eligible to membership, but are now members of other organizatinos which have not accepted the invita tion of the association to merge More than 8,000,000 tons of fer tilizef, worth over $200,000,000 are produced yearly in the United States. Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Fol lowing a statement by Harry L. Hop kins, federal emergency relief admin trator, that federal relief funds will not be used to enable employers to pay starvation wages, the Reading, Pa., branch of the American Fed eration of Full Fashioned Hosiery Workers wrote to Hopkins protesting against what the union termed "pay ing subsidies from relief funds fur nished by the federal authorities to assist the E. Richard Meinig hosiery mills in Reading to continue opera tions." John W. Edelman, editor of the Hosiery Worker, in the communica tion to Hopkins urged that an imme diate investigation be made of charges relating to the Meinig mill. It is con tended that the Meinig Company has not paid wages to its help for sev eral weeks past and that relief funds have been advanced to a number of employes on behalf of the hosiery concern. It is charged that this com pany has for the past six months been constantly in arrears in wage payments to its employes and that on some occasions as much as six weeks' pay was due individuals. Sweatshops Subsidized "Sweatshops are being subsidized through issuance of relief funds to employes unable to live on the paltry earnings made in the shop, mill or mine," Edelman said. "This has been a common practice in Pennsylvania for the past year or more. It is some thing new, however, Lo as.-ist a manu- MOVIE CONCERN STRICTLY UNION St. Petersburg, Fla.—The Aubrey Kennedy Production Company, mo tion picture firm, recently won to this city from a number of hot competi tors and now expanding rapidly, has entered into wage and working agree ments with five local union crafts, it is announced by V. S. Herring, president of Central Labor Union. Contracts were signed with locals of the International Association of Theatrical Employes, the Brother hood of Carpenters and Joiners, the Painters, Paperhangers and Decora tors, and the Electrical Workers. A contract pending with the Brick Ma sons, Plasterers and Tile Setters will make the Kennedy organziation 100 per cent unionized. Aubrey Kennedy, pioneering the motion picture industry in Florida, took over Weedon's Island here last February and started to convert the old St. Reno Clubhouse into a studio. Work has been continuous since and now production is under way on "Chloe," starring Olive Borden, un der the direction of Marshall Neilan, famous wherever pictures are shown. COLLEGE PROF. FOR HIGH WAGE New York.—Dr. John A. Ryan, pro fessor of Political Economy at the Catholic University in Washington, stressed the importance of higher wages in an address here to the dele gates from fifty-six Roman Catholic colleges and universities to consider the new deal. "I think the industrial recovery act will not work unless capital gets a smaller share of the industrial prod ucts than it has been getting,' Dr. Ryan said. "It is purely an arithme ical proposition. If labor is going to get a greater share, capital must be satisfied with less. "This much is already clear the act itself and the provisions already made for its administration, and the spirit in which those provisions are being inaugurated, all point to a maintained effort to give labor as a whole a larger share of the products than it has been getting. "Whether capital will be satisfied," he continued, "I don't know. But if Relief Administrator Bans Use of Federal Funds to Subsidize Starvation Pay _ME PHILCO Limited Number Just Receivedl Powerful 1934 Highboy with the exclusive PHILCO Bass Compensating Tone Control, new Oversiie Speaker and a facturer who doesn't pay wages regu larly by loaning food orders to Ids help. If this practice is not quickly checked the many other manufactur ers in this state who are paying wages when they feel like it, although their mills are running regularly, will seek similar assistance from the gov ernment." In telling of plans of his adminis tration, Hopkins laid stress on the as sertion that federal relief funds will not become "involved in any situation where employers pay their workers starvation wages and expect them to get the difference from relief agen cies." Numerous instances have come to his attention, Hopkins said, where employers have approached relief agencies with the idea that they were cut-rate employment agencies whera workers could be obtained at less than a self-supporting wage. "This is asking public relief mon eys to subsidize industrial wages," he declared. "I am thankful that in none of the instances that came to my at tention did the relief agencies enter tain such a proposition. There is much satisfaction in realizing that the great majority of industrial employ ers believe in paying a living wag« I want the relief-giving agencies to know that wherever they come under the federal emergency relief admin istration I back them wholeheartedly in turning down any such attempts to take advantage of human dis tress." you ask me what we will have next if this doesn't work, I hesitate to think." MOLDERS' JOURNAL EDITOR IS DEAD Cincinnati, Ohio (ILNS)—Robert McCoy, editor of the International Molders' Journal, died at the Good Samaritan Hospital in Cincinnati, of complications arising from an asth matic attack. Burial took place in Pittsburgh. McCoy was born in Murphreesboro, Tenn., February 28, 18712. He began his apprenticeship as a stove molder at Nashville, Tenn., for the company of Phillips & Buttorff. He was initiat ed by Molders' Union No. 55 in 1895. After working in the South a num ber of years, McCoy became inter ested in companies in Ohio and Penn sylvania. At the convention of the International Molders' Union in Mil waukee in 1907 he was elected a mem ber of the executive board. He was elected business agent of the con ference board in 1924. When John P. Frey resigned as editor of the In ternational Molders' Journal in 1927, McCoy was elected to take his place. The convention in 1928 re-elected him and he remained in that office until his death. Patrick H. McCarthy Labor Leader, Dead San Francisco (ILNS)—Patrick H. McCarthy, well-known labor leader, investment banker and former mayor of SanFrancisco, died at his home here on June 30 at the age of 70. McCarthy was born in Ireland. Af ter attending schools in his native land, he served an apprenticeship as a carpenter. In 1880 he went to Chi cago and later to St. Louis. In com pany with six other carpenters he took a prominent part in organizing the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America. Moving here in 1886, Mr. McCar thy and his associates formed the San Francisco Building Trades Coun cil in 1894. He served as president of the Building Trades Council for twenty nine years and as president of the California State Building Trades Council for twenty-two years. dozen other kdtures. Receives police and airplane calls in addition to regular broadcasts. Liberal trade-In allowance. EASIEST PAYMENTS fttyk ui (JtulitLf lot* ~Pn* COlHU PHILCO 9IH *70 COMPLETE Fedeiwi ft* P»id OYHEU NEW 1934 PHlLCGS UP!