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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, December 29, 1933, Image 1

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New York City (ILNS)—Continu
ance of relief work by private agen
cies is absolutely imperative to pre
vent dire suffering this winter, Sen
ator Robert P. Wagner declared in
„\"i message to James G. Blaine, chair-
Irian of the citizens' family welfare
Despite the relief efforts of the
government, there will be 5,000,000
persons idle when 1934 comes, Sena
tor Wagner said. He added that
lederal relief appropriations are in
adequate to care for these millions
and urged generous private relief
funds to supplement public aid.
The only federal funds to care for
the 5,000,000 which he said would be
jobless are the "less than $100,000,
000 remaining in the hands of the
federal emergency relief adminis
tration, and about half this amount
with the surplus relief corporation,"
Senator Wagner wrote.
Private Aid Urged
Hopes for Results by Spring
"By next spring, when the funds of
all these agencies will have been ex
hausted, we trust that the impetus
Five Million Idle Will Need
Relief, Wagner Declares
If this entire amount were spent
a period of only two months, he
added, "it means only 50 cents a day
for each unemployed family of five
people in the United States." It is
therefore up to private welfare
groups, financed by voluntary contri
butions, he said, to bea* a great part
of the burden.
Senator Wagner explained that
everyone knows the work being done
by public agencies. The scope of the
various governmental plans has been
"dramatized in the press and on the
air," he said, and all parts of the
country have "felt the miracles of
their execution."
"In March 14,000,000 persons were
out of work," Senator Wagner said.
"Of these 4,000,000 have been re
engaged due to the stimulation and
reorganization of industry under the
guidance of the recovery act. The
public construction program has ab
sorbed another million, and should
double this accomplishment within a
few months. The recently created
civil work (administration repre
sents a complete recognition of the
right not only to live, but also to live
by an honest day's work and to earn
•.., .a comfortable wage. It provided for
"•^"Bver 1,100, 000 people during the first
week of its existence, and shows every
indication of reaching the established
goal of 4,000,000 by January 1.
If You Are An
Let the Buying Public know
by the use oi
Can be used on stationery* to seal envelopes
and the like
Posters 21x28
Cards 11x14
Stickers 4x8)4—4)4x5
Stickeis for sealing envelopes....
Round Stickers 1)4
For N A Seals* Posters, Cards,
and Stickers Call
Nonpareil Printing Co*
Phone 1296
326 Market Street. Hamilton, Ohio
which their expenditure will have
given to general industry, plus the ac
complishments of the recovery pro
gram, will have put us well on the
road to security and happiness:
"But four months of cold weather
are approaching and the dire need of
today is to provide for the families
of the 5,000,000 people who will cer
tainly be idle when the new year
comes. This group, constituting one
twenty-fifth of the entire nation,
faces a winter of unimaginable hard
ship and misery if relief is not ex
pedited. The only federal funds avail
able for this purpose, when we re
member that I have already given an
accounting for the public works mon
eys, are the less than $100,000,000
remaining in the hands of the federal
emergency relief administrator and
about half this amount with the sur
plus relief corporation."
Vocational Education
Plan For CCC Camps
Washington.—Some 300,000 men
in the Civiliian Conservation Corps
will be provided with vocational
training to fit them for careers while
at the camps, Robert Fechner, direc
tor of emergency conservation work,
announced. He said the plan had the
approval of President Roosevelt. The
program calls for the appointment of
1,446 education advisers.
Although it was not revealed what
special connection military men have
with vocational (education, ft wae
stated that "the major generals
commanding the nine corps areas will
be charged with carrying out the
N. Y. Department Stores
Violate the Retail Code
New York.—A delegation of the
American Booksellei*s' Association
representing more than 1,500 retail
book stores here, employing around
6,000 persons, urged the New York
retail code authority to stop depart
ment stores and Similar (establish
ments from selling books below cast.
The delegation claimed that certain
department stores are "driving the
small booksellers to the wall" by
operating book departments as "loss
leaders." It was claimed that price
cutting was the general practice and
that by underselling the small stores
department stores obtain a monopoly
of the book trade, and violate the
provision of the retailing code for
bidding monopolies.
fCtrtiprlsfi.v W: t/.J
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—The
year 1933 was of epochal importance
to all American labor.
Outstanding above all else was the
beginning of the first determined na
tional effort, backed by virtually
unanimous public sentiment, to cope
with the four-year-old depression and
bring recovery. The national indus
trial recovery act was the spearhead
of the attack. Other legislation was
of tremendous but secondary impor
When President Roosevelt took
office on March 4, the nation was in
the depths. Unemployment had in
creased to unprecedented proportions,
with 25 per cent of the population on
relief rolls. Fourteen million or more
persons were jobless and desperate.
The Roosevelt administration tackled
the situation with a speed and vigor
hardly dreamed possible, and in a
short time the psychology of the na
tion was changed from despair to
hope. The long fight for recovery was
Banking Collapse Prevented
First move was the closing of the
banks by presidential order, prevent
ing complete collapse of the banking
system and stopping the spread of
what might have become uncontroll
able panic. At the end of the bank
ing holiday, a majority of the banks
were permitted to open for business.
Many found unable to meet the re
quirements of sound banking practice
were placed in the hands of treasury
department conservators, for orderly
salvage in cases where they could
not be reopened. Since then, thou
sands of closed banks have been open
ed and great sums of money released
for circulation. Liquidation of banks
in the hands of receivers has pro
ceeded, with depositors getting a sub
stantial part of the money in many
cases through government loans made
to the banks of "frozen" assets.
Modification of the Volstead act to
permit the manufacture and sale of
beer, long advocated by organized la
bor, was one of the first pieces of
recovery legislation passed by con
gress. In record time, the bill modi
fying the act was put through and the
breweries reopened, giving employ
to hundreds of thousands of men in
more than a score of trades and in
Another important piece of recov
ery legislation was the act establish
ing the Civilian Conservation Corps,
taking 300,000 unemployed young
men off the streets and putting them
to work at reforestation and other
conservation projects.
NIRA Comes Next
The all-important NIRA soon fol
lowed, resulting in large scale re
employment, estimated at 4,000,000,
higher wages and shorter hours for
millions and great increase in nation
al purchasing power. In addition, the
act largely abolished child labor, ban
ished the sweatshop and brought
other important gains.
For organized labor, one of the
biggest gains from the NIRA was
its recognition of the absolute right
i ^Vr*'^',
U. S. Took Heart and Began
Great Recovery Fight
Under National Legislative Program Enacted in War On
Hard Times," Labor Starts Forward March Toward
Greater Power.
Nineteen Hundred and Thirty'Four
Year 1933 Marks Turning
Point in Long Depression
of labor to organize and bargain col
lectively, free from all restraint and
interference of employers. This
right, stated in the famous Section 7
(a) of the act, gave a great impetus
to organization of the workers, re
sulting in the addition of many thou
sands of new members to the Amer
ican Federation of Labor. Organiza
tion is still going on at a rapid rate,
and 1934 is expected to see the A. F.
of L. reach record membership.
Labor Loyally Supports Act
Labor, though not entirely satis
fied with the recovery act, gave it
loyal and unswerving support from
the beginning, and has been a great
factor in its success. Labor has in
sisted the act must be upheld and has
been a big force in preventing its vio
lation. Great strides were made in
bringing all industry under the NIRA
codes, and 1934 finds the act the dom
inating influence in the American
business and industrial scene.
The recovery act was hailed as
marking a new policy and outlook in
American life, opening the way to
higher standards of life for the
masses and spelling a "new deal" for
the entire nation. The intent of the
act was stated by congress to be "to
provide for the general welfare by
promoting the organization of indus
try for the purpose of co-operative
action among trade groups, to induce
and maintain united action of labor
and management under adequate gov
ermental sanctions and supervision,
to eliminate unfair competitive prac
tices, to promote the fullest possible
utilization of the present productive
capacity of industries, to avoid un
dues restriction of production (except
as may be temporarily requix-ed), to
increase the consumption of industrial
and agricultural products by increas
ing purchasing power, to reduce and
relieve unemployment, to improve
standards of labor, and otherwise to
rehabilitate industry and to conserve
natural resources."
In October came the great conven
tion of the American Federation of
Labor in Washington, of vital inter
est to all organized workers. The
convention accomplished much effec
tive work, placing itself squarely be
hind every sound effort to better the
condition of labor. President William
Green and all officers were re-elected
by unanimous vote.
The 30-hour week was set as the
goal for immediate attainment for
all industry, the convention declar
ing that if the NIRA does not bring
about re-employment through the
operation of codes reducing hours
and increasing wares, a bill provid
ing for a compulsory 30-hour maxi
mum work week will be introduced
in congress this winter.
As a means of improving the oper
ation of the recovery act, and extend
ing full co-operation, the convention
demanded inclusion of labor repre
sentatives on all recovery act boards
and agencies, whether national, state
or local. Following the convention,
the A. F. of L. pressed the fight for
C-V- 'i,:
fl 1
adequate NIRA labor representation.
Prominent among the actions of the
convention was its declaration of a
boycott of Germann goods and serv
ices, in protest against Hitler's de
struction of German democracy and
trade unionism. A feature of the con
vention was the dedication of the
Samuel Gompers memorial. Presi
dent Roosevelt was the chief speaker.
In the closing weeks of the year
came the inauguration of the gov
ernment's civil works program,
which took 4,000,000 men and women
off the public relief rolls and put
them to work. Also in the closing
weeks came the approval of scores
of NIRA codes and greater progress
in the government's public works
program, which had been slow in
getting started, failing to give the
expected employment and proving a
disappointment to its friends.
General Workers' Union
Adds 30,000 Members
London, England.—The National
Union of General and Municipal
Workers increased its membership by
30,000 during the first nine months
of this year, over 12,000 new members
having joined during the September
quarter, according to an announce
ment by the general council of the
union. Dues jpalid increased 5,000
pounds over the June quarter, while
the reserves were increased by 8,000
pounds and now stands at 542,000
Will Thorne, secretary of the union,
said the membership figures are "the
strongest evidence that an extraor
dinary revival of trade unionism is
taking place."
Labor to Continue Fight
To Change Camp Policies
The 1933 convention of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor pointed out
that certain provisions of the law
which created the Civilian Conserva
tion Corps were not favored by la
bor and added:
"We opposed the compensation paid
and the utilization of money appro
priated for public buildings, for the
purpose of meeting the expenses in
cident to the establishment of these
conservation camps. It is the intent
and purpose of labor to continue to
urge for higher payment and for the
replacement of the funds for building
purposes which were transferred for
payment of expenses and compensa
tion of the Civilian Conservation
Organization of Akron
Rubber Workers Grows
Akron, Ohio.—Organization of the
rubber workers in the Akron district
into bona fide trade unions affiliated
with the American Federation of La
bor is progressing very satisfactorily,
according to Wilmer Tate, secretary
of the Central Labor Union here.
In round figures he estimated that
in all the rubber factories in this dis
trict there were about 20,000 paid-up
members of the rtew unions, with
5,000 more in the process of acquir
ing full membership. He put the
membership from the B. F. Goodrich
Co. workers at between 6,500 and
7,000 and those from Goodyear Tire
and Firestone at between 4,000 and
4,500 each.
%f &%
-T*yi3 TJ1
Chicago (ILNS)—A ten-point pro
gram to improve conditions for the
nation's wage earners was advocated
here by Secretary of Labor Perkins
in speaking before the Railway Labor
Executives' Association. She sug
gested that states lacking such laws
consider legislation on the following
Permanent limitation of hours of
labor prohibition of child labor the
fixing of standard minimum wages
for women requirement of safe and
healthy working conditions provision
of aged workers some form of un
employment reserves adequate work
men's compensation laws free pub
lic employment exchanges improved
and stronger administration of labor
laws steps to make permanent im
proved labor conditions.
General adoption of such a pro
gram, Miss Perkins said, would aid
all wage earners and be of real value
to employers and all the communities
of the country as well. "It would pay
dividends in production and in health
and in satisfaction to the individual
worker," she said. These points were
all suggested at a recent conference
in the Southeastern States.
The secretary said she looked for
ward to the short work day as "a
permanent program and declared that
in time industry will be maintained
permanently and regularly like rail
roads." She predicted that the vast
internal market being created
through increased purchasing power
under the recovery program holds
Given NLB to Deal With
Recalcitrant Bosses
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—The
National Labor Board has been given
a more definite status, and its powers
and functions defined in an executive
order issued by the president. The
action is preliminary to the attor
ney general giving consideration to
the case of Weirton Steel Co., but
leaves open the question of the ade
quacy of the previous record on which
the attorney general is asked by
NRA to take action. The NLB has
been acting under the general terms
of Section 7-a of the recovery act.
The president in his order states
that the NLB was created August 5
to "pass promptly on any case of
hardship or dispute that may arise
from interpretation or application of
the president's re-employment agree
ment," and prescribes that it "shall
continue to adjust all industrial dis
putes, whether arising out of the in
terpretation ai|d operation of the
PRA or any duly approved industrial
code of fair competition, and to com
pose all conflicts threatening the
industrial peace of the country." Then
he adds that "all action heretofore
taken by this board in the discharge
of its functions is hereby approved
and ratified."
The latter sentence is believed to
clear the way for the attorney gen
eral to proceed with the Weirton case,
and to make possible a test of the
law on the record as it stands.
-Ji v-
w 1 «.•» 19 ,*
Perkins Sees Short Work
Day as Permanent Program
Advocates Limitation of Hours of Labor as Part of Ten
Point Legislative Plan to Aid Wage Earners—Pre
dicts Big Benefits from Planned Recovery.
Is that each day will be one of peace
prosperity and plenty
T% s l-"-Z 3? 1
t^rlJji i5^« iff*
promise of a more even prosperity ftir
the next decade.
Miss Perkins said that great gaihs
had been made in putting men and
women back to work since last March,
the low point in the depression. "By
shortening hours millions have been
put to work on the present scale of
production," she said. "By setting as
a minimum a living wage, a bottom
has been put in the suicidal fall of
prices. By a combination of these
two, a two billion dollar wage earn
ers'-market has been built up in the
United States in six months. By
putting men at public works on a
$3,300,000,000 program industry (is
being stimulated along many lines
with work widely spread. By ade
quate provisions for relief those in
need are being taken care of. By the
ingenuity of CWA men and women
are being taken off the relief rolls
and are again working for wages. By
housing construction the plans are be
ing laid to revive the building trades.
"The building trades will benefit
greatly from this phase of planned
recovery. The resumption of con
struction will put thousands of
bricklayers, masons, plasterers,
painters, carpenters, plumbers, and
other skilled craftsmen back to work
at good wages. The railroads will
benefit directly through this for they
will carry more freight and passen
gers. They, in turn, will buy more
equipment and improve their shops
and roadbeds,, joining the cycle that
should spell improvement for tlieir
The NLB has been proceeding as
an NRA unit vested with power de
signated and defined by Gen. John
son, and acting with his authority, to
adjust through arbitration labor dis
putes and grievances arising in con
nection with the president's re-em
ployment agreement, or such indus
trial codes as have been promulgated
and approved. In recent weeks the
board has assumed more of a judi
cial status, and its authority and
powers have been directly challenged
by the Weirton Steel Co., of Pitts
burgh, and the E. G. Budd Company
of Philadelphia. The Budd Company
declined to appear at a hearing on
grievances presented by its employes.
The president's order gives NLB
a definite status of its own and re
moves it from the scope of a unit of
NRA acting solely on power and au
thority delegated by Gen. Johnson
and coming within his sphere as ad
ministrator of the recovery act.
Senator Wagner has always held
that the NLB possessed all the pow
ers now defined by the president it
has preferred not to use those powers
in its arbitration work because vol
untary agreements were better than
decisions enforced by the government.
The Weirton and Budd cases have
forced a showdown the president
takes this method of letting recalci
trant employers know that there is
to be no trifling with the NLB.
By its retroactive features, the ex
ecutive order confirms also the oper
ations of the NLB i n supervising
elections and more or less outlawing
company unions.

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