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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, August 17, 1934, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1934-08-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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The agreement affects about 400
men on the Philadelphia Record, the
Philadelphia Evening Ledger and the
Philadelphia Daily News.
Huntsville, Ala. (ILNS) John
Dean, international representative of
the United Textile Workers of Amer
ica, was taken from his hotel room
by five unidentified men early on the
morning of August 5. The men drove
Dean 32 miles to Fayetteville, Tenn.,
where he was put out in front of a
hotel. Forty strikers escorted Dean
back to Huntsville, where he resumed
direction of the strike of 12,000 Ala
bama textile workers, which he or
ganized# The strike began July 17.
Tension in the strike was increased
by the abduction of Dean, and non
union workers jeered and hooted a big
meeting of union members at Haley
ville. The non-unionists gathered
across the railroad track from the
meeting, which represented locals of
the United Mine Workers of Amer
ica and the United Textile Workers.
The chief of police and a deputy sher
iff kept guard on the railroad tracks
and warned that no disorder would be
U. S. Refuse to Make Loans
To Russia.
New York City (ILNS)—Opposi
tion to any loans or long-term credits
to Soviet Russia was expressed by
Matthew Woll, acting president of the
National Civic Federation, in a letter
to Secretary of State Hull made pub
lic here.
Woll's letter was the result of i
report by the Foreign Policy Asso
ciation which said that a plan under
consideration by the debt conferees
would provide that the d^.bt would
be "gradually collected by the United
Ambulance Servic*
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Hosing Shortage:
5,000,000, U. S.
Survey Indicates
Wrahington, C. (ILNS)—There
is an apparent shortage of 5,000,000
-habitable dwellings in the United
States, construction. of which would
put a large number of men to work,
"Secretary of Commerce Roper said
as the federal housing administration
prepared to begin actual operation
looking toward renovation of homes.
Construction of needed dwelling
Would result in an annual payroll of
$6,000,000,000 and directly and indi
rectly affect some 12,000,000 persons,
the secretary said.
In reference to the shortage of
habitable homes, Roper declared:
"Millions of others are in need of
miner and major repairs, and thou-
Philadelphia (ILNS) Philadel
phia Typographical Union No. 2 has
signed a new wage agreement with
the publishers of three Philadelphia
newspapers establishing a five-day
week with the old rate of pay. The
agreement, retroactive to July 1, will
extend to June 30, 1935. It was
reached after several months of ar
A proposal of a $37.80 minimum
pay for a 337% -hour five-day week,
lunch periods of a half hour not In
cluded, was accepted by the union
scale committee after it rejected an
offer of $40 for a 40-hour week, ex
clusive of lunch periods. The night
scale was set at $40.30 with the un
derstanding that negotiations for es
tablishment of a lobster {trick
rate will be opened in October.
lLarge Number of Men Could Be Put to Work Replacing
Unfit Dwellings, Commerce Department Study Shows.
Robert G. Taylor Mortuary

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Woll chraged in his letter that
testimony before the committee on
un-American Activities had disclosed
that the non-propaganda pledge given
by the Soviet government as a pre
cedent to recognition had been "ruth
lessly violated" in the United States.
Bcston (ILNS)—The System Fed
eration, affiliated with the American
Federation of Labor and embracing
the shop crafts on the Boston & Maine
railroad, with base at Boston, has
taken over the contract existing be
tween the rail company and the "in
dependent" allied crafts. This change
follows a referendum submitted to the
employes of the railroad shops and
which resulted in favor of the Sys
tem Federation by a wide margin.
The first subject discussed under the
new arrangement was that of a pro
test lodged with the railroad heads
by the federation against the cutting
of working hours and layoffs at the
Billerica, Mass., shops of the B. &
M. This protest is being given close
attention in conference between the
Systenj Federation and executives of
the B. & M. at Boston.
Factory Workers'
Earnings Lower
Washington, D. C., (ILNS)—Aver
age per capita weekly earnings of fac
tory workers were 1.6 per cent lower
in June than in May, Commissioner
of Labor Statistics Lubin, of the de
partment of labor, reports^ He point
ed out, however, that with the excep
tion of March and April they were
higher than in any other month since
December, 1931, and 14 per cent
higher than in June of last year. Com
puted from payroll reports of 13,347
establishments employing 3,750,605
workers in June, weekly earnings of
factory employes averaged $1951.
Advertise in The Press.
I Funeral Directors
Chairs and Tables Rented
17 So. J3 Street
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sands cf others are utterly unfit for
human habitation."
Roper's statements were based on
a department of commerce survey of
64 major cities. Comparatively few
of the homes surveyed had modern
devices to add to comfort. The short
age of dwellings was reflected in sin
gle-family quarters where dual famil
ies and additional persons were com
pelled to live in crowded quarters.
A hasty housing administration
survey from records of other govern
ment departures indicates that 16,
000,000 buildings need immediaete
repair. About 3,000,000 of these are
said to be beyond hope of restoration.
The remaining 13,000,000 require re
pairs averaging $300 each in cost.
States in the form of additional in
terest paid by the Soviet government
on American credits which the U. S.
S. R# wished to secure as an integral
part of the debt settlement."
"While we admit,'' Woll's letter
said, "that it is highly desirable that
an agreement be reached with the
Soviet government for the payment
of Russian debt, I am sure I voic
the feeling of the majority of Ameri
can taxpayers when I urge upon you
the madvisability of making any loan
as a part of the debt settlement or
extending any long-term credits to
the Russian regime for the purchase
of American goods.
"The policy of advancing our own
funds to enable foreign nations to
purchase American goods during the
past decade, while perhaps benefiting
certain individual manufacturers and
banking institutions, has cost the
American people enormous sums
which will never be repaid."
Altantic City, N. J. (ILNS)—Work
is what the idle crave, work is what
they must have, and if private indus
try cannot give them work, society
must take over the means or pro
duction and provide employment.
President William Green, of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, warned as
the federation's executive council met
Industry has virtually abdicated in
the face of the unemployment crisis,
Mr. Green charged, declaring that un
employment was still the outstanding
problem before the nation and that
labor stands for complete utilization
of our productive capacity to furnish
essential goods and services.
President Green said that the dis
cussions of the executive council
would emphasize the need for prompt
and decisive action in dealing with the
unemployment problem. He added that
the latest figures indicate there are
still more than ten million unem
Men Must Have Work
"Despite the increase of employ
ment due to NRA and to the expendi
ture of vast relief funds," Mr. Green
continued, "the slack in unemploy
ment is not being taken up rapidly
enough.. Many millions are on pub
lic relief rolls. While relief is a
necessity, continued dependence upon
public funds for food and shelter is
sapping the initiative, morale and
sturdy qualities of our American man
hood. Work is what men crave and
work is what they must have."
Indicting private industry for its
failure to deal with the unemploy
ment problem and declaring that if
private industry does not act, the, na
tion will, Mr. Green said:
"Private industry has lagged in the
task of increasing employment.
There is a steady demand for goods.
Prices are going up. Profits for pri
vate industry are in sight. The banks
are bulging with deposits and credits
are ample and available to prime the
pump of business activity.
Is Industry Beaten?
"Why then the delay? Surely in
dustry is not imbued with a felling
of defeat at a time when pit can
swiftly carry our nation to the begin
ning of a decided revival.
"With our vast resources,, our
abounding technique, our efficient
management and our tremendous
home market, surely industry would
not sell America short.
"Are our captains of industry only
fair-weather leaders! Have they, too,
been affected by public relief? Has
the RFC dole and the other subsidies
to industry so broken down their
much-vaunted initiative that our in
dustrialists are without enough ambi
tion to plan how to fight their way
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Labor Head Sees Urgent Need For Decisive Action—Un
less Idustrialists Solve Unemployment Problems, Soci
ety Must Take Over Means of Production, He Intimates
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Blue Ribbon Winner at the State Fairs
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Leaders Show Incapacity
"Are the sons of the pioneers who
constructed the American xaliroads,
who harnessed the waterfalls and who
built up the greatest productive ma
chine in the history of the world ready
to capitulate to the absentee owner
ship and control of bankers far re
moved from the honest sweat of fac
tory. mill and mine management??
"Purely our industrialists cannot
confess that the problem of unem
ployment has them licked. If they
capitulate, now that the bankers, too,
have shown their incapacity, who will
keep our industrial machines going?
Who will turn out the shoes, clothing
and goods required to keep our popu
lation alive and comfortable Our
toilers in the mills, stores and places
of employment can be depended upon
to stick to their tasks if they are per
mitted access to the machines. But
who will direct them if our business
men capitulate?
Action by Society Foreseen
"Will it be necessary for society to
take over the means of production?
Will the government be forced, be
cause of industry's failure to invite
the eager and willing workers to
march into the idle shops and throw
the levels of the machines that will
again pour out the endless amount of
goods our people require? And will
the government muster into service
the alert technical and managerial
brains that fomerly directed the flow
of these goods on behalf of the own
ers of industry?
"If the owners of industry de
fault in their approach to these
problems, abdicate in the pres
ence of this economic crisis, will
they not then forfeit their pre
rogatives and be compelled to
stand aside while society itself,
for good or evil, makes an at
tempt to cope with the task?
"These are questions which indus
try must ponder now before it is too
late# The crisis is on us. A few
months more and the opportunity may
be lost to it, perhaps forever. What
ever may come, labor will stand on
the yide of complete utilization of our
productive capacities in order that the
whole of society may be furnished
with essential goods and services."
Flat Glass Workers
Receive AFL Charter
Atlantic City, N. J,-~The executive
council of the American Federation of
Labor, during its fall session here,
granted a charter to the Federation
of Flat Glass Workers of Pittsburgh,
Pa. The organization has 12,000
members with Glenn W. McCabe
William Green, president of the A.
F. or L., in explaining the action of
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industry Must Give Jobs or
Step Aside, Green Warns
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the council, said the charter Was
granted when the Window Glass Cut
ters' League of America, an organiza
tion of about 1,000 highly skilled
workers, refused to accept as mem
bers the group organized by Mr.
McCabe. The old organization, it
was said, has a closed shop agree
ment with employers and its members
hand on their skill from father to
son and have insisted that they would
only take into their organization sons
of the members.
Blue Eagles Withdrawn
For Violation of Codes
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—The
NRA Compliance Council has an
nounced that the Blue Eagle insig
nia has been ordered removed from
the following firms for violations of
code hour and wage provisions:
Plymouth Hotel, Denver, Colo.
Chandler Hotel, Los Angeles, Calif.
Blakeland Inn, Littleton, Color.
Georgian Terrace Hotel, Atlanta, Ga.
Atlanta Biltmore Hotel, Atlanta, Ga.
Boston Lunch, Inc., Milwaukee, Wis.
General Felt Produce Co., Chicago,
111. Frank Sirota, Chicago, 111.
Read the Press.
4. v
Machines for the price of
For Home Demonstration Visit or Phone 4535
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Is Fascism, Not Radicalising
Olson Thinks
Chicago (ILN S) —A statement of
his platform and that of the farmer
labor party which voted him into of
fice—made especially interesting in
the face of the truck drivers' strike
in Minneapolis—is given by Governor
Floyd E. Olson, of Minnesota, in a
signed story in the current issue of
Real American Magazine.
"The danger of this nation lies not
in radicalism, but in fascism, says
Governor Olson in the article. "As
Mark Sullivan says, the NRA tends
for the moment to point toward fas
cism. Consequently, much of big bus
iness is inclined to approve it—failing
to foresee that fascism in America
would last but briefly and would be
succeeded by something like Russian
"I have recommended to President
Roosevelt that the government take
over and operate the key industries
of this country in order to put the
people back to work and, if necessary
to relieve public suffering, go so far
as to conscript wealth. The warfare
of the public is paramount to all other
considerations. I think the govern
ment should operate the means of
communication, the means of trans
portation, the control of power, elec
tricity, gas. The corruption of our
public life and our public officials by
the power trust is in itself sufficient
reason why the public should take this
industry into its own hands."
Touching on the local situation in
his own state, the Minnesota chief
executive says: "Here in Minnesota
he farmer-labor party believes in a
constitutional form of government. It
demands that changes in our social
order be made through the means
provided in our constitution. In order
to carry out our program for public
ownership and operation of enter
prises rendering public service, it is
necessary that the constitution of
Minnesota be changed by a majority
vote of the people."
Ladies' Garment Workers
Win Strike in Montreal
Montreal, Canada.—Two thousand
members of the International Ladies'
Garment Workers' Union here won
their strike in an agreement with em
ployers which calls for wage increases
of 10 per cent to those paid by the
week and 20 per cent to piece work
ers^ In addition the workers will now
have a 48-hour week and time and a
half for overtime with a maximum
overtime of six hours a week. There
are still 1,000 members of the union
on strike.
Negotiations between employers
and representatives of the 4,000 mem
bers of the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers' Union of America continued,
while the men's clothing factories
affected continued to be picketed.
No shop should be patronized that
does not display a union card.
All three for
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