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'•f %r #sp .•J Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Peti tion filed by 137 railroads in the su preme court of the District of Colum bia seeks an injunction to prevent the railroad pension act, passed in the last session of congress, going into effect. A fight by railroads on this law was anticipated. The injunction would pre vent the Retirement Board, created under the law, from collecting assess ments against the carriers and their employes. The railroads, headed by Sidney R. Prince, counsel for the Southern Rail way, charged the new law violates the interstate commerce clause and fifth amendment of the federal con stitution by depriving the carriers of property without due process of law. They asserted that compliance would add a cost of $60,000,000 a year to the railroads, and becoming larger with each succeeding year. Says Congress Exceeded Law Congress is charged with exceeding its powers in passing the law, and that it is unreasonable in that it ap- BLUE EAGLE Taken From Carolina Hos iery Mill Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—With drawal of the right to use or display the Blue Eagle by the Hatch Hosiery Co., of Belmont, N. C., has been an nounced by the NRA. The action was taken on the recommendation of the National Labor Relations Board, and decided upon when the company failed to ratify an agreement which had been signed, subject to its ap proval, by its attorney, Fred M. Mor- On June 8 the original National Labor Board found the company had violated Section 7a of the recovery act, and ordered the reinstatement of eight employes who, the board held, had been discharged for union activi ties. Subsequently the National Labor Relations Board concurred in these findings, and the company was given until July 31 to furnish satis factory assurance of restitution and future compliance. In conferences that followed, the deadline was extended to August 9, and when an official of the company said he could not confirm the agree ment in the absence of other firm members, the Blue Eagle was prompt ly withdrawn. The agreement called for the re instatement of discharged employes, who alleged that their union activities led to their dismissals. BRUTAL POLICE AROUSE MAYOR Quick Inquiry Starts Into Attack of Uniformed Men on Pickets For Strikers at Brooklyn Knitting Mill. New York (ILNS)—Police brutal ity toward strike pickets in Brooklyn, and accompanied by the arrest of 38 of them, is under investigation on the order of Mayor LaGuardia. The in vestigation follows charges made against the police by members of the unions of United Textile Workers, In ternational Ladies' Garment Workers and the Knit Goods Workers. The strikers were engaged in pick /eting the Commodore Knitting Mills, when police appeared on the scene and are charged with having attacked and beaten the pickets. Mayor LaGuardia, after an immediate inquiry of his own, said: "I find no justification for any at tack by the police. There was no vio Jation of the law, and these people are entitled to peaceful picketing. ift?. Ambulance Servic* Phone 35 mm mm Railroads Ask Injunction Against New Pension Law Carriers File Petition to Have Act to Pension Employes Held Unconstitutional Resistence to Law Has Been Expected Brotherhoods i Will Oppose Petition* Robert G.Taylor Mortuary Formerly THE C. W, GATH CO. Funeral Directors plies to all employers, including "those not engaged in any commerce, those engaged exclusively in intrastate commerce," and those whose work is not directly related to interstate commerce. More than 1,000,000 railroad work ers would be affected by the law, which would assess workers 2 per cent of their pay, and the railroads 4 per cent of their payrolls, to create a pension fund. Federal attorneys, through the So licitor General's office, will defend the act and ask for denial of the injunc tion. The Association of Railway Labor Executives, which sponsored the Rail way pension act, will offer the serv ices of counsel to assist the govern ment counsel. The unions are repre sented by Frank Mulholland, of Cleve land, considered one of the shrewdest lawyers in the country and possessed of a wide labor background. Railway labor executives are £ottfiden& $he act will be sustained. Those responsible for brutality in this instance will be punished." All but one of the pickets lacked funds to post required bail, and were sent to jail. Later, when called to testify before the police board of in quiry ordered by the mayor, they gave the shield numbers of the police striking and arresting them. One 16-year-old boy, who had been sent by his mother with a message to his father in the picket line, told of being struck on the head twice by a policeman when he asked permis sion to speak to his father, who was then under arrest. The mayor was informed that the polico definitely took sides against the strikers, and indulged in unusual bru tality toward the pickets, several of whom were women and girls. SEVEN MILLION ASK JOBS IN JUNE Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—For the first time the department of labor this week has pulled aside the curtain on the country's unemployment situation, and reveals that on June 30 a total of 7,066,000 men and women appli cants for jobs were listed on the rolls of the Federal Employment Service. These figures are more than twice the estimates of the number of unem ployed who were believed to be seek ing work through this service. Secretary of Labor Perkins, in making public the figures, pointed out that they do not give a complete pic ture of the employment situation for the reason "that obviously all persons who are idle and seeking employment are not registered with the Federal Employment Service." Private estimates are that from 40 to 50 per cent of the unemployed are listed with these service bureaus, and if these estimates are correct, then the actual volume of unemployed throughout the country is 14,000,000 or more. If those who are engaged in temporary work are taken into con sideration, the number of unemployed is obviously greater. Ziegler Fills Late George S. Levi's Post Cincinnati, Ohio (ILNS)—Follow ing the death of George S. Levi, grand secretary-treasurer of the Brother hood of Railway Clerks, the grand ex executive council and the board of trustees appointed Phil E. Ziegler grand secretary-treasurer. Ziegler will 3erve until the next convention, in May, 1935. He will continue as editor of The Railway Clerk, official organ of the brotherhood. Chain and Tables Rented 17 So. Street VOL. XXXIV. No. 20 HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, AUGUST 24,1934 a Atlantic City, N. J.—The executive council of the American Federation of Labor, in session here, decided to urge a widespread CWA program during the winter months and will seek the aid of President Roosevelt to obtain higher wages for all workers em ployed by private industry to off set the increased cost of living, Wil liam Green, president of the A. P. of L. announced. Opposes Employer Control of NRA Mr. Green emphatically declared that the A. P. of L. would oppose any effort to reorganize the NRA that would put the power into the hands of private industry rather than the federal government. Mr. Green said there was no doubt that there were plans on foot to re organize the NRA and that for the protection .of labor the government must retain administration of the act. Living Costs Boosted by Drought "At the present time, through the codes, private industry is given wide authority and power," he declared. "To add to that would mean that labor and the consumer would, we fear, be placed in an indefensible position with relation to private industry. The federation will continue to seek rep resentation on the various code au thorities." Mr. Green said the federation viewed with alarm the probable ef fects of the drought and the resultant curtailment of food production. This, he declared, could result only in a much higher cost of living during the winter, making an increased wage standard necessary. If the cost of food stuffs and necessities is to in crease, it is proper and just that wages should be lifted accordingly, he added. "The federation is gravely appre hensive of the conditions during the coming winter," Mr. Green said, "and we will do our best so that the work ers will not be forced to bear the entire effect. Labor must unite to lift wage standards. Increased ReliefsNeeds "The Council foresees that the drought will increase relief needs tre mendously and at the conclusion of the session here will call on Pres ident Roosevelt to urge that the CWA, on an even greater scale, be substituted for direct relief. In fixing the wages for this work the govern ment must take into account the prob able changed economic coucliUona and higher prices." Avoid Strikes "We hope to be able to avoid any strikes and will call for further re visions in labor sections of the codes of fair competition, particularly in the major industries, so that wages may be increased. 'HE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS VJfclL VOO IEAGNBP XO SWIM,WHILE #. N. U.'jr V/// H&RE S Vacations Over OH UNCLE, A VJHOLB 0A6 OF POTATOES US, TOO IW5H WE HAD4GZEEK NEAR HOUSE Green Says Federation Will Fight Putting Power of NRA Into Hands of Employers—Visions Higher Living Costs As Result of Drought—Hopes to Avoid Strikes. A pooQuE W Big CWA Progam and Higher Wages Are Urged By AFL Executive Council The federation, Mr. Green con cluded, also will seek an increased appropriation for the United States Department of Labor so that the de partment can care for the needs of the 40,000,000 wage earners. ELKS PLAN Nation-Wide Drive on Com munists Shannon Says Issue is Be tween the Red Flag and the Stars and Stripes Atlantic City, N. J.—Michael F. Shannon, of Los Angeles, newly elect ed grand exalted ruler of the Benev olent and Protective Order of Elks, declared the organization had started a nation-wide drive against the spread of communism. Mr. Shannon came here for a con ference with district deputies of sur rounding states to promote the cam paign. In an interview he said the campaign of the 500,000 members of the Elks in 1,400 principal cities against communists would include a drive on radicals. "Communistic efforts have gone on until the whole United States is cov ered with a network of organized activities," Mr. Shannon declared. "The menace is great only so long as the people remain apathetic. The mo ment they are aroused the menace will disappear. The time has arrived in America when the issue is between the Stars and Stripes and the red flag. It is time to cease talking our devo tion to the institutions of the United States and to act our love of country. Let the brains of the builders be as active as the brains of the wreckers." "ONE BIG UNION" Seeks to Disrupt P. O. Serv ice Union Now Orleans (ILNS)—According to Charles U. Sentilles, national vice president of the National Federation of Post Office Clerks, statements of the so-called Postal Workers of Amer ica that they are securing members from the bona-fide postal unions is without foundation. The National Federation of Post Office Clerks, the Railway Mail As sociation, the National Association of Letter Carriers and the National Fed eration of Rural Letter Carriers are affiliated with the American Federa tion of Labor. They maintain offices in Washington, D. C., in the A. F. of L. building and co-operate closely in all matters of mutual interest. The rH*RRV ME JD VJHENVUe p&Vfc 0? OCTO0ER. WANT TO TO HAVE: 5CWB W 6000 POTATOES ,p WO CAN FIND A UTTLB SPACt W THBM uJ/. rV' ^l 7? -fl- P. W. A. is a "one-big-union" move ment directing its activities, so far without success, toward the disrupt ment of these established unions. 'We have been very fortunate in the past in the protection and ad vancement of our interests through our regular organizations, backed by the A. F. of L.'' Mr. Sentilles said. "It is our very strong desire to con tinue our present organizations in such affiliation. The statement of the P. W. A. that they will supercede all organizations is a weak gesture, with out any foundation of fact either in New Orleans or elsewhere." Woman Says Straw Boss Struck Her Kosciusko, Miss. (ILNS)—Melton Higginbotham, straw boss in the Aponaug Manufacturing Co. spinning room, was arrested after Mrs. Mar garie McBride, age 60 years, accused him of assaulting and cursing her after discharging her. Mrs. McBride a union member, along with many other union members, was discharged. She protested against remarks made to her by Higginbotham, and charged that he cursed and struck her. Hig ginbotham is a non-union employe. The charges were substantiated by other workers. Mrs. McBride had been employed at the mill for many years. TMS& FINAL WEEK Of Our August Sale FURNITURE RUGS RADIOS Better Make Your Dollars Do Double Duty Htqk in Quatitq-LmbJHc* ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR HARRIMAN CASE SETTLED BY NRA Washington, D. C.—(ILNS)—The Harriman Hosiery Mills of Tennessee will retain its Blue Eagle under an agreement that has been reached with Gen. Johnson, of NRA, but details of which are not made public. At the same time, the agreement is declared to be satisfactory to the representa tives of organized labor, and a victory for the mill workers who have been in^protest for months against the con ditions imposed upon them, and lead ing to a strike several months ago. Settlement was reached in a con* ference attended by William Green and other labor spokesmen, and who in this conference made the Harri man incident a "test case." Green had vigorously opposed the recent settle ment reached with the mill by A. R. Glancy, an NRA deputy administra tor, and charged that it was wholly unfair to the workers. As a result of the conference it be came manifest that hereafter the spokesman of labor will be consulted by NRA officials in connection with settlements of this nature, and ap proval will not be given until they are in accord with the wishes of the workers. This new policy was an nounced as effective immediately after the conference. The Harriman plant lost its Blue Eagle after a dispute with NRA over failure to comply with a finding of the National Labor Board. Later, the plant was shut down, but permit ted to reopen under the agreement reached with Glancy. DISTILLING PLANT STRIKE SETTLED Pekiii, 111. (ILNS)—Operations have been resumed at the American Dis tilling Co. plant with the end of a four-day strike. An agreement was reached at a mediation conference presided over by State's Attorney Na than Ellis, of Tazewell county. Under the agreement, John Booth, fireman, who was discharged, will be rehired and the arrangement which terminated a previous contro versy at the plant will prevail. Union men claimed Booth was led out without cause, and was denied a hearing of his case before a grievance committee. Company officials said his discharge was occasioned by incompe tence. The strike flared with violence when approximately 200 non-union workers attempted to smash through a picket line. Nearly a score were injured with stones and clubs. FRIENDS" NOTES LEAD TO BANKRUPTCY PETITION New Orleans (ILNS)—There is nothing like having a friend. Oscar E. Laux, pressman employed by the New Orleans Item, has filed a petition in bankruptcy, showing assets of prac tically nothing, but liabilities of $2, 209.09. The liabilities consist of en dorsements of notes for friends that are held by alleged "loan sharks.'' r«r I •ss .".X- A* •.-•-is? •J r.'