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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, April 19, 1935, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1935-04-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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By CHESTER M. WRIGHT
There's a big battle on in Washing
ton to save the union 10-cent cigar
ette.
c.
Union Men Ought to Smoke
Union-Made Cigarettes
The unionized portion of the to
bacco and cigarette industry which
turns out dime cigarettes needs the
support of every wage earner in its
fight to bring about a tax equaliza
tion that will permit the 10-cent cig
arette to live.
If the dime cigarette is killed by
failure to equalize the tax, then the
wage earners who smoke the dime
brands will either have to pay more
money for cigarettes or go to the
roll-your-owns.
Today the federal tax on every pack
of 20 cigarettes is six cents.
For the makers of the dime brands
there are just four cents left after
the tax is paid and that has to cover
every cost, from farm to customer.
And They Ought to Help Save the 10-Cent Union Cigar
ette by Tax Equalization
When the same tax is taken from
dime cigarettes that is taken from
the 15-cent cigarette, THAT'S UN
FAIR.
Weeks ago the Tobacco Workers'
International Union asked the labor
press of America to join in the battle
to equalize the tax and thus save
the dime cigarette.
The labor press has responded no
bly, but the battle isn't won yet.
REMEMBER: EVERY DIME CIG
ARETTE IS UNION MADE.
The "Big Four," whose profits are
so huge they almost look unreal, does
not make dime cigarettes.
Identical bills, now before congress
to save the dime cigarettes, are H.
5450, H. R. 6124 and H. R. 6368.
Build sentiment for these bills.
Write to senators and congress
men.
Introduce resolutions, get them
adopted and send them to senators
and congressmen.
Send copies to the Tobacco Work
ers' International Union, Louisville, or
to the Allied Tobacco Trades Council
Carpenters' buildings, Washington,
This fight is in every sense a labor
fight.
The two big companies, 100 per
cent union, that make dime cigarettes
and every other kind of cigarette and
tobacco product except cigars, are the
Axton Fisher Tobacco Company and
the Brown & Williamson Tobacco
Corporation, both of Louisville.
Not only back these union compan
ies and the Tobacco Workers' Inter
national Union in the fight for tax
equalization, but BUY THEIR UN
ION-MADE PRODUCTS, as all pure
and fine as good tobacco and good
union members can make them.
For myself, I think it would be a
fine tribute to these companies and to
the memory of Col. Wood F. Axton to
roll up this support now. It would be
fine tribute to the memory of this
man who lived a lifetime in harmony
with union labox1.
USE OF FEDERAL
ARMS
The Connery resolution, which is in
the hands of the house committee on
military affairs, to prohibit the use
of federal owned equipment by state
militia engaged in strike breaking,
reads as follows:
'To prohibit the use of supplies and
equipment furnished by the United
States to the National Guard while on
service in connection with any labor
dispute without express approval of
the secretary of war.
'Resolved by the senate and house
of representatives of the United States
of America in congress assembled,
That no arms, clothing, equipment,
equipage, stores, or material hereto
fore or hereafter supplied by the
United States to the National Guard,
or heretofore or hereafter purchased
for the use of the National Guard out
of any funds appropriated at any time
by the United States, shall be used
by any unit of the National Guard of
any state, territory, or the District of
Columbia while on duty for any pur
pose in connection with any labor
strike, dispute, or controversy whether
or not martial law has been declared
in force in respect thereof, unless ex
press approval for such use is given at
the time by the secretary of war in
each case for each such unit."
More Pay For Memphis
Street Car Workers
Memphis, Tenn. (ILNS)—A three
cent an hour increase inwages of the
more than 475 employes of the Mem
phis Street Railway Company was an
nounced as the company and the street
car union signed a new contract. For
experienced operators of one-man cars
who have been paid 60 cents an hour
the increase is 5 per cent. Experienced
one-man car operators, barn and
shop employes, who form the largest
unit in the union, were paid 64.5 cents
an hour before depression wage cuts
began. The pay dropped as low as
52.25 cents an hour, and now returns
to 63 cents, within 1.5 cents of the
peak before the depression. The work
week averages 52.5 hours.
David Webb & Sons
FUNERAL HOME
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FRESH GROUND BEEF
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A Full Line of Fresh and Smoked Fish for Lent
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Now is the time to get that Tractor, Truck and Lighting Plant
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(Copyright, VT. V. U
Bill.
Philadelphia (ILNS)-—Some definite
check should be placed on governors
who rush troops to the scene of strikes
at the behest of employers, Gen. Smed
ley D. Butler, outspoken former Ma
rine commander, declared in a radio
address over WCAU.
In any strike today, property is
worth more than life in the eyes of
the authorities, and armed militia
place more value on a pane of glass
than on a human life, Butler said in
excoriating the use of troops during
strikes. He spoke in support of the
Connery bill to provide that federal
arms and equipment shall not be used
by state troops in strikes without the
express permission of the secretary
of war. Butler testified for the bill
in hearings at Washington.
"You know," he heclared, "the way
it is now, a life is worth less than a
pane of glass. Particularly in a strike.
Some thug hired by the mills
slams a black jack across the head of
a striker. And someone hurls a rock
Maybe it breaks a 60-cent pane of
glass in the factory and maybe it
doesn't. The hired thugs or the po
lice—or the national guard—whoever
is there to guard the property—gets
excited and starts shooting. And
strikei or an innocent victim, maybe
a woman or a child, gets shot. That
seems to be all right with the author
ities.
Shooting Not Investigated
'There is an investigation to de
termine who broke the window glass
But there is no investigation to de
termine who did the shooting and the
killing. No one takes away the rifles
and the revolvers and the machine
guns from those who did the shoot
ing. No, the shooting was to pre
serve the peace, law and order. What
they really mean is that the shooting
was to preserve the property and
break the strike.
"In any strike today .. prop
erty is worth more than life.
What's the life of a striker or
two, more or less, in these days
of ten million or more unem
ployed? But a pane of broken
glass—that's serious ... so, turn
out the state militia—and start
shooting.
"You put guns into the hands of
young and untried national guards
men, many of them mere boys, and
the first thing you know at the first
sign of trouble, some of these boys
get excited and shoot, and then we
have real trouble. I told that to the
committee (at the Washington hear
ing on the Connery bill) because
have handled hundreds of thousands
^:p^rfwcf^¥W^^a^ i ^y^°T-^
'HE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS.
VOL. XXXV. No. 2 HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1935 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR
Not Slightest Justification in Sending Troops to Shoot
Workers in Defense of Property, Former Marine Head
Declares in Blistering Address Supporting Connery
Easter
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of these boys and I know how they
eact.
Men can't go around with rifles
without hurting people.
Definite Check Urged
"I believe some definite check
should be placed on governors who
mobilize the national guard the mo
ment some employer who has a strike
on his hands lets out a wail about
protecting his property!
If the right to use federal equip
ment—and that means the guns and
bayonets that the national guards
men use—if the right to use federal
equipment by guardsmen is vested
exclusively in the hands of the presi
dent of these United States, through
the secretary of war, then these pan
icky governors won't be sending
troops out every time there is a strike
and someone shies a stone against a
factory wall. Yes, make the gover
nor of the state get permission to use
federal equipment in the same way
he does to use federal troops.
"By the time such a panicky gov
ernor, who wants to mobilize his mili
tia, informs the president and the
president calmly studies the situation
the need for troops generally will
have passed and trouble will be
averted.
Strike Killings Unjustifiable
"And there will be fewer killings
just because someone has smashed a
window in a mill.
"Whether the strike is justified
or not, there is not the slightest
justificaton in sending out sol
diers to shoot down strikers be
cause the mill owner is afraid a
little of his property may be dam
aged. The property can be re
paired or replaced. But you can't
bring a dead striker back to life.
You can't restore him to his
widow and his children. And a
human life is too great a price to
pay for a broken window."
'And remember, there is no law
against strikes. Strikes are legal in
this nation. And, when there is
strike, why should the employer have
the sole right to call upon troops to
take his side What right has the em
ployer to call upon troops to break
up the strike? That's why the mili
tia is called out—to break strikes.
Troops Not Mill Owners'
'These troops don't belong to the
mill owner. They are the people's
troops—the people's defenders. That
is, they are supposed to be. The peo
ple pay for their upkeep. But did yott
ever hear of strikers being protected
by state guardsmen in any strike?
"This Connery resolution won
stop all of our governors from using
•-A3K-
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0
er Flays Use
Of Militia to Break Strikes
state troops to break up strikes. Some
of these governors will simply get the
mill owners to put up the money to
buy guns and bayonets and other
equipment. But it will help. If this
resolution become law, an exploiting
mill owner, whose men are striking
for a living wage, won't be able to
run to the governor every time a
striker heaves a stone through alit
tle 60-cent window pane and demand
that the troops be called out.
Connery Bill Would Help
"No, because the governor would
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BILL TO BAR
Prison Goods in Interstate
Commerce
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Prohi
bition of interstate commerce in
prison-made goods is provided in a
bill introduced this week by Represen
tative Hatton W. Summers, of Texas,
chairman of the judiciary committee,
to which the bill was referred. The
bill was introduced at the request oi
the American Federation of Labor.
The bill follows the wording of the
Webb-Kenyon act which prohibited
shipment of liquor into dry states.
It is a corollary to the Hawes-Cooper
act, which enabled the states to ap
ply to goods coming into the state
the same restrictions imposed on
goods produced in their own prisons.
Enactment of the measure is not
positively assured in this session of
congress, but its supporters have
some basis for hope. It is pertinent
legislation in connection with the ex
tension of the national industrial re
covery act under which was formed
the prison compact which has proved
such a failure in keeping prison-made
goods off the open market in compe
tition with the products of free labor.
Representative Summers discussed
his reasons for sponsoring the bill in
an address delivered on April 8 in
New York city at the annual meeting
of the national committee on pris
ons and prison labor and broadcast
over the NBC radio system.
STRIKE FOR PAY INCREASE
New Philadelphia, Ohio (ILNS)—
About 350 employes of the Belmont
Stamping & Enameling Company went
on strike following refusal of officials
to grant a general wage increase.
have to ask the president of the
United States for permission to use
federal guns and federal bayonets,
and federal equipment, and the presi
dent, you can be sure, won't author
ize the use of this federal equipment
to kill a lot of strikers just because
someone broke a window glass or
threw a few stones at hard-boiled
hoodlums hired to break up the strike
by beating up the strikers.
"Yes, the Connery resolution would
help. Let's hope it becomes law."
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