Newspaper Page Text
Fund Report Shows.
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Labor votes union when it has the chance. The Twentieth Century Fund has just published the results of a study of labor elections, held under the aus pices of government labor boards. Leaving out the automobile industry for the moment, of 204,582 ballots cast by workers, 138,017, or 67 per cent, were cast for regular trade un ions 61,401, or 30 per cent, went for company unions, and 5,164, or 3 per cent, indorsed individual representa tion or some different method of bar gaining. Workers Vote For Union When Given Free Choice Only 30 Per Cent of Ballots in Government-Supervised Elections Cast for Company Unions, Excluding Cha otic Voting in Automobile Industry, 20th Century In a word, considerably more than two to one, voted for the union. Where elections were held in the textile industry, the union vote was three to one, and the longshoremen who were polled went more than three to one in the same direction. Of the automobile workers voting, 12 per cent voted union, 11 per cent company union, and the rest, 77 per cent, voted for individuals or "other" forms of bargaining. The reason for this chaotic voting is not far to seek. The Automobile Board's notice of the nominating election in the Chevrolet forge division read thus: "In this election each voter will nominate one person for representa tive of his voting district, and he will also be given the opportunity, which he is free to avail of or not to avail of, to indicate the group, if any, with which his name is identified. "The method," says the study pub lished by the fund, ''does not lend itself readily to the designation of an organ ization as the representative. Unless GREIF VIOLATOR Of 7-A By Ruling of Labor Board Washington, D. C. tILNS)—L. Greif & Bros., Inc., of Baltimore, Md., one of the biggest men's clothing manu facturing concerns, with plants in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, violated Section 7-A of the recovery act by threatening to close its plant at Staunton, Va., if the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America made progress in unionizing its employes, the National Labor Relations Board has ruled. The board also found that the com pany, by its initiation of the Mutual Benefit Association and by its par ticipation in its affairs, interfered with the right of its employes to self organization under Section 7-A. The evidence on which this finding was based was that, after the passage of the national industrial recovery act the association was organized, not upon the initiative of the employes but upon the initiative of the man agement. The by-laws were prepared by the management, and the manage ment had a hand in selecting the officers. The company was required to cease participating in the affairs of the Mu tual Benefit Association and to dis continue attempts to influence em ployes in their choice of membership in labor organization. The company was asked to notify the Labor Board within 10 days that members of the Amalgamated were regularly back at their former posi tions without discrimination and molestation, and it was also required to cease participating in the affairs of the Mutual Benefit Association. The Greif case has been before NRA authorities for many months. •S the voters went to the trouble of writ ing in the names of organizations, their ballots were counted for individ uals." Even with this blind wording of the ballot, and with the espionage in which the automobile industry seems to surpass all others, more auto work ers voted for the true union than for the company union. This compilation of figures ought to end all quibbling about ''minority rep resentation," and other devices for fogging up the landscape, labor execu tives point out. When workers have a chance to express their real wishes, they vote overwhelmingly for real unions. STEELSTOCKHOLDERS Attack Big Pay of Chief Officials New York City (ILNS)—There wa hot time in the meeting of the stockholders of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation last week. Four stock holders present tried to cut the sal aries and bonuses of the three offi cials of the company: Charles M. Schwab, chairman of the board Eu gene G. Grace, president, and R. E. McMath, secretary. Schwab's salary is $250,000 a year, Grace's $180,000, and McMath'i: $58,000, or $488,000 for the three This roused the wrath of Leopold Coshland, a stockholder who was present who declared that it was 'not fair nor honorable" for Mr. Grace to take such a salary when the company had lost money for two years and made only a small sum in 1934. ''A few years ago," said Mr. Cosh land, "Mr. Schwab said he was giv ing up many of his activities on ac count of his advanced age, but that Bethlehem would always remain near est his heart. He was wrong in his anatomy. He has held Bethlehem Steel nearest his stomach, and we have been his meal ticket!" Big Losses Reported Mr. Grace in his annual report said that the Bethlehem had lost $20,000, 000 in 1932, and $9,000,000 in 1933 but had made profits of $550,000 in 1934. In other words, the total sum left i'or the stockholders is only a little more than the salaries paid to three officials. Mrs. Mary F. Gallagher, a widow living in New York and a stockholder of the Bethlehem, put in her word for Mr. Coshland. "No wonder Father Coughlin preaches about blood money,' she said "He knows what he is talking about There is too much of this. Here we (the stockholders) without a cent while you men store up millions. Mr. Grace should know that there are no pockets in shrouds!" Tractor, Truck Delco Light Parts Workers Poorly Paid Now is the time to get that Tractor, Truck and Lighting Plant in shape. We have the Parts and the equipment to do almost anything you want done in order to put your machinery in shape. Get ready for 1935 as it is going to be the best year you have had for a long time. Let us figure with you on your needs. Mr. Coshland spoke again, saying that according to the president's re port, the Bethlehem has 44,000 work ers, earning 67 cents an hour by hard laborious work, while three officials were collecting almost half a million a year. He proposed that the salaries of these three officials be limited to 20 per cent of the profits of 1934, which would work out at $110,000, instead of $488,000 actually paid. This was voted down, of course the insiders were in complete control but this plain speaking is considered sign that legal proceedings to cut the Bethlehem salary list may be looked for almost any time. Savage Auto Supply Co. 636-38 MAPLE AVENUE PHONE 116 Under Present Rates. Washington, D. C. (ILNS)--A poll of congress indicates there is enough sentiment in favor of lowering the tax on 10-cent cigarettes to pass a bill providing for this, if the proposal can be brought to a vote at this session. A flood of letters from all parts of the United States supporting labor's effort to keep these union-made prod ucts on the market has greatly helped in the development of this sentiment. The Allied Tobacco Workers' Council has asked that this expression of sen timent be continued, even though sen ators and representatives may be get ting too many of them to answer them promptly. Some attention must be given by congress to tax matters at this ses sion. Whether the tobacco tax mat ter receives final action has not been ascertained positively. It will un duobtedly come to a hearing, for it has been introduced into the house by three members of the ways and means committee. The individual bills, identically worded, are H. 5450, H. R. 6124, and H. R. 6368. All Pay Same Tax At present, all cigarettes pay the same tax, $3 per 1,000, no matter what the selling price. Under the pi'oposed law, there will be a gradu ated tax according to price. Ten-cent cigarettes will pay a tax of $2.70 per 1,000 15-cent cigarettes will pay as now, $3 per 1,000 and higher priced cigarettes will pay $3.30 per 1,000. Clearly, the new rates would be much fairer than the old. At present, the flat tax of $3 per 1,000 works out as a levy of 252 per cent on the whole sale value of the dime cigarettes, and a levy of 126 per cent on the whole sale value of 15-cent cigarettes. Ten-cent cigarettes are A LI UNION MADE. Labor's Friends Penalized Fifteen-cent cigarettes are made in overwhelming proportion by the Big Four tobacco companies, which are bitterly anti-union. The present law puts a penal izing tax on labor's friends, and in substance gives a bonus to its enemies. That contrast alone should rally all union labor to fight for fair play for union tobacco workers. Under the present schedule, ten cent cigarettes will be taxed to death, They made their first appearance on a large scale in 1932, when tobacco prices dropped so that the indepen dent tobacco companies saw that they could pay the existing tax, sell pack ages at 10 cents, and still come out THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS. VOL. XXXV. No. 3 HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1935 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR OW 00 V.' 1 UOPtTOt* PITCHES AH SttUTS'fM 0Ui VAM PjNTTH Poll Indicates Strong Congressional Sentiment For Fair Tax on 10-Cent Cigarettes, Which Are Product Of Union Labor and Are Threatened With Extinction 11111.1.| ress to Lower Taxes On Dime Cigarette If Given Chance to Vote on Proposal ahead. They cut a big swath out of the Big Four business, and their com petition raised the price of tobacco to the growers. The Secretary of the treasury of the United States has testified to that. Tax Now Prohibitive But now that tobacco prices are up to a decent level again—thanks in part to the bidding of the indepen dents, it is impossible to pay the pres ent tax on cigarettes, sell them to re tail at 10 cents a package, and still come out even. The two chief firms making dime cigarettes, Axton -Fisher and Brown & Williamson, are 100 per cent union. They pay union wages and deal with the repre sentatives of the workers. They sent telegrams to the White House calling for a cigarette code that would be fairer to workers than the present one. W. F. Ax ton, president of Axton-Fisher, who died recently, was a staunch friend of the unions for 35 years. Organized labor is making a coi centrated drive to pass a tax la which is fair in itself, which will gi1 the only friends of labor in tobaci manufacturing a chance to stay business, which will maintain the cor petition by which the 10-cent ciga ette manufacturers boosted the fan er's price. Jobs, Pay, Gain In Pennsylvan Philadelphia (ILNS)—The numb of wage earners on the rolls of Pen sylvania facotries increased about per cent and the amount of wage di bursements 2 per cent from the mi die of February to the middle March, indices of the Federal Reser Bank of Philadelphia show. Wor ing time, as measured by employ hours actually worked, also show a gain of 2.6 per cent. These chang indicate that factory activity sin the middle of February was wi maintained, the Federal Reserve Bai said. HOMELESS MEN ON RELIEF St. Louis, Mo. (AFLNS)—Fro November 1, 1034, to April 1, of tt year, 10,442 persons sought aid at Bureau for Homeless Men. Appac. tions fell off during February an March a thousand from the averac of the previous three months. ARETflEY PLAYING WAY? 3EE,I HOPE GUESS IT A!NT RAlNl/sic3 "THERE. \MATA 0REAK- in THEY6WE TOM A CHANCE TO PITCH. \AJHEN HE'S R16HT HOWY vNHiT'ltt Small Investors Gyped By "Broker" Racketeer Carson City, Nev. (AFLNS)—An injunction secured by officials of the federal securities commission closed the office* of the Colonial Trading Company. Government investigators said th* concern had collected around $328,000 from small investors and used the money to speculate on the commodity exchanges of Chicago and Winnepeg, that the managers of the oufit pyra Canada. The government charged mided money received, paying divi dends to early investors with money received from new accounts. W: I THIRD BE SURE IT IS A NATIONAL LABOR BOARD Orders Election in Kelsey Hayes Wheel Company Plant By A. F. of L. Newe Service. Washington.—The National Labor Relations Board ordered an election by secret ballot to be held within two weeks by employes of the Kelsey Hayes Wheel Company of Detroit, Mich., to determine whether they want to be represented by the United Automobile Workers' Federal Labor Union No. 18677, affiliated with the American Federation of Labor, or by the Employers' Association, a com pany union. In announcing the order for the election, the board said the union claims a membership of 2,167 of the company's employes and that 914 have signed cards, petitioning the board to conduct an election. The company union claims a membership of 1,960. The board stated that the contin uance of the competitive status be tween the two employe organizations will lead to conflicting demands and discord among the employes. It there fore concluded that an election to de termine proper representation to bar gain with the company would be in the "public interest." The board pointed out that the Kel sey Hayes Company started its com pany union shortly after the enact ment of the national recovery act in 1933, which contained in Section 7-A what congress intended to be a ban on company-promoted unions. Lumber Mill Workers Fight Slash in Wages West Helena, Ark. (ILNS)—Notice of increased hours and reductions in wages as posted at the Chicago Mill and Lumber Company plant here pre cipitated a strike of approximately 600 workers. Company officials said that they planned to cancel NRA lum ber code regulations because of the recent withdrawal by the government of an appeal before the supreme court, which was a "test" of the code's con stitutionality. Jasper, Ala. (ILNS)—More than 200 lumber mill employes are on strike demanding wage increases. Approxi mately 75 workers walked out at the R. H. Carr Lumber Company. Another 140 were on strike at the Jasper and Eldridge plants of the Cleveland Lum ber Company. The strikes caused 15 sawmills in Walker county to shut down. 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