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By A. F. of L. News Service.
Roosevelt Orders $19 to $94 Wages Per Month For 3,500,000 Jobless Washington.—Acting in accordance with the authority conferred upon him by the congress of the United States President Roosevelt issued an exec utive order fixing wage scales for the 3,500,000 jobless now on relief rolls who are provided with employment under the $4,800,000,000 work relief program. Workers Classified as Unskilled, Skilled, Intermediate and Professional—90 Per Cent Must Be Taken From Relief Rolls—Rates Are Far Below Prevailing Industrial The wages range from $19 per month for unskilled rural workers in some sections of the South to $94 per month for professional workers in the North. In setting the wage rates, which are admitted to be far below the prevail ing wages in private industry, the country was divided into four sections comprising the deep South, Middle South, Central States and Northern States, and the workers in these sec tions grouped in four classes-—unskill ed, intermediate, skilled and profes sional or technical. In addition to varying wage rates according to regions and the four classifications the rates also varied ac cording to five population classifica tions, with the highest wages in cities having over 100,000 population and the lowest in cities of less than 5,000 and rural areas. An examination of the pay schedules revealed that wage rates for unskilled workers generally are far below the $50 per month first suggested for re lief wages, varying from $19 in cities under 5,000 population in the South to $55 in cities of over 100,000 in the North. For intermediate workers the rates vary from a low of $27 in the South to $65 in the North. Skilled workers will be paid as low as $35 in the South, with a maximum of $85 in the North. Professional and technical workers top the president's pay scale, running from r. low of $39 in the South to $94 in the North. A statement issued by the division of applications and information, head ed by Frank C. Walker, said the rates of pay set forth in the president's order were based on the rates applied by the federal emergency relief ad ministration, on its projects before the present $4,800,000,000 work relief program was authorized. The state ment added: "The rates paid on this program in the 3,000-odd counties in the United States were typically determined by a total wage committee consisting of one representative of business, one representative of labor and the local relief administrator." The president's order prescribed that except with the specific authori zation of the worker progress admin istration at least 90 per cent of all persons employed on work relief proj ects shall be taken from the public relief rolls. The order also limited employment to one member of a family group and Per Pound FRESH GROUND BEEF Per Pound Wages—Lowest in the South—40-Hour Week Will Rule. oarred employment of persons under 16 or in poor health. With regard to hours the order pre scribed that the "maximum hours of work shall be determined by the works progress administrator, but shall not be in excess of eight hours per day and 40 hours per week." In establishing the maximum 40 hour week the order followed the hours limitation contained in most NRA codes, regardless of the fact that a number of industries are now operat ing on the 35-hour week and less. SOCIAL SECURITY Bill Reported To Senate By A. P. of L. News Service. Washington.—The senate finance committee voted a favorable report on the administration's social security bill after making certain changes in the measure as passed by the house of representatives. The bill proposed a tax of 3 per cent on payrolls of employers of more than 10 persons to assist in financing state unemployment insurance program Agricultural workers, domestic ser vants and certain other groups are ex empted from insurance. To assist states in establishing old age pension plans the measure pro poses to raise a federal fund by a tax of 3 per cent on payrolls levied against both employers and employes. Bene fits may run to $85 a month for re tired workers of 65 and over. Agri cultural workers, domestic servants and certain other groups are barred from pension benefits. The senate committee reinserted in the bill the original provision author izing a compulsory contributory pen sion system which would permit em ployes to purchase annuities jointly financed by employer-employe contrib ution. This provision was stricken out in the bill as it passed the house of representatives. Canadian Government Gives Farmers Low Interest Rate Ottawa, Can. (AFLNS)—The Ca nadian department of finance in statement explaining the new farm loan act said that $80,000,000 is now available for new loans to Canadian farmers on first mortgages at 5 per cent interest, which is the lowest rate ever offered to farmers by the federal government. The maximum loan is to be $5,000 and cannot exceed 50 per cent of the actual value of the land and buildings. The proceeds may be .used to purchase land, buy fertilizers, ^seed, live stock, machinery, etc. to erect farm build ings or make other improvements. The first mortgage loans are repayable within 25 years on CHICAGO MARKET CO. Corner Front and High Streets Telephone 450# Tractor, Truck and Delco Light Parts Now is the time to get that Tractor, Truck and Lighting Plant in shape. We have the Parts and the equipment to do almost anything you want done in order to put your machinery in shape. Get ready for 1935 as it is going to be the best year you have had for a Ion,? time. Let us figure with you on your needs. Savage Auto Supply Co. 636-38 MAPLE AVENUE PHONE 116 terms the Farm Loan Board. SATURDAY SPECIALS IIOI.OGNA AND FRANKFURTERS Per Pound FRESH SLICED LIVER prescribed by 12ic 9ic 8k (Copyright, W. N. U.) By A. F. of 1. News Service. The Automobile Workers' Union was organized early in July, 1932, shortly after the enactment of the national recovery act. About the same time, although Sec tion 7-A of the act contained a pro vision by which congress intended to ban company-promoted unions, offi cials of the Kelsey-Hayes Wheel con cern interpreted the labor section to mean that congress had given the com pany union a definite legal status This is clear from the report of the Labor Relations Board, which said: Firm Promotes Company Union "In July of 1933 the management advised the formation of an associa tion of employes to elect representa tives to deal with the management in order that the provisions of the nation al industrial recovery act could be put into effect, and co-operated in the in stallation of the Employes' Associa tion, hereinafter referred to as the as sociation. "The association is similar to other employe representation plans pre viously considered by this board and it has for its purpose the promotion of co-operation between the company and its employes in the adjustment of col lective bargaining subjects and griev ances. "The by-laws of the association pro vide for the nomination and election of employe representatives to serve on a factory council, which factory coun cil represents the association in its dealing with the management. "The management has co-operated with the association by paying for the printing of ballots, by paying employe representatives for time spent in at tending Factory County and commit tee meetings at their regular pay rate and by allowing elections to be held on company time." Despite the fact that Section 7-A of the recovery act specifically prescribes BUTLER COUNTY PRESS. VOL. XXXV. No. 8 HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, MAY 31,1935 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR Detroit Firm Financed "Employes' Association" In Opposition to A. F. of L. Auto Workers' Union. The activities of automobile manu facturing corporations in promoting and financing' company unions design ed to interfere with and prevent the organization of their employes in bona fide trade unions is pointedly revealed in th3 recent investigation which the National Labor Relations Board made of the Kelsey-Hayes Wheel Company, Detroit, Mich., in connection with the petition of United Automo bile Workers' Federal Labor Union No. 18677 that an election by secret ballot of the employes be held for the pux*pose of choosing an agency for col lective bargaining with the company. All Employes But Company Union Members Banned From Benefit Society Which the Company Supported. Memorial Day Kelsey-Hayes Wheel Company union Described By National Labor Board that "no employe and no one seeking employment shall be required as a condition of employment to join any company union," the Kel cy-Hayes concern indirectly did this very thing. It promoted a subsidiary benefit organization whose member ship was limited to members of the company union. On this point the La bor Board's report stated: Mutual Benefit Society "Limited" "The Employes' Association has or ganized a Mutual Benefit Society, hereinafter referred to as the soci ety, to take care of sick and death benefits where members of the society are involved. This society has 1,530 members, and its membership is limit ed to members of the association Each member of the society pays 25 cents a month in dues and, by agree ment, the company contributes an amount equal to the total dues paid by the members." In connection with this mutual bene fit society the Labor Board declared company officials undoubtedly influ enced employes to join the Employes' Association (the company union), by "financing the Mutual Benefit Soci ety, which is limited to members of the association." That is to say, the company officials established the rule that in order to become a member of the Benefit Society employes must be long to the company union. Commenting on this plain interfer ence with the self-organization of the employes by the company, which Sec tion 7-A of the recovery act prohibits the Labor Board said: Company Union Favored "It is only natural for the employes to join the association because the company has shown by its support that it favors the association, and it quite possible, if given an opportunity to choose between the association and the union as their collective bargaining representative, that many of the em ployes who are members of the asso ciation might nevertheless choose the union as their collective bargaining representative." Company Enjoins Board Under these conditions the National Labor Relations Board declared that the public interest required an elec tion of the company's employes to select by majority rule an agency for collective bargaining, and ordered that the election be held under the direction and supervision of the Regional Labor Board for the Detroit district. lilfili In its determination to continue its nterference with the right of its em ployes to organize in an A. F. of union and bargain collectively in ac cordance with the national recovery act the company promptly persuaded a judge to issue an injunction prohib iting the Labor Board from holding the election. Outlawed by Wagner-Connery Bill The type of company union promot ed by the Kelsey-Hayes Wheel Com pany will be definitely outlawed when the house of representatives passes and the president signs the. Wagner Connery labor disputes bill, which has already passed the United States senate. THIRD GREEN EVERYONE'S TALKING ABOUT this CRITICIZES WORK RELIEF By A. P. of lu News Service. REMARKABLE RUG TEST inh Thousands have walked over the MASLANO ARGONNE RUG on OUT sidewalk See why these rugs are called "The Rugs Children Won't Wear Out" BEAUTIFUL DESIGNS RICH COLORS only SSf *75 9' 12' Size Hiqk Im Qua/lUf -Urn PAY Washington.—The fear that wage rates in private industry are menaced by President Roosevelt's order fixing low relief work wages for the $3,500, 000 jobless who are to be given em ployment under the $4,800,000,000 work relief program was expressed by William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor. "In by opinion the fixing of a wage scale such as has been an nounced will cause a great deal of dissatisfaction," Mr. Green said. "I understand that zones have been outlined and standard rates set for each zone," he continued. "That means a departure from the fixing of wage scales on the basis of local conditions to a situation where they are established on a zone basis. It means, therefore, going from a sys tem that provides flexibility to one that provides rigidity. "That will mean injustice. For in stance, Washington, in all probabil ity, has a going wage as high or higher than in Canton, Ohio. Yet a security wage will be in force in Wash ington lower than that in Canton, Ohio. That will cause widespread dis satisfaction in Washington. "I am fearful of protest strikes, and I am also fearful that private in dustry will use these rates to reduce the wages they are paying now." Relief Fund For Jobless Won By Clothing Workers By A. F. of L. News Service. 1 Toronto, Ont.—The Amalgamated -lothing Workers' Union here won its jong fight for an employer-supported unemployment relief fund when the Associated Clothing Manufacturers, in a new contract with the union, agreed to maintain a fund equivalent to 1 per cent of their payrolls to provide re lief for workers of their factories while unemployed or in need of help. William Johnston, manager of the clothing manufacturers' organization, in commenting on the jobless relief fund, said: "If the government passes a law to take care of the unemployed in the trade during the slack season and those in need of help, this will cease. The union ha- been maintain ing a fund oil the basis of 1 per cent of pay for members for four years. 1 imagine they grew tired of it and de cided that manufacturers should main tain the fund." mMM i» 7Wm COURT