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By A. F. of L. Newa Service.
Atlantic City, N. J.—Emphasis on the necessity of all workers being organized in strong trade unions to secure their rights even under the most favorable labor legislation, fea tured the report of the executive council of the American Federation of Labor to the annual convention of the federation here. The report also declared that or ganized labor should exercise an im portant influence in determining the new economic and social policies which are now transforming the world. Trade Unions Are Workers' Main Support in Struggle for Justice A. F. of L. Council Declares In the introduction to their report the council said: 'The past year has been one of mo mentous consequence to the labor movement of the country. The enact ment of federal substantive law recog nizing labor's right to organize in unions so as to have the machinery for collective bargaining, with the consequent obligation devolving upon employers to respect this right and to do their part in putting it into effect, was an event of great importance. 'The year has also brought sub stantial gains in average paid-up un ion membership. Behind this gain we know there is an additional group of workers who have pledged allegiance to the union cause but have been prevented by unemployment from regular payment of union dues. 'The events of the past few years have demonstrated conclusively that organization is the one method by which wage earners and small salaried workers can have the machinery for sustain- ~rlf rtnd that while Miss Perkins said that the American people fervently desire the security provided by the social security act and it is up to the states to make them available without any unnecessary delay. Atlantic City Convention Is Told That Laws Enacted To Benefit the Masses Are of Small Value Unless Backed Up By Strong Labor Organizations. MISS PERKINS Asks Prompt State Aid For Security Act Asheville, N. C. (ILNS)—Benefits of the security legislation pased by congress should be made available soon to all the eligible wage earners, dependent and crippled children, the needy and aged, widowed mothers and blind of the nation, Sceretary of La bor Frances Perkins told the second annual conference on labor legislation here. The cost of social security would be comparatively small for some years to come, Miss Perkins said, pointing out that this was deliber ately planned so that the incidence of tax might be gradual, as business and workers would be paying the tax in the early years of recovery from the depression, and therefore the full prosperity level had been reached. Sees Relief Costs Cut "Unemployment insurance will within a short time considerably lighten the burden of caring for the unemployed," she said. "It will ma terially reduce relief costs in the _a_ Jt. .m.<p></p>TTTtttTTttTtftTfttttl'VTtfTTtfffffTTTTf legislation may provide opportunities foi progress, group organization is the agency through which results are secured. The establishment of this fact will tremendously facilitate or ganization during the coming years. "The labor movement has an oppor tunity to take a determining part in the shifting and shaping of national economic and social policies which are remaking the world in which we live Organized use of intelligence and ex perience will enable us to establish a new status for those who do not pro ductive work, a recognition and protec tion of the right of human beings to life, self-respect and dignity, and to full benefits from the work and scien tific discoveries which are our social heritage from past work as well as the results of joint work of the pres ent generations. 'The establishment of rights car ries with them duties and as it gains in status the organized labor move ment will increasingly asume duties to its membership, employers and the public. We must decide all policies in the light of the welfare of each group as a part of the whole movement." "We face perplexing problems and serious difficulties but we live in an age of unparalleled oportunity because it is an age of changes. With unity and co-operation in our ranks, with de sire to find solutions for our problems, with subordination of smaller matters to the best interests and progress of the labor movement, we can make the coming years an epoch of union organization and union progress for the advancement and progress of la bor?" SATURDAY SPECIALS Pure Lard 2 lbs. 33c Spareribs 2 lbs. 35c Cream Cheese 17c CHICAGO MARKET CO. C*r»er Front aid High Street* T«leplio*ie 4WI Overhaul that Truck, Tractor, Stationary Engine or Delco Plant Now. PARTS AND PARTS SERVICE at years to come. It will be a vital force working against the recurrence of severe depressions in the future. We can, as the principle of sustained pur chasing power makes itself felt, grow old without being haunted by the spectre of a poverty-ridden old age." The conference adopted a report saying that government in America, both state and nation, was destined to engage not only in slum reclama tion projects but in low rental hous ing and an adequate supply of good dwelings for the entire population. The report declared that an adequate housing pro-gram now would help sta bilize recovery progress. Building Has "Tonic Effect" A housing program "stimulates more lines of production and distri bution than does any other single enterprise and so has a tonic effect on our whole economic structure," said the report. "In the lower income levels—slum reclamation and provision of low rental housing—there is no possibility of an excess supply in terms of hu man need during the near future." The conference was attended by labor leaders, state and federal labor officials and executives of welfare or ganizations from 40 states. Savage Auto Supply Co. 636-38 MAPLE AVENUE PHONE 116 Put a bigger "kick" in collective bargaining with a 100 per cent solu tion of collective buying under the union label. i-i-J-XXAAXAAiyLiuiAAA 1 WWWw ^w-w-ww m-m tCcSMtfto.vYfc.'&'.U Atlantic City, N. J. (ILNS)—Word that industry is on the rise was brought to the American Federation of Labor convention here by Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins as the con vention swung into its first week of work. Latest reports of the department of labor leave no doubt that the dur able goods industries "have actually made the turn," she told the delegates. In adition to Miss Perkins' adress, the delegates heard an address by Ray Murphy, newly elected commander of the American Legion, who invited the A. F. of L. to form a united front with his organization to fight communism and "all subversive influences." Presi dent Wiliam Green, of the federation, replying to Comander Murphy, accept ed the invitation to co-operate. Constitution Charges Favored Commander Murphy declared that the American Legion favored making whatever changes in the federal con stitution are 'needed for the common good.' Secretary Perkins expressed the opinion that it was highly significant that the durable goods industries were making progress. She cited specific ally figures on the construction indus try, steel output, automobile, machin ery and machine tools. 'Take, for example, the machine tool industry, which takes the first step in building up new machinery and equipment to reflect production increase," Miss Perkins said. "The Au gust index of machine tool orders is 125.8, compared with 100 in 1926. The average for the first eight months of this year is 82.5, or nearly double the average for all last year. As a mat ter of fact, business reported for the eight months is 18 per cent above the twelve-month figure for 1934." Jobs and Wages Rise While admitting that millions of workers were still idle, Miss Perkins said labor department statisticians es timated that more than 4,400,000 who were jobless in March, 1933, had found work in private industry. In the same period weekly wage payments in the manufacturing industries increased from $75,000,000 to more than $140, 000,000, she said. The secretary said these figures were 'heartening" and spoke well for the measures instituted by President Roosevelt in an "effort to bring about healthy and substantial recovery." Miss Perkins referred to the social security act as "one of the most use ful single pieces of federal legislation in the interest of wage earners in the history of the United States." Presi rHE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS. VOL. XXXV. No. 28 HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1935 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR Full-up THE C£ILA£ 19 1 GMJK.F0U Trade Rise Recovery Sign Labor Convention No Doubt Durable Goods Industries Have Made Turn, Secretary of Labor Perkins Declares, Citing Figures She Calls Heartening—Co operation with American Legion to Fight Communists Promised. dent Green, who introduced Miss Per kins, promised that organized labor would continue its efforts to have the Social Security Board placed within the department of labor. Speaking of the Wagner labor rela tions act, Miss Perkins said passage of the act does not mean merely that strikes and lockouts will be fewer, but that the fundamental causes of the conflicts can be intelligently diagnosed and remedied. Both labor and em ployers, she said, are already showing a growing disposition to take advan tage of government agencies in the settlement of their disputes. New Fairness Promised "With the guarantee to labor of the right of free association and the provision of necessary safeguards against abuse of the right, with the establishment of the National Labor Relations Board and with the assist ance of such special industrial boards as in textiles, steel, railroad trans portation and bituminous coal and the conciliation service of the United States Department of Labor, we should be able to look forward con fidently to a fairer and more scien tific handling of the problems involved in relationships between employers and employes than we have ever had before. "This means not merely that strikes and lockouts may be fewer, but that the fundamental causes of such dis orders may be intelligently diagnosed and remedies quickly provided through the agency of such boards. Wage earn ers and employers have shown a grow ing disposition to avail themselves of the fair and impaitial services of these government boards. They are really set up for the purpose of keep ing industrial peace for the benefit of employers, workers and in the pub lie interest." Pretzel Bakery Drivers Join Union Are Fired By A. F. of L. News Service. Baltimore, Md.—The Baltimore Central Labor Union unanimously adopted a resolution putting the Becker Pretzel Bakeries, Inc., on or ganized labor's unfair list for the con cern's aetion in victimizing its union chauffeurs. Accordng to the evidence before the central body, after 80 per cent of the concern's drivers had joined Local Un ion No. 355 they were discharged by company officials who are alleged to have said they 'would not deal with their chauffeurs or helpers through any union." ."' -H'-.J-MVf- "T-. ---r- .-» 1 Taylor C. Lowe, president of the lo cal union, said that when the Regional Labor Board director advised the com pany officials that they were subject to the Wagner labor disputes act they stored all their trucks, discharged their chauffeurs and helpers and contract ed out all their hauling and delivering to two companies notoriously unfair to the drivers' union. Another Shipment Received MODERNISTIC CIRCULATOR PRICES THIRD Here is an extremely practical and very attrac tive model which offers all of the many advan tages of superior design and construction plus an entirely new and pleasing degree of beauty. The artistic blending of dark brown, tan and black gives an exterior finish that is indeed handsome. The prime purpose of a circulator heater is to provide warmth—and this model excels in giving an abundant flow of healthful heat from a min imum amount of fuel. Its sturdy construction eliminates replacement of parts which frequently give way in cheaper heaters. CD FF Delivery Within IXLLEj Fifty Mile. Nfqh in Quality-Low hi? LABOR HEAD Demands Federal Investiga tion of Air Crash Chicago (ILNS)—John Fitzpatrick, president of the Chicago Federation of Labor, continues his demand for a federal government investigation of labor troubles which, he charges, may have led to the recent airplane disaster near Cheyenne, which cost 12 lives. "We advised," runs Fitzpatrick's telegram to the department of labor at Washington, "that first-class me chanics were discharged (by the Unit ed Airplanes) and replaced by students or apprentices from aeronautic schools. We also advised that the United Air lines moved its shop from Chicago to Cheyenne, Wyo., to avoid the em ployment of first-class mechanics also that they required employes to sign a yellow dog contract." "The charges are ridiculous," said W. A. Patterson, president of the United Airlines. "United Airlines has no labor controversies anywhei-e on its entire system. ... It is significant that our employes are not active in supporting the Chicago labor group's publicity attack." Though holding thatt Fitzpatrick is urging an investigation to help his campaign to unionize aircraft workers, Patterson did not deny the charge of the yellow dog contract. AFL Aluminum Workers Seek New Agreement Pittsburgh, Pa.—The American Federation of Labor Aluminum Work ers' Unions from various eastern plants of the American Aluminum Company of America were in Pitts burgh the last week in September to negotiate a revision of the agree ment which had been in operation the past year. Although the agreement expired union representatives and company early in the month, it was agreed by officials that its terms should apply until a new agreement was signed. Union officials said certain revi sions were desired respecting wages, hours and seniority. COURT